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  • Kooroshnia, Marjan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Challenging current colour theory and practice using thermochromic and photochromic inks in textile design2019In: AIC Midterm Meeting Color and Landscape, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Maric, Jasmina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. the swedish school of library and information science.
    INTERACTIVE DESIGN OF COLLABORATIVE ART PROJECT FOR 21ST CENTURY LEARNING2019In: IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet, ISSN 1645-7641, ISSN 1645-7641, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 28-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While many of us researchers dream about the opportunity to design a collaborative art project that would connect our youth with big, mainstream cultural and educational institutions, we seldom analyse the challenges of such collaborations. This paper presents the user-centered, interdisciplinary interaction design (ID) of the collaborative digital art project. The project design is made in collaboration with the young participants of the Meet the Ministry project run by the Dance Company of the Opera House (DCOH) in Gothenburg, and the members of The Swedish School of Library and Information Science Social Media Studies (TSLIS) research group. Using the research through design approach to augment the outreach of the collaborative digital art project, enhance youth engagement with the contemporary dance, and learn from the young participants, we analyze the implications introduced by inter-institutional and interdisciplinary collaboration. This paper proposes a view which suggests that learning can be effective and pure joy, while at the same time delivering 21st-century skills to those who learn, and new conditions for social inclusion and sustainable society. One argument is that we need new teaching approaches to successfully prepare our youngest for the 21st century. The other reason is that we would be better off if the investments in our public institutions could positively influence a larger society, which would result in a more sustainable society. Drawing from the different scientific research experiences this paper calls for interdisciplinary and interinstitutional collaborative art projects as learning tools, and tools to leverage social sustainability

  • Andersson, Judit
    et al.
    Horn, Hanna
    Learning by brewing: en kvalitativ intervjustudie om hembryggare av öl och deras informationsbeteende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Homebrewing of beer is a worldwide growing hobby, and using Stebbins’ theories on leisure, brewing can be classified as a serious leisure. Using a qualitative approach, the aim of this explorative bachelor’s thesis is to gain a deeper understanding of a group of serious leisure homebrewers through the use of semi-structured interviews. The research questions are: Which information resources are used by home brewers? Which information activities do homebrewers perform? To what extent do homebrewers share information with other home brewers? The transcribed interviews were analysed using Lloyd’s concept on information landscapes, Talja and Hansen’s concept on information behaviour and previous studies on the information behavior of hobbyists.The homebrewers use a variety of text-based, social and physical information resources for their hobby. Beer is the most important information resource, as interaction with different categories of beer create the brewers own taste. Taste act as a catalyst for consequent information activities. The brewers own experiences of brewing is also a valued resource since it creates know-how about the processes involved. The main information activities associated with brewing revolve around the making of recipes: brewers search for recipes that they compare, alter or combine to suit their own preferences. Information sharing is prevalent among the brewers in the study as it is expected by the homebrewing community at large. Sharing is seen as a method of transferring information from brewer to brewer in their quest for the ultimate brew.

  • Danielsson, David
    A study of how hospital libraries can view the patients as a target audience2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how hospital libraries view patients as a target audience and their usage of the library’s analogue and digital collections, as well as what functions hospital libraries can perform for patients. There is a knowledge gap in the literature regarding the way that hospital libraries have viewed and formed relationships with the patients. The theory emphasizes relationships between the library and its user groups. The method for gathering empirical data was mainly qualitative semi- structured interviewing, which were conducted with the head of the library, a nurse and a voluntary staff, as well as qualitative content analysis of the webpage and policy document. The analysis of the empirical data and theories concluded that in a relationship marketing context the patient group corresponded to the customer market place, the nurse to the referral market and the voluntary staff to the influencer market, making the connection between the library and the customer market heavily relying on other markets in the model by Payne et al. (2005). The digital collections have mostly been built with the hospital staff in mind with the aim of aiding evidence-based health care. There is a lack of knowledge among the patients about the library’s existence and services. A potential is the patients’ own technological devices in reaching the library’s website and interacting with the staff. The hospital library has a “dually empowering effect”, referring to the physical space as a calm place to relax and finding literature in relevant fields. The aim is normalization of the patient. The lacking of resources calls for innovation, relationship building and collaboration between the parties in order for the library to reach the patients, here relationship marketing has potential.

