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Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Theil, A., Anderton, C., Creed, C., Olson, N., Holt, R. J. & Sarcar, S. (2023). Accessibility Research and Users with Multiple Disabilities or Complex Needs. In: ASSETS '23: Proceedings of the 25th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility: . Paper presented at ASSETS '23: The 25th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, New York, NY, USA, October 22 - 25, 2023..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accessibility Research and Users with Multiple Disabilities or Complex Needs
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2023 (English)In: ASSETS '23: Proceedings of the 25th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Conventionally, the accessibility research community centers most of its efforts on designing assistive technologies and systems related to single categories of impairments. Although this approach has contributed to valuable progress and advancements in the field, there is a growing consensus among accessibility researchers that focusing on designing technologies for single impairments oversimplifies disability since this approach may fail to adequately address the real-world experiences of a significant population of users with complex needs. Despite challenges related to conducting research with users living with multiple, profound, or complex disabilities, it is essential in terms of future work that the accessibility research community adopts a more inclusive approach where users with lived experience of multiple disabilities are directly informing and shaping the design of assistive systems and accessible technologies. Therefore, we propose the 2nd International Workshop on Accessibility Research and Users with Multiple Disabilities or Complex Needs. The workshop will act as a forum for participants to share their perspectives related to challenges and opportunities in designing accessible systems that consider the multidimensional needs of users living with multiple disabilities. This workshop intends to challenge current paradigms in the accessibility field, share latest work and foster future collaborations.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31635 (URN)10.1145/3597638.3615651 (DOI)001125956600109 ()
Conference
ASSETS '23: The 25th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, New York, NY, USA, October 22 - 25, 2023.
Available from: 2024-02-27 Created: 2024-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-27
Yousefi Mojir, K., Maceviciute, E., 2023, N., Gatial, E. & Balogh, Z. (2023). Citizen Engagement in wildfire management: needs, challenges, methods and framework.. In: Jaziar Radianti, Ioannis Dokas, Nicolas Lalone, & Deepak Khazanchi (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference: Track 10: Volunteers in Crisis Management/Emergency Response. Paper presented at 20th International ISCRAM Conference, Omaha, Nebraska, USA May 2023. (pp. 761-772). Omaha, 2564
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Citizen Engagement in wildfire management: needs, challenges, methods and framework.
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2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference: Track 10: Volunteers in Crisis Management/Emergency Response / [ed] Jaziar Radianti, Ioannis Dokas, Nicolas Lalone, & Deepak Khazanchi, Omaha, 2023, Vol. 2564, p. 761-772Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With climate change, the frequency and spread of wildfires have intensified globally, bearing disastrous impactson wildlife, the economy, and human well-being. Efforts on broad fronts are required, including proactive publicparticipation. However, studies related to citizen engagement in the context of wildfire management remainlimited. Therefore, there is a need for further studies in this area. This paper reports on ongoing work conductedin the context of an H2020 project called SILVANUS. The study investigates the methods, practices, needs andchallenges related to citizen engagement in wildfire management. The authors have developed a tentative citizenengagement framework, and preliminary results related to citizens' needs and challenges are presented. The studyidentifies relevant topics, training contents, and methods that can be used for public engagement in wildfiremanagement. The paper contributes towards designing future engagement modalities, technologies and trainingmaterials related to wildfire management and potentially even other crises.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Omaha: , 2023
Keywords
Citizen engagement, wildfires, forest fires, SILVANUS, disaster, communication
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-31187 (URN)10.59297%2FDGPE8556 (DOI)
Conference
20th International ISCRAM Conference, Omaha, Nebraska, USA May 2023.
Projects
ntegrated Technological and Information Platform for Wildfire Management (SILVANUS) H2020 Green Deal Project No. 101037247; VEGA No. 2/0131/23.
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 01037247
Available from: 2024-01-10 Created: 2024-01-10 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Maceviciute, E. & Olson, N. (2023). Need for inclusive Use of digital cultural heritage: First results in MuseIT. In: Alonso, O., Cousijn, H., Silvello, G., Marrero, M., Teixeira Lopes, C., Marchesin, S. (Ed.), Linking Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. TPDL 2023.: . Paper presented at Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. TPDL2023 (pp. 349-356). Cham: Springer, 1424
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Need for inclusive Use of digital cultural heritage: First results in MuseIT
