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  • Liljeström, Tatiana
    "We cannot keep everything forever": Value of the material as a selection criterion for digitization at Swedish humanities special libraries2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the role of different types of value of the material in selecting documents for digitization at Swedish humanities special libraries. The main goals of the study were to find out, which types of value are most and least important in the selection process at these libraries, to aid on the identification of general tendencies in attributing values to analogue material for digitization and to provide an overall depiction of significance of different value types for the digitization at the humanities special libraries in Sweden. The two research questions of the study are: 1) Which aspects of value of the material are most important for the Swedish humanities special libraries in their decisions for selecting documents for digitization? and 2) Is there any agreement about the concept of value of the material for digitization among these special libraries?

    The empirical data has been gathered by means of an extensive self-completion questionnaire which was constructed on the basis of the analysis of previous research literature on selection of material for digitization. The analysis of the findings demonstrates that the intrinsic (intellectual content) value types and use value types are the most important ones for the Swedish humanities special libraries in selecting documents for digitization. Even though the respondent libraries appear to be in accordance in perceiving and assessing significance of many value categories, several of them generate discrepancies and confusion within the informant library group. Therefore, there isn't any general agreement about the concept of value of the material for digitization among the respondent libraries.

  • Benea, Claudia-Roxana
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Morphing Structures: An exploration of the fusion between marbled coating and triaxial weave2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a marbled coating applied on a triaxial woven structure. Although both of these techniques are traditionally used for many years, they are nowadays utilized in innovative ways, the marbling being applied on a large variety of surfaces such as wooden floors or ceramics and the triaxial weave being used as a hi-tech material for sports or in the automotive industry and having applications in diverse fields, from art to architecture. Their fusion, however, is a topic that has yet to be thoroughly explored, which makes for the motive of this thesis work, as an opening has been observed for the exploration of the expressive power of their combination. The experimental approach that has been taken towards this exploration will determine how the marbling effect may contribute to the visual expression of the structure. Multiple cycles of experiments have been conducted in an attempt to understand the behaviour of the chosen materials and their combination, the effect that various colour combinations have and the best possible pairings between the elements. The organic marbling combined with the geometric triaxial weave proved to generate the most powerful visual expression and the clearest result out of all the experiments. Thus five experimental textiles were developed in order to illustrate different aspects of this complex relationship, where the marbling would affect the visual expression of the structure by either enhancing or concealing the structural aspect and the contrast between the graphic element and the organic one would be a constant presence throughout the work. This work pushes the boundaries of conventional textile design and through the application of a textile thinking to unconventional materials a different type of expression is born. By mixing a limited amount of variables in multiple ways, a large range of visual effects may be achieved.

  • Berntsson, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Berggren, Evelina
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Reaktiveringsmejl: En metod för ökad lönsamhet?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att e-handeln har ökat under de senaste decennierna, är konverteringsgraden för onlinebutiker inom modesegmentet fortfarande låg. Detta kan bero på det fenomen som kallas “shopping cart abandonment”, vilket innebär att kunder lägger varor i sina virtuella varukorgar men inte sluför köpet. Det finns många anledningar till varför kunderna agerar på detta sätt. En av de vanligaste orsakerna är att det föredragna betalningsalternativet inte är tillgängligt. Eftersom alla fall av shopping cart abandonment innebär en förlorad försäljning är det viktigt för onlineföretag att arbeta mot en högre konverteringsgrad då även den minsta ökningen av slutförda köp innebär en ökad lönsamhet. Därför bör det vara av intresse för alla onlineföretag att upprätta rutiner för att se till att kunderna kommer att slutföra sina köp. Ett sätt att göra detta är att påminna kunderna via e-mejl om produkterna i den övergivna kundvagnen. Dessa mejl kallas reaktiveringsmejl och innebär i grunden att företaget skickar ett mejl till de kunder som övergivit sin virtuella varukorg. Huvudfokus i denna studie är reaktiveringsmejl med syfte att undersöka hur e-handelsföretag inom mode och textilbranschen använder reaktiveringsmejl och om de i så fall sett en ökning i konverteringsgraden. För att uppfylla syftet har två olika datainsamlingsmetoder använts. Först och främst genomfördes ett experiment bland e-handelsföretag inom det valda segmentet för att på så vis få en bild av hur vanligt det är att använda reaktiveringsmejl. Efter detta genomfördes telefonintervjuer med ett antal av dessa företag för att få en mer djupgående förståelse kring reaktiveringsmejl. Undersökningens resultat visar att användningen av dessa e-postmeddelanden inte är så vanlig, men däremot att det är ett framgångsrikt sätt att minska förekomsten av shopping cart abandonment samt öka konverteringsgraden.

