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Flisbäck, M. & Bengtsson, M. (2024). A sociology of existence for a late modern world. Basic assumptions and conceptual tools. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A sociology of existence for a late modern world. Basic assumptions and conceptual tools
2024 (English)In: Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, ISSN 0021-8308, E-ISSN 1468-5914Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present article, we outline basic assumptions and conceptual tools for a sociology of existence. First, we address man's fundamental conditions of existence: that life's finitude and encounters with the uncertainty of existence are fundamental experiences that construct social relations. Second, we outline how existential meaning-making and the ability to cope with the unpredictability of life are dependent on power resources, where especially the resource poor may experience ‘existential nausea’. Third, we discuss how existential dilemmas may intensify under certain historical eras. Therefore, studying individuals' existential dilemmas is a tool to examine the dominant social issues at a particular time and place. Fourth, we elaborate on the importance of studying turning points during individuals' life courses, as existential meaning – or lack thereof – becomes particularly salient at these times. This includes an understanding that death and rebirth are experienced in the form of various endings and beginnings in everyday life. Fifth, and finally, we emphasize an analysis in which the direction of people's lives is conceptualized in a broad time perspective, where past, present, and future interact and influence life choices and social relations constructed during a lifetime. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31598 (URN)10.1111/jtsb.12416 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-20 Created: 2024-02-20 Last updated: 2024-02-20
Flisbäck, M. (2022). 'Alla vill vi ju påverka och sätta avtryck'. Om samhällsentreprenörens existentiella drivkrafter. In: Hultsfredsfestivalen. Punkens etos, festivalens anda och entreprenörskapets vara: . Stockholm: Carlssons bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Alla vill vi ju påverka och sätta avtryck'. Om samhällsentreprenörens existentiella drivkrafter
2022 (Swedish)In: Hultsfredsfestivalen. Punkens etos, festivalens anda och entreprenörskapets vara, Stockholm: Carlssons bokförlag , 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Carlssons bokförlag, 2022
Keywords
Musikfestivaler, föreningsliv, ungdomar, musikhistoria
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-28006 (URN)9789189065147 (ISBN)
Note

Finansiering

Familjen Kamprads stiftelse Projekt: Efter Hultsfred. Kulturella entreprenörer i spåren efter festivalen. Vad kan vi lära oss av Hultsfredsentreprenörerna.

Available from: 2022-06-15 Created: 2022-06-15 Last updated: 2022-11-24Bibliographically approved
Flisbäck, M. (2022). 'Det här är Hultsfred och Hultsfred har festival, liksom!': Kollektivt minnesskapande som entreprenörskapets möjlighet och begränsning. In: Mats Trondman, Ragnhild Lekberg, Jonas Bjälesjö (Ed.), Hultsfredsfestivalen. Punkens etos, festivalens anda och entreprenörskapets vara: . Stockholm: Carlssons bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Det här är Hultsfred och Hultsfred har festival, liksom!': Kollektivt minnesskapande som entreprenörskapets möjlighet och begränsning
2022 (Swedish)In: Hultsfredsfestivalen. Punkens etos, festivalens anda och entreprenörskapets vara / [ed] Mats Trondman, Ragnhild Lekberg, Jonas Bjälesjö, Stockholm: Carlssons bokförlag , 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Carlssons bokförlag, 2022
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-28005 (URN)9789189065147 (ISBN)
Note

Finansiering

Familjen Kamprads stiftelse Projekt: Efter Hultsfred. Kulturella entreprenörer i spåren efter festivalen. Vad kan vi lära oss av Hultsfredsentreprenörerna.

