1 - 35 of 35
rss atomLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
  • Hector, Amke
    et al.
    Strömvall, Frida
    The Librarian's axiom: var det verkligen fler som kom?: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan Sveriges och Finlands ekonomi och dess biblioteksanvändning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to The Librarian’s axiom, the library loans and visits will increase when unemployment rates rise. In this bachelor thesis we want to investigate if the axiom was applicable in Sweden and Finland during the years 2008 until 2016. If we can find that TheLibrarian’s axiom can be confirmed, the libraries in Sweden and Finland can have stronger arguments against budget cuts and can prepare for increases in library usage. Furthermore no major studies on this topic have been executed in Scandinavia. The purpose of this study is to test a hypothesis, namely whether there is a connection between the economic situation and the library usage in Sweden and Finland. We also want to study the similarities and differences between the countries and try to explain them.

    We gathered our empirical data by using and analyzing official statistics from several databases. The variables we examined are physical library visits, loans of paper books, unemployment rates and Gini-coefficient. Our findings are presented in figures which are further analyzed with help of cross tabulations and correlation measures. The results of our study show that there is no strong connection between the library usage and the economic situation in neither Sweden nor Finland. There were little differences between the countries. The connections in Finland were a little bit stronger, but still not strong enough to confirm the axiom. To further explain our findings, there is a need for more research on this topic.

  • Bader, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Castefelt, Eva-Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gunnarsson, Louise
    Influencers Marketing: En fallstudie om NA-KDs nyckel till en god tillväxt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term influencer is becoming more and more known for each day. The term aims at a profession that has emerged in line with the internet. Although there is much information available about the phenomenon, there are many aspects that have not yet been illuminated. The information available on the subject is also not of scientific sort. The purpose of the study is to analyze and explain how influencer marketing can affect the growth of a company. In addition, influencers affect the brand building. Following thesis will consist of a case study in collaboration with the clothing company NA- KD. The rapid growth of NA-KD will be explained by appropriate theoretical evidence, and not least by the co-founder himself. The modern way of marketing through social media with influencers will be investigated in light of various aspects. How cooperation with one or more influencers looks will be investigated in conjunction with how the strategy has helped NA-KD grow in a short period of time. Brand development and theories about a company's growth are two other important areas that will be studied in order for the thesis to have a relevant and well-reasoned conclusion. All theories presented will be linked to NA-KD’s own growth. The method chosen for the following thesis is of the qualitative type. The empirical collection will consist of an interview with a co-founder of the chosen company, NA-KD. Furthermore, the company's website and Instagram accounts will be observed, as well as four selected influencer's accounts that will also be observed. As well as secondary data such as the NA-KD annual report and a review of a few competitors will be presented. After analysis of the empiric data, clear conclusions emerged. Linkages between influencer marketing and growth became a clear fact. Likewise, cooperation between the companies and individuals was clarified. It was also clear that NA-KD was founded when influencers had already grown and had a major impact. Following thesis will be in Swedish.

  • Holmgren, Eric
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Norderfors, Christian
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Asp Råberg, Simon
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Humankapital i årsredovisningar: En granskning av kunskaps- och industriföretag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the modern economy, the organization's individuals are central to the business core. Economic development has shifted from being industry-based into a business environment with more complex needs and higher requirements on employee expertise. Employee knowledge, experience and efficiency have become a very important asset, especially for knowledge companies in the service sector. The employees' knowledge and ability to create value for the organization is known as the company's human capital. Despite the increasing importance of human capital, the organization's employees can't be included as an asset in the annual report, which means that intriguing information is not available and the actual value of the organization becomes invisible.The purpose of this paper is to investigate the width of the human capital disclosure in Swedish companies to compare knowledge and industry companies and to analyze the development of human capital disclosure over time. To answer the purpose, annual reports are reviewed from 12 listed companies; 6 knowledge companies and 6 industrial companies. The essay has a qualitative approach since its interpreted how companies have chosen to report their human capital from the annual reports, both in text and in numbers, which is then presented in a scoreboard.In conclusion, the results can be summarized as a difference in the width of the human capital disclosure between knowledge and industrial companies. It is primarily employee information that separates the annual reports between the type organizations. The human capital disclosure has also become somewhat more extensive over the surveyed period of time. This study is written in Swedish.

  • Ljungblom, Axel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Särman, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    ”Varumärken är som människor”: En studie om varumärkesuppbyggnad på sociala medier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's digital and increasingly connected world has a major impact on both people and organizations. From a market perspective and translated into its vocabulary, this means that both customers and companies are affected. It applies both to how the customer requests, searches and finds products and how companies meet and deliver customer needs. This is generally the case in our digital world, and not least, trademarks and branding are heavily affected. An area that has developed explosively in this context is social media. This study aims at studying social media as an important tool for branding within companies and organizations. The aim of the study is to give companies and organizations an increased understanding of the construction of trademarks using social media. In order to answer the purpose and question, a qualitative study has been conducted. The empirical material has been collected through six semi structured interviews with people active in the area of trademarks and social media. The study has come to the conclusion that there is great potential for companies and organizations to use social media when building brands. A successful brand makes it possible to build relationships with consumers and this leads to loyalty. Branding is a process that, in most cases, needs to be built over time in order to create the best value for companies and organisation, and also the consumers.

  • Wennberg, Oscar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Abdulla Karim, Yasa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    CRM på Sociala Medier: En kvalitativ studie om hur SME-företag bearbetar &skapar nya kundrelationer på sociala medier.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate how different SMEs (SMEs) use social media in their CRM work(customer relationship management) to create new but also further develop and process existing customer relationships. Method: The essay is based on a qualitative method with a deductive approach, focusing on document studies on the web. The study was conducted by studying four different companies, two trading companies and two service companies, which use social media as part of their work with CRM. The study is written in Swedish. Result and Conclusion: The companies we studied use social media as a tool in the right direction for a successful work with CRM. What we found is that social media facilitates the work with CRM when used with an effective marketing channel. The results of the survey show that social media contributes with many benefits for the company, such as the opportunity for feedback, viral marketing, Word-of-Mouth-marketing, personal contact with the customers and direct interaction between the company and the customer, while being cost effective. Proposals for Further Research: This study has laid the foundation for further research, that can interview different companies and key people within these companies. By using a qualitative method of focus groups or semi structured interviews, you can go deeper into the subject to understand the difference and find similarities with the approaches in strategies and methods used by employees in different kinds of companies. The essay Contributes to: The essay contributes to increased understanding of how trading companies and service companies use social media to work with CRM, as well as what similarities and differences there are at work and how this affects their CRM. The study explains earlier research and that a company that works with social media, directly and indirectly, in its work with CRM, can create good customer relationships that contribute to positive growth.

