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Synthesis and characterization of maleic anhydride-grafted orange waste for potential use in biocomposites
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7103-4628
(Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1404-9134
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7377-0765
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2018 (English)In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 4986-4997Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 13, no 3, p. 4986-4997
Keywords [en]
bioplymers, esterification, grafting, maleic anhydride, orange waste, pectin
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-14204DOI: 10.15376/biores.13.3.4986-4997ISI: 000440506300018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-14204DiVA, id: diva2:1208993
Available from: 2018-05-21 Created: 2018-05-21 Last updated: 2019-01-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Fruit wastes to biomaterials: Development of biofilms and 3D objects in a circular economy system
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fruit wastes to biomaterials: Development of biofilms and 3D objects in a circular economy system
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To address the current plastic pollution problem, the replacement of conventional plastics with bioplastics can be considered. Although the land use of crop cultivation for bioplastics is still negligible, there is an increasing interest in the utilisation of lignocellulosic waste products for the production of bioplastics. A latest trend in researching sources for bioplastic production focuses on the use of fruit and vegetable wastes because of their versatile polysaccharides. Among different fruit wastes, orange waste and apple pomace have been evaluated as raw materials in this thesis.

The development of biofilms and 3D objects from the above-mentioned raw materials via the solution casting and compression moulding methods was investigated. Biocomposites are generally made from a bioplastic matrix and reinforcement, or a plastic reinforced with natural fibres. In the present study, pectin was used as a matrix, and cellulosic fibres wereused as reinforcement. Orange waste films had an opaque appearance with a yellowish colour and were very flexible, while the 3D objects had brown colour. The films had mechanical properties comparable with those of commodity plastics, such as 32 to 36 MPa tensile strength. The films were biodegradable under anaerobic conditions, and 3D objects showed good biodegradability in soil. Grafting of orange waste with maleic anhydride was performed in order to improve its properties, e.g. the hydrophilicity of the polysaccharides-based materials. Grafting reduced the density by 40 % and increased the hydrophobicity compared with unmodified orange waste. Further improvements included upgrading the film casting method and incorporating maleic anhydride in the recipe. The lowest amount of necessary maleic anhydride was determined (0.4 %), and the resulting films had a smoother and more uniform surface. The original methods were also applied to apple pomace in order to produce films and 3D objects. Films from apple pomace had an elongation of 55 %, a twofold increase compared to that of orange waste films containing maleic anhydride (28 %). Orange waste and apple pomace were also mixed for 3D object fabrication, achieving the highest strength of 5.8 MPa (ratio of 75 to 25, respectively) a threefold increase compared to that achieved with only orange waste alone (1.8 MPa).

The results are promising‚ but further improvements, e.g. in respect to hydrophilicity and upscaling‚ are needed for orange waste and apple pomace to develop into raw materials for next-generation bioplastics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2018
Series
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 93
Keywords
apple pomace, biodegradable, bioplastics, circular economy, orange waste, resource recovery
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15463 (URN)978-91-88838-21-6 (ISBN)978-91-88838-22-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-02-22, E310, Allégatan 1, Borås, 10:00
Opponent
Available from: 2019-02-01 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://bioresources.cnr.ncsu.edu/resources/synthesis-and-characterization-of-maleic-anhydride-grafted-orange-waste-for-potential-use-in-biocomposites/

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Bátori, VeronikaMostafa, JabbariÅkesson, DanLennartsson, Patrik RZamani, AkramTaherzadeh, Mohammad J
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