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Sandsjö, Leif
Publications (10 of 52) Show all publications
Ertzgaard, P., Alwin, J., Sörbo, A., Lindgren, M. & Sandsjö, L. (2018). Evaluation of a self-administered transcutaneous electrical stimulation concept for the treatment of spasticity: a randomised placebo-controlled trial.. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 54(4), 507-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of a self-administered transcutaneous electrical stimulation concept for the treatment of spasticity: a randomised placebo-controlled trial.
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1973-9087, E-ISSN 1973-9095, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 507-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common consequence of injury to the central nervous system negatively affecting patient’s everyday activities. Treatment mainly consists of training and different drugs, often with side effects. There is a need for treatment options that can be performed by the patient in their home environment.AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an assistive technology (AT), Mollii®, a garment with integrated electrodes for multifocal transcutaneous electrical stimulation intended for self-treatment of spasticity, in study participants with spasticity due to stroke or CP.DESIGN: The study was a randomized, controlled, double-blind study with a cross-over design.

SETTING: Participants were recruited from two rehabilitation clinics. Treatments were performed in participants’ homes and all follow-ups were performed in the two rehabilitation clinics.

POPULATION: Thirty-one participants were included in the study and 27 completed the study. Four participants discontinued the study. Two declined participation before baseline and two withdrew due to problems handling the garment.

METHODS: Participants used the AT with and without electrical stimulation (active/non-active period) for six weeks each, followed by six weeks without treatment. Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS), change in mobility, arm-hand ability, spasticity and pain were measured at baseline and after 6, 12 and 18 weeks.

RESULTS: Fifteen of the 27 participants fulfilled the treatment protocol in terms of recommended use. Deviations were frequent. No statistically significant differences in outcome were found between the active and the non-active treatment periods. During the active period, an improvement was seen in the 10-meter comfortable gait test, time and steps. An improvement was seen in both the active and non-active periods for the GAS.

CONCLUSIONS: Compliance was low, partly due to deviations related to the garment, complicating the interpretation of the results. Further research should focus on identifying the target population and concomitant rehabilitation strategies.

CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The evaluated concept of multifocal transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) represents an interesting addition to the existing repertoire of treatments to alleviate muscle spasticity. The evaluated concept allows TES to be self-administered by the patient in the home environment. A more elaborate design of training activities directly related to patient’s own rehabilitation goals is recommended and may increase the value of the evaluated concept.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edizioni Minerva Medica, 2018
Keywords
Muscle spasticity, Randomized controlled trial, Cerebral palsy, Stroke, Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
National Category
Physiotherapy Neurosciences
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13512 (URN)10.23736/S1973-9087.17.04791-8 (DOI)29072043 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-07-30Bibliographically approved
Sandsjö, L., Alwin, J., Sörbo, A., Lindgren, M. & Ertzgaard, P. (2018). Participants' views on the blinding aspect  of a RCT study - Experiences from evaluation of a TES concept for self-administered treatment of spasticity. In: Madeleine Lowery (Ed.), ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology: Univeristy College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, June 30th - July 2nd, 2018. Paper presented at ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, Dublin, 30 June - 2 July, 2018. Dublin: University College Dublin Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participants' views on the blinding aspect  of a RCT study - Experiences from evaluation of a TES concept for self-administered treatment of spasticity
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2018 (English)In: ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology: Univeristy College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, June 30th - July 2nd, 2018 / [ed] Madeleine Lowery, Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2018Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2018
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-14609 (URN)
Conference
ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, Dublin, 30 June - 2 July, 2018
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved
Sandsjö, L. & Guo, L. (2018). Scan-to-knit - A platform for personalised smart textiles research and develoment with a special focus on prosthetics. In: Madeleine Lowery (Ed.), ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology: University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, June 30th - 2nd July, 2018. Paper presented at ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, Dublin, June 30th - 2nd July, 2018 (pp. 222-223). Dublin: University College Dublin Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scan-to-knit - A platform for personalised smart textiles research and develoment with a special focus on prosthetics
2018 (English)In: ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology: University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, June 30th - 2nd July, 2018 / [ed] Madeleine Lowery, Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2018, p. 222-223Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2018
National Category
Medical Materials
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-14613 (URN)
Conference
ISEK 2018 - The XXII Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, Dublin, June 30th - 2nd July, 2018
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160030
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-11Bibliographically approved
Ranta, A., Angelov, K., Höglind, R., Axelsson, C. & Sandsjö, L. (2017). A Mobile Language Interpreter App for Prehospital/Emergency Care. In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2017: . Paper presented at Medicinteknikdagarna, Västerås Sweden, October 10-11, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Mobile Language Interpreter App for Prehospital/Emergency Care
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2017 (English)In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2017, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Lack of a shared language is a common communication situation in the globalizing world. Sometimes this can be mitigated by the use of machine translation technology, such as Google translate, but there are mission-critical tasks, like in health care, where one has to be sure about the correctness of the translation. In such situations, human interpreters are the best choice, but interpreters are scarce and in urgent situations they are not always available. This calls for improved and more reliable machine translation initiatives.