  • Eklöf, Julia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johnsson, Sandra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Underhållning: som en strategisk framgångsfaktor för shoppingcenter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows our research on how entertainment is used in a shopping center as a strategic marketing strategy. As we wanted to get a depth in the study, a qualitative case study method was made. The case study was made on Mall of America through the research designs document study and a semi structured interview with the shopping center. This method was chosen as in the research overview of the previous research regarding shopping center and entertainment, the focus was on survey studies aimed at visitors. The research overview also showed the lack of research within the subject, which made it interesting for us to study. Three research questions regarding the marketing mix, customer focus and customer relationship were asked to answer the purpose. These are also the themes that are used through the theory, result and discussion. The marketing mix describes the 6Ps that Preston(2012) means should be used instead of the traditional 4Ps regarding events. Customer focus covers segmentation, targeting, differentiation and positioning while customer relationships is about how the shopping centre creates customer value and customer satisfaction through entertainment. A theoretical analysis model was created from these themes. This model was the basis for our results and can be replicated in future research. The results on this study show that all elements of the marketing mix were used at Mall of America, with more or less impact in their strategic work. Mall of America is aware what their brand stands for and what position they want to reach. This is portrayed in their way of working with customer focus to different extents. They strategically work to reach an emotional connection with their visitors that contributes to their well executed and long-term customer relationships. Our study contributes with the theoretical analysis model which can be used to show the interplay that is important for a company/shopping center to embrace when they want to strategically implement entertainment. This study also contributes with a deeper understanding on how Mall of America strategically works with entertainment that has become a success factor.

  • Pak, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Saleh, Reazhwan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Krossad betong som ballast i självkompakterande betong: Experimentell studie om tryckhållfasthet och arbetbarhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project is based on experimental studies. It is about the preparation and evaluation of self-compacting concrete (SCC) using Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RCA), replacing all natural aggregate fractions with 100% RCA. This degree project is part of RE:Concrete and focuses on concrete workability and compressive strength. The work was carried out in collaboration between the University of Borås and RISE CBI Concrete Institute. The purpose of the thesis was to produce a SCC with 100% RCA. Furthermore, cast cubes would give a compressive strength equivalent to 40 MPa after 7 days and 60 MPa after 28 days. Recycling of building materials is a hot topic in today's society, and interest in it is constantly increasing. This work is about closed loop recycling in the sense that RCA has been obtained from supporting elements to make SCC for supporting elements. As of today, there is a standard in Sweden regulating the use of recycled building materials in concrete production. The standard only deals with replacement of coarse aggregates in limited proportions. The results obtained in this work show that it is fully possible to manufacture a concrete for supporting structures. The highest compressive strength value obtained in this study is 56.1 MPa after 7 days with a slump flow meeting SCC requirements, however, this concrete had poor workability due to high dose of superplasticizer. In the last experimental casting, a slump flow of 750 mm has been achieved with good workability and a compressive strength after 7 days at 26.1 MPa. The latter provides a SCC with a strength class C20 / 25.

  • Cekaite, Asta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Disa, Bergnehr
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Affectionate touch and care: Embodied intimacy, compassion and control in early childhood education2018In: European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, ISSN 1350-293X, E-ISSN 1752-1807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relational care, interpersonal intimacy and emotional attunement are crucial for children’s development and wellbeing in ECEC. The present study examines how they are enacted in a Swedish preschool (for 1–5-year-olds) through recurrent adult-child physical conduct, i.e. affectionate and affectionate-controlling touch. The data consist of 24 hours of video-recorded observations of everyday activities. The study shows that educators’ Affectionate-Comforting touch was used for emotion regulation as compassionate response to children’s distress; Amicable touch engaged children in spontaneous affection; and, Affectionate-Controlling touch was used to mildly control and direct the child’s bodily conduct and participation in preschool activities, or to mitigate the educators’ verbal disciplining. The study demonstrates the emotional complexity of ECEC enacted through the practices of haptic sociality. It supports the holistic policies arguing that embodied relational care should be integrated in ECEC, contrary to ideas that connect professionalism with emotional distance and lack of physical contact.

  • Bergnehr, Disa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Cekaite, Asta
    Linköpings universitet.
    Adult-initiated touch and its functions at a Swedish preschool: Controlling, affectionate, assisting and educative haptic conduct.2018In: International Journal of Early Years Education, ISSN 0966-9760, E-ISSN 1469-8463, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 312-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines adult–child touch and its functions in a Swedish preschool (for 1 to 5-year-old children). The data are naturalistic observations and video-recorded data of everyday preschool activities. The study describes the frequently occurring functions of educators’ haptic conduct (control, affectionate, affectionate-control, assisting and educative touch), discussing them in relation to the children's age, gender and type of the preschool activity. It reveals the complexity of touch, demonstrating that physical contact is used for a variety of purposes in the educators’ daily work. The educators employed touch without force, and the children did not respond with explicit and forceful resistance (such as pushing back or otherwise protesting). Adult-initiated haptic behaviour served a continuum of social purposes – from social–relational work, such as establishing and building affectively positive, caring, social relations, to practical and educative organisational efforts to manage the complex and busy preschool life. The distribution of adult–child touch categories brings attention to the bodily aspects of the early childhood educational setting and highlights some of the ways in which the requirements of the Swedish curriculum for Preschool and its focus on educare are actualised in the educators’ embodied conduct.

  • Holmberg, Mats
    et al.
    Ambulanssjukvården i Södermaland.
    Andersson, Henrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Winge, Karin
    Ambulanssjukvården Södra Älvsborgssjukhus.
    Lundberg, Camilla
    Ambulanssjukvården Södra Älvsborgssjukhus.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Association between the reported intensityof an acute symptom at first prehospital assessment and the subsequent outcome:a study on patients with acute chest painand presumed acute coronary syndrome2018In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, p. 1-10, article id 18:216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To decrease the morbidity burden of cardiovascular disease and to avoid the development ofpotentially preventable complications, early assessment and treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) areimportant. The aim of this study has therefore been to explore the possible association between patients’ estimatedintensity of chest pain when first seen by the ambulance crew in suspected ACS, and the subsequent outcomebefore and after arrival in hospital.