  • Hellsén, Astrid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Kajavo, Stina
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Online-shoppingberoende: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan e-handel och shoppingberoende.2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative study examines consumers shopping behaviour in relation to the digitalization of retailing. The focus of this study is to examine if the increased availability of online shopping can be connected to compulsive buying behaviour. The purpose is to research if those who prefer to consume fashion products online also have a greater tendency to an excessive shopping behavior, which we classify as compulsive buying behaviour. The study also research an online-shopping addiction related to gender and age. Through an online survey, shared on social networks, with questions and claims that measures compulsive buying behaviour, the studys question formulations have been answered. The result shows that people who prefers and do most of their shopping online have a greater tendency to develop a compulsive buying behaviour. We also found that the respondents from the younger generation who participated in this study, have a greater tendency towards developing online-shopping addiction and buy more products online compared to the older generation, where women are in majority. 

  • Åkers, Josephine
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Driving fashion with data: A qualitative study of how buying firms in the buyer-driven fashion supply chain can benefit from a digitized supply chain reconfiguration2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Future customers will demand personalized goods and services. Value creation must therefore have a larger focus on product development and design, supply chain management and after-sales services. The key to success in the future fashion industry, is reduction of the reliance on traditional demand forecasting. Firms should instead put a larger focus on adapting shorter lead times and agile supply chain designs. Industry 4.0 will require an evolution of how clothing is designed and produced. It requires an implementation of new technologies able to identify data for expanding a consumer driven design and product development, combined with new technologies for flexible, local on-demand production. The purpose of the study is to explore how buying firms in the buyer-driven fashion supply chain utilize digitization and digital linking technology to create benefits for the firm. The study is of qualitative character and the reasoning is abductive, as theory on supply chain configuration is applied to the fashion supply chain. The empirical data was generated through in-depth, semi-structured expert interviews through a purposive sample of seven fashion industry professionals. In order to answer the research question, the empirical data was thematically analyzed and a main overarching theme and five subthemes emerged. The themes were compared to the theoretical framework of supply chain configuration. The elementary business opportunity in a digitized supply chain, is the combination of digital and physical resources to raise performance and support business innovation. The configuration between physical units, virtual units and information processing service supply chain units is crucial to create an added value to a service or a product. The empirical data revealed clear examples of how the configuration between the units is applied to create benefits for the firm. The findings elaborate the theory of supply chain configuration and contribute to the research field of strategic management and organizational theory. 

  • Lindström, Katarina
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Pretreatment of textile for a more gentle shredding process2018Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • Lindström, Katarina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Kadi, Nawar
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Persson, Anders
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Utility of conditioner for reduced interfibre friction as predictor of gentler shredding2018Ingår i: Aachen-Dresden-Denkendorf International Textile Conference, Aachen, November 29-30 2018, 2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Johansson, Evelina
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Kommunikation genom plaggskisser: En studie kring skisskommunikation mellan beställare och leverantör2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study that investigates how the communication in the developing process of a garment can be developed between a distributor and a supplier. The purpose is to investigate how large part of the quality assured and processed sketches can help improve the communicational issues and minimize the number of samples that are being transported between the buyer and the factory causing delays due to large distances. The study has been carried out in collaboration with a company that has been job initiator for the subject of the thesis. The main area in the method are based on a quality improving process to discover what a supplier as well as a distributor consider to be a distinct sketch. By using a survey as a data collection method, an evaluation of the fashion company`s sketches have been exercised. To reassure the quality of the sketches within the company and to investigate whether this can cause minor misunderstandings within the production department. In this study outlines of the inside of a blazer have been the focus as the company recently has experienced issues with these parts in the production of prototypes. The result is based on a comparison between two blazer prototypes that the factory has sent to the company as a first suggestion to manufacture the blazer. The conclusion highlights and evaluates the level of importance of the quality assured sketches versus the non-assured ones, and whether these are essential for the company`s desired quality and standard of the item or not. Thus, the conclusion also covers a discussion around how to fulfill the desired quality and standards of a blazer for the fashion company in question.

