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Knitting and weaving artificial muscles
Linköping University.
Linköping University.
Linköping University.
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 3, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A need exists for artificial muscles that are silent, soft, and compliant, with performance characteristics similar to those of skeletal muscle, enabling natural interaction of assistive devices with humans. By combining one of humankind’s oldest technologies, textile processing, with electroactive polymers, we demonstrate here the feasibility of wearable, soft artificial muscles made by weaving and knitting, with tunable force and strain. These textile actuators were produced from cellulose yarns assembled into fabrics and coated with conducting polymers using a metal-free deposition. To increase the output force, we assembled yarns in parallel by weaving. The force scaled linearly with the number of yarns in the woven fabric. To amplify the strain, we knitted a stretchable fabric, exhibiting a 53-fold increase in strain. In addition, the textile construction added mechanical stability to the actuators. Textile processing permits scalable and rational production of wearable artificial muscles, and enables novel ways to design assistive devices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 3, nr 1
Nyckelord [en]
Artificial muscles, advanced textile technology, Conducting Polymers, soft robotics, actuators
Nationell ämneskategori
Textil-, gummi- och polymermaterial
Forskningsämne
Textil och mode (generell)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13500DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600327ISI: 000393789900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85021692202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-13500DiVA, id: diva2:1174217
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-15 Skapad: 2018-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-11-30Bibliografiskt granskad

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Persson, Nils-Krister

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