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BETA
Pal, Rudrajeet, Biträdande ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2015-6275
Publications (10 of 82) Show all publications
Paras, M. K., Curteza, A., Pal, R., Wang, L. & Chen, Y. (2019). A Romanian case study of clothes and accessories upcycling. Industria textila, 70(3), 285-290
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Romanian case study of clothes and accessories upcycling
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2019 (English)In: Industria textila, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 285-290Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper aims to investigate the practice of upcycling and redesign. The study draws on the multiple organizations involved in the redesigning activities. The organizations selected for the study are located in the northern part of Romania. Semi-structured interviews along with direct observations were used to collect information. The paper provides practical insights to upcycling process.Various kinds of redesigned products are made out of consumer and industrial wastes such as redesigned clothes, accessories for ladies, handbags, ladies purses and office stationery. Upcycling is generally considered as economically non-feasible. However, this study has found contradictory results. The demand-based redesign activities can help an organization to earn a profit. Two out of three selected organizations are able to self-sustain. One of the organizations is newly entered into the Romanian used clothing markets and ables to compete with existing players. This study could be seen as one of the early attempts to empirically explore the practice of textile and accessories upcycling practice in Eastern Europe. The findings from the current case study can provide several useful insights for other similar companies to make redesign activities profitable.

Keywords
upcycling, redesign, clothes, leather, accessories
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General); Business and IT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21871 (URN)10.35530/IT.070.03.1500 (DOI)
Projects
SMDTex
Available from: 2019-10-20 Created: 2019-10-20 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved
Agrawal, T. K., Kumar, V. & Pal, R. (2019). Blockchain-Based Framework for Traceability – A Case Example of Nonwoven Supply Chain. In: EDANA-Nonwovens Innovation Academy 2019: . Paper presented at The Nonwovens Innovation Academy 2019, DITF - Denkendorf (Germany), October 16-17, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blockchain-Based Framework for Traceability – A Case Example of Nonwoven Supply Chain
2019 (English)In: EDANA-Nonwovens Innovation Academy 2019, 2019Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Supply chain traceability has emerged as a prime requirement for multi-tier supply chains. It not only enables the supply chain visibility but also caters to the consumer requirements related to transparency, quality assurance, and production tracking. Nonwoven supply chain is one such example that particularly requires traceability implementation due to prevailing problems related to information asymmetry and complex supply chain networks. Conversely, it is challenging for supply chain partners to share all the competitive information in the unsecure environment. In this context, in line with Industry 4.0, this study investigates blockchain technology, which uses a shared and secured data infrastructure to keep track of information about assets and requires no central authority to function. It further proposes a blockchain-based traceability framework that explains supply chain partner interaction and network architecture at organizational level and smart contract and transaction validation rules at the operational level. In order to illustrate the application of the framework, the study presents an example of a nonwoven supply chain to track the nonwoven manufacturing and distribution processes. The proposed system can build a technology-based trust among the supply chain actors, where the distributed ledger would be used to store and authenticate of supply chain transactions.