    Methods: Data was collected both prospectively and retrospectively. The inclusion criteria were chest pain raisingsuspicion of ACS and a reported intensity of pain ≥4 on the visual analogue scale.

    Results: All in all, 1603 patients were included in the study. Increased intensity of chest pain was related to: 1) moreheart-related complications before hospital admission; 2) a higher proportion of heart failure, anxiety and chest painafter hospital admission; 3) a higher proportion of acute myocardial infarction and 4) a prolonged hospitalisation.However, there was no significant association with mortality neither in 30 days nor in three years. Adjustment forpossible confounders including age, a history of smoking and heart failure showed similar results.

    Conclusion: The estimated intensity of chest pain reported by the patients on admission by the ambulance team wasassociated with the risk of complications prior to hospital admission, heart failure, anxiety and chest pain after hospitaladmission, the final diagnosis and the number of days in hospital.

  • Abbasi, Ziwar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bernebrand, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Projektering av elnätet för ett exploateringsområde2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing population in Sweden has led to the great need for new housing construction in the last decade. Consequently, new housing construction has increased substantially. To meet the capacity requirement, large investments are required from the electricity grid companies to connect the newly built residential areas and to enable the development of new infrastructure. The expansion opportunities that have arisen in the current municipality have led to the expansion of the grid for a new residential area. The purpose of the project is to find a rational solution to provide an exploitation area of 19 homes with electricity. To achieve a desirable result with the distribution planning, corporate guidelines and industry standards have been used. The projected distribution network is designed by a radial system, which means that power supply takes place only from one direction. The distribution network is made up of two different distribution systems: TN-S and TN-C. The distribution planning also includes network calculations carried out with both optimization software NetBas and manually. The parameters that have been calculated are voltage drops, short-circuit currents and short-circuiting time. The dimension of the distribution network, is calculated only through NetBas, it resulted in the installation of a network station, five cable cabinet, 0.9 kilometers low voltage cable and 0.13 kilometers high voltage cable. The project's total investment cost has approximately been estimated at 568 000 Swedish crowns.

  • Abd Al Sater, Wissam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektiv logistik med lossningskalender på byggarbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Logistics has long been a topic for discussion that has recently gained more attention. In order for the supervisor to develop a logistics organization that works more than well, this always means that the internal logistics routines are well functioning. The procedures should work on guidelines and support for the supervisor in all types of projects. The study aims to study NCC-projects that use and / or do not use the new tool, release calendar, to identify its positive results. The study uses a qualitative method in which the author conducts interviews with 4 respondents within NCC. The result consists of three main categories processing collected data, these categories are: Efficiency, documentation and Support for work management. Electronic logistics tools like the unloading calendar are of great importance to the supervisor and can be decisive in the quality of all construction projects.

  • Josefsson, Karin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Summer Meranius, Martina
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Management Practices Promoting Sustained Implementation of the Quality Register Senior Alert for Older Adults in Municipal Care in Sweden2018In: The Open Nursing Journal, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 12, p. 215-224Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Senior Alert is a national quality register aimed at supporting a standardized, structured, and systematic preventive care process foradults aged 65 and over in the areas malnutrition, pressure ulcers, falls, problems with oral health and bladder dysfunction. Therefore, the quality register is particularly suitable for older adults with multimorbidity.

    Aim: The aim was to describe management practices that contributed to the sustained implementation of the quality register Senior Alert inmunicipal elderly care in Sweden.

    Methods: The design of this pilot study was descriptive and inductive. The sample of n = 12 included managers (n = 7) and care staff (n = 5) atseven municipal care homes for older adults in Sweden. The study was performed between April 2014 and June 2014 using twomethods: Individual interviews and nonparticipant unstructured observations. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The analysis led to the following generic categories: leading teamwork, leading a preventive care process and leading a supportiveorganizational structure, and to one main category: management promoting learning and quality improvement.

    Conclusion: To be sustainable, Senior Alert implementations in municipal elderly care need management. Management, by leading teamwork, apreventive care process and a supportive organizational structure, is essential for achieving learning and quality improvement.

  • Hjelmgren, Rikard
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Moldén, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Informationsdelningens möjligheter och betydelse för leveranser till stadskärnor: Interoperabilitet kring godskonsolidering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globally there is an increase in freight transport which affect the amount of road traffic. The increase comes both from the consumption by regular customers and businesses which both expect fast delivery of new goods and more than often delivery by the next day. The result is that the last stretch of the transport called last-mile becomes more noticeable for the urban residents, both from more traffic with queues as an effect but also from more transportation vehicles in motion in the center of the cities. The situation results in deterioration in the living environment and a perceived feeling of unsafety due to the increasing amount of transportation vehicles in motion, at the same time cities try to solve the issue by laws and regulations, streets that are open only for pedestrians as well as other logistic solutions. Borås is one of the member cities of the European project for better transports, Gothenburg is one of the cities that have an established last-mile solution in place. This report has done a case study on the solution in Gothenburg as well as a case study on Borås city’s possibilities to implement a last-mile solution. The report has a clear focus towards the sharing of information and what benefits a last-mile solution can gain from this. Through our study we have found that the simplest last-mile solution has a very low need for shared information. The study shows the benefits of an early sharing of information and the synergies sharing can give with the help from integrated systems and a common interoperability.

  • Brorström, Björn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Påhlsson, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Professional Services.
    Från tyst vår till het sommar: att implementera hållbar utveckling vid ett akademiskt lärosäte2018Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Agenda 2030 formulerar målen för en hållbar utveckling och en hållbar värld. Det är snart 2030 och mycket behöver göras för att nå målen och skapa ekonomisk stabilitet, samhällelig rättvisa och begränsa klimatförändringarna. Vi lägger bakom oss en onormalt het och torr sommar och en stark bekräftelse på att någonting inte står rätt till. Alla har ansvar för att bidra till att vända utvecklingen, inte minst universitet och högskolor som institutioner har en synnerligen viktig uppgift att i utbildning, forskning, samverkan och på campus fokusera på hållbar utveckling. För tio år sedan skedde en satsning vid Högskolan i Borås med målsättningen att bli bäst på hållbar utveckling och ett föredöme för andra, men framför allt att bidra, på det sätt en högskola måste, till en hållbar utveckling. I rapporten beskrivs utgångspunkter för utvecklingsarbetet, hur högskolan har gått tillväga, vilka resultat som uppnåtts, förklaringar till framgångar och motgångar och vad som är nästa steg för att bli det hållbara lärosätet. Ett fortsatt oförtrutet arbete behöver bedrivas, nya ambitiösa mål och strategier formuleras och alltfler studenter och medarbetare engageras. Rapporten är författad av Björn Brorström och Birgitta Påhlsson, som både varit aktiva i det förändringsarbete som har bedrivits.

