Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Rosvall, Per-Åke
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Norlund, A., Persson, E., Rosvall, P.-Å. & Strömberg, M. (2014). Authority with an unclear position. Paper presented at ECER 2014, The Past, the Present and the Future of Educational Research, Portugal, 1 - 5 September 2014. Paper presented at ECER 2014, The Past, the Present and the Future of Educational Research, Portugal, 1 - 5 September 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authority with an unclear position
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research has previously addressed elements of school supervision and inspection and the practices of state authorities. For example, Ouston, Fidler and Earley (1997) have noticed that it is important how inspections and supervisions are carried out in terms of giving schools the possibilities to amend what has been identified as problematic. How countries organise supervision and inspection between authorities differ, but Ball (2007) in the UK and Apple (2005) in the US as well as Rönnberg (2012) in Sweden have noticed a discursive drift in how authorities present themselves, from a discourse with more emphasis on supervision, towards one with more emphasis on inspection. Here Sweden holds a certain position since the Swedish educational system since the mid 1990s, in a short time have turned from one of the most regulated to one of the most deregulated (Lundahl, 2002). In addition, the organisation of authorities and the function of authorities were reformed in a rapid pace.

National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7216 (URN)2320/14137 (Local ID)2320/14137 (Archive number)2320/14137 (OAI)
Conference
ECER 2014, The Past, the Present and the Future of Educational Research, Portugal, 1 - 5 September 2014
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22
Rosvall, P.-Å. (2014). Examining Ethnographic Methods of Reserach in Anti School Cultures. In: : . Paper presented at ECER 2014, The Past, the Present and the Future of Educational Research, Portugal, 1 - 5 September 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining Ethnographic Methods of Reserach in Anti School Cultures
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines ethnographic dilemmas when researching school environments with a majority of boys with working class background. Several researchers have highlighted the fact that this group is often presented as homogenous and labelled as underachieving and having an anti-school attitude. In this paper it is discussed how some methodological considerations might lead to a more nuanced representation of this group of boys. It follows on a body of work in the journal of Ethnography and Education of discussions of the complexity of researching processes of social reproduction. Brockmann (2011) for example, argues that studies that focus on social reproduction too often neglect the complexity of those processes. Also Russell (2013) discusses the complexities when working with young people and how the researcher is dependent on their personal dispositions and the roles those young people adapt. Both authors call for a methodological discussion of how to do ethnographic research that not (only) reproduce a given discourse but also gives a representation of the complexity of those processes. Also the paper at hand can be seen as a contribution to the discussion on methodological and theoretical issues in the mentioned (see also Delamont, 2009; Hammersley, 2006).

