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Beach, Dennis
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Publikasjoner (10 av 169) Visa alla publikasjoner
Beach, D. & Vigo Arrazola, M. B. (2019). Between inclusion as a social need and inclusion as a market value in rural schools. Tensions and contradictions. In: : . Paper presented at NERA 2019, Uppsala, Sweden, 6-8 March, 2019.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Between inclusion as a social need and inclusion as a market value in rural schools. Tensions and contradictions
2019 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse how globalization affects local interactions and the formation of experiences and meanings in education settings by modifying and changing the sense of education in a glo-local perspective, and in the present specific instance particularly in relation to aspects of education inclusion and equity in a rural educational context. Rural schools are important to investigate in these respects. For decades rural schools have been made invisible to/in educational research by a generalized urban school modelof investigation and policy making that has failed to engage with the voices and experiences of teachers, students and families about the teaching practices carried out in rural schools.

The research has used a multi-sited multi-center ethnographic study on rural schools in Spain in combination with a multi-sited investigation in Sweden to create possibilities for a meta-ethnographic analys of the experiences and actions carried out in schools around the contents in teaching practices. The results show the voices of teachers, students and families in rural schools from a creative perspective through pedagogical practices that recognize the importance of the knowledge of space and familiarity with space; the value of students' lives outside of school; and teacher reflection. However, there are different interpretations in different schools related to the experiences and interactions that teachers, families and students have about the teaching and learning practices. 

Quite simply, different schools from different types of rural areas seem to form different types of educational subjectivation with different socialisation effects. Some rural schools present their own surroundings as valuable for residents there and for the nation as a whole. Rural nature are culture are represented as a tangible material and social assets and this is reflected in the teaching content. In other schools the valuation of place is less positive. This is particularly the case in areas that have in the past become deeply embedded and active in capitalist industrial production relations; such as the semi-urban industrial towns in Aragon and what in Sweden are sometimes refered to as Bruksorter (production towns). These spaces that have developed a tightened relationship to capitalist production have tended to hollow out local values forms; such as natural beauty, fisking, recreation; and replaced them by economic exchange value as the main value form for the area and its people. In Marxist theory this is a form classical alienation. Economic possibilities and an external relationship not an intrinsic quality determine the place value.

Emneord
Commodification, Alienation, Education, Value
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21875 (URN)
Konferanse
NERA 2019, Uppsala, Sweden, 6-8 March, 2019
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-23 Laget: 2019-10-23 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Beach, D. (2019). Bought privileges, educational segregation, status and prestige: The role and functions of elite schools and academic curricula in relation to education justice. Revista e-Curriculum, 317(3), 804-826
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Bought privileges, educational segregation, status and prestige: The role and functions of elite schools and academic curricula in relation to education justice
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Revista e-Curriculum, E-ISSN e-ISSN 1809-3876, Vol. 317, nr 3, s. 804-826Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The education of the poor is usually the target of global education politics for a more socially just and equal, and effective and productive society. But according to the present article the real problems in these respects are not about the education of the poor, so much as they are those of the rich upper-class and global elites, whose inheritance of social, cultural and economic power are secured in part through the reproduction in academic education of the values of bourgeois culture and the assumed superiority of its educational code: first in schools and their curricula and then in higher education and theirs. Schools and their curricula are in focus in the article. Using ethnographic and meta-ethnographic analyses an insight into a two-way relationship between the logic of action of elite schooling and the dangerous polarizations of value that can develop through social and academic segregation are presented and a critique of elite educational differentiation, segregation and socialization is given in terms of how elite schools provide skewed access to elite knowledge and future social positions for the children of the dominant socio-cultural and economic class fractions, in ways that counteract meritocracy and educational efficiency, and that also produce alarming concepts of the value of the self and other amongst their students with significant knock on effects for future democratic polity.