  • Bartholomäus, Christian
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sepic, Atif
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Evidensbaserat ledarskap: Enskildas och delande chefers väg till hållbarhet?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens hälso- och sjukvård är präglad av föränderlighet. Kunskap om undersökningar och behandlingsmetoder hinner snabbt åldras och det utvecklas ständigt nya metoder och teorier för att effektivisera, förbättra, förkorta och underlätta för framför allt patienter men också för omvårdnadspersonal. Evidensbaserad vård har under de senaste decennierna fått en allt större betydelse och spelar en stor roll i det dagliga arbetet med patienter. Evidensbaserad vård är också en utav sjuksköterskors kärnkompetenser och stimulerar till utveckling och behandling i enlighet med den senaste forskningen. Men till skillnad från tex sjuksköterskor som baserar sin kompetens på evidens, visar aktuell forskning att evidensbaserat ledarskap ännu inte är integrerat i ledarskapets dagliga arbete och implementeringen är hittills bristfällig.

    Studiens syfte är att jämföra om chefer som är verksamma inom delat ledarskap har bättre förutsättningar att arbeta evidensbaserat än de chefer som är verksamma inom enskilt ledarskap. Dessutom vill författarna undersöka om första linjens chefer känner till och är förtrogna med begreppet evidensbaserat ledarskap och i vilken utsträckning denna modell används för att skapa hållbara processer och beslut. För att besvara studiens frågeställningar användes en webbaserad enkät. Det förelåg ingen signifikant skillnad mellan de cheferna som är verksamma inom delat resp. enskilt ledarskap med avseende på kunskaper samt användningen av evidensbaserat och hållbart ledarskap. Det som var avgörande utifrån studieresultaten var antalet medarbetare som chefer var direkt ansvariga för.

  • Darnolf, Margareta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Jorfors, Stina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelse av vad som främjar deras ledarskap av hemtjänstpersonal2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hemsjukvården utvecklas i takt med ett ökat vårdbehov i samhället och blir en alltmer komplex verksamhet. I hemsjukvården har distriktssköterskan ett ansvar i att leda, undervisa och stödja hemtjänstpersonal så att en kvalitativ vård bedrivs i hemmet. Detta är en stor utmaning då personalen i hemtjänsten ofta har olika mycket utbildning och arbetslivserfarenhet. Dessutom är ofta omsättningen av personal stor vilket kan försvåra distriktssköterskans ledarskap. Tidigare forskning visar att distriktssköterskans ledarskap är viktigt i omvårdnadsarbetet och det ställer krav på att rätt kompetens finns för att kunna ta svåra beslut och bedömningar varje dag. Distriktssköterskan delegerar omvårdnadsinsatser till hemtjänstpersonalen, därför krävs det att distriktssköterskan kan bedöma deras förmågor och färdigheter samt är trygg i sin yrkes- och ledarroll.

    Syftet med studien var att belysa distriktssköterskors upplevelse av vad som främjar deras ledarskap av hemtjänstpersonal. Metoden är kvalitativ med induktiv ansats. Åtta intervjuer genomfördes med distriktssköterskor inom hemsjukvård och intervjuerna analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att ledarskapet främjas av att distriktssköterskan tar det ansvar som åligger professionen. En god relation med hemtjänstpersonalen var främjande i distriktssköterskans ledarroll och ska präglas av ömsesidig tillit, gott samarbete och delaktighet. Personliga egenskaper, både hos distriktssköterskan och hemtjänstpersonalen som att vara trygg i sig själv och vara ansvarstagande var främjande för ledarskapet. I diskussionen lyfts distriktssköterskans syn på sin ledarroll och vad som främjar den och varför. Studiens resultat indikerar att en god relation mellan distriktssköterskan och hemtjänstpersonalen var främjande för ledarskapet. Övergripande kan ses att distriktssköterskans dagliga arbete underlättas av att ha goda kunskaper om vad som främjar ledarskapet av hemtjänstpersonal.

  • Goksöyr, Marie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Westborg, Kristina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Skolsköterskans upplevelser av att arbeta med elever med psykisk ohälsa inom skolhälsovården2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den psykiska ohälsan i elevhälsovården ökar ständigt menar aktuell forskning. Skolsköterskan har en viktig roll i det förebyggande arbetet med psykisk ohälsa i elevhälsan. Medvetenhet kring hälsans bestämningsfaktorer underlättar det förebyggande arbetet. Skolsköterskans vårdande yrkeskompetens ligger till grund för ett lyckat hälsofrämjande arbete. Syftet med studien var att undersöka skolsköterskans upplevelse av att arbeta elever med psykisk ohälsa. Genom semistrukturerade intervjuer samlades data in från åtta stycken skolsköterskor. Dataanalysen följde Graneheim Hällgren och Lundmans modell för innehållsanalys (2004). Genom analysen framkom tre kategorier vilka benämndes: Riskfaktorer som påverkar eleven, Att utföra omvårdnad samt Skolans hälsofrämjande ansvar. Det framkom 12 underkategorier vilka åskådliggör den information som samlades in under intervjuerna.

    Resultatet visar att riskfaktorer för psykisk ohälsa föreligger såväl i hemmet som i skolan. Att närvara i skolan visade sig vara en stark skyddsfaktor för hälsa. Genom skolsköterskans salutogena synsätt kan psykisk ohälsa förebyggas genom att synliggöra den enskilda elevens unika omvårdnadsbehov. Skolsköterskan hälsoförebyggande arbete stärker elevens möjligheter till fortsatt hälsa. Skolan fungerar som ett skyddsnät mot ett utanförskap i samhället. Ett gott samarbete i elevhälsan gynnar både eleven och samhället i stort, vilket bidrar till en hållbar utveckling.

  • Ertelt, Sophie-Marie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Guzun, Ecaterina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Scott, Mirja
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    From Product to Service: Developing and testing a retail PSS utilising direct to garment printing tocustomise fashion garments2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background - Consumer individualisation is a growing challenge in the fashion industry, yet it is also an area of great potential as well as a way to dampen over-consumption. The potential lays in how fashion brands can find ways to steer consumption towards a circular economy and utilise their platform to create meaningful connections with its consumers. Today the fashion industry is looking at options to the traditional take-make-dispose model where non-renewable resources are used at an ever-increasing rate. The Swedish fashion retailer Monki together with Re:textile decided to investigate if servitization could turn the above mentioned linear model into a more sustainable, circular model. They set out to develop an in-store concept where customers could customise their garments instantaneously and this formed the basis of a project brief and a Business Model Canvas which both served as the foundation and starting point of the presented research.