National Category
Pedagogy Pedagogy
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7215 (URN)2320/14136 (Local ID)2320/14136 (Archive number)2320/14136 (OAI)
Conference
ECER 2014, The Past, the Present and the Future of Educational Research, Portugal, 1 - 5 September 2014
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-02-19Bibliographically approved
Rosvall, P.-Å. (2014). Programarbetslag som stöd för nyutexaminerade kärnämneslärares etablering som gymnasielärare?. Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter (1), 56-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Programarbetslag som stöd för nyutexaminerade kärnämneslärares etablering som gymnasielärare?
2014 (Swedish)In: Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter, ISSN 1653-1868, ISSN 1653-1868, no 1, p. 56-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There have been many attempts to reform the Swedish education system in order to reduce the size of the gaps between different upper secondary school programmes. These have included changes in teachers’ responsibilities and teacher education. Within an individual school, teachers of Swe dish language, English and mathematics may teach students of both vocational and further study preparation programmes. However, an analy sis of new teachers’ experiences and the organization of teacher teams at one school, Apel School, suggests that despite these reforms, some traditional preferences have persisted. Notably, teachers of the subjects listed above had clear hierarchical preferences regarding the school’s various teacher teams. Very few teachers were keen to join teams that were involved with a vocational programme. This arguably put both newer teachers and vocational programme students into particularly vulnerable situations because the new teachers were assigned to the less-preferred vocational programme teams but not provided with adequate support from more experienced teachers. Vocational students were more likely to have their teachers replaced as their old teachers advanced within the hierarchy. It is concluded that head teachers need to distribute new and experienced teachers in teacher teams more evenly even though experienced teachers express resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö högskola, 2014
National Category
Pedagogy Pedagogy
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1901 (URN)2320/14134 (Local ID)978-91-7104-493-8 (ISBN)2320/14134 (Archive number)2320/14134 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Rosvall, P.-Å. (2013). Democratic Education? Working Class Boys’ Possibilities to Influence within a Vehicle Programme and the Future. In: : . Paper presented at EERA ECER, Istanbul, Turkey, 10-13 September 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic Education? Working Class Boys’ Possibilities to Influence within a Vehicle Programme and the Future
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to explore how young people act and the organisation of school practice, and what possibilities they have of influencing the content and the forms practiced. The study focuses on how the pedagogic practice is organised in one class their first year of upper secondary school, one Vehicle programme class. This embraces questions as: How, where, when and for what cause do students act to influence, and then with what result? Are students offered influence, and in that case which students? How does the organisation of and the content in the pedagogic practice prepare students to act in order to be able to exert influence in the future? These questions have been studied with regard to social background and gender. The analysis has its theoretical base in Bernstein’s theory of pedagogy and code (1990) and feminist perspectives (Arnot, 2006; Gordon, Holland, & Lahelma, 2000). The main results in the analysis are that actions taken to gain influence were rare, that the organisation of and the content in the pedagogic practice was mainly focussed on students as becoming, i. e. it focused students possibilities to be able to influence in the future and not the present. Furthermore, changing of pedagogic content or pedagogic forms was dependent on students’ own actions. There was a lack of teacher organisation to promote student influence. Finally, what was evaluated in the pedagogic practice, i.e. factual learning, did not promote student influence. Method The presentation builds on a one year ethnographic study in a Social science programme class and a Vehicle programme class. In practice this means that the two classes were followed their first year in upper secondary school. All in all there were 136 classroom observations, 55 individual interviews with the students, their teachers and their head teachers and collection of school and teaching material (Hjelmér, Lappalainen, & Rosvall, 2010; Rosvall, 2011a, 2011b). This presentation focuses on the material produced within the Vehicle programme class, but the material from the Social science class is also important in terms to understand processes within education that contributes to reproduction of social classes. This ethnographic study follows a tradition in Scandinavian research of ethnographic studies in sociology of education (Beach, 2010; Larsson, 2006) that researches relationships between social background, gender and education (Gordon, et al., 2000; Öhrn, 2001; Öhrn, Lundahl, & Beach, 2011). Expected Outcomes The paper demonstrates how pedagogic practice was gendered and classed, which had consequences for how students could influence and how students were prepared to influence in the future. Since the Social Science programme mostly attracts students from a middle-class background and the Vehicle programme those with a working-class background, the content in the programmes contributed to reproducing hierarchical social relations. The content for the Vehicle students proved to be simplified, personal and context dependent, whereas the content of the Social Science programme was more advanced, general and context independent, knowledge which, in argumentation for influence, is usually highly valued. In previous research, working class masculinities have often been associated with opposition towards study-oriented subjects. However, the current study indicates that there is an interest in studying Swedish, English and maths. The students argued that it was necessary for future employment, and that the Vehicle industry is now asking for this kind of knowledge. References Arnot, M. (2006). Freedom's children: A gender perspective on the education of the learner-citizen. International Review of Education, 52(1), 67-87. Beach, D. (2010). Identifying and comparing Scandinavian ethnography: comparisons and influences. Ethnography and Education, 5(1), 49-63. Bernstein, B. (1990). Class, Codes and Control. Volume IV, The Structuring of Pedagogic Discourse. London: Routledge cop. Gordon, T., Holland, J., & Lahelma, E. (2000). Making Spaces: Citizenship and Difference in Schools. Houndmills: MacMillan Press LTD. Hjelmér, C., Lappalainen, S., & Rosvall, P.-Å. (2010). Time, Space and Young People's Agency in Vocational Upper Secondary Education: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. European Educational Research Journal, 9(2), 247-259. Larsson, S. (2006). Ethnography in action. How ethnography was established in Swedish educational research. Ethnography & Education, 1(2), 177-195. Rosvall, P.-Å. (2011a). Pedagogic practice and influence in a social science class. In E. Öhrn, L. Lundahl & D. Beach (Eds.), Young people's influence and democratic education: Ethnographic studies in upper secondary schools (pp. 71-91). London: Tufnell Press. Rosvall, P.-Å. (2011b). Pedagogic practice and influence in a Vehicle Programme class. In E. Öhrn, L. Lundahl & D. Beach (Eds.), Young people's influence and democratic education: Ethnographic studies in upper secondary schools (pp. 92-111). London: Tufnell Press. Öhrn, E. (2001). Marginalization of democratic values: a gendered practice of schooling? International Journal of Inclusive Education, 5(2/3), 319-328. Öhrn, E., Lundahl, L., & Beach, D. (2011). Young people's influence and democratic education: Ethnographic studies in secondary schools. London: Tufnell press.

