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Ponti, Marisa
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Ponti, M. (2010). Actors in Collaboration: Sociotechnical Influence on Practice-Research Collaboration. (Doctoral dissertation). Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap/Bibliotekshögskolan Högskolan i Borås och Göteborgs universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actors in Collaboration: Sociotechnical Influence on Practice-Research Collaboration
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There has long been a concern about the research-practice gap within Library and Information Science (LIS). Several authors have highlighted the disconnection between the world of professional practice, interested in service and information system development, and the world of the academy, focused on the development of theory and the progress of the discipline. A virtual organization, such as a collaboratory, might support collaboration between LIS professionals and academics in research, potentially transforming the way research between these two groups is undertaken. The purpose of this study was to examine how sociotechnical aspects of work organization influence the initiation, development, and conclusion of collaboration between LIS academics and professionals in distributed research projects. The study examined the development of three collaborative projects from the start to completion in two countries, Italy and another European country. The data analysis aimed at deriving implications for the further development of theory on remote scientific collaboration, and for the design of a sustainable collaboratory to support small-scale, distributed research projects between LIS academics and professionals. The research design, data collection, and data analysis were informed by Actor- Network-Theory (ANT), in particular by Callon’s model of translation of interests. Qualitative interviews and analysis of literary inscriptions formed the key sources of data for the three case studies. The analysis of how and why collaborations between LIS academics and professionals initiated and developed revealed that the initial motivation to pursue collaboration has to do with the lack of economic and organizational resources on either or both sides, and with a genuine interest in a topic by both academics and professionals. The case studies in this study were decentralized and bottom-up projects in which LIS academics and professionals pursued collaboration because they had a genuine interest in a given topic and not because they were mandated by their employers, or they hoped to be acknowledged and promoted by them on the basis of their participation in the project. Market conditions and/or institutional pressures did not exert much influence on the start and development of these collaborations, although one project was influenced by political considerations and funding conditions in healthcare. The patterns emerged from the findings of the three cases underpin the development of a sociotechnical framework aimed at providing a better understanding of remote collaboration between academics and professionals not only in LIS but also in other fields affected by the research-practice gap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap/Bibliotekshögskolan Högskolan i Borås och Göteborgs universitet, 2010
Series
Skrifter från Valfrid, ISSN 1103-6990 ; 43
Keywords
actor-network theory, collaborative work, information science, practice-research gap, socio-technical paradigm, virtual organisation
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-3549 (URN)2320/5458 (Local ID)978-91-89416-24-6 (ISBN)2320/5458 (Archive number)2320/5458 (OAI)
Note

Akademisk avhandling som med tillstånd av samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten vid Göteborgs universitet för vinnande av doktorsexamen framläggs till offentlig granskning kl. 13.15 torsdagen den 29 april 2010, i hörsal C203, Högskolan i Borås, Allégatan 1, Borås.

Available from: 2015-12-04 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2016-07-13Bibliographically approved
Ponti, M. (2010). Sociotechnical influences on Virtual Research Environments. International Journal of e-collaboration, 6(2), 33-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sociotechnical influences on Virtual Research Environments
2010 (English)In: International Journal of e-collaboration, ISSN 1548-3673, E-ISSN 1548-3681, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 33-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A number of socio-technical aspects that influence interorganizational research collaboration are embedded in local work contexts. Thus, they should be a main concern for the design of virtual research environments. A review of forty papers from different research fields provided an understanding of the influence of eleven socio-technical aspects grouped according to the following categories: nature of work; common ground; collaboration readiness; management style and leadership; technology readiness. There are five main implications for the design of virtual research environments. Emphasis is placed on the importance of consulting the stakeholders so that they suggest solutions and ideas, and imbue the collaborative environment with the values required for it to be sustainable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
I G I Global, 2010
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2786 (URN)10.4018/jec.2010040102 (DOI)2320/6260 (Local ID)2320/6260 (Archive number)2320/6260 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Sonnenwald, D. H., Lassi, M., Olson, N., Ponti, M. & Axelsson, A.-S. (2009). Exploring new ways of working using virtual research environments in library and information science. Library hi tech, 27(2), 191-204
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring new ways of working using virtual research environments in library and information science
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2009 (English)In: Library hi tech, ISSN 0737-8831, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 191-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present current and ongoing research investigating new ways of working across geographic distances and time within library and information science (LIS). Design/methodology/approach – A total of four studies were conducted focusing on: the design of a virtual research environment (VRE) to facilitate the sharing of data collection instruments among students, researchers and professionals; new ways professionals and researchers can collaborate; collaborative decision making in the context of purchasing a library management system; and collaboration among LIS professionals. Findings – Early results show that VREs within LIS can build on previous VRE research which focused on other domains. However, there are several unique characteristics of LIS that place requirements on VREs and which are not yet implemented within VREs and that offer unique opportunities for VREs to enhance LIS research, education and practice. Originality/value – This paper reports on ongoing research and preliminary findings of unique studies investigating how VREs could enhance LIS research and professional practice, and how LIS research and practice can inspire the next generation of VREs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2009
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2676 (URN)10.1108/07378830910968155 (DOI)2320/5773 (Local ID)2320/5773 (Archive number)2320/5773 (OAI)
Note