2023 (English)In: Linking Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. TPDL 2023. / [ed] Alonso, O., Cousijn, H., Silvello, G., Marrero, M., Teixeira Lopes, C., Marchesin, S., Cham: Springer, 2023, Vol. 1424, p. 349-356Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the preliminary findings in an ongoing study conducted in MuseIT – a Horizon Europe project (Oct. 2022 – Sept. 2025) – that proposes technologies facilitating and widening access to cultural assets in an ‘inclusive way’. The paper reports on the results of a literature review and the first ideation workshop conducted in January 2023. The workshop participants were representatives of cultural institutions and users of cultural institutions, and/or consumers and producers of cultural assets, with a focus on people with disabilities. The findings indicated that digital environment is greatly appreciated by participants with disabilities for both communication with others and for self-expression. Cultural institutions are aware of the variety of needs, including the need for collaborative development of services accessible to all. There remain, however, challenges and unmet needs. To address these, there is a need to involve people with disabilities – who are experts on such needs based on lived experiences – in the design of tools and services aimed at meeting their needs. Furthermore, there is a need for improved understanding of disability and diversity of needs, in projects involved in developing technological systems to facilitate and broaden accessibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 03029743 ; 1424
Keywords
Accessible cultural assets, digital cultural heritage, people with disabilities, need for cultural inclusion, MuseIT
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30997 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-43849-3_32 (DOI)001156311600033 ()2-s2.0-85174638529 (Scopus ID)978-3-031-43848-6 (ISBN)978-3-031-43849-3 (ISBN)
Conference
Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. TPDL2023
Projects
MuseIT
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 101061441
Available from: 2023-12-16 Created: 2023-12-16 Last updated: 2024-02-28Bibliographically approved
Olson, N. & Jarvoll, J. (2022). Haptic Pattern Designer Toolkit – HaptiDesigner: Software and Hardware for Creation of Actuation Patterns. In: Antona M., Stephanidis C. (Ed.), 16th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022: . Paper presented at 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022, Virtual, Online, 26 June - 1 July, 2022. (pp. 489-509). Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Haptic Pattern Designer Toolkit – HaptiDesigner: Software and Hardware for Creation of Actuation Patterns
2022 (English)In: 16th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022 / [ed] Antona M., Stephanidis C., Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2022, p. 489-509Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we present a software and hardware toolkit called HaptiDesigner, useful for work with creation of haptic patterns and beyond. The toolkit includes two printed circuit boards each with 32 and 40 channels which can also be connected for an extended number of channels. It also includes a PC-based interface for ease of design and the software needed for encoding and storing the related instructions for activation of actuator motors. HaptiDesigner toolkit has been successfully used for the design of meaning bearing patterns for haptic communication. Some examples are provided. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2022
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743
National Category
Control Engineering Information Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-28238 (URN)10.1007/978-3-031-05028-2_33 (DOI)000886641700033 ()2-s2.0-85132988195 (Scopus ID)9783031050275 (ISBN)
Conference
24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022, Virtual, Online, 26 June - 1 July, 2022.
Projects
Actuation patterns, Designer toolkit, Haptic
Available from: 2022-07-08 Created: 2022-07-08 Last updated: 2022-12-09Bibliographically approved
Theil, A., Creed, C., Shaqura, M., Olson, N., Holt, R. J., Sarcar, S. & Murray, S. (2022). Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Designing Accessible Systems for Users with Multiple Impairments: Grand Challenges and Opportunities for Future Research. In: : . Paper presented at 24th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS 2022, Athens, Greece, 23 - 26 October, 2022..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Designing Accessible Systems for Users with Multiple Impairments: Grand Challenges and Opportunities for Future Research
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2022 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Historically, the accessibility community has focused on designing assistive technologies and systems related to single categories of impairments. While this approach is justifiable and contributes to the advancement of the field, many researchers argue that designing technologies for one impairment at a time contributes to an oversimplification of disability and does not reflect real-world experiences of a significant number of users who live with multiple impairments. How can the accessibility field leverage theories and concepts from other disciplines (e.g. disability studies, medical humanities, social work, engineering, education) to support more appropriate and inclusive technologies for users with complex needs How can future assistive technologies take into consideration a diverse combination of sensory, cognitive, and physical characteristics In this workshop, we invite researchers and practitioners from different disciplines to share their perspectives related to challenges and opportunities in designing accessible systems that consider the multidimensional and often complex needs of users living with multiple impairments. 