The project to be presented is developing a mobile translator for ambulance personnel use. The translator uses a verifiable and controllable machine translation technology, which is based on semantics, grammars, and professional terminology. The technology has been developed in the international open source project Grammatical Framework (GF) and tested in numerous research projects as well as commercial applications. This project is the first one to apply GF in a healthcare setting. The aim is to develop a platform for a range of health care applications, provided this pilot project for ambulance/emergency care is successful.

The translator works as a mobile app, in which the user can speak and write questions and other phrases, and get them translated to speech and text in other languages. The phrases cover the concepts used in the SBAR protocol (Situation-Bakgrund-Aktuellt tillstånd-Rekommendation) for ambulance use, as gathered from available documents and a questionnaire sent out to professionals at SU Ambulans. The SBAR protocol is also made available as a dynamic phrasebook, where the user can select appropriate phrases from menus. To help translate spontaneous speech and writing, the translator will also have a facility of suggesting nearest-matching phrases and ranking them by proximity to the verified standard phrases.

The current prototype covers around 400 concepts, from which millions of phrases can be built. It will work for 7 languages and enable translation between any two of them, although the primary use case is translation from Swedish to another language and translating simple answers from the other language to Swedish. GF has potential for extending the application to over 30 languages.

National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13366 (URN)
Conference
Medicinteknikdagarna, Västerås Sweden, October 10-11, 2017
Projects
Mobil tolkningsapp för ambulanspersonal (Innovationsfonden/VGR: 2016-0170)
Funder
Region Västra Götaland, 2016-0170
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-01-05Bibliographically approved
Guo, L. & Sandsjö, L. (2017). Scan To Knit - A smart textile platform for personalised prosthetic textiles. In: Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus (SÄS) Forsknings- och kvalitetsdagar 2017: Poster presented in the MedTech West exhibition. Paper presented at Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus (SÄS) Forsknings- och kvalitetsdagar 2017,Skene & Borås Sweden, October 23-27, 2017. Borås
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scan To Knit - A smart textile platform for personalised prosthetic textiles
2017 (English)In: Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus (SÄS) Forsknings- och kvalitetsdagar 2017: Poster presented in the MedTech West exhibition, Borås, 2017, , p. 1Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: , 2017. p. 1
National Category
Medical Materials
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13263 (URN)
Conference
Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus (SÄS) Forsknings- och kvalitetsdagar 2017,Skene & Borås Sweden, October 23-27, 2017
Projects
Scan to Knit
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
Malmgren, K. & Sandsjö, L. (2017). "wearIT" - Smart textiles project. In: Engineering Health - The Legacy of William Chalmers: . Paper presented at Engineering Health - Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg Sweden, November 8-9, 2017..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"wearIT" - Smart textiles project
2017 (English)In: Engineering Health - The Legacy of William Chalmers, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Neurosciences Embedded Systems
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13367 (URN)
Conference
Engineering Health - Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg Sweden, November 8-9, 2017.
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Sandsjö, L., Ragnerius, A., Widelund, F., Candefjord, S., Rundqvist, K., Nilsson, E. & Persson, N.-K. (2016). A piezoelectric smart textile sock for gait analysis - A feasibility study. In: : . Paper presented at Medicinteknikdagarna, Örebro, 4-6 oktober, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A piezoelectric smart textile sock for gait analysis - A feasibility study
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2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Keywords
Gånganalys, Smarta textilier
National Category
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-11041 (URN)
Conference
Medicinteknikdagarna, Örebro, 4-6 oktober, 2016
Projects
MedTech West
Available from: 2016-10-14 Created: 2016-10-14 Last updated: 2016-10-14Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, S., Jiaqi, Y., Lieng, P., Sandsjö, L., Wallgren, P. & Karlsson, M. (2016). Ambulance Personnel Participating in Co-Design of a New Concept for Detection of Traumatic Injuries in Emergency Care. In: : . Paper presented at 7th PreHospen Conference in Prehospital Emergency Care, 10-11 March 2016 - Where All Care Begins (pp. 86). Borås: PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ambulance Personnel Participating in Co-Design of a New Concept for Detection of Traumatic Injuries in Emergency Care
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2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUNDStudies in product development argue the importance of user involvement when designing products. Benefits include targeting relevant problems, finding usable and innovative solutions, and elicit user needs and expectations that may prove critical when introducing the new product.

However, some difficulties have been identified. These are mainly related to differences between the users and developers in terms of skills, experiences, terminology, goals and perspectives and that the users tend to neglect the value of their input. Typically users are also included too late in the process to have any real opportunities to alter the final product.

The aim of this study was to explore how early inclusion of user competence might influence the development of a novel concept for detection of traumatic injuries in emergency care.

METHODSAmbulance nurses representing car and helicopter ambulance were invited to three consecutive workshops to co-design key products of the new concept together with development personnel from the company behind the new concept and design researchers/engineers. The workshops were held in the ideation, concept generation, and development stages of the project. Each workshop was prepared by the researchers to enable and stimulate interaction within the group by applying design practices and provide mock-ups/illustrations. 

RESULTS Preliminary results from interviews tell that the company representatives report more detailed knowledge about the ambulance personnel’s needs earlier in the process compared to previous projects, and that this knowledge contributed to products with higher usability.

The ambulance personnel were positive and pleased to contribute their knowledge. One response was “it is very interesting to contribute to the development of a future product”.

CONCLUSIONSThe tested co-design process facilitated the ambulance nurses to contribute their knowledge so that needs and requirements was understood and integrated by the engineers in the design of the new concept for emergency care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, 2016
Keywords
co-design, Prehospital care, Emergency care
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-9784 (URN)
Conference
7th PreHospen Conference in Prehospital Emergency Care, 10-11 March 2016 - Where All Care Begins
Available from: 2016-04-21 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved
Sandsjö, L., Sjöqvist, B. A. & Candefjord, S. (2016). Can a regular smartphone be used as an automatic crash notification system for vulnerable road users?. In: : . Paper presented at Prehospen Conference 2016 - Where all care begins - 7th Prehospen Conference in Prehospital Emergency Care, 10-11 March, 2016 (pp. 85). Borås: Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can a regular smartphone be used as an automatic crash notification system for vulnerable road users?
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND

To reduce the effects of a traffic accident it is essential to transport the casualties to the right care facility with minimal delay. For (single) accidents involving Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) it is often a problem to know about and report the accident and its location swiftly, and thereby the rescue gets delayed. EU's eCall regulation requires future cars to be equipped with Automatic Crash Notification (ACN), which notifies 112 with the vehicle’s exact location (GPS) in case of a crash.

Today’s smartphones are equipped with high quality movement sensors (accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers), GPS and SMS functionality, i.e. key components of an ACN. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the feasibility to develop ACN for VRUs based on regular smartphones. 

METHODSWe have focused on recording normal activity from bicyclists, horse-back riders, and ATV (All Terrain Vehicle) users, i.e. three different VRU categories who could benefit from an ACN system. Based on these recordings and simplified crash tests/simulations we have developed algorithms for incident detection, i.e. activities which are recognized as non-normal and should be reported as a potential accident.

RESULT A fully functional ACN app for bicyclists (available from Google Play) and a beta prototype for horse-back riders have been developed. ATV use may be the most challenging of the three VRU groups, as ATVs are often used at low velocities and may rollover without causing high impact to the driver. A first prototype of an ACN algorithm for ATV users resulted in 13 false alarms during 49 hours, i.e. about one every fourth hour. The current development is focused on improving the accuracy of incident detection for ATVs, firstly by decreasing the number of false alarms.

CONCLUSIONSThis work demonstrates the feasibility of smartphone based ACN systems for VRUs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, 2016
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-9828 (URN)
Conference
Prehospen Conference 2016 - Where all care begins - 7th Prehospen Conference in Prehospital Emergency Care, 10-11 March, 2016
Funder
Länsförsäkringar AB
Available from: 2016-05-02 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved
Sandsjö, L. & Eriksson, T. (2016). eNursing - IT-stöd i omvårdnadsteamets arbete: FoU - Bidrag & behov (eNursing WP4).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>eNursing - IT-stöd i omvårdnadsteamets arbete: FoU - Bidrag & behov (eNursing WP4)
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 14
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13398 (URN)
Projects
eNursing - IT-stöd i omvårdnadsteamets arbete
Funder
VINNOVA, 2016-00538
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved
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