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Association between the reported intensityof an acute symptom at first prehospital assessment and the subsequent outcome:a study on patients with acute chest painand presumed acute coronary syndrome
Ambulanssjukvården i Södermaland. (PreHospen)
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. (PreHospen)
Ambulanssjukvården Södra Älvsborgssjukhus.
Ambulanssjukvården Södra Älvsborgssjukhus.
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2018 (English)In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, p. 1-10, article id 18:216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To decrease the morbidity burden of cardiovascular disease and to avoid the development ofpotentially preventable complications, early assessment and treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) areimportant. The aim of this study has therefore been to explore the possible association between patients’ estimatedintensity of chest pain when first seen by the ambulance crew in suspected ACS, and the subsequent outcomebefore and after arrival in hospital.

Methods: Data was collected both prospectively and retrospectively. The inclusion criteria were chest pain raisingsuspicion of ACS and a reported intensity of pain ≥4 on the visual analogue scale.

Results: All in all, 1603 patients were included in the study. Increased intensity of chest pain was related to: 1) moreheart-related complications before hospital admission; 2) a higher proportion of heart failure, anxiety and chest painafter hospital admission; 3) a higher proportion of acute myocardial infarction and 4) a prolonged hospitalisation.However, there was no significant association with mortality neither in 30 days nor in three years. Adjustment forpossible confounders including age, a history of smoking and heart failure showed similar results.

Conclusion: The estimated intensity of chest pain reported by the patients on admission by the ambulance team wasassociated with the risk of complications prior to hospital admission, heart failure, anxiety and chest pain after hospitaladmission, the final diagnosis and the number of days in hospital.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. p. 1-10, article id 18:216
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Nursing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15352DOI: 10.1186/s12872-018-0957-3ISI: 000451531300001PubMedID: 30486789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-15352DiVA, id: diva2:1266971
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2018-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, HenrikHerlitz, JohanWireklint Sundström, Birgitta

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7891011121310 of 35
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