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Combined gasification-fermentation process in waste biorefinery
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Biotechnology)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6886-4994
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0037-3555
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Biotechnology)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4887-2433
2018 (English)In: Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives, Elsevier, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Sustainable development
In my opinion, the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

Thermal processes of wastes lead to production of energy in form of electricity and/or heat. However, if the goal is to produce materials, thermochemical processes can be applied. These processes via e.g. gasification produce raw syngas that is a mixture of principally H2, CO and CO2, with some impurities. This raw syngas is traditionally cleaned and catalytically treated via chemical processes such as Fischer-Tropsch. However, as there is a variety of microorganisms that can assimilate syngas, this gas can be used as a substrate to produce different chemicals via biochemical routes. This chapter is dedicated to describe an efficient thermochemical-biochemical route of waste treatment. The gasification process, the design and the factors that affect the syngas composition are firstly described. Thereafter, the microbiology, biochemical reactions, metabolic pathways and process conditions toward production of several metabolic products from syngas such as carboxylic acids, ethanol, butanol, 2,3-butanediol, methane and biopolymers are presented. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018.
Keywords [en]
Gasification, Fermentation, Biofuels, Valuable chemicals
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-14190ISBN: 9780444639929 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-14190DiVA, id: diva2:1206296
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-16 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved

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Chandolias, KonstantinosRichards, TobiasTaherzadeh, Mohammad J

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