Emneord
Curriculum, Elite schools, Social justice, Academic curriculum, Education equality
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21793 (URN)10.23925/1809-3876.2019v17i3p804-826 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-29 Laget: 2019-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Beach, D. & Öhrn, E. (2019). Closing discussion. In: Dennis Beach and Elisabet Öhrn (Ed.), Young People’s Life and Schooling in Rural Areas: . London: Tufnell Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Closing discussion
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Young People’s Life and Schooling in Rural Areas / [ed] Dennis Beach and Elisabet Öhrn, London: Tufnell Press, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the project this book is based upon was to develop a deeper understanding of rural youth and their participation and agency in school and wider society. As noted in Chapter 1 and discussed in detail in Chapter 7, a major motivation for this was to address metrocentricity in previous research and thus broaden theoretical understanding of spatial justice and relations in education. As also noted in Chapter 1, the Swedish education system seems to be ostensibly open and inclusive, providing well-attended institutional education or day-care, regardless of children’s social class, gender or racial or ethnic heritage or any possible disabilities (Beach & Dyson, 2016). The OECD (2005) suggests this is internationally remarkable (also Beach, 2018). However, perhaps equally remarkably, the investments have not significantly reduced levels of gender, racial and ethnic disparities in social and material distributions of power in society at large (Swedish Ministry for Social Affairs and Health, 2010; OECD, 2005). Moreover, as various authors have pointed out (e.g., Åberg-Bengtsson, 2009; Beach, From, Johansson & Öhrn, 2018; Fjellman, Yang Hansen & Beach, 2018), rural-urban disparities seem to have both diversified and expanded in recent decades.

Collectively the chapters in this book provide insights into several neglected aspects of education in rural spaces. First, they show that relevant conditions in rural areas are much less homogenous than often implied in metrocentric research. However, despite the variations there are consistent patterns of continued social and educational inequities between rural and urban areas. Previous research has shown that cities have grown and developed, whilst almost half of the country’s rural municipalities have smaller populations today than three decades ago (Fjellman, Yang Hansen & Beach, 2018). Moreover, partly due to changes driven by the increasing marketisation of education, schools are closing in rural areas and pupils have to travel more often, for longer times and distances (at greater costs with less state subsidy) to obtain their education than before (Fjellman et al, 2018). Thus, in terms of access to educational resources, there is discrimination against pupils from rural areas. The analyses described in the previous chapters detected two main responses by pupils and teachers in the rural areas to their inferior position in relation to peers in urban settings. Some seemed to accept it, and tried to mitigate its adverse consequences, while others criticised the metrocentricity, current denial of their rural material and social hardships, and neglect of their assets....

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London: Tufnell Press, 2019
Emneord
Space, choice, rural capital, alienation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21911 (URN)1872767745 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-01 Laget: 2019-11-01 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Beach, D. & Johansson, M. (2019). Education politics and rural secondary schools. In: Elisabet Öhrn and Dennis Beach (Ed.), Young People’s Life and Schooling in Rural Areas: . London: Tufnell Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Education politics and rural secondary schools
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Young People’s Life and Schooling in Rural Areas / [ed] Elisabet Öhrn and Dennis Beach, London: Tufnell Press, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The chapter has attempted to draw out and focus on some of the major relevant themes that have emerged from the analyses in the previous chapters. There are many but we will discuss five of them here. One of them is that rural areas, the schools in them, the pupils that go there, and the relationships (real and present and imaginary and future) that they form with education institutions and their agents to create educational opportunities and experiences are not uniform within let alone also across rural areas (as seems to be understood by national policy makers), but quite different. As the chapters show, there is no one standard form of rurality or rural educational relation or output. Rather this summarising and disfiguring norm is a chimera produced and reproduced through metro-centric lenses. Another relates to the identification of an ‘us and them’ discourse in rural areas that challenges the dominant urbanite /metro-centric representations of people from rural places and rural regions with cultural deficiencies (Corbett, 2015).

The next theme is connected to the first. It is that despite differences, there are some consistencies with respect to rural education and schools, the people in them, and the educational and life opportunities they create that are not simple metro-centric aberrations and some of them seem to be present in schools and education social relations in urban areas as well. It is the hegemony of private ownership and private value within a current global politics of market governance in education and a general fall in educational performance standards and increasing inequalities in schools (Yang Hansen & Gustafsson, 2018) and between densely and sparsely populated areas (Fjellman, Yang Hansen & Beach, 2018). Although not dwelt on extensively in the chapters as such, there are two sub-points. The first is that market politics is now the ubiquitous policy context for and framework of the educational macro level. The second is that market governace has completely failed to live up to the promises made for it by the governments who proposed and introduced it. This applies both nationally (SOU 2017:35; Yang Hansen & Gustafsson, 2018) and internationally (Verger, Fontdevila, Zancajo, & Steiner-Khamsi, 2016), particularly in rural and poor sub-urban spaces (Åberg-Bengtsson, 2009; Fjellman, 2019). Market governance has not produced a uniformly rich expansion of choice options, national system efficiency and quality improvements of the kind promoted in proposal by the national government (see e.g. Swedish Government Proposition 1991/91: 95), but rather instead a lack of educational (choice) possibilities for economically subordinated groups in territorially stigmatised “off-places” in urban areas and in remote rural areas that also strikes unevenly in terms of social class, ethnicity and educational special needs (Berhanu, 2016a, 2016b; Lundahl, 2016; Beach, 2018; Beach, From, Johansson & Öhrn, 2018; Bunar & Ambrose, 2016; Fjellman et al., 2018; Forsberg, 2018).

