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  • Frandsen, Jennifer
    et al.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Bibliotek och TV-spel: En studie om bibliotekariernas roll och tv-spelens framtid på biblioteken2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to fill a gap of knowledge when it comes to understanding librarians and their relationship to the phenomenon of videogames, at the library. We have conducted interviews with focus on how the library’s role has changed when new media is introduced and if librarians consider videogames something that can be used at the library and why. For the basis of the study we have utilized Scott Nicholson’s theory and model regarding what role videogames has in the library, published in 2010. Nicholson’s theory is relevant for the study as it touches several aspects that were interesting for our study; the library’s democracy and videogames, the librarian’s profession and videogame’s role at the library. For the study we conducted four semi-structured interviews on four different libraries with librarians who worked with videogames at their library. The focus of these interviews were gaming activities, opinions on videogames and who plays videogames. Thoughts from the librarians interviewed concerned the role of the libraries and democracy but noted was also a general opinion that technical knowledge was something lacking among librarians, whilst at the same time the users and interest for videogames are steadily increasing.

  • Berger, Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lindblad, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att vårda palliativa patienter på slutenvårdsavdelning: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering: Sjuksköterskan har en viktig och central roll i den palliativa vården. Palliativ vård innebär att lindra lidande och ge patienten den bästa möjliga livskvalitén. Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskors upplevelse att vårda palliativa patienter på slutenvårdsavdelning. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie med litteraturöversikt och baseras på tio vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Två huvudteman identifierades och dessa är; sjuksköterskans upplevda kunskap om palliativ vård och svårigheter och utmaningar i den palliativa vården. Vidare identifierades sex subteman som relaterar till sjuksköterskors upplevelse att vårda palliativa patienter på slutenvårdsavdelning; kunskap om symtomlindring, utbildning och färdigheter, sjuksköterskans egna upplevda begränsningar, känsla att inte räcka till, att möta patientens andliga och existentiella behov och när tiden inte räcker till. Slutsats: För att säkerställa god omvårdnad inom palliativ vård bör mer utbildning ges för att skapa bättre kunskap. Sjuksköterskor kan uppleva att det är svårt att räcka till för att möta såväl fysiska som existentiella behov för patienter som vårdas palliativt. Tidsbrist förekommer och det leder till att sjuksköterskorna har svårt att bemöta och hjälpa de palliativa patienterna med sina existentiella behov.

  • Bolsing, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skobowytsh-Okolot Calapis, Kristoffer
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Identifiering och värdering av förbättringsarbeten: en fallstudie i ett tillverkande företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report describes a case study of a producing company in western Sweden. The company is typical of the type and, as such, displays typical problems including a high level of tied up capital, few standardized working methods and a lack of structure in their projects. In order to be able to increase productions levels against demand, the company is in need of reducing its turnaround times by means of introducing a standardized working method. In their improvement work it will be clear that they have a lack of relevant information concerning production costs and therefore risk focusing on improving the wrong things. The work thus aims to identify problems in current improvement projects in order to be able to streamline their production by different improvement projects. Examples of the problems that have emerged during the work include inadequate structure in improvement work, lack of communication, poor follow-up of projects and few standardized working methods. To work in a structured and proactive manner, a fishbone-diagram and 5 why may be used as an advantageous method of identifying root causes of problems that can occur in an organisation. What is stated in the report is the importance of working with an overall view of the organisation when working with improvements, to avoid sub-optimization. The report presents suitable tools to evaluate improvements, such as PDSA. That can be used to have a clearer structure and to gain knowledge from passed improvement projects through evaluation. The knowledge gained from the projects can then be used throughout the whole organization. Resources within organizations are usually limited and it is therefore of great importance that those resources as concerns improvement work are used where the need is greatest. By using tools such as the PICK chart, it is possible to it is possible to identify the improvements that will provide the greatest benefit, both in the short and long terms. With the aid of the PICK-chart the improvements may be identified that should be driven through.

