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Francke, H. & Hammarfelt, B. (2022). Competitive exposure and existential recognition: Visibility and legitimacy on academic social networking sites. Research Evaluation, 31(4), 429-437
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competitive exposure and existential recognition: Visibility and legitimacy on academic social networking sites
2022 (English)In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 429-437Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the past decade, academic social networking sites, such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu, have become a common tool in academia for accessing publications and displaying metrics for research evaluation and self-monitoring. In this conceptual article, we discuss how these academic social networking sites, as devices of evaluation that build on both traditional values, objects, and metrics in academic publishing and on social media logics and algorithmic metrics, come to fulfil a need in the current academic (publishing) ecosystem. We approach this issue by identifying key affordances that arise in the interaction between platform and user. We then position these affordances in relation to potential needs of academics in today’s publishing landscape by drawing on Hafermalz’s metaphor of the ‘fear of exile’, which provides an alternative way of understanding the importance of visibility in the networked world, as a combination of competitive exposure and existential recognition. We end by considering the grounds on which the platforms may be attributed some level of legitimacy. This is done in order to understand the inherent contradiction between the broad use of the platforms and the fact that their integrity has been questioned repeatedly. We seek an answer to a legitimacy for the platforms in the fact that a pragmatic, mutual benefit exists between them and the research community; a benefit that is enhanced by the audit society influencing current academia. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29553 (URN)10.1093/reseval/rvab043 (DOI)000937335800002 ()2-s2.0-85149910076 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-21 Created: 2023-03-21 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Francke, H. (2022). Trust in the academy: a conceptual framework for understanding trust on academic web profiles. Journal of Documentation, 78(7), 192-210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trust in the academy: a conceptual framework for understanding trust on academic web profiles
2022 (English)In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 78, no 7, p. 192-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Institutional and commercial web profiles that provide biobibliographic information about researchers are used for promotional purposes but also as information sources. In the latter case, the profiles' (re)presentations of researchers may be used to assess whether a researcher can be trusted. The article introduces a conceptual framework of how trust in researchers may be formed based on how the researchers' experiences and achievements are mobilized on the profiles to tell a multifaceted story of the “self.” Design/methodology/approach: The framework is an analytical product which draws on theories of trust as well as on previous research focused on academic web profiles and on researchers' perceptions of trust and credibility. Two dimensions of trust are identified as central to the theoretical construction of trust, namely competence and trustworthiness. Findings: The framework outlines features of profile content and narrative that may influence the assessment of the profile and of the researcher's competence and trustworthiness. The assessment is understood as shaped by the frames of interpretation available to a particular audience. Originality/value: The framework addresses the lack of a trust perspective in previous research about academic web profiles. It provides an analysis of how potential trust in the researcher may be formed on the profiles. An innovative contribution is the acknowledgement of both qualitative and quantitative indicators of trustworthiness and competence, including the richness of the story told about the “self”. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Holdings Ltd., 2022
Keywords
Academia.edu, Academic social networking sites, Academic web profiles, Cognitive authority, Credibility, Framework, Researchers, ResearchGate, Trust
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26559 (URN)10.1108/JD-01-2021-0010 (DOI)000699948300001 ()2-s2.0-85115200855 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-10-01 Created: 2021-10-01 Last updated: 2022-01-05
Mansour, A. & Francke, H. (2021). Collective Privacy Management Practices: A study of privacy strategies and risks in a private Facebook group. PACM on Human-Computer Interaction, Article ID 360.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collective Privacy Management Practices: A study of privacy strategies and risks in a private Facebook group
2021 (English)In: PACM on Human-Computer Interaction, E-ISSN 2573-0142, article id 360Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This paper qualitatively examines how members of a large private Facebook group view the risks of information disclosure to their privacy and the strategies they employ to navigate and manage those risks. The paper adds to an emerging interest in how privacy is managed collectively and within dynamic large groups, thus moving beyond established knowledge of privacy management on individual and small-scale levels. The work builds on semi-structured interviews with 20 members of a private Facebook group and draws on Communication Privacy Management theory. The study shows how privacy management practices are enacted at individual, intragroup, and group levels. Findings show that participants associate very high risks with sharing private information in the group, partly because it consists of a mix of known others and strangers, who are potentially geographically co-located. They adopt several strategies for managing and protecting their privacy at all three levels. The risks associated with context, time, and spatial collapse of the imagined audience are identified as important to how participants experience information disclosure in the group. The paper concludes by identifying some practical implications that serve as a call for developers to design privacy tools that support dynamic groups’ privacy challenges and needs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: , 2021
Keywords
Information Disclosure, Communication Privacy Management Theory, Privacy protection, Social Networking Sites, Online Communities, Dynamic Groups, Facebook groups
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26324 (URN)10.1145/3479504 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117889413 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-08-31 Created: 2021-08-31 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Hammarfelt, B., Hammar, I. & Francke, H. (2021). Ensuring Quality and Status: Peer Review Practices in Kriterium, A Portal for Quality-Marked Monographs and Edited Volumes in Swedish SSH. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics, 6, Article ID 740297.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ensuring Quality and Status: Peer Review Practices in Kriterium, A Portal for Quality-Marked Monographs and Edited Volumes in Swedish SSH