  • Bredesen, Frida
    et al.
    Löfdahl, Louise
    Användarupplevelse och den nya returneringskulturen: en studie som granskar samband mellan en webbplats användarupplevelse (UX) och dess inverkan över andelen returer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine if usability (UX) can have an impact on the proportion of returns on a website in the fashion industry. The growing trade through e-commerce has contributed to the fact that the proportion of returned goods is higher today than ever before. From a company's perspective and from a sustainability perspective, it is of interest to reduce the proportion of returns. The literature review shows that there are ways in which UX can influence the proportion of returns for e-retailers. It also shows that the return policy can induce certain customer behavior, the so-called new return culture, which contributes to the high proportion of returns. In this study, two quantitative studies are conducted that investigate how UX can affect the proportion of returns and customers' views on returns. The results of the studies show that UX has a small impact on the proportion of returns. This may imply that there are other aspects that have a greater impact on the proportion of returns, such as target group, policy and prices. Further research is needed to exclude a connect on between usability and the proportion of returns.

  • Ekelund, Maria
    Bilden av biblioteket: Marknadsföring av ett folkbibliotek på Instagram2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increased access to information and knowledge through the development of information- and communication technology, Internet and social media has led to changes in perceptions of what the public library is and what role it has in contemporary society. In addition, the use of smartphones has contributed to an easy and economic way to market an institution and to build relationships with users through visual communication. In the context of adapting both to the influences of a global market and stated cultural policies on a national, regional and municipal level, the public library aims to serve a target group that includes all citizens.

    The question at issue states: How does the public libraries in Jönköping use Instagram to market their activity and in what way is different library roles expressed through the images?

    During 2016 – 2017, 302 images were posted on Instagram by the municipality of Jönköping. These images where studied using content analysis. The four spaces model, as explained by Jochumsen, Hvenegaard Rasmussen and Skot- Hansen (2012), was used to analyze the result.

    The result shows that the public libraries use Instagram to legitimize the librarys existence towards users and decision-makers, to build relationships with users and to market activities, for instance. he majority of the studied images could be related to the inspiration space.

  • Halpers, Anna
    "Allt förändras och förändringarna kommer att fortsätta".: Om synen på digitalisering och det digitala imperativet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master thesis is to examine the use of the word digitalization ("digitalisering") in a Swedish library context, and to relate the use and the assumptions underlying it to different views of technology. The empiric material chosen was the report Den femte statsmakten, published by the National Library of Sweden in 2017 as part of the production of a national library strategy. A tool for structuring and analysing the material was created, based on the different grammatical functions of the words digitalization and digital, also drawing on the works of linguists Fairclough and Fowler. Findings showed that digitalization was often described as an independent actor, impacting on both organizations and individuals. The use of the word digital ranged from describing specific materials and tools, to describing the entire society and the present. These results were then further discussed in relation to different perspectives on technology, revealing a strong deterministic tendency in the studied material, where the current development was taken for granted. Questions about the influence of big tech companies on the technological development and the definition of digital competence were also raised.

  • Hellgren, Andreas
    Ursäkta, vi har lite bråttom: Om automatisering för att effektivisera tillgängliggörandet av affärstryck2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand on research libraries to digitize theircollections as a means of increasing the availabilityof said collections are increasing. However, a prerequisite for this is the cataloging of the collections – a task commonly associated with large demands on time and other resources. One way of handling this might be efforts in applying automatization as a part of the cataloging process. This thesis examines the possibilities of using automatization when catalog- ing commercial ephemera. For this, focus is directed towards the features of the material; the process of cataloging; and the demands on the catalogued mate- rial from its various users using a theory based on Monica J. Bates (2002) Cascade-model. By conducting a case study, consisting of observations based on contextual inquiry and interviews partly using photo elicitation, automatization of cataloging is found to be a possible way to improve availability, but not without its own complications and demands on re- sources. In conclusion, suggestions are made for considerations libraries should be aware of before automatization might be implemented at research libraries.