  • Hammarin, Renée
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zaring, Clara
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Framtidens manuella kontrollstation2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Quality control is something that is used in manufacturing operations to ensure the quality of what has been manufactured. The goal is to detect and remedy any faults as quickly as possible in order to avoid resources being used in the processing of a product or item that will later have to be discarded due to defects created earlier in the process. Manual quality controls are performed by an operator who uses tools and work instructions to check the product or detail that has been processed. The problem is the risk of a discernible variation if the work at the manual control station lacks a clear template and a clear presentation of the work instructions. Differences in work practices contribute to varieties and difficulties in identifying the sources of the detected errors. The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how individual differences and the presentation of information should be managed to ensure quality and minimize quality shortage costs of products in a manufacturing business. The theoretical framework consists of a compilation of previous research on quality controls, individual differences, and the effect of visual support as a supplement to information presented in text format. Semi-structured interviews have also been carried out with employees within the organization where the case study took place. The practical part consists of a case study that, together with the theoretical framework, makes up a comprehensive account of what factors should be considered in future manual control stations. The thesis is based on a large manufacturing company located in a small town in Sweden. The study shows how a number of aspects should be considered when building manual control stations. It describes how there are different needs regarding how information should be presented at the workstation depending on which function the information will fill. Important to consider are the differences regarding the interpretation of information between individuals. An awareness concerning this is important to be able to manage the differences. They are managed through continuous improvement work by providing knowledge and information within the organization.

  • Hermansson, Karin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Bergmann, Emelie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Lipödem - (utan) rätt till vård?: En kartläggning kring symtombild och möjligheter till behandling inom offentlig vård2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lipödem är en kronisk sjukdom som nästan uteslutande drabbar kvinnor. Utmärkande för lipödem är att underkroppen är oproportionerligt stor jämfört med överkroppen och drabbade områden svarar dåligt när kost och träning rekommenderas för att nå viktminskning. Symtom som bland annat smärta, tyngdkänsla och svullnad är vanligt. Trots att lipödem beskrevs redan 1940 och cirka 11 % av världens kvinnor har denna diagnos finns det mycket outforskat om sjukdomen och dess konsekvenser. Då det råder oklarheter om huruvida de drabbade erbjuds vård och behandling inom offentlig sjukvård är det av stor vikt att få mer kunskap om hur vården tar hand om dessa kvinnor.

    Syftet är att kartlägga hur symtombilden ser ut och om drabbade kvinnor erbjuds hjälp och behandling i den offentliga vården. Studien är en deskriptiv kvantitativ studie där 348 kvinnor med lipödem svarade på en enkät med frågor.

    Resultatet visar att det råder brist på kunskap om lipödem inom den offentliga vården och att möjligheten till behandling är begränsad. Rekommendationer och riktlinjer saknas för diagnosen på grund av bristen på forskning. En förbättring av symtom ses hos ett stort antal deltagare, majoriteten bekostar dock själva sin vård och behandling när de inte får hjälp från offentlig vård.

  • Sabanovic, Adnana
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Starcevic, Mario
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Optimering av leveransprocess baserat på företagets distribution: Minimering av led- och leveranstid2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet utförs hos ett företag som är en inredningskedja och startades 1996 först som en lagerbutik. Under åren som har gått expanderades företaget och är i nuvarande läge ett av Sveriges mest väletablerade varumärken med butiker runtom nordiska länder. Deras sysselsättning är att köpa in färdiga produkter från andra leverantörer från andra olika kontinenter som t.ex. Asien, Europa, Nordamerika och sedan säljs vidare i de nordiska länders butiker. Detta arbetet kommer att handla om Värdeflödeskartläggning och TPU:s tillämpning av en distribution med förbättringar av Cross-Docking och minskning av deras kostnader. Syftet med detta arbete är att kunna med analysering av olika logistiska metoder och forskningsstudier om företagets distribution, kunna identifiera vilken metod som är bäst lämpligast för att minimera led- och leveranstid samt distributionseffektivisering. På så sätt kan detta hjälpa företaget att hitta ett nyare och mindre kostsamt sätt än det som de har just nu implementerad. Problemen som kan uppstå under arbetets gång är osäkerheten i efterfrågan av ledtidsvariationer, eftersom tiderna varierar konstant och kan ge felaktigheter i den nuvarande saldo som företaget har. Bolagets nuvarande bekymmer är relaterade till minskning av flexibilitet och effektivitet när det gäller transportering av leveranser så att de kommer i tid till butiker och slutningen till kunden. Resultatet av arbeten som analyserades, visade att företagets försäljning i stort sätt är relaterat till säsongs handel så att de utvalda artiklarna behöver vara tillgängliga under högtid. Skulle samtliga inte säljas bort, återgår de antingen till lagerhyllan och blir en kostnad för företaget eller så kasseras artiklarna.