National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7012 (URN)2320/12600 (Local ID)2320/12600 (Archive number)2320/12600 (OAI)
Conference
EERA ECER, Istanbul, Turkey, 10-13 September 2013
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-10-14Bibliographically approved
Niemi, A.-M. & Rosvall, P.-Å. (2013). Framing and classifying the theoretical and practical divide: how young men’s positions in vocational education are produced and reproduced. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 65(4), 445-460
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framing and classifying the theoretical and practical divide: how young men’s positions in vocational education are produced and reproduced
2013 (English)In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 1363-6820, E-ISSN 1747-5090, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 445-460Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research material from ethnographic studies of vocational upper secondary educational programmes in Finland and Sweden presented here indicates that the discourse of schoolwork as being either theoretical or practical is firmly fixed. However, the students on the researched programmes were aware of recent changes in the labour market that raise a need for generalisation, or at least knowledge of both practical and theoretical aspects of their programme-specific subjects. They referred to the changes with notions suggesting that a practical and theoretical divide was neither meaningful nor helpful for their education. We discuss how a stereotyped idea of what was thought of as ‘man’s work’ made it difficult for students who wanted to accomplish tasks considered as theoretical and how the teachers’ framing of pedagogic practice intensified or ameliorated this difficulty. We also address the dichotomy between theoretical and practical by contemplating students’ positions within different pedagogical practices. We suggest that some kinds of practices might diminish the dichotomy and could improve the students’ possibilities for fully engaging in their studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2013
Keywords
vocational education, youth transitions, theory and practice
National Category
Pedagogy Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1640 (URN)10.1080/13636820.2013.838287 (DOI)2320/12851 (Local ID)2320/12851 (Archive number)2320/12851 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Rosvall, P.-Å. (2013). Högljudda och tysta elever: Marginaliseringseffekter i gymnasieskolans klassrumssamtal. Nordic Studies in Education, 32(1), 63-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Högljudda och tysta elever: Marginaliseringseffekter i gymnasieskolans klassrumssamtal
2013 (Swedish)In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 63-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article draws upon an ethnographic analysis of classroom talk in a first year upper secondary Social Science class. It was noted that some students said that they were more silent in upper secondary school compared to secondary school and that in the transition between schools classroom talk became problematic and marginalising for them. This was for girls mainly, but also for some boys. The stronger classification of subject knowledge and enhanced pace of instruction worked as obstacles for girls’ and some boys’ participation in classroom talk. In the article this is suggested have marginalised them and favoured boys of average ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsförlaget AS, 2013
Keywords
classroom talk, influence, gender, upper secondary school, ethnography
National Category
Pedagogical Work Pedagogy
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1567 (URN)2320/12305 (Local ID)2320/12305 (Archive number)2320/12305 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Hjelmér, C., Lappalainen, S. & Rosvall, P.-Å. (2013). Young People and Spatial Divisions in Upper Secondary Education: A Cross-cultural Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at EERA ECER, Istanbul, Turkey, 10-13 September 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young People and Spatial Divisions in Upper Secondary Education: A Cross-cultural Perspective
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to explore spatial praxis of vocational upper secondary education in two Nordic countries. The paper is based on ethnographic studies in three different contexts of vocational education: the male dominated Vehicle and female dominated Child and Recreation Programme in Sweden, and the female dominated Institute of Social and Health Care in Finland. When reading our data we have paid attention to the students’ agency in school space. Moreover, we have looked at emotional aspects related on space; how particular spaces turn out to be associated with discomfort and frustration, whereas some other spaces seem to offer sense of safety and sometimes even pleasure. The spatial praxis in the Institute of Social and Health Care and in the Vehicle Programme reinforces vocational habitus. At the same time it establishes particular kind of femininities and masculinities, which makes deconstruction of gender segregation difficult. However, due this reinforcement of vocational habitus both these educations offer for student at least some level sense of dignity whereas the spatial praxis of Child and Recreation Programme is more uncertain in that sense.