Keywords
Blockchain, Traceability, Nonwoven, Supply chain, Security
National Category
Economics and Business Computer Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General); Business and IT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21900 (URN)
Conference
The Nonwovens Innovation Academy 2019, DITF - Denkendorf (Germany), October 16-17, 2019
Projects
SMDTex
Available from: 2019-10-28 Created: 2019-10-28 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved
Pal, R., Kumar, V., Agrawal, T. K., Dani, S. & Gunalay, Y. (2019). Blockchain-based traceability for fashion apparel supply chains. In: : . Paper presented at Production and Operations Management Society (POMS) International Conference. Brighton, UK
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blockchain-based traceability for fashion apparel supply chains
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The fashion industry is often criticised for lack of traceability. This paper explores the implementation of traceability in the fashion supply chain using blockchain technology (BT). Using a demonstrative simulation we identify what are the sector-specific requirements, main procedures (i.e. smart-contract rules), and how to use them for BT-based traceability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brighton, UK: , 2019
National Category
Information Systems Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General); Business and IT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21872 (URN)
Conference
Production and Operations Management Society (POMS) International Conference
Projects
SMDTex
Available from: 2019-10-20 Created: 2019-10-20 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved
Pal, R., Shen, B. & Sandberg, E. (2019). Circular fashion supply chain management: exploring impediments and prescribing future research agenda. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 23(3), 298-307
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circular fashion supply chain management: exploring impediments and prescribing future research agenda
2019 (English)In: Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, ISSN 1361-2026, E-ISSN 1758-7433, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 298-307Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General); Business and IT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21870 (URN)10.1108/JFMM-07-2019-166 (DOI)000480301900001 ()2-s2.0-85070860863 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-20 Created: 2019-10-20 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved
Larsson, J., Vellesalu, A., Pal, R., Zethraeus, A. & Carlsson, J. (2019). Feasibility of servitization: Transforming fashion value chains to circularity through service innovation.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feasibility of servitization: Transforming fashion value chains to circularity through service innovation
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 60
Series
Re:textile Feasibility Series
National Category
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials Economics and Business Design
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General); Business and IT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21873 (URN)978-91-88838-51-3 (ISBN)978-91-88838-52-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Region Västra Götaland
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved
Pal, R., Sandberg, E. & Paras, M. K. (2019). Multidimensional value creation through different reverse supply chain relationships in used clothing sector. Supply chain management, 24(6), 729-747
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multidimensional value creation through different reverse supply chain relationships in used clothing sector
2019 (English)In: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 729-747Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This paper aims to purport deeper understanding of, and instigate theoretical elaboration to, multidimensional value created through different reverse supply chain (RSC) relationships.

Design/methodology/approach

By capturing the relationships (and their differences) constituted and embedded in three “extreme” case studies from global used clothing supply chain, the sources of multidimensional values are explored in line with Dyer and Singh’s (1998) relational theory.

Findings

In the RSC, when downstream relationships are typically more opportunistic, value is created using inter-personal ways of knowledge sharing and through use of informal safeguards. In contrast, the upstream RSC relationships are more symbiotic, and value is created through more seamless (and routinized) knowledge sharing practices, and additional use of more formal transaction-specific controls or financial incentives as safeguarding instruments.

Research limitations/implications

The use of consolidated case studies may affect the consistency in the findings presented. Another limitation relates to deriving propositions per each source presented in relational theory.

Practical implications

Practitioners particularly from industries whose global RSCs include different natures of relationships and multiple value incentives can be benefited through this study.

Originality/value

The paper extends the original sources of value creation prescribed in relational theory by contextualizing them in RSCs. It depicts how multidimensional values are created relationally by dyadic partners as the nature of relationship differs between upstream and downstream.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Clothing, Case study, Value creation, Global supply chain, Reverse supply chain, Relational theory
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General); Business and IT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21915 (URN)10.1108/SCM-12-2018-0422 (DOI)
Projects
Re:Textile II
Funder
Region Västra Götaland
Available from: 2019-11-01 Created: 2019-11-01 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved
Harper, S., Pal, R. & Kumar, V. (2019). Supply network configuration and capabilities for high-cost, small series textile/apparel: A TISM approach. In: EurOMA 2019 Proceedings: . Paper presented at 26th International EurOMA Conference, Helsinki, June 17-19, 2019..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supply network configuration and capabilities for high-cost, small series textile/apparel: A TISM approach
2019 (English)In: EurOMA 2019 Proceedings, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The increasing emphasis on small series production in higher cost locations is particularly challenging in the textile/apparel industry due to global supply chain configurations. To support (re)configuration in this context, Total interpretive structural modelling (TISM) method is used to gain a deeper understanding of the inter-relationships among configuration/capability related aspects from the literature. TISM interviews were done with 24 industry practitioners producing/sourcing in the EU, or in the process of implementation. The findings validate extensive inter-relations, at the same time highlighting relational aspects, internal integration, and quality as significant drivers. Further in-depth research is required to understand these influences.