  • Lindqvist, Tiina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydén, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nyorientering mot sexualitet och lust: Kvinnors upplevelse av sexuell hälsa efter graviditet och förlossning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sexuell hälsa har flera aspekter, är en del av de mänskliga rättigheterna och en naturlig del av det mänskliga livet. Barnmorskor har en professionell skyldighet att arbeta för kvinnors sexuella hälsa, ett mål som kan uppnås genom att hjälpa kvinnorna till en känsla av sammanhang. Tidigare forskning visar att kvinnor upplever förändringar i sin sexuella hälsa efter födseln samt brist på information om dessa förändringar. Syftet med studien är att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av sexuell hälsa under de första tolv månaderna efter graviditet och förlossning. Studien utgår från en kvalitativ, fenomenologisk ståndpunkt. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom gruppintervjuer. Alla kvinnor levde med en manlig partner. Dataanalys gjordes med en kvalitativ tematisk innebördsanalys.

    Fyra teman kom fram med en gemensam innebörd; Nyorientering. Detta innebär att orientera igenom och hantera minskad lust till sex, längtan efter närhet, att hitta sin kropp och sig själv samt att känna ansvar för den sexuella relationen med partnern. Resultatet av studien var förenligt med tidigare utförda studier om sexuell hälsa efter förlossningen. Det nya fenomen som framkom var kvinnornas nyorientering av sexualiteten. En svaghet med studien är att den enbart representerar heteronormativa perspektiv på sexuell hälsa. Resultatet från aktuell studie kan hjälpa barnmorskan att konstruera föräldrautbildning och fungera som samtalsstöd vid efterkontroller.

  • Sigrén, Peter
    University of Borås.
    Studentbarometern 20192020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är en kvalitetsfråga för Högskolan i Borås att ta del av studenternas erfarenheter och synpunkter såväl under som efter utbildningstiden. Högskolan i Borås har under lång tid utfört kvalitetsutvärderingar där studenters upplevelser av studie- och arbetsmiljön undersöks. I föreliggande rapport som är den tionde i ordningen redovisas aggregerade data för hur drygt 1 600 studenter upplever kvaliteten på sin utbildning. Nöjd Student Index (NSI) visar på ett resultat som är i paritet med 2018 års resultat.

  • Nelhans, Gustaf
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Eklund, Johan
    Semantic drift of cited references in the medical literature2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adding the semantic content of texts to the study of citations opens for new means of research in the field. Words can be used in specific or more general terms. Their meaning changes through use. Correspondingly, the meaning of a cited reference is defined by its use. Furthermore, the meaning of the reference changes as it is used in different contexts. Using ‘word embeddings’ we create a conceptual space of references using a window of text around the references. The model is trained on a set of 2 million full-text articles derived from EuroPMC. We measure the length of the journey of the cited references in this space to determine how much their semantic meaning changes over time. Furthermore, we study the topical heterogeneity of the citation contexts inferred to the references by the citing documents.

     

    • RQ1. Can we identify the degree of topical heterogeneity of a subset of investigated cited references?
    • RQ2. Can we identify the semantic drift in cited references over time?
    • RQ3. Can we infer the presence of a cited reference in a given text using our trained model? Correspondingly: can we reconstruct the context of a reference in a text?

     

    In this explorative work we investigate to what degree the semantic meaning of a cited reference can be recognized. In the end, we explore the possibility to generate a dynamic classification of research based on its use, rather than on their content. This would make it possible to identify similar works irrespectively of manifest citation links (bibliographic coupling or co-citation) or identical content of words (co-word analysis).