  • Johansson, Ava
    Från SAB till DDK, eller?: En komparativ studie av tre klassifikationssystem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The responsibility for the Swedish national classification system ”Klassifikationssystem för svenska bibliotek” (SAB) was passed to Kungliga Biblioteket (KB) 2014 and they ceased to update the system. Instead, KB encourages the Swedish libraries to use the American classification system Dewey decimal classification system (DDC). In a survey from 2016 around 80% of the Swedish public libraries claim that a shift to DDC is not being planned. This study aims to make a comparative study of these two systems (SAB & DDC) and the new classification system Rainbow which was created in Örnsköldsvik because the librarians who worked there didn’t find either SAB or DDC to be user friendly enough systems. By using a set of concepts the study aims to answer the question what likenesses and differences the three systems have in terms of notation, and to which degree they correspond to the concepts formulated by Batley. By using a comparative system analysis of the notation of the three system the conclusion that SAB fulfills the theoretical framework to 40%, DDC to 40% and Rainbow to 60% where reached.

  • Nyström, Elvira
    et al.
    Olsson, Louise
    Dejtingappar och integritet: En studie om hur företag hanterar sina användares integritet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that companies behind applications and websites are using strategic ways of manipulating and misleading their users, often through interface and design. This behavior is described in terms of dark patterns. The main reason for these deceptive ways is to trick users into doing things they may not intended to do from the beginning, for example sharing of personal data and exposing more of their privacy than what is needed for the purpose of the service.

    Dating through different applications has become a more common way to find love. What these apps usually have in common is the need for gathering personal data from their uses, and in many cases this includes sensitive personal data like sexual orientation. Because of this, the purpose of the study was to examine whether dating apps care for their user’s integrity or also use suspect ways to manipulate through structure, design and content. Five of the most used dating apps in Sweden were observed through a qualitative content analysis with a focus on aspects that are relevant in information architecture. The results showed that all of the apps were using design in manipulative ways and two of them even made it impossible to quit the account after registration. These discoveries really raises questions about whether it is ethical of companies to work in this way and if they care more about their own gain than their users’ integrity.

  • Tsegaye, Sara
    Dubbelt osynliga i biblioteksrummet: En studie om bibliotekets service för vuxna med AST2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The aim of this thesis is to try to contribute to the research about adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in public libraries. The two research questions this study attempts to answer are: How do the public libraries in a Swedish city work to increase accessibility for adults on the autism spectrum? And, what possibilities are there for the public libraries to help adults on the spectrum be more socially included and increase accessibility (as defined by the social model of disability) to create a more socially sustainable library?

    The study has two different research methods, because the lack of previous research necessitated a basic quantitative survey to start with. The survey was distributed to public libraries in a Swedish city. The results of the survey showed, with a few exceptions, that the respondents do not work for adults with ASD. In addition to the survey, a qualitative comparative analysis of international projects was made to examine different ways of working towards the group. The projects were analysed to examine ways to work towards the group, based on an understanding of barriers based on the social model of disability. The analysis showed that projects often contained an informational course on ASD and that a social network was an important component for further skills development.

    It is problematic, from a social sustainability perspective, when a group in society is excluded from the mind set of societal institutions. Adults with ASD are by law a prioritized group for the Swedish libraries and the work towards accessibility should reflect that.