Keywords
Supply network configuration, Total interpretive structural model, textile and apparel industry
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22033 (URN)
Conference
26th International EurOMA Conference, Helsinki, June 17-19, 2019.
Projects
Fashion Big Data Business Model
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 761122
Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-15
Agrawal, T. K. & Pal, R. (2019). Traceability in Textile and Clothing Supply Chains: Classifying Implementation Factors and Information Sets via Delphi Study. Sustainability, 11(06), Article ID 1698.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Traceability in Textile and Clothing Supply Chains: Classifying Implementation Factors and Information Sets via Delphi Study
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 06, article id 1698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
traceability, Delphi study, supply chain, textile and clothing
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15892 (URN)10.3390/su11061698 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063500847 (Scopus ID)
Projects
SMDTex (Sustainable Management and Design for Textiles)
Available from: 2019-03-22 Created: 2019-03-22 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Paras, M. K., Wang, L., Chen, Y., Curteza, A., Pal, R. & Ekwall, D. (2018). A Sustainable Application Based on Grouping Genetic Algorithm for Modularized Redesign Model in Apparel Reverse Supply Chain. Sustainability, 10(9), Article ID 3013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Sustainable Application Based on Grouping Genetic Algorithm for Modularized Redesign Model in Apparel Reverse Supply Chain
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2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 9, article id 3013Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The scarcity of natural resources and the problem of pollution have initiated the need for extending the life and use of existing products. The concept of the reverse supply chain provides an opportunity to recover value from discarded products. The potential for recovery and the improvement of value in the reverse supply chain of apparel has been barely studied. In this research, a novel modularized redesign model is developed and applied to the garment redesign process. The concept of modularization is used to extract parts from the end-of-use or end-of-life of products. The extracted parts are reassembled or reconstructed with the help of a proposed group genetic algorithm by using domain and industry-specific knowledge. Design fitness is calculated to achieve the optimal redesign. Subsequently, the practical relevance of the model is investigated with the help of an industrial case in Sweden. The case study finding reveals that the proposed method and model to calculate the design fitness could simplify the redesign process. The design fitness calculation is illustrated with the example of a polo t-shirt. The redesigned system-based modularization is in accordance with the practical situations because of its flexibility and viability to formulate redesign decisions. The grouping genetic algorithm could enable fast redesign decisions for designers.

Keywords
reuse design, upcycling, modularization, garment industry, sustainability
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15090 (URN)10.3390/su10093013 (DOI)000446770200056 ()2-s2.0-85052309286 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Paras, M. K., Ekwall, D., Pal, R., Curteza, A., Chen, Y. & Wang, L. (2018). An Exploratory Study of Swedish Charities to Develop a Model for the Reuse-Based Clothing Value Chain. Sustainability, 10(4), Article ID 1176.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Exploratory Study of Swedish Charities to Develop a Model for the Reuse-Based Clothing Value Chain
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2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 4, article id 1176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper aims to explore the current clothes reuse business in order to develop a charity-driven model for the reuse-based clothing value chain. An exploratory study was carried out in Sweden to understand the business flow of clothes reuse. This study builds on the insights gained from the multiple charities involved in the reuse-based clothing value chain. Semi-structured interviews along with direct and participatory observation were used for data collection. In the current study of Swedish charities, the founders and senior managers of the organizations were interviewed. This paper provides several insights in the form of propositions and a model related to different drivers of the reuse-based clothing value chain. In this model, business factors (system, legislation, and awareness), product factors (design, quality, and price), and consumer attitude as donor/buyer are found to be key drivers. Product design, quality, and price depend upon clothes brand, construction, and material, which are collectively important for the sale of used products. In the future, researchers are encouraged to test the present set of propositions and the proposed model across different cultural settings. The model can serve as a framework for practitioners and will be helpful for designing business strategies based on the different factors identified in this study.

Keywords
reverse value chain, apparel supply chain, clothes reuse, closed loop, charity driven
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15087 (URN)10.3390/su10041176 (DOI)000435188000280 ()2-s2.0-85045460468 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2015-6275

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