  • Johansson, Veronica
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kompetensbehov och trender för webbrelaterade yrken: Rapport baserad på intervjuer med professionsföreträdare2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av ledningen vid Institutionen för biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap, Högskolan i Borås, genomfördes hösten 2017 intervjuer med femton strategiskt valda professionsföreträdare för en undersökning om efterfrågade kompetenser idag och trender framöver för webbrelaterade yrken. Resultatet är ämnat att ligga till grund för professionsanpassning och utveckling av nuvarande webbredaktörprogram vid samma lärosäte. Intervjuutsagorna analyserades med en blandning av kvantitativt och kvalitativt orienterad innehållsanalys för att komma åt såväl trender och tendenser som variationer i och motiv för deltagarnas åsikter. Analysen visar på fem huvudsakliga tendenser. Den främsta av dessa är att de mest efterfrågade kompetenserna kan sammanfattas i termer av ”strategiska” och handlar om att kunna se helheter, kopplingar mellan och flöden över olika plattformar, enheter och tjänster i ett större sammanhang, med stor tonvikt på kunskaper om dataanalys och marketing/marknadsföring. Den andra tendensen är att webben och relaterade kunskaper inte längre anses som möjliga eller önskvärda att skilja från andra kompetenser och arbetsuppgifter. Så kallade webbkompetenser kommer istället i ökande grad att ingå som naturliga delar i de flesta arbetsuppgifter och tjänster och tydligare renodling av plattformsöverskridande kompetenser inriktade på content (innehåll), design, utveckling respektive strategi förebådas. Som en tredje och särskilt tydlig fortsättning av föregående tendens framstår uppfattningen att ”renodlat” tekniska kompetenser i form av kodning och programmering har och kommer att fortsätta att särskiljas från övriga arbetsuppgifter i särskilt utmärkande grad. De sista två tendenserna är mindre tydliga, men bekräftar de tidigare: dels att strategiska kompetenser värderas högt, och att webben inte längre bör särskiljas från andra delar i en verksamhet vad gäller kompetenser och arbetsuppgifter; dels att en första utbildningsbas i form av en bred och teoretisk högskoleutbildning, tillsammans med efterföljande spetsutbildningar ”in-house” på företag eller via yrkeshögskola/kvalificerad yrkesutbildning ses som goda förutsättningar för framtida yrkesverksamma i fältet.

  • Lindström Sol, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ekholm, David
    CKS centre for municipality studies.
    Mobilising non-participant youth: using sport and culture in local government policy to target social exclusion2019In: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of sport and cultural practices in policy initiatives tends to be assessed in both cases in terms of their assumed social benefits. However, the areas of sport and culture are often understood separately in research. Through an analysis of interviews with key local policymakers and civil servants in two Swedish municipalities, the aim of this article is to explore how sport and culture are formed as means to promote social policy objectives regarding young people. In addition, we reflect on the political significance of this in relation to the development of local policy. The analysis demonstrates how a discourse of urban segregation and unequal opportunities underpins actions to mobilise non-participant and at-risk youth. This is achieved by establishing centres for sport and culture, and by enabling an educational approach which focuses on participation, empowerment and good citizenship. Reasons for mobilising practices involving culture and sport overlap, though each area of policy appears to be differently underpinned by discourses of enlightenment and conformity. Differences in emphasis between the discourses on sport and culture are discussed in relation to scientific discourse on the social utility of each policy area.

  • Lindström Sol, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Equal Access or Empowerment?: Understanding youth participation in cultural institutions through two Swedish case studies.2019In: Conjunctions: transdisciplinary journal of cultural participation, E-ISSN 2246-3755, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of cultural participation is seldom defined in policy but carries a positive connotation. The aim of this article is to understand how participation is made meaningful by policy stakeholders, exemplified by a swedish municipality, with special attention directed towards two cultural institutions working to enhance young people’s participation. The analysis considered levels of interest in participation, from the policy level, managerial level and civil servant level. The analysis found the meaning of participation shifted from a focus on equal access to empowering young people as a marginalised group, mirroring theories of a shift from a cultural democratisation paradigm to a cultural democracy paradigm in cultural policy. The civil servants shared an understanding that it is possible to distribute power from adults to young people, but the overlap of the two paradigms in the goal of achieving participation resulted in tensions and paradoxes regarding the issue of negotiating power.  

  • Lindström Sol, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    The democratic value of participation in Swedish cultural policy2019In: Comunicação & Sociedade, ISSN 0101-2657, E-ISSN 2175-7755, Vol. 36, p. 81-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through an exploration of Swedish cultural policy, this article analyses how policy legiti-mates its support for the arts and culture, and how “participation” is made meaningful in this process, to discuss how different understandings of culture and participation relate to changing notions of democratic governance in culture. The article discusses how an overarching discourse of culture as good, and therefore an interest in and responsibility for policy, can be understood as two discourses: 1) culture is good as it enables good things and 2) culture is good as it prevents bad things. These two discourses rest on different logics and “fixate” the concept of participa-tion in different ways but are constructed as if they were compatible. The meaning of democratic governance in culture is also differently interpreted in the two discourses – as either protection of autonomy, equality in access to culture, and participation as taking part, labelled a corporatist democracy, or as guaranteeing sustainable societies at risk, and participation as an equal pos-sibility to influence, labelled populist democracy. This break in discourse is interpreted as a sign of diminishing legitimacy of a corporatist discourse of democracy where experts have had the power to decide the content of cultural policy. The article partakes in a discussion on the role of participation and democracy in cultural policy.