  • Elfström, Nathali
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Princesa de la calle - Dress turned streetwear: Exploring possibilities in re-design, in relation to second-hand evening dresses witha focus on street wear silhouettes2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims to explore the possibilities in re-design by using secondhand party-dresses as the main material to construct new garments with a focus on street wear silhouettes. Deconstruction is commonly used when working with secondhand and will also be used in this work, as well as draping. The goal is to find new expressions when working with re-design and to only focus on one type of garment (the dress) and use streetwear as a tool to build silhouettes that rely on the typical garments used in street wear. The idea is to explore what these two styles and shapes (evening wear versus street wear) can bring forward to the re-design field. This work will find a new style and silhouettes from these two worlds (unfashionable dresses and streetwear)with the help of experiments by deconstructing and draping the dresses and treating them as ”raw-material ”to make clothes. As it is now, re-design is heavily looked upon as patchwork, often in smaller pieces and the clothes used as materials are often bundled into one category- something that is a disadvantage to the future of re-design. This work shows the results of focusing on one garment as a base to re-design. It lets the designer come closer to understand how to work with the garment in the progress of making new clothing. Also to highlight the transformation a rarely used (because of its exclusive use to special occasions) an evening dress (often uncomfortable, inappropriate for everyday wear) can go to become a more used and functional garment by making use of street wear aesthetics (looser fit, everyday-appropriated wear).The work shows both wearable examples and more exaggerated shapes, to show that this method can be adapted to be used both commercially and for showpieces. Approximately 55 were purchased to have a catalog to chose from. After gathering pictures of street wear from different medias, the garments were picked out (such as hoodies, t-shirts) and also pin pointing details (buttons, zippers etc) and this set the frame for what variables were used when starting to create the new garments. Each garment was made out of 1-4 dresses. The point was not to make street garments, but to find what will become of these dresses after going through the process of street-wear silhouettes and details to become more updated and wearable clothes. In the end, it turned out to be a fruitful clash of silhouettes and materials suited for both men and female collections. The variations in shape and colors set a tone of its own. Instead of letting that secondhand dress hang in a vintage store waiting for some compassion or an 80’s themed party just to be thrown back into a second-hand store the next day, and even for the future special occasion dresses, worn once then never again, this method can be applied to transform and bring them back to usage. This method can expand the life of these dresses, limits only to the wear of the fabric which could be well over 100 years more of use.

  • Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Magnusson, Carl
    University of Gothenburg and Sahlgrenska University Hospital,.
    Herlitz, Johan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Seffel, Elin
    Department of Ambulance Care, Södra Älvsborg Hospital.
    Axelsson, Christer
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för vård, arbetsliv och välfärd.
    Munters, Monica
    Department of Ambulance Care, Region of Dalarna.
    Strömsöe, Anneli
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalens högskola.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Adverse events in prehospital emergency care: a trigger tool study2019Ingår i: BMC Emergency Medicine, Vol. 19, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Prehospital emergency care has developed rapidly during the past decades. The care is given in a complex context which makes prehospital care a potential high-risk activity when it comes to patient safety. Patient safety in the prehospital setting has been only sparsely investigated. The aims of the present study were 1) To investigate the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in prehospital care and 2) To investigate the factors contributing to AEs in prehospital care.

  • Disputation: 2019-02-22 13:00 C203, Borås
    Wallin, Birgitta
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Selling and lending e-books: Changes in the Swedish literary field2018Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the actors distributing e-books in the Swedish book market. The focus was on public libraries and booksellers, which included aggregators, subscription services, online booksellers and physical bookshops. Field theory (Bourdieu, 1996) was used in order to investigate the positions, dispositions and capitals (social, cultural, economic and symbolic) of the actors in the literary field. Innovation theory (Winston, 1998) was used to identify the suppression of radical potential and supervening social necessity of the e-book on the Swedish book market. Different strategies utilised by the actors in the changing digital market were explored using the concepts of planned and emergent strategies (Mintzberg, 2003). A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used for the data collection. Surveys were used in order to reach a large portion of the respondents and semi-structured interviews were added to reach additional respondents and get further in-depth responses.