     

    Purpose - The purpose of the research is to develop and test a product extension service business model that utilises a direct to garment printer to mass customise jeans in-store. The said purpose is divided into three perspectives: the design-, service provider - and customer perspective , covering four cornerstones of the Business Model Canvas. The different perspectives with their separate, but related, research questions will be unified again in the conclusion.

     

    Methodology - To fulfill the purpose, the thesis research is relying on abductive reasoning through systematic combining, while implementing a mixed methods approach. Systematic combining works well in extensive and diversified research where the researchers shift from one type of research activity to another in a quest to match empirical observations with theory, thus, the ultimate objective of systematic combining is matching theory with reality until both come close enough to form a functional outcome. Throughout the study, both qualitative and quantitative studies are conducted through action research, a customer case study as well as experimental research in order to fulfill the purpose of the thesis.

     

    Findings and Discussion - The conclusions and recommendations that are presented in the form of an updated Business Model Canvas all derive from the research conducted incorporating the three perspectives that have guided the thesis through all of its stages namely the design, service provider and customer perspective. A product service extension business model is proposed as a solution to the project brief that serves as a foundation for the research. The results of the research all point to the conclusion that it is indeed possible to implement the product service extension successfully. Tests relating to the customer as well as the service provider perspective have proven themselves implementable due to low overall printing costs and fast print time enhancing the customer shopping experience. Together with an indication of product satisfaction as well as creating a strong customer-product connection through the co-design experience it contributes to a circular economy. Furthermore, the overall consistent printing costs, as well as the insignificant time differences in the experiments total time, support the implementation of a PSS in a retail setting.

     

    Research Limitations - This research is confined to, and based on, the Monki and Re:textilebrief as well as a Business Model Canvas so therefore, no other ideas than the ones stated in the brief have been explored. The research´s inferences are limited to the given conditions as well as a laboratory setting. Further, the experimental research study will only test pocket shaped artwork on 100 percent cotton denim jeans using a Brother GTX 4 printer as a chosen direct to garment printer. The scope of the customer case study can be described as surveying as well as observing 40 of the visitors of the 2018 Fashion days and Exit at the Swedish School of Textiles while they test the proposed PSS in a mock-up retail store setting without an actual sales transaction.

     

    Further Research - The next logical step would be to run the tests in a real-life retail store as opposed to the laboratory setting. After the proposed product service extension is implemented at scale POS data could be gathered in order to establish the customers’ true willingness to participate in the customisation experience in-store. Additionally, a longitudinal continuation of the study would give answers to some of the indications arising from the case study, such as whether the mass customisation could truly serve as a brand strengthening activity or lead to an extended garment lifecycle in reality.

  • Gulin, Elin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lundkvist, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ledarskapets betydelse för arbetsmiljön: En fråga om kommunikation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of employees that are absent due to sick leave in Swedish organizations increases annually as a result of stress-related illnesses. The current problem gives rise to high costs for the employee, the organization and society at large. To reverse this worrying trend is therefore of great importance to all parties involved. Previous studies have shown that an unsustainable work environment causes mental illness which in turn leads to sick leave. It is the employer who is ultimately responsible for the work environment within an organization, and how the work for a sustainable work environment is to be performed is governed by laws and regulations. The employer can improve the work environment through ill health prevention and health promotion efforts, which decrease sick leave rates. In this study we have investigated how an organization and its managers through internal communication can work for a sustainable work environment. To study how an organization works on these issues, we have conducted semi-structured interviews with both employees and managers at a municipal property company in Gothenburg. As theoretical support models and theories of communication, formal and informal information as well as the decision making process have been used to create a broader understanding of how the organization is working to develop a sustainable work environment. The findings show that the respondents in the studied organization consider internal communication as central to improving the work environment. It is of the utmost importance that the internal dialogue is well-functioning both vertically and horizontally, so that the information communicated between different parties will reach all relevant parts of the organization. A well-functioning communication is therefore of great importance for managing the decision-making process. Within the studied company formal information, such as work environment inspections, employee appraisals and employee surveys, is the primary source that decisions are based on. Informal information that managers receive through spontaneous conversations, that are considered to be of a rich character, has a tendency to disappear at an early stage in the decision-making process. The study discusses the managers’ role in collecting and processing both formal and informal information, in order to make well-founded decisions. Decisions based on all the information received from employees have a higher likelihood of influencing the organization's work environment in a positive direction. This paper is written in Swedish.

  • Hansson, Ellen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Viding, Viktoria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Upplev Göteborg!: Fallstudie om ett digitalt redskap hos Göteborg & Co2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital devices are nowadays a common strategy in marketing communication and destination development. Despite this, we find the literature on the subject limited. Therefore, this study has strived towards an immersed understanding of Göteborg & Co:s digital device Evenemangskalendern (Event Calendar). It is a digital listing where tourists can find the current events offered in Gothenburg. The questions produced revolves around relevant control documents for the calendar and Göteborg & Co:s view at the use of the calendar as a device for marketing communication. With a background in destination marketing, an inductive case study has taken form with interviews, observations and document analysis. The study is limited to four qualitative interviews, four observation objects and six documents. All with focus on Göteborg & Co:s own material and employees. The result from these sources has in a discussion been merged with theory within destination development, marketing communication, and organization theory. The study shows that the Event Calendar is not included in the solid marketing communication analysis that the rest of goteborg.com go through. The calendar has no fixed processes regarding benchmarking or visitor statistics. This could be due to the fact that the operative work is being executed at another physical place than the strategic work. There is also a limitation in how Göteborg & Co defines a tourist.

