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Dynamics of fungal diversity and interactions with environmental elements in response to wheat straw biochar amended poultry manure composting
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University.
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2019 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, p. 410-417Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

The fungal dynamics and its correlation with physicochemical and gaseous emission were investigated using metagenomics and Heat map illustrator (HEMI). Five different concentrations of wheat straw biochar (WSB) were applied to poultry manure (PM) and composted for 50 days; those without the WSB treatment were used as a control. The results revealed the dominant phyla to be ChytridiomycotaMucoromycotaAscomycota and Basidiomycota, while BatrachochytriumRhizophagus, Mucor, and Puccinia were the superior genera. In particular, the diversity of Chytridiomycota and Ascomycota was more abundant among all of the treatments. Overall, the diversity of the fungal species was correspondent, but relative abundance varied significantly among all of the composts. Principle Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) and Non-Metric Multi- Dimensional Scaling (NMDS) indicated that different concentrations of WSB applied treatments have significantly distinct fungal communities. In addition, correlation analyses of fungal interactions with environmental elements via HEMI also indicate a clear difference among the treatments. Ultimately, the relative abundance of fungal composition significantly influenced the PM compost treated by the WSB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2019. p. 410-417
Keywords [en]
Fungal diversity, Environment factors, Wheat straw biochar, Poultry manure, Compost
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15614DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.12.020Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85058070441OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-15614DiVA, id: diva2:1276532
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Taherzadeh, Mohammad J

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