    Key findings revealed that the e-book distributors in the Swedish book market maintain their positions by adapting to the changing digital market. There are two main strategies found in regard to e-book use: the first in which the use of e-books is encouraged in order to maintain relevance for customers and library users; the second in which physical bookshops and some public libraries are passive and do not encourage the use of e-books when it comes to their customers and library users. The risk of disintermediation was considered to be low and was really only the concern of one aggregator who was the mediator of e-books between publishers and public libraries and booksellers.

    The tensions found mainly concerned the availability of e-book titles and conditions of selling, licensing, lending and use of e-book titles as dictated by the most powerful actors in the field. There were ideological tensions which emerged with e-book lending which were not present with print book lending (at least not from the beginning of the 20th century). Booksellers considered that e-book lending was unfair competition as the principle of one book and one loan was no longer valid given that e-books can be lent out to several library users simultaneously. Public libraries were worried about the better usability and technological advantages offered by commercial e-book providers as they offered more attractive options to their users. The findings illustrate that there were social necessities pushing and radical potential suppressing e-books on the Swedish book market, which were sometimes created by the same actors.

    The study contributes to research that explores how actors in small language markets, like the Swedish book market, can deal with the changes brought on by the digital production and distribution of books.

  • Bergnehr, Disa
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Children’s influence on wellbeing and acculturative stress in refugee families.2018Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper examines intergenerational, interdependent and contextual aspects of wellbeing and acculturative stress in refugee families during resettlement. Particular focus is placed on how children influence their parents. 

    Method: The study is based on interviews with and diary notes from Middle Eastern parents and children residing in Sweden. 

    Results: Analyzes of the narratives show how the direct and indirect influence of the child affects the parents in both negative and positive ways. Acculturative stress follows from unexpected and undesired migration outcomes, such as parent–child conflicts and low school achievement. Such strains add to other hardships refugee families face, for instance, unemployment, welfare dependence, poor housing, and insufficient mastery of the majority language. However, acculturative stress can be alleviated by the children’s educational success, and reciprocal practices of love and caring including helping out with chores and supporting each other in different ways. 

    Conclusions: Children's agency has significant effects on parents’ wellbeing, as wellbeing is accomplished in and through relationships with others.

  • Kadi, Nawar
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. University of Borås.
    Baghaei, Behnaz
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. University of Borås.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. University of Borås.
    Effect of Textile structure in the process parameters of thermoplastic bio-composite2019Ingår i: MATEC Web of Conferences, E-ISSN 2261-236X, Vol. 261, nr 01005, s. 1-3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermoplastic bio-composite have a higher potential of use based on the sustainability benefits. Natural fibres today are a popular choice for applications in biocomposite manufacturing. Hybrid yarns are a satisfactory solution to improve the fabrication of composites containing a thermoplastic matrix and plant-based fibres. Nevertheless, it is still difficult to produce bio-composites with superior mechanical properties, due to problematic impregnation and consolidation results during the production process. This paper investigates the processing parameters for the compression moulding of two different hemp/PLA textiles structure bio-composites (warp knitting and weaving structure). Finite element simulations are used to optimise the processing parameters (pressure, temperature, and time). The results demonstrated that the textile structure has a small effect on the time of production. Main while the pressure and temperature of processing parameters depend only on the type of matrix and the thickness of biocomposite has a big impact on the time of production.

