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“I want to sleep, but I can’t”: Adolescents’ lived experience of sleeping difficulties.
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7344-1515
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7117-9808
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: The Journal of School NursingArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Sleeping difficulties are increasingly prevalent among adolescents and have negative consequences for their health, well-being, and education. The aim of this study was to illuminate the meanings of adolescents’ lived experiences of sleeping difficulties. The data were obtained from narrative interviews with 16 adolescents aged 14–15 in a Swedish city and were analyzed using the phenomenological hermeneutic method. The findings revealed four themes: feeling dejected when not falling asleep, experiencing the night as a struggle, searching for better sleep, and being affected the next day. The comprehensive understanding illuminates that being an adolescent with sleeping difficulties means it is challenging to go through the night and to cope the next day. It also means a feeling of being trapped by circumstances. As the adolescents’ lived experiences become apparent, the possibility for parents, school nurses, and other professional caregivers to support adolescents’ sleep increases.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2020.
Nyckelord [en]
adolescent, sleeping difficulties, lived experience, interview, phenomenological hermeneutic, school nurse
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälsovetenskaper
Forskningsämne
Människan i vården
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-23939DOI: 10.1177/1059840520966011ISI: 000579810500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85092649856OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-23939DiVA, id: diva2:1477279
Tillgänglig från: 2020-10-18 Skapad: 2020-10-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. ”Jag vill sova, men kan inte”: Ungdomars perspektiv på faktorer som försvårar och främjar deras sömn
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>”Jag vill sova, men kan inte”: Ungdomars perspektiv på faktorer som försvårar och främjar deras sömn
2022 (Svenska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[en]
I want to sleep, but I can't" : Adolescents’ perspective on factors that impede and promote their sleep
Abstract [en]

Background: Sleeping difficulties have become increasingly prevalent among adolescents and have negative consequences on their health, well-being, and education.

Aim and methods: The overall aim of this thesis was to explore adolescents’ sleep and the factors that impede and promote their sleep. Study I describes the prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and sleeping difficulties and explores their associations with school stress, self-perception, and technology use among adolescents based on a questionnaire of n = 937 adolescents, aged 15–16. Study II describes reasons for sleeping difficulties as perceived by adolescents based on an open-ended question answered by n = 475 adolescents, aged 15–16. Study III illuminates adolescents’ lived experiences of sleeping difficulties based on narrative interviews with n = 16 adolescents, aged 14–15. Study IV explores adolescents’ suggestions on how their sleep could be supported, based on eight focus groups with n = 43 adolescents, aged 15–16.

Results: Fifty-five percent of the adolescents slept less than the recommended eight hours per night. School stress and technology use were associated with short sleep duration, whereas school stress and self-perception were associated with sleeping difficulties (I). Stress, technology use, poor sleep habits, existential thoughts, needs, and suffering were all perceived as reasons for sleeping difficulties (II). Having sleeping difficulties makes it challenging to go through the night and cope with the following day. It also implies a feeling of being trapped by circumstances (III). To improve sleep, adolescents suggested receiving support from involved parents, achieving knowledge about on the “whys” and “hows” of sleep, and being guided into finding balance (IV).

Conclusions: Sleeping difficulties affect adolescents’ daily lives and constitute a pressing health issue. In order to deal with sleeping difficulties, adolescents need to be encouraged to narrate their experiences and circumstances, be respectfully listened to and supported by their parents, school nurses, and other significant adults.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2022. s. 144
Serie
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 126
Nyckelord
adolescent, sleep, sleeping difficulties, promote, support, health, parent, school nurse, caring science
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Människan i vården
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27494 (URN)978-91-89271-58-6 (ISBN)978-91-89271-59-3 (ISBN)
Disputation
2022-05-20, C203, Allégatan 1, Borås, 13:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2022-04-25 Skapad: 2022-02-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-04-25Bibliografiskt granskad

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Jakobsson, MalinHögberg, KarinJosefsson, Karin

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