  • Bengtsson, Linnéa
    Gränssnitt och identitet inom Tinder och Grindr: Skillnader med avseende på identitetsframställning, funktioner, hierarkier samt presenterat innehåll mellan dejtingapplikationer beroende på syfte och målgrupp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to gain a more in-depth knowledge and understanding of the dating applications Tinder and Grindr and their structure regarding accented information and identity codes. I intended to gain an understanding of human perception and how this is applied to our modern dating applications. The main focus of the thesis was information hierarchies and visual hierarchies and how people perceive various visual elements. Another relevant aspect was the applications profile settings and self- presentation on the web. The method of the study was a qualitative content analysis with a deductive approach. The empirical material was categorized and summarized in a comparison between the two applications. In the study, discussions arose about the target group and the actual motives of the applications, which was a significant part of the result. Questions about gender, self and other specific identity aspects were also discussed during the study. This essay is written in Swedish.

  • Gustafsson, Jennie
    et al.
    Paula Wlodarska, Sandra
    Engagemang på sociala medier: en studie om användarengagemang på skönhetsvarumärkens Instagramkonton2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores what creates engagement on social media, studying user engagement with beauty brands on Instagram. In the last few years, social media has changed the way brands and individuals interact online. Depending on the context, different factors need to be considered in engaging the users. The study uses content analysis to investigate what drives the most engagement in the form of likes on Instagram coupled with semi-structured interviews to find out more detailed explanations and information about the user needs. The study analyses the result, using the information architecture model, containing the relationship between users, content and context, to explain how it relates to what creates engagement on social media. By analysing previous research and the data collected in our study we could reach a result. The study shows that for beauty brands to engage with their followers on Instagram, they first need to understand the users, content and context. Meaning they need to understand the context in which they are posting, what content to post depending on the context and most importantly, the users and what they need.

  • Peterson, Karin ()
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Talman, Riikka
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Weaving Form, Forming Weave: Submitted as an exhibition proposal under the track ‘Critical Textiles’2019Artistic output (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The traditional method of cut and assemble in garment making is accused of disregarding the importance of the materiality of textiles, and the three dimensionality of our body. Our joint venture aims to address this gap by investigating the expressive possibilities of woven textiles with inherent form-giving qualities in conjunction with garment moulds, similar to Miyake’s self-forming weaves (Howarth 2014) and Brown’s ideas on the relationship between form and surface (Brown 2013). Changes in texture, size and shape of the textile and the placement of openings for limbs inform the shape of the mould and the placement of the textile on the mould. 

    Likewise, the form of the mould informs the shape of the garment through the textile’s ability for change. This allows for close communication between textile and form as both are developed in conjunction, from initial sketch through to final garment. The moulds are obtained using a method of ‘reversed crafting’, mimicking processes found in glass and ceramics where the space between body is addressed whilst treating form giving and crafting of surfaces as a simultaneous act of doing and thinking. Formability is embedded in Jacquard woven multi-layered fabrics through combining heat reactive shrinking yarns with stable base materials. Stops and seams are added in the fabric while weaving, creating a raw shape for the garment. 

    The results are presented as 4-6 form experiments in scale 1:4, arrived at in collaboration with material, body and digital and analogue tools. Process images illustrate the relationship between the weave and the mould in the form giving processes of dress. Together, we suggest a renewed focus on the tangible materiality of textiles when forming garments in interplay with the three dimensional form. Further, the work proposes alternative methods for design making and thinking at the intersection of textile and fashion design.

  • Blom, Alina
    et al.
    Brodin, Frida
    Navigering och användarupplevelse: En studie av navigering på e-handelsplatser med inriktning skönhetsprodukter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examined the user experience of horizontal, vertical and faceted navigation on two beauty e-commerce websites. As a data collection method, we conducted user testing with the think aloud method and interviews. The results showed differences in how the users experienced the navigation at the beginning and after use. More specifically, the results showed that users initially expressed negative feelings related to the vertical navigation system, which became more positive after use. Moreover, the study showed that the user experience of the horizontal navigation system changed over time, where the initial experience was more positive than the end experience. The study also revealed various experiences and feelings related to faceted navigation which suggests that the user experience of faceted navigation depends on several different factors which needs to be further explored.