Although again not extensively dwelt on in the earlier chapters the deterioration of educational quality and equality in Sweden following marketization is apparent and has also been identified in other works, such as by Östh, Andersson and Malmberg (2013) in relation to school choice and Yang Hansen & Gustafsson (2018), who identified increases in inequities particularly from the late1980s onwards that were distinctly acute in sub-urban spaces and for children from families with a migrant history (Bunar & Ambrose, 2016; Beach, 2017). Increased segregation with respect to student composition and academic outcomes across different schools was found to be a main driver and differential trends in the relationship between family educational background and school outcome between immigrant and non-immigrant sub populations were also indicated. Between-school differences in achievement levels have increased in all regions and school segregation with respect to SES composition of students has increased too (Yang Hansen & Gustafsson, 2018)....

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London: Tufnell Press, 2019
Emneord
Metrocentricy, education politics, rural schools
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21912 (URN)1872767745 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-01 Laget: 2019-11-01 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Beach, D. & Dovemark, M. (2019). Equity and choice for newly arrived migrants. In: Magnus Dahlstedt, Andreas Fejes (Ed.), Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education: Lessons from Sweden. London: Routledge
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Equity and choice for newly arrived migrants
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education: Lessons from Sweden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Andreas Fejes, London: Routledge , 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education provides a wide perspective on the dramatic transformation of education policy in Sweden that has taken place during the last 30 years, with a specific focus on marketization. The marketization of education in Sweden is set in the wider international context of changes in education systems. Markets have shown themselves to be very poor arbiters of justice and equity in education. This chapter shows one example.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London: Routledge, 2019
Serie
Routledge Research in Education Policy and Politics
Emneord
Markets, Justice, Equity, Transnational, Introduction programme
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15854 (URN)9781138600881 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-04 Laget: 2019-03-04 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Beach, D. (2019). Ethical appraisal boards: Constitutions, functions, tensions and blind-spots. In: Hugh Busher and Alison Fox (Ed.), Implementing Ethics in Educational Ethnography: Regulation and Practice: . London and New York: Routledge
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ethical appraisal boards: Constitutions, functions, tensions and blind-spots
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Implementing Ethics in Educational Ethnography: Regulation and Practice / [ed] Hugh Busher and Alison Fox, London and New York: Routledge, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Ethical appraisal boards are often argued as being modelled on utilitarian ethical conventions and as operating from a perspective of national political sovereignty that is potentially marginalising and possibly even harmful toward critical qualitative educational research, particularly ethnography. However the argument we advance is that the legislative responsibility of human rights in research shouldn’t be confused with unnecessary bureaucratic intervention, for although the work of ethical appraisal can be experienced as intrusive, threatening toward researcher autonomy and professionalism and unnecessarily bureaucratic, using qualitative research methods to elicit people’s perspectives on their environment is not uncomplicated from the perspectives of human rights, not the least those of young people in school. This tension between a notion of imposed bureaucracy and a necessary protection of rights is considered in the present chapter, which tries to bring a balanced critique of the work of ethical appraisal into view by keeping sight of the value of appraisal without denying that there are some potentially troubling tensions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London and New York: Routledge, 2019
Emneord
Ethics, Ethical appraisal, Education Research
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21036 (URN)9781138580251 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-21 Laget: 2019-05-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-06-17bibliografisk kontrollert
Tummons, J. & Beach, D. (2019). Ethnography, materiality, and the principle of symmetry: problematising anthropocentrism and interactionism in the ethnography of education. Ethnography and Education
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ethnography, materiality, and the principle of symmetry: problematising anthropocentrism and interactionism in the ethnography of education
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article we draw on actor-network theory (ANT) in order to challenge the methodological and empirical orthodoxies of anthropocentrism and interactionism that have long informed dominant discourses of ethnographic work. We use ANT to open new possibilities for understanding education as emergent in relational fields where non-human forces are as equally necessary as and possess an agency equivalent to, human forces: the principle of symmetry. We argue that this generates important conceptual as well as political possibilities in constituting different possible outcomes in the accomplishment of ethnographies of education. We draw attention to the problematic of the decentring of the human subject and the critical investigation of the interface between people and objects that frame this special issue, and also propose a methodological response framed by a commitment to empirical research through ethnography as well as a theoretical response framed by relational materialism, operationalised here through recourse to ANT.