  • Martinez, Merisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Critical approaches to ‘clerical’ work: Textual transmission in two Swedish digital resources2019In: Liber quarterly: the journal of European research libraries, ISSN 1435-5205, E-ISSN 2213-056X, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 1-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the distinction between library digitization projects and digital scholarly editing projects by using qualitative interview data gathered from two Swedish digital scholarship ecosystems: 1) Litterarturbanken (the Swedish Literature Bank) and its collaboration with Gothenburg University Library, and 2) the internal collaboration at Uppsala University Library and the resulting digital output on the ALVIN platform. After examining the elements of digital editing practice that show up in each of these collaborations, we argue that these distinctions are blurring, and we call for a reorientation from critical versus noncritical editing towards critical transmission activities, which allows more room for less easily definable digital publishing projects to be examined. Further, we conclude that librarians, library-based textual scholars, and library technologists such as image technicians, digitization coordinators, and photographers are actively participating in the critical transmission of literary texts and the reframing of the institutionally enforced boundaries between the terms ‘librarian’ and ‘scholar.’

  • Martinez, Merisa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Dillen, Wout
    University of Antwerp.
    Bleeker, Elli
    Huygens Institute (KNAW).
    Sichani, Anna-Maria
    University of Sussex.
    Kelly, Aodhán
    Delft University of Technology.
    Refining our conceptions of ‘access’ in digital scholarly editing: Reflections on a qualitative survey on inclusive design and dissemination.2019In: Variants - The Journal of the European Society for Textual Scholarship, ISSN 1573-3084, E-ISSN 1879-6095, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 41-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore layered conceptions of access and accessibility as they relate to the theory and praxis of digital scholarly editing. To do this, we designed and disseminated a qualitative survey on five key themes: dissemination; Open Access and licensing; access to code; web accessibility; and diversity. Throughout the article we engage in cultural criticism of the discipline by sharing results from the survey, identifying how the community talks about and performs access, and pinpointing where improvements in praxis could be made. In the final section of this paper we reflect on different ways to utilize the survey results when critically designing and disseminating digital scholarly editions, propose a call to action, and identify avenues of future research.

  • Martinez, Merisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. KU Leuven Bibliotheken.
    ‘Not Adopted’: The UK Orphan Works Licensing Scheme and How the Crisis of Copyright in the Cultural Heritage Sector Restricts Access to Digital Content2019In: Open Library of Humanities, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-51, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a discussion of how digitizing and disseminating Orphan Works in the GLAM (Galleries, Libraries, Archives, and Museums) sector could have the potential to significantly reframe collections across audiences and institutions in the United Kingdom and across the world. Orphan Works (those works protected by copyright and for which the copyright holder is unable to be identified or, even if identified, cannot be located) make up a significant portion of the material collections of GLAM institutions in the United Kingdom and beyond. Previous research indicates that the mission of the cultural heritage sector to provide access and create opportunities to reuse this vast array of materials is severely affected by a lack of clear copyright legislation. This article addresses two questions: 1) How is current EU Orphan Works legislation affecting the output of digitized content in the UK cultural heritage sector?; and 2) What changes can be made to the implementation of the EU Directive in the UK to better support the mission of cultural heritage institutions, including serving the research and creative communities? To answer these questions, we trace the enactment of EU Directive 2012/28/EU within the United Kingdom through the implementation of the UK Orphan Works Licensing Scheme (OWLS) in October 2014. We then analyze responses to a survey we conducted between December 2015 and February 2016 about the UK Orphan Works Licensing Scheme, and provide additional insights gained from our own use of the Scheme. We conclude that after four years, the UK Orphan Works Licensing Scheme has not fully addressed the long-standing Orphan Works issue for cultural heritage institutions, and that the GLAM sector is dissatisfied with the Scheme’s length of licenses and application fees. Previous research demonstrates that due diligence requirements are the major bottleneck both to mass digitization and dissemination, and we demonstrate that similar barriers remain. Our research indicates that digitization of Orphan Works and their use in the education, research, creative, cultural and commercial sectors across the UK are still stymied. We conclude by recommending that more flexible take-down notices with accompanying take-down procedures – rather than the onerous OWLS individual licensing – would enable GLAMs to digitize and disseminate Orphan Works more efficiently (although the risks to users in building upon this work would have to be clearly signposted). We suggest that updating the framework by which institutions can digitize and disseminate Orphan Works would assist a range of users and industries not only to access, but also to ‘take and make’ material based on or sourced from cultural heritage institutions.