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Utilization of wheat straw for fungal phytase production
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yazd University.
School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Shiraz University.
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, ISSN 2195-3228, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 345-355Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

Purpose

Wheat straw is an agricultural waste which can be used as a cost effective animal feed. However, high hemicellulose and phytic acid content in wheat straw prevents it as a primary feed choice. Utilization of wheat straw in solid-state fermentation may result in wheat straw valorization and enzyme production. In this study, phytase production in solid-state fermentation of wheat straw using Aspergillus ficuum and valorization of wheat straw were evaluated.

Methods

A two-step experimental design procedure was employed for screening and optimization of influencing factors on phytase production. Effects of different nutritional and environmental factors were investigated by one factor at the time method (OFATM). To reach higher amounts of phytase, response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize phytase production as a function of three of the most effective factors.

Results

Optimization of the significant parameters resulted in an increase in the phytase activity from 0.74 ± 0.12 to a maximum of 16.46 ± 0.56 Units per gram dry substrate (U gds−1). The high degree of the fungal phytase activity on wheat straw resulted in the decrease in phytic acid content by 57.4%, as compared to the untreated sample. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and FTIR structural analysis showed intensive fungal growth on wheat straw, and partial removal of hemicelluloses, lignin and phytic acid.

Conclusion

The study demonstrated the feasibility of wheat straw utilization in solid-state fermentation using Aspergillus ficuum toward the production of phytase and valorization of wheat straw as an animal feed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin Heidelberg , 2018. Vol. 7, no 4, p. 345-355
Keywords [en]
Wheat straw, Phytase Aspergillus ficuum, Valorization, Solid state fermentation
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15619DOI: 10.1007/s40093-018-0220-zScopus ID: 2-s2.0-85056106988OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-15619DiVA, id: diva2:1276111
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-08-07

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Taherzadeh, Mohammad J

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