  • Hjalber, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Andersson, Niklas
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbarhetsrapportering: Från frivillig till lagkrav: En studie om utvecklingav hållbarhetsrapportering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issues regarding sustainability have seen much change since its inception in the late 1980s. One such change in Sweden is the law put into effect in late 2016 which calls for the mandatory reporting of sustainability issues in large Swedish companies. This is the only addition to this law regarding sustainability since 2005. Previously the reporting of these issues has been largely on a voluntary basis, with the passing of this law however it will be a mandatory element for many companies. This study is longitudinal and uses content analysis to compare reports from four Swedish companies from 2004 and 2016 to determine how their reporting has evolved. The main purpose of this paper is to compare the contents of sustainability reports from a time when the reporting was voluntary to when it has become mandatory. The intention is to draw conclusions regarding the effect the law has on companies’ sustainability reports. The study concludes that all of these large companies met the requirements of the respective law change the year before it came into effect. The two largest companies even met the requirements from the 2016 law in 2004. All of the companies’ reports have seen significant development regarding scope and content and the least developed category is Risk and Risk management. Legitimacy Theory and Institutional Theory work as an explanation for how and what companies report in their sustainability reports. It also explains why the law requirements are met before they are put into effect. The study shows that the law is inadequate compared to voluntary reporting standards, though these also possess some weaknesses. Overall the study finds that the way companies report and use sustainability reporting has shaped the law, not the other way around. They strive for legitimacy is a strong driving factor for the form and content of sustainability reports.

  • Malmberg, Lovisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Female Entrepreneurship: Self-fulfilment and Legacy, or Money andSurvival?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our world is not equal, and women are in a greater extent affected by the inequalities. Extra vulnerable for the inequalities are women in developing countries. In order to empower women and strive towards gender equality, female entrepreneurship has shown positive effects for women in developing countries. Entrepreneurial development programmers are implemented by both organizations and governments, with the aim of engaging women into business. In order to study the entrepreneurial motivations and outcomes of women in a developing country, a field study was conducted in Zambia. Organizations, working with entrepreneurial business training, as well as female entrepreneurs who took part in an entrepreneurial business training programme, were interviewed during a ten-week stay in Zambia. A comparison between women with a low level of education and a high level of education was done, in order to see whether their entrepreneurial motivations and outcomes deviate or correlates. From the findings of this study, it was concluded that women with different educational background have different motivations for entering entrepreneurial activities. Women with a higher level of education had personal motivations for entering, such as personal fulfilment, the wish to actualize an idea and the wish to leave a legacy. On the other hand, women with a low level of education were forced into entrepreneurship, in order to support for their family and mainly their children. However, regarding the entrepreneurial outcomes, they correlate, showing that entrepreneurship and business training has given Zambian women self-confidence and a business-mind.

  • Vajagic, Natasa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Uppfattningar om manligt och kvinnligt ledarskap: I den studerade organisationen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines male and female perceptions of male and female leadership in a male-dominated industry, where I have chosen a specific organization to study. One question is about what perceptions men and women have about male and female leadership and the second question is what perceptions male and female have about male and female leaders' liability to achieve an optimal leadership. The questions that I have examined is based on Blake and Mouton's theory of task- oriented and relationship-oriented leadership. I chose a qualitative method with information gathered through nine semi structured interviews, five male and four female leaders. In order to analyze the results and compare the opinions of men and women I choose to have a comparative design of the study. The study's results show that men and women have equal conditions, in terms of task and relationship-oriented characteristics, to be described as an ideal leader, on the other hand there are perceptions that male leaders are seen as more suitable for achieving an ideal leadership. Female leaders are perceived to possess more relationship-oriented than task-oriented characteristics while male leaders are perceived to possess more task-oriented than relationship-oriented characteristics. Perceptions of women's insecurity in their leadership role affect perceptions of their propensity to achieve ideal leadership, unlike male leaders who are perceived to be more confident. I concluded that men´s and female´s perceptions of female and male leadership creates barriers for women to reach senior positions and that explains why there are so few women in leading positions. The study is written in Swedish.

  • Bark, Ulla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Riskfaktorer för utmattningssyndrom hos sjuksköterskor i kommunens hälso- och sjukvård: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fatigue syndrome is nowadays a concept that is used to describe the impact of long-lived stress. Stress is a psycho physiological mechanism that all living beings have. If you live with stress for a long time, it can cause damage on the body. Severe stress is one of the reasons that contribute to absence from work and nurses is a group where mental illness is a reason for long-term absence.  

    Aim: To illuminate risk factors that may contribute to fatigue syndrome for registered nurses in municipal health care.  

    Method: A literary study where qualitative and quantitative studies were used.  

    Results: The themes that emerged were contradictory goals, requirement for self-control, and experience of inadequacy, to feel responsible for other professions pursuance, to not be able to live up to others and your own expectations as well as lack of support.  

    Discussion: Registered nurses are faced with contradictory demands where the organisation requires something from them at the same time as the patients` needs something else. When communication fails with other professions, registered nurses feel responsible to cover up. It is of importance to support registered nurses so they do not develop a fatigue syndrome good at work.

  • Bengtsson, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Svåra möten som berikar – sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter med flyktingtrauma2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Allt fler nyanlända och asylsökande söker vård i Sverige. Många bär på traumatiska upplevelser av att fly sitt hemland och lämna sin trygghet. Psykisk ohälsa är vanligt förekommande och flertalet kommer vara i behov av att söka sjukvård i Sverige som i sin tur har skyldighet att ge var och en den vård de behöver, på lika villkor.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva sjuksköterskans upplevelser av att vårda patienter med posttraumatiskt stressyndrom (PTSD) relaterat till flyktingtrauma. Metod: Studien utfördes som en intervjustudie på livsvärldsteoretisk grund och intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Temat “Svåra möten som berikar” framträdde med fyra subteman där sjuksköterskorna beskriver upplevelser av att känna sig begränsad och inte räcka till i sin vårdande roll, behovet av att bygga relationer till patienter, tyngden av att bära någon annans lidande, men också den hedrande känslan av att få ta del av någons lidande. Sjuksköterskorna beskriver vidare en känsla av att dessa patienter inte får vård på lika villkor och att det finns ett behov av mer kunskap om transkulturell psykiatri och dess roll i vårdandet av denna patientgrupp.

    Diskussion/Slutsats: Trots sjuksköterskans välvilja om att vårda och göra gott krävs ytterligare kunskap kring området transkulturell psykiatri för att kunna anta de utmaningar dagens hälso-sjukvård står inför. Verksamheter bör därför prioritera tillgång till reflektion och stöd på arbetsplatsen, ombesörja att rätt profession befinner sig på rätt plats samt lägga vikt vid kompetensutveckling. 

