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Development and Dissemination Strategies for Accelerating Biogas Production in Nigeria
Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan. (Biotechnology)
Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan. (Biotechnology)
Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan. (Biotechnology)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4887-2433
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 9, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
Hållbar utveckling
Innehållet faller inom området hållbar samhällsutveckling
Abstract [en]

Following the worsening energy crisis of unreliable electricity and unaffordable petroleum products coupled with the increase number of poverty-stricken people in Nigeria, the populace is desperately in need of cheap alternative energy supplies that will replace or complement the existing energy sources. Previous efforts by the government in tackling the challenge by citizenship sensitization of the need for introduction of biofuel into the country’s energy mix have not yielded the expected results because of a lack of sustained government effort. In light of the shortcomings, this study assesses the current potential of available biomass feedstock for biogas production in Nigeria, and further proposes appropriate biogas plants, depending on feedstock type and quantity, for the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Besides, the study proposes government-driven biogas development systems that could be effectively used to harness, using biogas technology, the estimated 270 TWh of potential electrical energy from 181 million tonnes of available biomass, in the advancement of electricity generation and consequent improvement of welfare in Nigeria.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
NCSU , 2014. Vol. 9, nr 3
Emneord [en]
Biogas, available feedstock, Nigerian’s prospect, Biogas-consultancy, Biogas-consultancy, Resource Recovery
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Resursåtervinning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1872ISI: 000344184300158Lokal ID: 2320/13766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-1872DiVA, id: diva2:869950
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-11-13 Laget: 2015-11-13 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01
Inngår i avhandling
1. Fermentative hydrogen and methane productions using membrane bioreactors
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Fermentative hydrogen and methane productions using membrane bioreactors
2015 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The role of energy as a stimulant for economic growth and environmental sustainabilityof any nation has made the focus on green fuels, including fermentative hydrogen (bioH2) andmethane (bioCH4), to be a priority for the World’s policy makers. Nigeria, as the most populousAfrican country, with worsening energy crisis, can benefit from the introduction of the bioH2 andbioCH4 technologies into the country’s energy mix, since such technologies have the potential ofgenerating energy from organic wastes such as fruit waste.Fruit waste was studied in detail in this work because of its great economic andenvironmental potential, as large quantities of the wastes (10–65% of raw fruit) are generatedfrom fruit consumption and processing. Meanwhile, bioH2 and bioCH4 productions involvinganaerobic microorganisms in direct contact with organic wastes have been observed to result insubstrate and product inhibitions, which reduce the gas yields and limit the application of thetechnologies on an industrial scale. For example, in this study, the first experimental work todetermine the effects of hydraulic retention times and fruit mixing on bioH2 production fromsingle and mixed fruits revealed the highest cumulative bioH2 yield to be equivalent to 30% ofthe theoretical yield. However, combining the fermentation process with the application ofmembrane encapsulated cells and membrane separation techniques, respectively, could reducesubstrate and product inhibitions of the microorganisms. This study, therefore, focused on theapplication of membrane techniques to enhance the yields of bioH2 and bioCH4 productions fromthe organic wastes.The second experimental work which focused on reduction of substrate inhibition,involved the investigation of the effects of the PVDF membrane encapsulation techniques on thebioH2 and bioCH4 productions from nutrient media with limonene, myrcene, octanol and hexanalas fruit flavours. The results showed that membrane encapsulated cells produced bioCH4 fasterand lasted longer, compared to free cells in limonene. Also, about 60% membrane protectiveeffect against myrcene, octanol and hexanal inhibitions was obtained. Regarding bioH2production, membrane encapsulated cells, compared to free cells, produced higher average dailyyields of 94, 30 and 77% with hexanal, myrcene and octanol as flavours, respectively. The finalpart of the study, which was aimed at reducing product inhibition, involved the study of theeffects of membrane permeation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on the bioreactor hydrodynamicsin relation to bioH2 production. The investigation revealed that low transmembrane pressure of104Pa was required to achieve a 3L h-1m-2 critical flux with reversible fouling mainly due to cakelayer formation, and bioH2 production was also observed to restart after VFAs removal.The results from this study suggest that membrane-based techniques could improve bioH2and bioCH4 productions from fermentation media with substrate and product inhibitions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2015. s. 72
Serie
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 72
Emneord
Encapsulation, Inhibition, hydrodynamics, hydrogen, methane, fruit flavour, Membrane bioreactor
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Resursåtervinning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-671 (URN)978-91-87525-73-5 (ISBN)978-91-87525-74-2 (ISBN)
Disputas
2015-10-28, E310, Allegatan 1, Borås, 10:00 (engelsk)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-21 Laget: 2015-08-27 Sist oppdatert: 2015-12-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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