Keywords
Accessibility, Assistive Technologies, Disability Studies, Multiple Impairments
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-28938 (URN)10.1145/3517428.3550405 (DOI)2-s2.0-85141145166 (Scopus ID)
Conference
24th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, ASSETS 2022, Athens, Greece, 23 - 26 October, 2022.
Available from: 2022-11-18 Created: 2022-11-18 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A.-B., Olson, N. & Lund, R. (2021). At Work with Dual Sensory Loss. International Deafblind Review, 65, 41-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>At Work with Dual Sensory Loss
2021 (English)In: International Deafblind Review, E-ISSN 2712-763X, Vol. 65, p. 41-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26059 (URN)
Available from: 2021-07-13 Created: 2021-07-13 Last updated: 2021-07-13Bibliographically approved
Olson, N. (2021). Book Review: The data storytelling workbook [Review]. Information research, 26(1), Article ID R710.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Review: The data storytelling workbook
2021 (English)In: Information research, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 26, no 1, article id R710Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26045 (URN)000631430800016 ()
Available from: 2021-07-12 Created: 2021-07-12 Last updated: 2022-02-10Bibliographically approved
Lindell, E., Theil, A., Guo, L., Olson, N., Korn, O. & Persson, N.-K. (2021). Physical add-ons for haptic human-surrounding interaction and sensorial augmentation. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies: Future Applications (IHIET 2020), August 27-29, 2020, Paris, France. Paper presented at Future Applications (IHIET 2020), August 27-29, 2020, Paris, France (pp. 183-188). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical add-ons for haptic human-surrounding interaction and sensorial augmentation
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2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies: Future Applications (IHIET 2020), August 27-29, 2020, Paris, France, Springer , 2021, p. 183-188Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Interaction and capturing information from the surrounding is dominated by vision and hearing. Haptics on the other side, widens the bandwidth and could also replace senses (sense switching) for impaired. Haptic technologies are often limited to point-wise actuation. Here, we show that actuation in two-dimensional matrices instead creates a richer input. We describe the construction of a full-body garment for haptic communication with a distributed actuating network. The garment is divided into attachable-detachable panels or add-ons that each can carry a two dimensional matrix of actuating haptic elements. Each panel adds to an enhanced sensoric capability of the human- garment system so that together a 720° system is formed. The spatial separation of the panels on different body locations supports semantic and theme-wise separation of conversations conveyed by haptics. It also achieves directional faithfulness, which is maintaining any directional information about a distal stimulus in the haptic input.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Directional faithfulness, Haptic communication, Multi-panel, Sense technology, Smart textiles, Audition, Semantics, Directional information, Full body, Haptic communications, Haptic technology, Haptics, Point wise, Spatial separation, Clothes
National Category
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26027 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-55307-4_28 (DOI)2-s2.0-85089624349 (Scopus ID)9783030553067 (ISBN)
Conference
Future Applications (IHIET 2020), August 27-29, 2020, Paris, France
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 780814
Available from: 2021-07-07 Created: 2021-07-07 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Darányi, S., Olson, N., Lindell, E., Persson, N.-K., Riga, M., Kontopoulos, E. & Kompatsiaris, I. (2020). Communicating Semantic Content to Persons with Deafblindness by Haptograms and Smart Textiles: Theoretical Approach and Methodology. International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems, 13(1&2), 103-113
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communicating Semantic Content to Persons with Deafblindness by Haptograms and Smart Textiles: Theoretical Approach and Methodology
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2020 (English)In: International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems, ISSN 1942-2679, E-ISSN 1942-2679, Vol. 13, no 1&2, p. 103-113Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By means of a proof-of-concept prototype, which is work in progress, we adopted a multidisciplinary approach to develop a smart-textile-based communication system for use by people with deafblindness. In this system, sensor technologies and computer vision are used to detect environmental cues such as presence of obstacles, faces, objects, etc. Focusing on the communication module here, a new ontology connects visual analytics with the user to label detected semantic content about objects, persons and situations for navigation and situational awareness. Such labelled content is then translated to a haptogram vocabulary with static vs. dynamic patterns, which are mapped to the body. A haptogram denotes a tactile symbol composed over a touchscreen, its dynamic nature referring to the act of writing or drawing. A vest made of smart textile, in the current variant equipped with a 4 x 4 grid of vibrotactile actuators, is used to transmit haptograms on the user’s back. Thereby system messages of different complexity -- both alerts and short sentences -- can be received by the user, who then has the option to respond by pre-coded questions and messages. By means of grids with more actuators, displays with higher resolution can be implemented and tested, paving the way for an extended haptogram vocabulary, covering more detailed ontology content.