  • Nordström, Per-Anders
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Wehrend, Martin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Framkommer de vanligaste symtomen vid akut koronart syndrom redan i larmsamtalet?: En studie av SOS-sjuksköterskans bedömningssamtal av patienter med bröstsmärta2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De vanligaste samtalen till 112 gäller patienter som upplever bröstsmärta vilket kan ge misstanke om Akut Koronart Syndrom (AKS). Denna patientkategori utgör därför en betydande del av de patienter som den prehospitala vården kommer i kontakt med. Syftet med denna pilotstudie var att avlyssna och analysera ljudupptagningar av samtal gällande bröstsmärta bedömda av sjuksköterska. Detta för att kunna jämföra om de frågor som sjuksköterskan ställer överensstämmer med de vanligaste symtomen vid AKS som beskrivs i medicinsk litteratur och forskning.

    Totalt 36 ljudupptagningar av samtal gällande bröstsmärta valdes ut utifrån material som insamlats genom ÅSA II-studien. En mixad metod användes dels med kvalitativ innehållsanalys med deduktiv ansats av egna anteckningar samt insamlande av kvantitativa data.

    Resultaten visade att sjuksköterskan på larmcentralen ofta ställde följdfrågor kring bröstsmärta hos patienten. Även frågor om dyspné förekom frekvent. Vad gäller övriga symtom kunde vi inte se någon struktur i sjuksköterskans bedömningar. I många fall saknades frågor och följdfrågor kring atypiska symtom. Det var även ovanligt med frågor kring symtom som kan minska misstanken för AKS. Samtalstiden verkar vara av mindre betydelse för kvaliteten i samtalen. Det förekom ofta en överprioritering av sjuksköterskans bedömning på larmcentralen jämfört med ambulansens prioritering. Däremot sågs ingen underprioritering.

    Studien visar på hur svårt det kan vara att bedöma medicinska tillstånd via telefon. Det finns anledning att tro att goda förkunskaper och relevant utbildning i kombination med uppdaterade och välutformade stöddokument är viktiga verktyg. Detta för att sjuksköterskan ska kunna göra bedömningarna på ett så tryggt och korrekt sätt som möjligt.

  • Pleil, Birgitta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Taivaloja, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att ge cytostatikabehandling till patienter i ett palliativt skede: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Patienter som drabbas av cancer behandlas ofta med cytostatika, vilket kan ge biverkningar som påverkar patientens livskvalitet negativt. Sjuksköterskan har en nyckelroll när det gäller att observera och se förändringar av patientens allmäntillstånd. En god relation mellan patient, sjuksköterska och läkare är av största vikt för vårdens kvalitet. 

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att ge cytostatikabehandling till patienter i palliativt skede. Metoden som användes var en litteraturöversikt. Åtta artiklar har analyserats, varav två var kvantitativa. Resultatet sammanställdes till tre huvudkategorier och åtta underkategorier. Sjuksköterskan ansåg att deras främsta uppgift var att ge en trygg och säker administrering av cytostatika. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskan har en stor betydelse för att patienten ska känna sig trygg genom behandlingen. Kunskaper är viktiga och kan underlätta sjuksköterskans beslutsfattande gällande cytostatika. Sjuksköterskor som arbetar med att ge cytostatika till patienter i palliativt skede upplever ofta en påfrestning och stress i sitt arbete, samtidigt som de även känner en tillfredställelse av att hjälpa en utsatt människa.

  • Bernhardsson, Adam
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kinander, Adam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stadslogistik: En utvärdering av mikro-konsolidering i Borås2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a trend that has increased and is expected to continue to increase. 85% of the total population is expected to live in urban areas in 2050. Thus, the importance of freight transport in the urban area increases and goods-related decisions are becoming increasingly important, which imposes solutions that take into account both the economic and social significance of goods. Today's freight transport in the city area contributes to air pollution, harmful emissions, noise, adverse effects on the city's infrastructure and poses a traffic hazard for people staying in the city center. Therefore, there is a need that increased freight transport does not affect quality of life, health and the global climate. However, the majority of freight transport is inefficiently loaded, creating unnecessary presence of freight traffic. City logistics focuses on efficient transport of goods while taking into account the total social cost with continuous and long-term measures for a sustainable society while effectively utilizing resources. The purpose of the thesis work is to investigate micro-consolidation for freight transport in Borås inner city and further identify success factors and challenges for successful implementation of micro-consolidation. The result presents critical success factors and their importance to different stakeholders along with challenges and conditions that need to be considered in the implementation of micro-consolidation. Success factors can be divided into three categories: financial, practical and social success factors. The financial success factors highlight how micro-consolidation can be economically self-sufficient and how the business can be financed and owned. The practical factors mention how the operational activities are managed. Furthermore, the social factors present cooperation and commitment between stakeholders as success factors. Finally, a more specific summary of potential challenges and recommendations for Borås Stad is presented and what benefits a micro-consolidation brings to all stakeholders in the city area.

  • Aderstedt, Anders
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Gabrielsson, Fredrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Organdonation: Anestesisjuksköterskans uppfattningar av att delta vid organdonation från avlidna2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering

    Forskning rörande perioperativa sjuksköterskors uppfattningar av att delta i organdonationsprocessen är ganska begränsad. De flesta studier är internationella och det kan vara svårt att applicera till svenska förhållanden. Studier som gjorts särskiljer inte perioperativ personal som grupp. Därmed blir det svårt att identifiera de olika personalkategoriernas uppfattningar från varandra.

    Syfte

    Studiens syfte är att kartlägga anestesisjuksköterskors uppfattningar av att delta i organdonationsprocessen från avlidna patienter.

    Metod

    Författarna har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie. Författarna intervjuade sex anestesisjuksköterskor på tre olika sjukhus, på olika sjukhusnivåer. Datainsamlingen har skett med öppna intervjuer som skrivits ut ordagrant och sedan analyserats med fenomenografi utifrån Alexanderssons modell.

    Resultat

    Resultatet presenteras i tre beskrivningskategorier. Uppfattningar i relation till professionen, uppfattningar i relation till ingående organdonationsteam och uppfattningar i relation till existentiella perspektiv.

    Diskussion

    Resultatet visar att anestesisjuksköterskan vill göra det lilla extra under operationen av respekt för donatorn men även för mottagarna av de olika organen. Anestesisjuksköterskan är av uppfattningen att det gästande uttagsteamet är lätt att samarbeta med, att de gärna informerar och berättar och att en positiv utveckling i samarbetet har skett över tid. Vid avstängning av ventilatorn under en organdonation upplever de att de tappar sin roll i teamet och att de som anestesisjuksköterskor inte har en tydlig funktion. Samtidigt vill de vara med hela vägen tills operationen är färdig. Stöd och support från sin egen organisation efter en organdonation uppfattas som bristfällig. De samtalar ibland sinsemellan i det team som varit engagerade i ingreppet ofta i samband med att operationssalen iordningställs efteråt. Någon organiserad debriefing inom organisationen verkar inte finnas.

