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Mindfulness predicts student nurses' communication self-efficacy: A cross-national comparative study.
University College of Southeast Norway.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. (Vårdande, Hälsa och Lärande)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9194-3244
Uppsala University.
University College of Southeast Norway.
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2017 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 100, no 8, p. 1558-1563, article id S0738-3991(17)30146-5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare student nurses' communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness across two countries, and to analyse the relationship between these qualities.

METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design. Data was collected from final year student nurses in Norway and Sweden. Communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness were reported by questionnaires; Clear-cut communication with patients, Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and Langer 14 items mindfulness scale.

RESULTS: The study included 156 student nurses, 94 (60%) were Swedish. The mean communication self-efficacy score was 119 (95% CI 116-122), empathy score 115 (95% CI 113-117) and mindfulness score 79 (95% CI 78-81). A Mann-Whitney test showed that Swedish students scored significantly higher on communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness than Norwegian students did. When adjusted for age, gender, and country in a multiple linear regression, mindfulness was the only independent predictor of communication self-efficacy.

CONCLUSION: The Swedish student nurses in this study scored higher on communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness than Norwegian students did. Student nurses scoring high on mindfulness rated their communication self-efficacy higher.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: A mindful learning approach may improve communication self-efficacy and possibly the effect of communication skills training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 100, no 8, p. 1558-1563, article id S0738-3991(17)30146-5
Keywords [en]
Communication self-efficacy, Education, Empathy, Mindfulness, Student nurse
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13412DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2017.03.016ISI: 000405383800017PubMedID: 28342674Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85015997744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-13412DiVA, id: diva2:1173448
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Sundler, Annelie Johansson

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