Available from: 2022-06-15 Created: 2022-06-15 Last updated: 2022-06-15Bibliographically approved
Dellve, L., Johnsson, R., Flisbäck, M. & Bengtsson, M. (2022). System and Life-Course Perspectives on Capability to Work and Capability Through Work. In: Hanna Falk Erhag, Ulrika Lagerlöf Nilsson, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Ingmar Skoog (Ed.), A Multidisciplinary Approach to Capability in Age and Ageing: (pp. 207-219). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>System and Life-Course Perspectives on Capability to Work and Capability Through Work
2022 (English)In: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Capability in Age and Ageing / [ed] Hanna Falk Erhag, Ulrika Lagerlöf Nilsson, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Ingmar Skoog, Springer, 2022, p. 207-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The capability approach is relevant to gaining a conceptual understanding of individuals’ abilities and motivation to work and to explore the potential consequences that various working conditions have for people when they reach old age. Here, the capability concept is complemented with system theory to understand the multi-component key resources for capability to work among older workers, and also the conversion factors – capability through work – at individual, micro, meso, macro and chrono-levels. The theoretical approach is exemplified by studies from the interdisciplinary field of work sciences. The chapter describes central working-life conditions, conversion factors for crafting capability to work and examples of patterns of interactions between capability to work and capability through work. To support practical applications, we suggest important conversion factors and patterns of interaction between capability to work and capability through working-life resources. In sum, having a reasonable degree of control and influence (freedom of choice) at work and opportunities to make individual deals and adjustments that match one’s values, abilities, competence and experience are important for individual preference of a long working life. This requires an organisation that focuses on the value of work and promotes a general learning climate through broad participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Working-life Retirement process Meaning of work Capability Ageing
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27292 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-78063-0_15 (DOI)978-3-030-78065-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-01-21Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, M. & Flisbäck, M. (2021). Existential Driving Forces to Work after Retirement: The Example of Physicians’ Mentoring. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Existential Driving Forces to Work after Retirement: The Example of Physicians’ Mentoring
2021 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article addresses physicians who work as group supervisors or mentors in a training program after having formally retired. The driving forces to continue to work are analyzed in terms of the development of existential meaning of work at a particular stage of the life cycle. We argue that a deeper understanding of the existential driving forces, that both cause physicians to accept post-retirement mentoring tasks and that is awakened and developed in this specific work, would contribute to a deeper understanding of why individuals continue working into old age. However, in political discussions of an extended working life, similar aspects tend to be disregarded. Understanding the existential driving forces that cause an individual to continue working after retirement may be crucial to comprehending how we can take advantage of the resources of the older workforce and, thus, realize human potential at a later stage of the life cycle.

Keywords
Health, Working Environment & Wellbeing, Learning & Competencies, Gender, Ethnicity, Age and Diversity, Identity, Meaning & Culture
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-25691 (URN)10.18291/njwls.127776 (DOI)000756895000003 ()2-s2.0-85124268602 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-06-29 Created: 2021-06-29 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, M. & Flisbäck, M. (2021). Illuminating Existential Meaning: A New Approach in the Study of Retirement. Qualitative Sociology Review, 17(1), 196-214
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Illuminating Existential Meaning: A New Approach in the Study of Retirement
2021 (English)In: Qualitative Sociology Review, ISSN 1733-8077, E-ISSN 1733-8077, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 196-214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Current discussions on the importance of retirement are largely built on statistical analyses of longitudinal data showing that well-being seldom changes from before to after entering retirement, but is rather mainly dependent on the individual’s social resource position. In contrast, qualitatively oriented researchers underline that the retirement process is a complex life transition that needs to be further illuminated. To do this, however, we need to advance new theoretical and methodological perspectives. In this article, an existential sociology approach is outlined, emphasizing the multifaceted spectra of lived experiences and meaning-making in the retirement process. The phenomenological approaches of existential sociology allow us to consider how the exit from working life is created in the processes of motion rather than as expressions of static positions. A merit of this approach is that retirement as an empirical case may say something general about being in transition as a basic social condition. In the article, we discuss how a socio-biographical methodology, based on longitudinal qualitative interviews, helps us capture how existential meaning is formed and re-formed in the ambiguous situations which arise in similar life-course transitions. Theoretically, we especially draw on concepts from the existential anthropologist Jackson and the phenomenological tradition of existential philosophers such as Arendt and Heidegger. 

Keywords
Retirement, Phenomenological Approach, Existential Imperative, Being-toward-Death, Second Birth, Social Inequality
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-25289 (URN)10.18778/1733-8077.17.1.12 (DOI)2-s2.0-85100536615 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2021-04-09 Created: 2021-04-09 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Flisbäck, M. & Carlén, M. (2021). Livspolitik och existentiell mening i ett alternativsamhälle på landsbygden: Exemplet Uddebo. Sociologisk forskning, 58(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Livspolitik och existentiell mening i ett alternativsamhälle på landsbygden: Exemplet Uddebo
2021 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 58, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Artikeln handlar om den betydelse existentiell mening har för utvecklingen av ett ekonomiskt, socialt och ekologiskt hållbart alternativsamhälle på landsbygden. I artikeln analyseras 15 individers berättelser om konkreta praktiker och gemensamma insatser i formandet av en existentiellt meningsfull vardag på en plats med cirkulär ekonomi, självförsörjning och arbetskritiska attityder. Analysen inramas av ett existenssociologiskt perspektiv och Becks tanke om ”frihetens barn”, som i en andra modernitet försöker att ta vara på de möjligheter som kan uppstå i ett samhälle som i övrigt mest erbjuder risker och osäkerhet. Genom att utveckla ett ”livspolitiskt” förhållningssätt, bortom konsumtionssamhällets överflöd och arbetssamhällets plikter, vill intervjupersonerna både uppnå ett meningsfullt liv i nuet och bygga ett hållbart lokalsamhälle där resurser tillvaratas för kommande generationer. Målet är att till skillnad från upplevelsen av meningslöshet i det kapitalistiska arbetssamhället skapa existentiell mening på en plats där de kan bestämma över sin egen tid och finna kollektiva lösningar på individuella problem. Strävan efter att etablera ett sådant postkapitalistiskt samhälle medför dock även dilemman och interna konflikter kring organiserings- och finansieringsmöjligheter.

Keywords
livspolitik, alternativsamhälle på landsbygden, hållbarhet, existentiell mening, Frihetens barn
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27528 (URN)10.37062/sf.58.23258 (DOI)000760284400003 ()2-s2.0-85126138699 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Hybrida organisationer som verktyg för hållbar platsutveckling
Available from: 2022-02-25 Created: 2022-02-25 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, M. & Flisbäck, M. (2020). Coronakrisen synliggör behovet av att analysera arbete som ett kall. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 26(3), 70-73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coronakrisen synliggör behovet av att analysera arbete som ett kall
2020 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 70-73Article in journal, Editorial material (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-24659 (URN)
Available from: 2021-01-14 Created: 2021-01-14 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, M. & Flisbäck, M. (2020). Work as a Calling: Existential dimensions of individuals' work orientations. In: Furåker, B. & Håkansson, K (Ed.), Work Orientations : Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Findings (pp. 75-101). Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work as a Calling: Existential dimensions of individuals' work orientations
2020 (English)In: Work Orientations : Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Findings / [ed] Furåker, B. & Håkansson, K, Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge , 2020, p. 75-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this chapter is to deepen the understanding of existential meaning dimensions of work activities, and the calling is highlighted as an example of existential work orientation. The data was collected in 2014 and 2015 and consist of qualitative interviews both before and after retirement with Swedish employees reflecting a qualitative spectrum of occupations. A group of respondents showed such great dedication to work, and that work aligned with a broader sense of purpose, that their work orientations were defined as a calling. In the empirical analyses, five main components of a calling is outlined: 1) work appears as an external summons; 2) the purpose of the work activity is to serve a higher cause; 3) work is carried out with personality as a tool; 4) work involves self-sacrifice, 5) and work gives rise to elevation. Moreover, the chapter shows that the retirement process acts as a so-called existential imperative that can make visible and enforce meaning dimensions in relation to work. Thus, it is argued that the retirement process is a critical empirical case for making visible work as a calling. Finally, the chapter discusses how retirement as an external force “de-calling” the life task could act both as freedom and curse for individuals having experienced pros and cons of work as a calling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge, 2020
Keywords
Existential work orientation, work as a calling, retirement process, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22125 (URN)10.4324/9781351121149 (DOI)9781351121149 (ISBN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2019-12-02 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, M. & Flisbäck, M. (2019). Möjligheter till meningsfullt arbete i ett förlängt yrkesliv: En studie av äldre läkares grupphandledning av utlandsutbildade kollegor. Arbetsliv i omvandling, 978(1), 1-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Möjligheter till meningsfullt arbete i ett förlängt yrkesliv: En studie av äldre läkares grupphandledning av utlandsutbildade kollegor
2019 (Swedish)In: Arbetsliv i omvandling, ISSN 1404-8426, Vol. 978, no 1, p. 1-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I texten studeras äldre läkares grupphandledning av utlandsutbildade kollegor som ett fall av meningsfullt arbete i ett förlängt yrkesliv. När det fastslås att ett förlängt yrkesliv behövs för att säkra samhällets välfärdsnivå ställs ofta frågan om vilka arbetsuppgifter som äldre kan utföra. Vi pekar istället på hur äldre kan besitta specifika kompetenser som är viktiga att tillvarata. Samtidigt hävdar vi att möjligheten till ett förlängt yrkesliv bör belysas utifrån att det finns livs- och åldersspecifika drivkrafter för att utföra vissa typer av uppgifter. Att ta vara på äldres specifika kompetenser genom sysslor som är existentiellt meningsfulla är således väsentligt ur samhälls-, organisations- och individperspektiv. I textens avslutning reflekterar vi över hur dessa aspekter skulle kunna överföras till fler yrken än det studerade. Fallets överförbarhet problematiseras när vi pekar på hur klassvillkor samspelar med möjligheten till ett meningsfullt arbete och att vara i en position där kompetensen inte betraktas som utbytbar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: , 2019
Keywords
förlängt yrkesliv, mentorskap, bridge employment, yrkes-livs-kompetens, existentiellt imperativ, arbetets mening
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22122 (URN)
Funder
Region Västra GötalandForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-2300
Available from: 2019-12-02 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5611-6323

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