  • Thulin, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Unoson, Louise
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Internprissättning – Redovisningstraditioners framträdande i tolkningen av OECD:s riktlinjer2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade globalisering som råder gynnar internationell handel på många plan, vilket även har bidragit till att internprissättning blivit en allt mer central fråga. Däremot ställs det högre krav på att adressera de problem som systemet resulterar i. Detta med hänsyn till att ett internpris är av påverkande karaktär på organisationens resultat på grund av skattemässiga motiv och incitament från ledningen. Även om OECD:s riktlinjer TPG är utformade av det politiskt styrande organet i respektive medlemsland är dessa riktlinjer inte tvingande. Systemet möjliggör subjektivitet i internprissättning. Problematiken belyses i synnerhet när redovisningstraditioner och deras eventuella påverkan på internprissättningen i Sverige och Storbritannien tas i beaktning.Studien har som syfte att genom en komparativ analys undersöka hur Sveriges och Storbritanniens redovisningstraditioner påverkar respektive lands tolkning av TPG. Ländernas skattemyndigheter, Skatteverket och HMRC, har gett ut en handledning respektive en intern manual rörande internprissättning där myndighetens tolkning av TPG framgår.Studien är en innehållsanalys av kvalitativ karaktär och datamaterialet som har använts är textutdrag från myndigheternas handledning och manual samt respektive lands lagstiftning på vissa områden. Studien har som ambition att undersöka fyra områden avseende internprissättning, myndigheternas referering till gällande rätt, armlängdsprincipen, metoder för prissättning och bevisförfarande. Tolkningsmodellen som har använts i studien har utvecklats fram ifrån Johanssons (2010) modell avseende substance over form. Tolkningsmodellen tillsammans med den teoretiska referensramen har fungerat som ett verktyg i analysen kring hur redovisningstraditionerna i respektive land påverkar tolkningen av TPG.Studiens slutsats indikerar att det finns inslag av redovisningstraditionerna i respektive lands tolkning av TPG. Både Storbritannien och Sverige refererar till OECD kontinuerligt men studien har resulterat i vissa skillnader som belyser det faktum att länderna har olika redovisningstraditioner. I Skatteverkets handledning identifierar resultatet vissa inslag av den kontinentala redovisningstradition som Sverige präglas av, det påträffas även inslag av det regelbaserade synsättet samt spår av det rättssystem som karaktäriserar Sverige, code law. Resultatet visar även att Storbritanniens redovisningstraditioner framträder i HMRC:s tolkning av TPG. Det återfinns inslag av den anglosaxiska traditionen, det principbaserade synsättet och även här syns spår av deras rättssystem, common law. Studien bidrar med en ökad förståelse kring hur nationella redovisningstraditioner påverkar tolkningen av internationella riktlinjer. Den bidrar även med en praktisk kunskap för företag, myndigheter och internationella verkställande organ.

  • Gustafsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Landberg, Mikael
    Bátori, Veronika
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Åkesson, Dan
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Zamani, Akram
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Development of Bio-Based Films and 3D Objects from Apple Pomace2019Ingår i: Polymers, ISSN 2073-4360, E-ISSN 2073-4360, Vol. 11, nr 2, artikel-id 289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive quantities of apple pomace are generated annually but its disposal is still challenging. This study addresses this issue by introducing a new, environmentally-friendly approach for the production of sustainable biomaterials from apple pomace, containing 55.47% free sugars and a water insoluble fraction, containing 29.42 ± 0.44% hemicelluloses, 38.99 ± 0.42% cellulose, and 22.94 ± 0.12% lignin. Solution casting and compression molding were applied to form bio-based films and 3D objects (i.e., fiberboards), respectively. Using glycerol as plasticizer resulted in highly compact films with high tensile strength and low elongation (16.49 ± 2.54 MPa and 10.78 ± 3.19%, respectively). In contrast, naturally occurring sugars in the apple pomace showed stronger plasticizing effect in the films and resulted in a fluffier and connected structure with significantly higher elongation (37.39 ± 10.38% and 55.41 ± 5.38%, respectively). Benefiting from the self-binding capacity of polysaccharides, fiberboards were prepared by compression molding at 100 °C using glycerol or naturally occurring sugars, such as plasticizer. The obtained fiberboards exhibited tensile strength of 3.02–5.79 MPa and elongation of 0.93%–1.56%. Possible applications for apple pomace biomaterials are edible/disposable tableware or food packaging. 