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank all study participants who so graciously shared their experiences and insights, and Maria Spante who assisted in the project focusing on collaboration among LIS professionals. The work reported in this paper has been funded by Stiftelsen Förenings Sparbanken Sjuhärad, the Center for Collaborative Innovation, the Swedish National Graduate School of Language Technology and the Bengt Helmqvist Fund.

Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-10-12Bibliographically approved
Ponti, M. (2008). A LIS collaboratory to bridge the research-practice gap. Library Management, 29(4/5), 265-277
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A LIS collaboratory to bridge the research-practice gap
2008 (English)In: Library Management, ISSN 0143-5124, E-ISSN 1758-7921, Vol. 29, no 4/5, p. 265-277Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce the notion of a collaboratory as a virtual learning community and discuss its significance to support collaboration between library and information science (LIS) researchers and practitioners. Design/methodology/approach – The LIS literature describes various forms of inter-institutional collaboration involving librarians and information professionals, but there is an apparent lack of documented cases of collaboratories involving LIS practitioners and researchers. The paper draws from the literature about collaboratories in the fields of social informatics and information systems and describes the notion of collaboratory, its characteristics and main functions. Findings – It is argued that a LIS collaboratory in the form of a virtual learning community has the potential to provide researchers and practitioners the opportunity to bring in and integrate their respective knowledge, expertise and connections, as well as expand participation of practitioners in research projects. Another claim is that this virtual learning community may fill a critical niche for small institutions as LIS schools and practitioners, and give them the opportunity to choose and work together on relevant research projects. While the prospect of LIS collaboratory looks promising, the challenges to building one need not be overlooked, in particular working at distance and crossing institutional boundaries. More research is needed on the socio-organizational issues that can influence collaboration between LIS researchers and practitioners. Research limitations/implications – The discussion is based on the author's review of the literature and observations. Originality/value – The notion of collaboratory is still new to the LIS field. This paper offers the opportunity to trigger a new discussion on collaboration between researchers and practitioners and the potential of collaboratories to support new forms of collaboration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2008
Keywords
e-learning, libraries, research
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2426 (URN)10.1108/01435120810869066 (DOI)2320/3899 (Local ID)2320/3899 (Archive number)2320/3899 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Ponti, M. & Sonnenwald, D. H. (2008). Investigating the Potential Uptake of e-Research within a Social Science Discipline: Socio-technical Issues within Library & Information Science. Paper presented at The 4th International conference on e-social Science, Manchester, UK. Paper presented at The 4th International conference on e-social Science, Manchester, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the Potential Uptake of e-Research within a Social Science Discipline: Socio-technical Issues within Library & Information Science
2008 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We present preliminary findings from a case study of a social science collaborative project involving professionals, faculty members and graduate students. Employing actornetwork theory to inform the use of interviews and text analysis, we studied the interplay between socio-technical aspects of work organization and the activities of the actors. Although the study is at an initial stage, we report three main findings: the low level of institutional support was compensated by high autonomy of action and expertise of project members; an artifact had consequences for collocated and remote collaboration; the lack of institutional intellectual property ownership provided flexibility. We conclude that the case shows how e-research and virtual research environments can benefit graduate students, professionals and non-elite researchers, who may have fewer opportunities to travel and engage in research work together.

National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-5937 (URN)2320/3900 (Local ID)2320/3900 (Archive number)2320/3900 (OAI)
Conference
The 4th International conference on e-social Science, Manchester, UK
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22
Ponti, M. & Sonnenwald, D. H. (2008). Translating Interest in Collaboration: Library Services and Patient Care. In: : . Paper presented at 4S-EASST Annual Meeting, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, August 20-23.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Translating Interest in Collaboration: Library Services and Patient Care
2008 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-5938 (URN)2320/3901 (Local ID)2320/3901 (Archive number)2320/3901 (OAI)
Conference
4S-EASST Annual Meeting, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, August 20-23
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-10-09Bibliographically approved
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