Keywords
deafblind communication, haptograms, word and sentence semantics, ontology, smart textiles
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-23904 (URN)
Projects
SUITCEYES
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 780814
Note

This work has been partially funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020research and innovation programme under grant agreementNo 780814 SUITCEYES.

Available from: 2020-10-11 Created: 2020-10-11 Last updated: 2020-11-11Bibliographically approved
Olson, N. & Maceviciute, E. (2020). Information worlds of people with deafblindness. In: : . Paper presented at ISIC 2020, Online, September 28 - October 1 2020.. , 25(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information worlds of people with deafblindness
2020 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction. This paper explores the information world of people with deafblindness, i.e., a diverse group of people whose vision and hearing loss are of such severity that it is hard for their impaired senses to compensate for each other.

Method. An extensive interview study conducted in five European countries. It has examined the level, form and accessibility of information available to people with deafblindness. This paper draws on these interviews, and other material and observations, in providing general characteristics and the results presented here. However, the data and quotations presented in this paper are from the interviews conducted by the authors in Sweden.

Analysis. The analysis of the interviews was done using the coding scheme based on the concepts of small worlds and the theory of information world looking for emerging themes. The scheme was flexible and additional themes were included into it during analysis when they emerged from the data.

Results. The study found that while the lives of most people are facilitated by an abundance of information in various forms and often in taken for granted format, this is not the case for those members of the society with deafblindness who need such information the most. The means of signification and information sources are limited for people with deafblindness not only because of dual sensory impairments, but mainly because of the limited opportunities afforded outside their small worlds.

Conclusions. The improvement of information infrastructures aimed at people with deafblindness will benefit the society and its democratic foundations as a whole and will strengthen the participation of people with deafblindness.

Keywords
Information worlds, Small worlds, Public Sphere, Inclusion, Deafblindness
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-23902 (URN)
Conference
ISIC 2020, Online, September 28 - October 1 2020.
Projects
SUITCEYES
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 780814
Note

This paper won the Best Paper Award at ISIC 2020 conference.

Especial thanks go to the study participants who shared their valuable insights with us. Without them this study would not have been possible. The authors are also grateful to colleagues, members of the SUITCEYES project, who took part in the conduct of the broader interviews. This work has been partially funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 780814 SUITCEYES

Available from: 2020-10-11 Created: 2020-10-11 Last updated: 2021-01-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4479-9286

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