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All-Cellulose Composites Properties from Pre- and Post-Consumer Denim Wastes: Comparative Study
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4509-0647
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6596-8069
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1286-7053
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Composites Science, E-ISSN 2504-477X, Vol. 6, nr 5, artikkel-id 130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
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Abstract [en]

This study reports the recycling of discarded denim textiles by the production of all-cellulose composites (ACCs). Discarded denim fabrics were shredded into fibers and then made into nonwoven fabrics by carding and needle punching. The produced nonwoven fabrics were converted to ACCs by one-step and two-step methods using an ionic liquid (IL), 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium acetate ([BMIM][Ac]). In this study, the effect of different ACC manufacturing methods, denim fabrics with different contents (a 100% cotton denim (CO) and a blend material (cotton, poly-ester and elastane (BCO)) and reusing of IL as a recycled cellulose solvent on the mechanical pro-perties of the formed ACCs were investigated. The ACCs were characterized according to their tensile and impact properties, as well as their void content. Microscopic analysis was carried out to study the morphology of a cross-section of the formed composites. The choice of the one-step method with recycled IL, pure IL or with a blend material (BCO) had no influence on the tensile properties. Instead, the result showed that the two-step method, with and without DMSO, will influence the E-modulus but not the tensile strength. Regarding the impact properties of the samples, the only factor likely to influence the impact energy was the one-step method with CO and BCO.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2022. Vol. 6, nr 5, artikkel-id 130
Emneord [en]
all-cellulose composites, end-of-life textiles, denim fabrics, ionic liquid, mechanical properties, sustainability
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27987DOI: 10.3390/jcs6050130ISI: 000804303600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85147702835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-27987DiVA, id: diva2:1668267
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016‐00920Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-06-13 Laget: 2022-06-13 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-01bibliografisk kontrollert

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Baghaei, BehnazSkrifvars, MikaelKadi, Nawar

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