  • Saleem, Hayvee
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Wictorson, Johanna
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
    Energiabsorberande material: en studie av 3D-väv, non woven och D3O för förebyggande av höftfrakturer hos äldre vid fallolyckor2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Höftfrakturer är ett stort problem för äldre i dagens samhälle och för samhället i stort. Många drabbas vilket leder till stort lidande och för samhället höga kostnader. Detta har Professor Peter Apell vid Chalmers University of Technology uppmärksammat. Han har startat upp flera projekt inom området Innovative textiles in healthcare för att hitta nya och bättre lösningar på problem relaterade till vård och hälsa. Det här projektet är ett av de projekt som uppkommit genom hans engagemang. Projektets fokus har varit att undersöka dämpning och spridning av kraft samt energiupptagningsförmåga hos tredimensionell väv i kombination med non woven. Samma typ av undersökning har utförts på ett polymert material kallat D3O. D3O används i nuläget i viss typ av skyddsutrustning men inte inom området höftskydd för äldre. De olika materialens egenskaper har därefter jämförts. Intresset för att undersöka 3D-textil i sammanhanget skyddsmaterial är grundat i att det kan ha flera fördelar i förhållande till de material som används i befintliga skydd idag. Många höftskydd på marknaden har skumgummi som skyddsmaterial. En fördel med textila skydd är möjligheten att producera skydd och hållare för skyddet i ett och samma material vilket förenklar framtida återvinning. Med textila skyddspaneler finns även möjligheten att framställa lätta och flexibla skydd för ökad komfort. Projektets största begränsning har varit testutrustning och testmetoder, en begränsning för hela industrin inom utveckling av höftskydd. Den testutrustning som använts i projektet har varit en fallrigg med tillhörande fallkropp i form av en kula, hos företaget Industritextil Job i Kinna, samt två olika dragprovare med speciellt framtagna hållare och klämmor vid Textilhögskolan i Borås. De textila konstruktionerna som undersökts under projektet har framställts av författarna med hjälp av maskiner och textila material som varit tillgängliga på Textilhögskolan. Flera bindningar togs fram, dessa vävdes och studerades. Två varianter av distansvävar med stående distanser ansågs ha potential tillsammans med två olika konstruktioner av non woven. D3O-materialet köptes in i form av färdiga höftskydd. Projektet har resulterat i att de konstruktioner som tagits fram i väv och non woven har potential men i nuläget troligtvis inte tar upp tillräckligt mycket av kraften för att undvika en frakturskada. Undersökningen har dock visat att det finns mycket att utveckla och forska vidare på inom området 3D-textil. Det polymera skyddet D3O visade goda resultat teoretiskt och praktiskt i den utsträckning det kunde undersökas med tillgänglig testutrustning. Mer arbete med utformning av materialet rekommenderas för att ta fram ett skydd som är bra ur både komfort- och funktionssynpunkt. Det krävs ytterligare tester med bättre anpassad testutrustning innan skyddseffekten kan bekräftas vara tillräcklig.

  • Thornquist, Clemens
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. University of Borås.
    Unemotional Design: An Alternative Approach to Sustainable Design2017Ingår i: Design Issues, ISSN 0747-9360, E-ISSN 1531-4790, Vol. 33, nr 4, s. 83-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conspicuous consumption of products is problematic for the development of a sustainable relationship to cultural and natural resources. Drawing on an emotional design approach, this study explores emotional conditions involved in the buying phase of socially visible products used in a typically expressive consumption activity. Through an extreme character approach, impulsive and compulsive buying is explored to expose principal and generic emotional conditions in the drive for new design products. The study demonstrates a range of primary negative emotional conditions or emotional fluctuations related to anxiety, mood, and self-esteem in the buying of appearance-related products. In conclusion, to achieve a more sustainable consumer relationship with fashion-conditioned material goods, the study reveals a need for unemotional design to acquire emotional detachment, rather than design to acquire emotional attachment.

  • Thornquist, Clemens
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. University of Borås.
    The Fashion Condition: redefining fashion from its everyday practices2018Ingår i: Fashion Practice: the journal of design, creative process & the fashion industry, ISSN 1756-9370, E-ISSN 1756-9389, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 289-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges traditional ways of understanding fashion as a social phenomenon. By considering the everyday social practice of fashion where looking, wearing, choosing, discarding, consuming, and producing fashion have central roles in understanding fashion’s person–object relationships, this study advances an alternative ontological view of fashion as a volatile emotional condition and inconstant state of mind. This suggested shift in theoretical perspective is significant in understanding and stimulating change or maintaining stability in fashion phenomena and could have principal consequences for thinking and developing policy in relation to fashion as well as to more general issues in person–object conditioned design cultures.