2021 (English)In: Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics, ISSN 2504-0537, Vol. 6, article id 740297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although established forms of peer review are often criticized for being slow, secretive, and even unfair, they are repeatedly mentioned by academics as the most important indicator of quality in scholarly publishing. In many countries, the peer review of books is a less codified practice than that of journal articles or conference papers, and the processes and actors involved are far from uniform. In Sweden, the review process of books has seldom been formalized. However, more formal peer review of books has been identified as a response to the increasing importance placed on streamlined peer-reviewed publishing of journal articles in English, which has been described as a direct challenge to more pluralistic publication patterns found particularly in the humanities. In this study, we focus on a novel approach to book review, Kriterium, where an independent portal maintained by academic institutions oversees the reviewing of academic books. The portal administers peer reviews, providing a mark of quality through a process which involves reviewers, an academic coordinator, and an editorial board. The paper studies how this process functions in practice by exploring materials concerning 24 scholarly books reviewed within Kriterium. Our analysis specifically targets tensions identified in the process of reviewing books with a focus on three main themes, namely the intended audience, the edited volume, and the novel role of the academic coordinator. Moreover, we find that the two main aims of the portal–quality enhancement (making research better) and certification (displaying that research is of high quality)–are recurrent in deliberations made in the peer review process. Consequently, we argue that reviewing procedures and criteria of quality are negotiated within a broader discussion where more traditional forms of publishing are challenged by new standards and evaluation practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2021
Keywords
peer review, books, monographs, humanities, social sciences, Sweden, publishing, edited volumes, peer review, böcker, monografier, antologier, humaniora, samhällsvetenskap, publicering
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-26885 (URN)10.3389/frma.2021.740297 (DOI)2-s2.0-85177757847 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-11-07 Created: 2021-11-07 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Olsson, L., Francke, H., Lindelöw, C. H. & Willén, N. (2020). The first Swedish Read & Publish agreement: An evaluation of the Springer Compact pilot. Liber quarterly: the journal of European research libraries, 30(1), 1-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The first Swedish Read & Publish agreement: An evaluation of the Springer Compact pilot
2020 (English)In: Liber quarterly: the journal of European research libraries, ISSN 1435-5205, E-ISSN 2213-056X, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 1-33Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Keywords
open access, offset, springer compact, evaluation, big deals
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-24634 (URN)10.18352/lq.10309 (DOI)2-s2.0-85087464875 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-01-11 Created: 2021-01-11 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved
Francke, H. & Sundin, O. (2019). Källkritik och nya publiceringsformer. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Källkritik och nya publiceringsformer
2019 (Swedish)Other (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Internet med dess många publiceringsformer har inneburit en renässans för intresset för källkritik. När vem som helst kan publicera information om i det närmaste vad som helst blir tillvägagångssätt för att kunna värdera hur trovärdig en källa är av stor vikt. I många av dessa publiceringsformer finns det ingen förhandsgranskning av texter och ansvaret för att granska faller på läsaren. Det kan uttryckas som att vi i samband med många av nätets publiceringsformer går från förhandsgranskning till efterhandsgranskning av texter. I Del 4 av denna modul resonerar vi om konsekvenserna av dessa, och andra, förändringar för källkritik. Vi utgår från konkreta exempel men kan givetvis inte täcka in alla olika publiceringsformer. Vi tar utgångspunkt i frågor om vad författarskap innebär i nya medieformat och hur man kan arbeta med källkritiska problemställningar när författarskapet inte alltid är tydligt.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: , 2019. p. 14
Series
Lärportalen: Kritisk användning av nätet
Keywords
källkritik, sociala medier, informationssökning, informationskompetens, auktoritet, trovärdighet
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21753 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-21 Created: 2019-09-21 Last updated: 2019-09-23Bibliographically approved
Francke, H. & Johansson, M. (2019). Källkritik på internet. Stockholm: Skolverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Källkritik på internet
2019 (Swedish)Other (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: Skolverket, 2019. p. 16
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21751 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-23Bibliographically approved
Francke, H., Lenstra, N., Vårheim, A. & Skare, R. (2019). (Media and) Information Literacy in the Public Library: A review of the literature. In: : . Paper presented at UNESCO:s Global Media and Information Literacy Week 2019 Feature Conference, MIL Citizens: Informed, Engaged, Empowered, Gothenburg, September 24-26, 2019.. Unesco
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Media and) Information Literacy in the Public Library: A review of the literature
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Unesco, 2019
Keywords
media and information literacy, digital literacy, public libraries, literature review, social inclusion
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21810 (URN)
Conference
UNESCO:s Global Media and Information Literacy Week 2019 Feature Conference, MIL Citizens: Informed, Engaged, Empowered, Gothenburg, September 24-26, 2019.
Projects
ALMPUB-TRG
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-07 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved
Francke, H. (2019). The academic web profile as agenre of “self-making”. Online information review (Print), 43(5), 760-774
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The academic web profile as agenre of “self-making”
2019 (English)In: Online information review (Print), ISSN 1468-4527, E-ISSN 1468-4535, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 760-774Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The activities of academic researchers are increasingly regulated by neo-liberal ideals, includingexpectations that researchers are visible online and actively promote their output. The purpose of this paper isto explore how researchers take on this responsibility. It uses the concepts of genre, authorship and self-writingin order to understand how the story of an academic life is constructed on academic web profiles.

Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative content analysis was conducted of material on 64 profilesbelonging to 20 researchers on institutional and personal websites, as well as on ResearchGate, Academica.edu and Google Scholar.

Findings – The study shows that while institutional websites primarily contain researcher-producedmaterial, content on commercial platforms is often co-constructed through distributed authorship by theresearcher, the platform and other platform users. Nine different ways in which the profile of an “academicself” may be said to highlight the particular strengths of a researcher are identified. These include bothmetrics-based strengths and qualitative forms of information about the academic life, such as experience, theimportance of their research and good teaching.

Social implications – This study of academic web profiles contributes to a better understanding of howresearchers self-govern the story of their academic self, or resist such governance, in online environments.

Originality/value – The study furthers the knowledge of how researchers make use of and respond todigital tools for online visibility opportunities and how the story of the “academic self” is “made” for suchpublic presentation.

Keywords
Researchers, Academic social network sites, Academic web profiles, Distributed authorship, Self-writing
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21752 (URN)10.1108/OIR-12-2017-0347 (DOI)000483618200005 ()2-s2.0-85063902392 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-20681-97949-46
Available from: 2019-09-21 Created: 2019-09-21 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Francke, H., Lindelöw, C. & Olsson, L. (2018). Author Perspectives on Research Visibility and Impact. In: Marco Schirone, Björn Hammarfelt & Gustaf Nelhans (Ed.), 23rd Nordic Workshop on Bibliometrics and Research Policy 2018: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at 23rd Nordic Workshop on Bibliometrics and Research Policy 2018, Borås, November 8-9 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Author Perspectives on Research Visibility and Impact
2018 (English)In: 23rd Nordic Workshop on Bibliometrics and Research Policy 2018: Book of abstracts / [ed] Marco Schirone, Björn Hammarfelt & Gustaf Nelhans, 2018Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The poster will present findings from a survey of 375 corresponding authors whose publications have beenpublished open access as part of the Springer Compact agreement between Bibsam and Springer Nature 2016-2018. In focus is how these authors reason about ways to make their research visible, how/if they themselves tryto track the attention gained by the publication, and what they think are good impact measures. The study thusadds to previous work on author attitudes and practices (e.g. Hammarfelt & Haddow, 2018; Tenopir et al., 2016)and can provide some input into the current work in Sweden on how to evaluate and assure high research quality(UKÄ, 2018).

When asked about their arguments for publishing open access, a large proportion of respondents in freetextanswers indicated that open access is important because it increases a publication’s visibility, access to it,downloads and/or social and scientific impact. Consequently, it is interesting to investigate if open accesspublishing is the only way in which these authors try to find readers for their publication, or if they take furthersteps. Answers suggest researchers use general social media, academic networking sites, and more traditionaldigital channels to share their publications.

Furthermore, the study asked which measures the authors think are the best ones for assessing the impactof their publications, and how they themselves find out how much attention their publications get. The responseswill be discussed in terms of traditional metrics, such as JIFs and citations, and altmetrics, such as how documentsare accessed or appraised (Haustein et al., 2016) through downloads or shares in social media. They will also berelated to more indirect forms of research evaluation, such as peer review and social impact.

References

Hammarfelt, B. & Haddow, G. (2018). Conflicting measures and values: How humanities scholars in Australia and Swedenuse and react to bibliometric indicators. JASIS&T, 69(7), 924-935.

Haustein, S., Bowman, T. D. & Costas, R. (2016). Interpreting ‘altmetrics’: Viewing acts on social media through the lensof citation and social theories. In Sugimoto, C. R. (Ed.), Theories of informetrics and scholarly communication (pp. 372-405). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Tenopir, C. et al. (2016). No scholar is an island: The impact of sharing in the work life of scholars. Learned Publishing, 30,5-17.

UKÄ - Universitetskanslerämbetet (2018). Kvalitetssäkring av forskning: Rapportering av ett regeringsuppdrag. (Report2018:2) Stockholm: Universitetskanslerämbetet.

Keywords
authors, open access, impact measures, attention, scholarly publishing, researchvisibility
National Category
Information Studies
Research subject
Library and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15495 (URN)
Conference
23rd Nordic Workshop on Bibliometrics and Research Policy 2018, Borås, November 8-9 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5572-8566

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