Emneord
Actor-network theory, ethnography, materialism, post-structuralism, relational symmetry
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21973 (URN)10.1080/17457823.2019.1683756 (DOI)000492888200001 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-09 Laget: 2019-11-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-11bibliografisk kontrollert
Tummons, J. & Beach, D. (2019). Ethnography, materiality, and theprinciple of symmetry: problematising anthropocentrism and interactionism in the ethnography ofeducation. Ethnography and Education
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ethnography, materiality, and theprinciple of symmetry: problematising anthropocentrism and interactionism in the ethnography ofeducation
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article we draw on actor-network theory (ANT) in order tochallenge the methodological and empirical orthodoxies ofanthropocentrism and interactionism that have long informeddominant discourses of ethnographic work. We use ANT to opennew possibilities for understanding education as emergent inrelational fields where non-human forces are as equally necessaryas and possess an agency equivalent to, human forces: theprinciple of symmetry. We argue that this generates importantconceptual as well as political possibilities in constituting differentpossible outcomes in the accomplishment of ethnographies ofeducation. We draw attention to the problematic of thedecentring of the human subject and the critical investigation ofthe interface between people and objects that frame this specialissue, and also propose a methodological response framed by acommitment to empirical research through ethnography as wellas a theoretical response framed by relational materialism,operationalised here through recourse to ANT.

Emneord
Actor-network theory, ethnography, materialism, post-structuralism, relational symmetry
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21902 (URN)10.1080/17457823.2019.1683756 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-29 Laget: 2019-10-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-29bibliografisk kontrollert
Eriksson, A., Svensson, A.-K. & Beach, D. (2019). Förskolepersonals tal om ansvar i relation till den förtydligade ansvarsstrukturen i svensk förskolepolicy.. Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter (3), 87-112
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Förskolepersonals tal om ansvar i relation till den förtydligade ansvarsstrukturen i svensk förskolepolicy.
2019 (svensk)Inngår i: Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter, ISSN 1653-1868, nr 3, s. 87-112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22604 (URN)10.24834/educare.2019.3.6 (DOI)
Prosjekter
Att tolka, konkretisera och leda - en studie av förskollärarens förändrade uppdrag
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-01-23 Laget: 2020-01-23 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-23bibliografisk kontrollert
Maryam, K. & Beach, D. (2019). Implications of Ethnography Research Method in Educational and Health Studies. Social Behavior Research & Health, 3(2), Article ID 419-427.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Implications of Ethnography Research Method in Educational and Health Studies
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Social Behavior Research & Health, Vol. 3, nr 2, artikkel-id 419-427Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Studies in educational and health areas are sometimes accompanied by the adoption of a qualitative research approach. Qualitative research claims to achieve natural and first-hand data in a variety of ways. In this regard, the purpose of the present study was to explain the implications of ethnography research method in educational and health settings.

Methods: An analytical-deductive method was used. However, analysis of the research experiences of the authors of the paper were proceed to reach the aim of the study. Accordingly, the reliable sources as well as the background studies of the researchers were used and analyzed.

Results: The findings showed that ethnography in education can provide insights into in-depth analysis of the beliefs, values, and experiences about the academic trends. Also, ethnography in health researches can lead to improving health care processes, modifying high-risk behaviors, timely prevention, managing stress in the face of illnesses, emphasizing sensitivity of local communities, health knowledge creation and, in general, influencing the entire health programs in societies.

Conclusion: Given the importance of ethnography method in obtaining first-hand and in-depth results, it is recommended to provide more awareness about the effectiveness of the method, and more attention to its implementation among the research projects both in educational and health research areas.                    

Emneord
Education, Health, Ethnography, Research Methods
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22325 (URN)10.18502/sbrh.v3i2.1788 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-12-22 Laget: 2019-12-22 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-10bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner