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Bellido, J. & Hammarfelt, B. (2023). ‘A very good field in which to operate’: patent literature and the post-war information industry. Library and Information History, 39(3), 147-169
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘A very good field in which to operate’: patent literature and the post-war information industry
2023 (English)In: Library and Information History, ISSN 1758-3489, E-ISSN 1758-3497, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 147-169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Patent systems rely on information infrastructures that enable searchers, examiners, and other specialists not only to consider legal requirements but also to gather market intelligence, competitor analysis, and other strategic business information. These resources are today considered fundamental to the assessment of a patent system's performance in terms of its reliability and legitimacy. However, this potential was constrained historically by the multiplicity of formats, languages, and time frames in which patents in different jurisdictions were published and issued. This essay traces how a secondary market for patent information materialised from a distinct commercial engagement with these peculiarities of patents as documents. In doing so, the essay explores how patent literature was abstracted, centralised, and filtered through private information providers such as Derwent Publications Ltd that began offering customised patent information products and services in the post-war decades.

Keywords
patents, abstracts, information science, profit, Derwent, index, databases, access
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31072 (URN)10.3366/lih.2023.0155 (DOI)001112512800002 ()2-s2.0-85179954577 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 741095-PASSIM-ERC-2016-AdG
Note

This research was funded by a grant from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 741095-PASSIM-ERC-2016-AdG) led by Eva Hemmungs Wirtén, Linköping University, Sweden. 

Available from: 2023-12-22 Created: 2023-12-22 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Angervall, P. & Hammarfelt, B. (2023). Academic Career Mobility: Career Advancement, Transnational Mobility and Gender Equity. Higher Education Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Academic Career Mobility: Career Advancement, Transnational Mobility and Gender Equity
2023 (English)In: Higher Education Policy, ISSN 0952-8733, E-ISSN 1740-3863Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores how policy discourses on academic career are articulated in Swedish higher education. Discourses on academic career are often expressing meritocracy and the necessity of competition, but also include demands for flexibil-ity and global participation. Recent decades of higher education policy have also stressed the importance of gender equity, which is particularly evident in the Nordic countries. Yet, how these discourses interact and impact on contemporary ideas on academic career remains unclear. We analyse a selection of Swedish government bills to explore present policy discourses on academic career mobility, and how these discourses express and create tensions for different staff groups. The findings shows that the notion, and promotion of career mobility in Swedish higher education features tensions between career advancement, transnational mobility and work life stability. It is also clear that some scholars are defined as more career mobile and successful than others. Hence, discourses on career mobility tend to give legitimacy to already existing work divisions and hierarchies partly undermining gender equity. In conclusion, our findings show tensions and contradictions in these policies, which give base for further nuanced and critical discussions on the current conditions and possibilities in Swedish higher education and academic career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Keywords
Higher education, Policy discourse, Academic career, Transnational mobility, gender equity
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30084 (URN)10.1057/s41307-023-00322-3 (DOI)001028370400002 ()2-s2.0-85164811917 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-07-18 Created: 2023-07-18 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Hammarfelt, B. & Hallonsten, O. (2023). Are evaluative bibliometrics neoliberal? A historical and theoretical problematization. Social Science Information, Article ID 053901842311581.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are evaluative bibliometrics neoliberal? A historical and theoretical problematization
2023 (English)In: Social Science Information, ISSN 0539-0184, E-ISSN 1461-7412, article id 053901842311581Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this article, we problematize the notion that the continuously growing use of bibliometric evaluation can be effectively explained by ‘neoliberal’ ideology. A prerequisite for our analysis is an understanding of neoliberalism as both denoting a more limited set of concrete principles for the organization of society (the narrow interpretation) or as a hegemonic ideology (the broad interpretation). This conceptual framework, as well as brief history of evaluative bibliometrics, provides an analytical framing for our approach, in which four national research evaluation systems are compared: Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. On basis of an analysis of the rationales for implementing these systems, as well as their specific design, we discuss the existence or non-existence of neoliberal motivations and rationales. Overall, we find that a relatively homogeneous academic landscape, with a high degree of centralization and government steering, appears to be a common feature for countries implementing national evaluation systems relying on bibliometrics. Such characteristics, we argue, may not be inductively understood as neoliberal but as indications of national states displaying strong political steering of its research system. Consequently, if used without further clarification, ‘neoliberalism’ is a concept too broad and diluted to be useful when analyzing the development of research evaluation and bibliometric measures in the past half a century.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29549 (URN)10.1177/05390184231158195 (DOI)000940103600001 ()2-s2.0-85149945411 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-21 Created: 2023-03-21 Last updated: 2023-03-30Bibliographically approved
Hammarfelt, B. & Karlsson, M. (2023). Nordic Academic Publishing in Health Economics. Nordic Journal of Health Economics, 6(1), 59-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nordic Academic Publishing in Health Economics
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 1892-9729, E-ISSN 1892-9710, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 59-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyse how the Nordic contribution to health economics has evolved over the past three decades – in quantitative and qualitative terms. Using a dataset of publications from five prominent field journals for health economics, we combine different empirical methods to analyse the general trends in terms of number of distinct publications, topics covered, and co-authorship relationships between countries and individuals. We find that the Nordic countries are responsible for a stable share of international publications in health economics. The topics that Nordic health economists publish on are relatively similar to those most prevalent in the international community, even though health insurance is remarkably absent as a research topic in Nordic countries. In terms of links between countries and co-authors, we see that Nordic researchers are well embedded in the international community, and that the Nordic research community has moved toward less hierarchical relationships.

Keywords
health economics, bibliometrics, publishing, Nordic countries
National Category
Economics Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science; Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31105 (URN)10.5617/njhe.10189 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-01-03 Created: 2024-01-03 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Salö, L., Hammarfelt, B. & Nelhans, G. (2023). Sources of Policy: Knowledge Brokering in Governmental Reports. In: Pauline Mattson, Eugenia Perez Vico, Linus Salö (Ed.), Making Universities Matter: Collaboration, Engagement, Impact (pp. 185-210). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sources of Policy: Knowledge Brokering in Governmental Reports
2023 (English)In: Making Universities Matter: Collaboration, Engagement, Impact / [ed] Pauline Mattson, Eugenia Perez Vico, Linus Salö, Cham: Springer, 2023, p. 185-210Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores indirect, text-based knowledge brokering through a study of Swedish governmental reports, known as Statens offentliga utredningar (SOUs). To this end, we endeavor to gauge the impact of knowledge uptake in their sources as displayed in their reference lists. Because SOUs are the outcome of commissions, we seek to position this feature of Swedish policymaking culture as an overlooked yet vital enabling condition for productive science–policy interaction where scholars and their knowledge can matter. However, doing so effectively requires a better understanding of the characteristics of impactful knowledge objects and the dynamics required to make them effective. Our analysis shows that the lion’s share of the references cited in the SOUs studied can be classified as gray literature and are published in Swedish. This suggests that scholars wanting to matter in a policy context may consider other routes besides the predominating genre of the peer-reviewed journal article in an English-language journal. Further implications of these findings are discussed vis-à-vis recent conceptualizations of agency in knowledge brokering as a lens through which to view collaborative impact in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2023
Series
Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management, ISSN 2197-5698
Keywords
Policy impact Knowledge brokering Uptake Agency Language Scholarliness Gray literature
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31106 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-48799-6_9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180898644 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-48801-6 (ISBN)978-3-031-48799-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-03 Created: 2024-01-03 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Nelhans, G. & Hammarfelt, B. (2023). Swedish School of Library and Information Science 50 years! A multi-colour bibliometric portrait. Information research, 28(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish School of Library and Information Science 50 years! A multi-colour bibliometric portrait
2023 (English)In: Information research, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 28, no 2Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction. The aim of the article is to convey an overall picture of the research conducted at Swedish School of Library and Information Science (SSLIS).

Method. The documents for the analyses were found in the DiVA – a national publication registry of Swedish universities and in the international citation database Web of Science. The authors have searched DiVA for publications indexed under the Department and performed a manual review of authors’ names. Searches were made for authors’ names directly in Web of Science.

Analysis. A portrait of research production was created using descriptive statistics and more sophisticated analysis was used for 240 publications found in the Web of Science.

Results. The results present the production and cooperation patterns of SSLIS researchers, the subjects covered by them, the relations between researchers, journals and research contents.

Conclusion. Overall, SSLIS appears as a broad and dynamic environment where research follows firmly established tracks and simultaneously explores current phenomena and practices.

Keywords
bibliotmetrics, Swedish School of Library and Information Science
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30506 (URN)10.47989/592 (DOI)001074461800006 ()2-s2.0-85170689074 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-09-14 Created: 2023-09-14 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Nelhans, G. & Hammarfelt, B. (2022). Bibliotekshögskolan 50 år: Ett bibliometriskt porträtt i flerfärg (1ed.). In: Louise Limberg, Malin Ögland (Ed.), Från analog katalog till digital portal: Bibliotekshögskolan 50 år (pp. 202-217). Borås: University of Borås
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bibliotekshögskolan 50 år: Ett bibliometriskt porträtt i flerfärg
2022 (Swedish)In: Från analog katalog till digital portal: Bibliotekshögskolan 50 år / [ed] Louise Limberg, Malin Ögland, Borås: University of Borås , 2022, 1, , p. 231p. 202-217Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: University of Borås, 2022. p. 231 Edition: 1
Series
Skrifter från Valfrid, ISSN 1103-6990 ; 76
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30507 (URN)978-91-987634-1-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-09-14 Created: 2023-09-14 Last updated: 2023-09-15Bibliographically approved
Francke, H. & Hammarfelt, B. (2022). Competitive exposure and existential recognition: Visibility and legitimacy on academic social networking sites. Research Evaluation, 31(4), 429-437
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competitive exposure and existential recognition: Visibility and legitimacy on academic social networking sites
2022 (English)In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 429-437Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the past decade, academic social networking sites, such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu, have become a common tool in academia for accessing publications and displaying metrics for research evaluation and self-monitoring. In this conceptual article, we discuss how these academic social networking sites, as devices of evaluation that build on both traditional values, objects, and metrics in academic publishing and on social media logics and algorithmic metrics, come to fulfil a need in the current academic (publishing) ecosystem. We approach this issue by identifying key affordances that arise in the interaction between platform and user. We then position these affordances in relation to potential needs of academics in today’s publishing landscape by drawing on Hafermalz’s metaphor of the ‘fear of exile’, which provides an alternative way of understanding the importance of visibility in the networked world, as a combination of competitive exposure and existential recognition. We end by considering the grounds on which the platforms may be attributed some level of legitimacy. This is done in order to understand the inherent contradiction between the broad use of the platforms and the fact that their integrity has been questioned repeatedly. We seek an answer to a legitimacy for the platforms in the fact that a pragmatic, mutual benefit exists between them and the research community; a benefit that is enhanced by the audit society influencing current academia. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29553 (URN)10.1093/reseval/rvab043 (DOI)000937335800002 ()2-s2.0-85149910076 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-21 Created: 2023-03-21 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Hammarfelt, B. (2022). Fences or stacks: theoretical considerations regarding references in patents. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, May 29 - June 1, 2022: Information Research, 27 (Special issue). Paper presented at 11th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo, Norway, May 29 - June 1, 2022.. Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 27, Article ID colis2203.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fences or stacks: theoretical considerations regarding references in patents
2022 (English)In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, May 29 - June 1, 2022: Information Research, 27 (Special issue), Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2022, Vol. 27, article id colis2203Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction Patent citations are an important indicator for studying science and technology interaction. Yet, empirical and conceptual studies of referencing practices in patents are largely lacking, which has resulted in an under-theorised understanding of patent citations.

Theoretical approach This study analyses previous research on patent citations and discusses these in relation to citation theories developed within science studies and bibliometrics. The ambition is, however, to advance beyond a comparative approach by adding an additional layer of analysis in which the overarching rhetorical function of references in patents and papers is considered.

Conceptual Analysis The analysis shows how referencing in patents have distinguishing characteristics in terms of who cites, the temporality of referencing, national and international context, quantity of references, and incentives for citing. These characteristics are discussed using the concept of fencing and stacking. Fencing illustrates how references in patents are used to demarcate claims, while the stacking of references in scientific papers is an act of cumulative persuasion.

Conclusions Substantial rhetorical and epistemological differences exist in how references are used in patents and papers, and these differences have implications for how citations patterns can be interpreted. The conceptualisation of referencing as fencing and stacking is suggested as a possible framework for interpreting empirical studies of patent citations. Overall, it is argued that a further theoretical, and empirical, understanding of referencing practices in patents are need in order to contextualise and problematise patent citations, and their current use in research and policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2022
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29021 (URN)10.47989/ircolis2203 (DOI)000890368900003 ()2-s2.0-85144843477 (Scopus ID)
Conference
11th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Oslo, Norway, May 29 - June 1, 2022.
Available from: 2022-12-06 Created: 2022-12-06 Last updated: 2023-01-16Bibliographically approved
Hammarfelt, B. & Åström, F. (2021). An Ecology of Measures and Indicators: Bibliometrics in Resource Allocation. In: Rafael Ball (Ed.), Handbook Bibliometrics: (pp. 291-298). Berlin: De Gruyter Saur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Ecology of Measures and Indicators: Bibliometrics in Resource Allocation
2021 (English)In: Handbook Bibliometrics / [ed] Rafael Ball, Berlin: De Gruyter Saur , 2021, p. 291-298Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter briefly reviews how bibliometric indicators are used for allocating resources in academia. How these measures can be understood in relation to different evaluation systems is discussed, and various types of applications – including individual level use – are outlined. Furthermore, attention is given to the effect of evaluation in terms of incentives and possible adverse effects. The importance of contextualizing the influence of metrics is emphasised, as individuals and fields are likely to react differently to performance-based assessments. In conclusion, bibliometric measures are perhaps best understood as part of a larger “ecology” in which different types of assessment procedures, funding arrangements, and allocation systems interact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: De Gruyter Saur, 2021
Series
De Gruyter Reference
Keywords
bibliometrics, indicators, funding, research evaluation systems, performance, effects
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-24360 (URN)10.1515/9783110646610-029 (DOI)2-s2.0-85109788165 (Scopus ID)978-3-11-064227-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-12-08 Created: 2020-12-08 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1504-8395

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