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Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Ekström, B. (2024). No rose on this one?: Citizen science field excursion negotiations at the Great Alvar. Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies, 12(1), 5-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>No rose on this one?: Citizen science field excursion negotiations at the Great Alvar
2024 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Science and Technology Studies, ISSN 1894-4647, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 5-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores how material qualities of tools contribute to shape information practices of observing, documenting, identifying and reporting species in biodiversity citizen science. Through participant observation and trace ethnography, information practices enacted during a field excursion at a World Heritage Site in south-eastern Sweden are investigated in relation to reported data submitted to the species observation system Artportalen. The study, which adopts a theoretical lens comprising the analytical concepts of epistemic objects and inscriptions, finds that the participants’ situated questioning, discussion, documenting and comparison of species through tool use establishes the observations as projections of knowledge claims. These projections are subsequently constrained but also appended as they are reported as data via Artportalen. As material qualities are generally made invisible, the reported data are augmented by the observation system when merged with other reports to aggregated data. The study extends knowledge concerning how biodiversity citizen science field excursions are conducted by understanding information practices and their outcomes as entangled activities characterised by negotiations in relation to material tools rather than as streamlined processes. Consequently, the results expand knowledge of the messy practices carried out to produce biodiversity citizen science data.

Keywords
Botany, biodiversity, citizen science, information practices, materiality
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31641 (URN)10.5324/njsts.v12i1.5860 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-28 Created: 2024-02-28 Last updated: 2024-03-07Bibliographically approved
Graminius, C., Ekström, B. & Haider, J. (2023). Editorial. Nordic Journal of Library and Information Studies, 4(1), i-iv
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Library and Information Studies, E-ISSN 2597-0593, Vol. 4, no 1, p. i-ivArticle in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30555 (URN)10.7146/njlis.v4i1.141009 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-09-28 Created: 2023-09-28 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved
Ekström, B. (2023). Thousands of examining eyes: credibility, authority and validity in biodiversity citizen science data production. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 75(1), 149-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thousands of examining eyes: credibility, authority and validity in biodiversity citizen science data production
2023 (English)In: Aslib Journal of Information Management, ISSN 2050-3806, E-ISSN 2050-3814, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 149-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge about how valid research data in biodiversity citizen science are produced through information practices and how notions of credibility and authority emerge from these practices.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected through an empirical, interview-based study of the information practices of 15 participants active in the vicinity of the Swedish biodiversity citizen science information system Artportalen. Interview transcripts were analysed abductively and qualitatively through a coding scheme by working back and forth between theory and data. Values of credibility, authority and validity of research data were unfolded through a practice-oriented perspective to library and information studies by utilising the theoretical lens of boundary objects.

Findings

Notions of credibility, authority and validity emerge through participant activities of transforming species observations to data, supplementing reports with objects of trust, augmenting identification through authority outreach and assessing credibility via peer monitoring. Credibility, authority and validity of research data are shown to be co-constructed in a distributed fashion by the participants and the information system.

Originality/value

The article extends knowledge about information practices in emerging, heterogeneous scholarly settings by focussing on the complex co-construction of credibility, authority and validity in relation to data production.

Keywords
Information practices, Citizen science, Boundary objects, Credibility, Authority, Validity
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27665 (URN)10.1108/AJIM-10-2021-0292 (DOI)000773611700001 ()2-s2.0-85126799729 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-03-21 Created: 2022-03-21 Last updated: 2023-03-08Bibliographically approved
Haider, J., Ekström, B., Tattersall Wallin, E., Gunnarsson Lorentzen, D., Rödl, M. & Söderberg, N. (2023). Tracing online information about wind power in Sweden: An exploratory quantitative study of broader trends: ("Fighting windmills" project report, Mistra Environmental Communication).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tracing online information about wind power in Sweden: An exploratory quantitative study of broader trends: ("Fighting windmills" project report, Mistra Environmental Communication)
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2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 38
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29496 (URN)
Projects
https://www.hb.se/forskning/forskningsportal/projekt/slass-mot-vaderkvarnar/
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2023-03-02 Created: 2023-03-02 Last updated: 2023-10-12Bibliographically approved
Ekström, B. (2023). Understanding wind power search queries and results with RAT. In: : . Paper presented at RAT Community Meeting, Faculty of Design, Media and Information, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, 8 September 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding wind power search queries and results with RAT
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30482 (URN)
Conference
RAT Community Meeting, Faculty of Design, Media and Information, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, 8 September 2023
Projects
Fighting windmills? Tracing (mis/dis)information about wind power online
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2023-09-12 Created: 2023-09-12 Last updated: 2023-09-15Bibliographically approved
Ekström, B. (2022). A niche of their own: variations of information practices in biodiversity citizen science. Journal of Documentation, 78(7), 248-265
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A niche of their own: variations of information practices in biodiversity citizen science
2022 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 78, no 7, p. 248-265Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

Information practices become highly complex in biodiversity citizen science projects due to the projects’ large scale, distributed setting and vast inclusion of participants. This study aims to contribute to knowledge concerning what variations of information practices can be found in biodiversity citizen science and what these practices may mean for the overall collaborative biodiversity data production in such projects.

Design/methodology/approach

Fifteen semi-structured interviews were carried out with participants engaged with the Swedish biodiversity citizen science information system Artportalen. The empirical data were analysed through a practice-theoretical lens investigating information practices in general and variations of practices in particular.

Findings

The analysis shows that the nexus of biodiversity citizen science information practices consists of observing, identifying, reporting, collecting, curating and validating species as well as decision-making. Information practices vary depending on participants’ technical know-how; knowledge production and learning; and preservation motivations. The study also found that reporting tools and field guides are significant for the formation of information practices. Competition was found to provide data quantity and knowledge growth but may inflict data bias. Finally, a discrepancy between practices of validating and decision-making have been noted, which could be mitigated by involving intermediary participants for mutual understandings of data.

Originality/value

The study places an empirically grounded information practice-theoretical perspective on citizen science participation, extending previous research seeking to model participant activities. Furthermore, the study nuances previous practice-oriented perspectives on citizen science by emphasising variations of practices.

Keywords
Citizen science, Information practices, Variation, Practice theory, Biodiversity, Information science
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27144 (URN)10.1108/jd-07-2021-0146 (DOI)000739367900013 ()2-s2.0-85122124225 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-01-04 Created: 2022-01-04 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Ekström, B. (2022). Från naturupplevelse till artdata. In: : . Paper presented at SFIS vårkonferens, Chalmers tekniska högskola, Göteborg, 10 juni, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från naturupplevelse till artdata
2022 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27982 (URN)
Conference
SFIS vårkonferens, Chalmers tekniska högskola, Göteborg, 10 juni, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-10 Created: 2022-06-10 Last updated: 2022-06-21Bibliographically approved
Ekström, B. (2022). Information practices in biodiversity citizen science. In: LIS and environmental research: what, when, how?: Panel & Open Space by C. Graminius, J. Haider, N. Cardoso, M. Fedorowicz-Kruszewska, B. Ekström and O. Pilerot, 2022: . Paper presented at CoLIS: 11th International Conference on the Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo, May 29-June 1, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information practices in biodiversity citizen science
2022 (English)In: LIS and environmental research: what, when, how?: Panel & Open Space by C. Graminius, J. Haider, N. Cardoso, M. Fedorowicz-Kruszewska, B. Ekström and O. Pilerot, 2022, 2022Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-28065 (URN)
Conference
CoLIS: 11th International Conference on the Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo, May 29-June 1, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-21 Created: 2022-06-21 Last updated: 2022-09-19Bibliographically approved
Graminius, C., Haider, J., Cardoso, N., Fedorowicz-Kruszewska, M., Ekström, B. & Pilerot, O. (2022). LIS and environmental research: what, when, how?. In: : . Paper presented at CoLIS: 11th International Conference on the Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo, May 29-June 1, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LIS and environmental research: what, when, how?
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2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29154 (URN)
Conference
CoLIS: 11th International Conference on the Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo, May 29-June 1, 2022
Available from: 2022-12-21 Created: 2022-12-21 Last updated: 2023-10-12Bibliographically approved
Ekström, B. (2022). Trace data visualisation enquiry: a methodological coupling for studying information practices in relation to information systems. Journal of Documentation, 78(7), 141-159
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trace data visualisation enquiry: a methodological coupling for studying information practices in relation to information systems
2022 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 78, no 7, p. 141-159Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether and how a methodological coupling of visualisations of trace data and interview methods can be utilised for information practices studies.

Design/methodology/approach

Trace data visualisation enquiry is suggested as the coupling of visualising exported data from an information system and using these visualisations as basis for interview guides and elicitation in information practices research. The methodology is illustrated and applied through a small-scale empirical study of a citizen science project.

Findings

The study found that trace data visualisation enquiry enabled fine-grained investigations of temporal aspects of information practices and to compare and explore temporal and geographical aspects of practices. Moreover, the methodology made possible inquiries for understanding information practices through trace data that were discussed through elicitation with participants. The study also found that it can aid a researcher of gaining a simultaneous overarching and close picture of information practices, which can lead to theoretical and methodological implications for information practices research.

Originality/value

Trace data visualisation enquiry extends current methods for investigating information practices as it enables focus to be placed on the traces of practices as recorded through interactions with information systems and study participants' accounts of activities.

Keywords
Practice-based studies, Sociomateriality, Trace ethnography, Interview methods, Visual methods, Methodology, Information practices, Citizen science, Elicitation
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26615 (URN)10.1108/jd-04-2021-0082 (DOI)000691325100001 ()2-s2.0-85113892969 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-10-06 Created: 2021-10-06 Last updated: 2022-03-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4187-7004

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