  • Eurenius, Mario
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Mens underwear: Exploring queer expressions in mensunderwear through post internet aesthetic asVaporwave.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work explores norms of dress design by the use of post internetaesthetics in mens underwear. The exploration of underwear is based onmethods formed to create a wider concept of how mens underwear couldlook like regarding shape, color, material and details.

    Explorations of stereotypical and significant elements of underwear suchas graphics and logotypes has been reworked to create a graphical identitybound to a brand.

    This is made to contextualize the work aiming to present new options andvariety in mens underwear rather than stating examples using symbols orstereotypic elements.

    In the making of the examples for this work the process goes front and back from digital to physical using different media to create compositions of color, graphic designs and outlines using transfer printer, digital print, and laser cutting machine.

  • Hahn, Phyllis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Flex: Exploring flexibility through solid and soft materials in woven structures2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work places itself in the field of textile design, weaving and interactive objects. It explores how the combination of solid and soft materials in a woven structure affect its flexibility and pliability. By integrating solid materials as a weaving material the work aims to propose an alternative context for woven structures, not necessarily becoming fabrics but rather objects that can be interacted with. The design process consisted of series of workshops where woven samples were made on a hand loom, weaving frame and by hand. The result are three woven structures each of which show of different flexibilities attained through the combination of solid and soft materials. The pieces are meant to be interacted with and can be shaped in various ways by folding, stacking or connecting parts of the structure. Combining solid and soft materials with the weaving technique shows the potential of interactive structures and objects which propose multiple functions, and can be developed further into products for interior design or play.

  • Persson, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Christensson, Lovisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    “Generation Z, nu ska vi konsumera bättre”: En studie om hur sociala medier kan bidra till fler etiska klädköp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's overconsumption has resulted in devastating problems for both nature and ourselves. One of many solutions to reducing the problem is to manufacture and offer ethically correct products to consumers. But even though the intention to buy these products has increased amongst consumers, these purchases are not implemented. At the same time as the consumption changes, a new generation has grown up and are now ready to consume - Generation Z. Generation Z differs from other generations in both attitude and action. They spend a lot of time on social media where they develop their networks, increase their knowledge and find inspiration. If today's research is right about this generation, they are able to reverse the evil trend of overconsumption and make consumers act more ethically correct. The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how generation Z perceives what appears on social media, and how this information is then used in practice. This is investigated to see if social media can affect generation Z to implement more ethically correct purchases. With an approach based on a theory that says there is a gap between ethical intention and implementation, it is therefore important for both customers and companies to understand what it is that influences consumers to actually conduct a purchase. If this knowledge is not discovered, the problem will persist. Research on generation Z is today very limited. Because of this, a qualitative cross-sectional design with semi-structured group interviews has been conducted. The choice of method was found to be best suited to obtain a deep understanding of the subject in a short period of time. The survey is based on four focus groups with three to five respondents in each group, a total of 17 people. The interviews took place in Borås and were performed on women in age 16-25 years. Based on the empirical results and the analysis, credible conclusions about generation Z and its use of social media could be drawn. Generation Z uses social media frequently. The main uses are to keep in touch with the outside world, inspire and retrieve information. These uses vary depending on the platform. News that were prioritized on social media were those that quickly caught the interest and were easy to read. It was also important that the information came from a credible source. Regarding advertising from influencers on social media, it was also important that the product could be linked to the specific person. So, even here the source needed to be credible. Amongst generation Z, the gap between intention and implementation of ethically correct purchase was significant. The conclusions drawn from the interviews were that social media should be used as a tool to reduce the gap, as it highly affects consumers. The majority of respondents would do ethically correct purchases, but referred to various factors that influenced implementation. Mainly, lack of knowledge was the reason why less "good" purchases were made. The number of ethical purchases can be increased by fast-paced information on sustainability at social media. This thesis is written in Swedish.

  • Tallvod, Lynn
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sadvertising: Communicating the problems of the fashion industry2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work serves as a way of communicating the dark side of fashion to provoke change. Consumers is placed in the loop that consists of consumerism, fast fashion and advertising, and this work will try to expose that loop. This work aims to critique how fashion is consumed and sold through printing images from the dark side of fashion in combination with texts from advertisements to open up a conversation. The method to do this is by digital printing and transfer printing images from the dark side of the fashion industry on sustainable materials, combining the images with advertising texts. Through this the viewer is invited into conversation about the problems with subtle provocation by making the viewer emotionally involved.

  • Stasiulyte, Vidmina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The Aesthetics of the Invisible: Foundations for Sonic Fashion2018Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aural experience and sound thinking, in contrast to visual experience and image thinking, change the fundamental manifestation and perception of a dressed body: from looking and being seen to listening and being heard. Looking at and listening to a body that is wearing high heels are fundamentally different experiences. Although sound is an element of dress and identity, the visual sense is predominant in fashion and fashion education, and fashion is essentially understood to be a system of visual components. As an alternative to this dominant focus on the visual, this research investigates the sonic aspects of fashion, approaching them as largely unexplored and potentially interesting ontological alternatives with which to create an understanding of fashion that goes beyond visual stimuli.

    The primary aim of the research presented in this thesis was to develop an introductory programme for sonic fashion that suggests a shift in focus – from visual perception and appearance to sonic. The programme consists primarily of ontological theory components: methods, tool-shifters, terms, definitions, and categories.

    The research was conducted through investigations of sonic dress and sonic expressions, which were approached as interactions between the body and dress that occur during the act of wearing. Sonic aspects were explored on a fundamental level – i.e. the natural (physical) sounds of dress – in a manner that is relatively unprecedented in the fashion field, and so the research was experimental and speculative.

    Knowledge regarding sonic expressions was collected using sound-based thinking in the form of listening/sounding research artefacts, which raised ontological questions; What is a sonic silhouette? How a sonic silhouette is created?

    The research was conducted by exploring, recording, and systematising sounds arising from body-dress and dress-dress interactions, as well as speculative experimental workshops with students and case study involving people with differing seeing abilities.More generally, the research broadens our conception of fashion aesthetics by presenting a new direction for the fashion design field; a non-visual aesthetic that is based on sonic expression, wherein sound is considered to be a design/design thinking material and an alternative way of defining a silhouette.