National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7013 (URN)2320/12601 (Local ID)2320/12601 (Archive number)2320/12601 (OAI)
Conference
EERA ECER, Istanbul, Turkey, 10-13 September 2013
Note

Presentationen skedde vid konferensen anordnad av EUROPEAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION i Istanbul

Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-09-27Bibliographically approved
Rosvall, P.-Å. (2012). ”… det vore bättre om man kunde vara med och bestämma hur det skulle göras…”: en etnografisk studie om elevinflytande i gymnasieskolan. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”… det vore bättre om man kunde vara med och bestämma hur det skulle göras…”: en etnografisk studie om elevinflytande i gymnasieskolan
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
“… it would be better if one could be involved in how things should bedone…” : an ethnographic study on student influence in upper secondary school
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore how young people act and the organisation of school practice, and what possibilities they have of influencing the content and the forms practiced. The study focuses on how the pedagogic practice is organised in two classes in their first year of upper secondary school, one Social Science programme class and one Vehicle programme class. This embraces questions as: How, where, when and for what cause do students act to influence, and then with what result? Are students offered influence, and in that case which students? How does the organisation of and the content in the pedagogic practice prepare students to act in order to be able to exert influence in the future? These questions have been studied with focus on differences between the programmes with regard to social background and gender. The thesis has its theoretical base in Bernstein’s theory of pedagogy and code (1990, 2000), feminist perspectives (Arnot, 2006; Arnot & Dillabough, 2000; Connell, 1987; Gordon, 2006; Gordon, Holland & Lahelma, 2000) as well as theories of structuration (Giddens, 1984). The empirical material of the thesis was ethnographically produced during one school year, through classroom observations, individual interviews with students, teachers and head teachers, and the gathering of school and teaching material. The main results in the analysis are that actions taken to gain influence were rare, that the organisation of and the content in the pedagogic practice was mainly focused on students as becoming, i. e. it focused students possibilities to be able to influence in the future and not the present. Furthermore, changing of pedagogic content or pedagogic forms was dependent on students’ own actions. There was a lack of teacher organisation to promote student influence. Finally, what was evaluated in the pedagogic practice, i.e. factual learning, did not promote student influence. The thesis demonstrates how pedagogic practice was gendered and classed, which had consequences for how students could influence and how students were prepared to influence in the future. Since the Social Science programme mostly attracts students from a middle-class background and the Vehicle programme those with a working-class background, the content in the programmes contributed to reproducing hierarchical social relations. The content for the Vehicle students proved to be simplified, personal and context dependent, whereas the content of the Social Science programme was more advanced, general and context independent, knowledge which, in argumentation for influence, is usually highly valued. In previous research, working class masculinities have often been associated with opposition towards study-oriented subjects. However, the current study indicates that there is an interest in studying Swedish, English and maths. The students argued that it was necessary for future employment, and that the Vehicle industry is now asking for this kind of knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå universitet, 2012
Series
Doktorsavhandlingar i pedagogiskt arbete, ISSN 1650-8858 ; 49Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 37
Keywords
Student influence, gender, social background, ethnography, upper secondary school, Pedagogiskt arbete
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-3633 (URN)2320/11463 (Local ID)978-91-7459-465-2 (ISBN)2320/11463 (Archive number)2320/11463 (OAI)
Note

Akademisk avhandling för avläggande av filosofie doktorsexamen framläggs till offentligt försvar i D270, Högskolan i Borås, fredagen den 16 november 2012, kl. 13.00.

Available from: 2015-12-04 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2016-08-19Bibliographically approved
Rosvall, P.-Å. & Öhrn, E. (2012). Racism, masculinities and teaching in an upper secondary school. In: : . Paper presented at Paper presented at the Gender and Education conference, Gothenburg, 11-13 April.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Racism, masculinities and teaching in an upper secondary school
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
teaching, masculinities, racism
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6812 (URN)2320/11296 (Local ID)2320/11296 (Archive number)2320/11296 (OAI)
Conference
Paper presented at the Gender and Education conference, Gothenburg, 11-13 April
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-10-09Bibliographically approved
Rosvall, P.-Å. (2012). Yrkesutbildning i förändring? Konsekevenser för undervisningen. In: Ingrid Henning Loeb, Helena Korp (Ed.), Lärare och lärande i yrkesprogram och introduktionsprogram: (pp. 57-74). Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Yrkesutbildning i förändring? Konsekevenser för undervisningen
2012 (Swedish)In: Lärare och lärande i yrkesprogram och introduktionsprogram / [ed] Ingrid Henning Loeb, Helena Korp, Studentlitteratur , 2012, p. 57-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur, 2012
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-5071 (URN)2320/11249 (Local ID)9789144074412 (ISBN)2320/11249 (Archive number)2320/11249 (OAI)
Available from: 2015-12-17 Created: 2015-12-17 Last updated: 2018-02-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications