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A secured tag for implementation of traceability in textile and clothing supply chain
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
ENSAIT/GEMTEX, Roubaix, France.
2018 (English)In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

Textile and clothing industry is one of the oldest manufacturing industries and is a major contributor in the economic growth of developing countries. However, from past few decades, it has been criticised for its opaque, unsecured and untraceable nature of supply chain. Addressing these challenges, the paper proposes a system approach to introduce an item-centric secured traceability concept to monitor and control manufacturing processes and supply chain activities. In order to implement such secured traceability system, the paper describes the process for manufacturing, encoding and validating an innovative two-factor secured tag based on particle randomness that is printed on the surface of textile. Being micro-sized, the particles are easy to read and validate with pattern recognition. Further, as achieved through an uncontrolled manufacturing process, the randomness is unclonable to produce counterfeit tags. Furthermore, a sequence of experimental analyses has been conducted using various simulated scenarios to verify its applicability. A secured tag can be a low-cost and durable substitute for detachable, unsecured identifiers commercially available in the market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Springer London, 2018.
Keywords [en]
Supply chain management, Manufacturing, Traceability, Textile and clothing, Secured tag
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15072DOI: 10.1007/s00170-018-2638-xScopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053463387OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-15072DiVA, id: diva2:1246037
Projects
SMDTEX (Sustainable Management and Design for Textiles)Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Contribution to development of a secured traceability system for textile and clothing supply chain
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contribution to development of a secured traceability system for textile and clothing supply chain
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Secured traceability implies not only the ability to identify, capture, and share required information on product transformation throughout the supply chain (SC), but also the ability to ensure the security of the traceability data. Due to information asymmetry and lack of transparency, textile and clothing (T&C) industries often face challenges in implementing and maintaining sufficient traceability. The SC actors find it difficult to identify and track the suppliers and sub-suppliers involved. Additionally, the opaque and largely untraceable structure of the SC has enabled the easy intrusion of counterfeits. Hence, a secured traceability system is imperative to ensure that the required traceability data are captured and shared among SC actors, thereby allowing the tracking and tracing of the products in the SC. Further, a secured traceability system helps organizations in various decision-making processes and protects customers from counterfeits. This thesis contributes to the development of a secured traceability system for the T&C sector. It examines traceability at product and information levels, based on the system-of systems approach. At the product level, the thesis introduces a secured traceability tag that can be printed on the textile surface. The secured tag is hard to copy and is durable enough to withstand normal textile use, thus providing sufficient security besides product tagging for traceability implementation. At the information level, the thesis explores and classifies traceability data that can be shared at business-to-business and business-to customer levels for the implementation of secured traceability. Subsequently, a block chain-based traceability framework is proposed for the T&C supply chain to systematically capture and share data in the supply chain network. The proposed framework demonstrates the applicability of shared data infrastructure to traceability without a central authority and develops technology-based trust among the supply chain actors. It relies on no central authority, and has customized data privacy and accessibility rules, thus providing a unique opportunity, flexibility, and authority to all supply chain actors to trace their supply chains and create transparent and sustainable supply chain networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2019
Series
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 95
Keywords
Traceability, Textile and clothing, Supply chain, Secured tag, Blockchain
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15957 (URN)978-91-88838-31-5 (ISBN)978-91-88838-32-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-06-14, Vestindien B, Textile Fashion Center, Skaraborgvägen 3, Borås, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-04-10 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Agrawal, Tarun Kumar

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