  • Holmström, Veronica
    et al.
    Sandgren, Frida
    Riktlinjer för god användarupplevelse på livsstilsapplikationer: En analys av mobilapplikationerna Lifesum, FoodCheck och MyFitnessPal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to contribute to increased knowledge about how lifestyle applications should be formed to achieve good user experience. By analysing the content of three equivalent applications using comparative study along with results from user testing with follow up interviews, suggestions are made for future lifestyle applications. The suggestions are guidelines for improvement of the user experience based on content, interaction design, information design and information architecture. The result shows that the user experience is most impacted by the effectiveness of a lifestyle application. Other factors in the construction and configuration also affect the user experience.

  • Prissberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Julia
    Den upplevda användbarheten av RISE intranät: En fallstudie med fokus på användarna2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this case study is to examine how the employees perceive the usability of RISEintranet, Medarbetarportalen, and their attitude toward using it. Semi-structured interviews were used as a method to gather empirical data. A theoretical framework was made based on the selected usability components Relevance, Efficiency, and Learnability in combination with the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The theoretical framework was then used to analyse the empirical findings. The study shows an overall average, with a tendency towards low attitude against the usability of the intranet.

  • Blomgren, Jennie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydberg, Annie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sociala mediers eventuella inverkan på ungdomars hälsa och välbefinnande: En enkätstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa klassas som en folkhälsosjukdom och det ses en ökning av psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar. Användandet av sociala medier ökar drastiskt i vårt samhälle vilket resulterar i både positiva och negativa konsekvenser av ungdomars välbefinnande och hälsa. Ökningen av cybermobbning är en negativ konsekvens av sociala medier och är ett problem i ungdomsåren. Även användningen av sociala medier på kvällen kan påverka sömnen negativt. Sjuksköterskans roll i detta är att skapa medvetenhet, öka kunskapen och uppmärksamma denna faktor hos ungdomar som inte mår bra och som söker vård för såväl psykiska som fysiska symtom. Kan sociala medier vara en bidragande faktor till ökningen av ungdomars psykiska ohälsa?

    Syfte: Att beskriva ungdomars hälsa och välbefinnande och att relatera detta till den tid som de spenderar på sociala meder.

    Metod: Studien utfördes som en kvantitativ enkätstudie där datainsamlingen skedde på en gymnasieskola i Sverige. Enkäten bestod av tre frågor om ungdomars användande på sociala medier samt välmåendeskalan på 18 frågor. Enkäten besvarades av 149 deltagare varav 113 med slutförda svar, jämt fördelat mellan pojkar och flickor.

    Resultat: Hela 21 % av ungdomarna i studien hade någon gång upplevt kränkning eller mobbning på sociala medier, främst flickor. De ungdomar som använde sociala medier över sex timmar per dygn skattade sitt välmående lägre än ungdomarna med lägre social medieanvändning. Ungdomarna som använde sociala medier under en senare tid på dagen föreföll att ha en sämre sömn.

    Diskussion: Vikten av kunskap och tidig identifiering av att sociala medier kan vara en faktor som kan orsaka psykisk ohälsa hos ungdomar bör uppmärksammas för att eventuellt kunna främja ungdomars hälsa och välbefinnande.

  • Dahlin, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kontakten med barnhälsovården vid kolikrelaterade besvär: Föräldrarnas upplevelser2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns inte många tidigare studier om föräldrars upplevelser av vården när barnet har kolik. De flesta av studierna som finns inriktar sig på föräldrars upplevelser av att ha ett barn med kolik och inte om vården. Den här studien kan ligga till grund för hur sjuksköterskan som jobbar inom barnhälsovården på bästa sätt ska kunna möta föräldrar som har ett barn med kolik. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva föräldrars upplevelser när deras barn har kolik och kontakten med barnhälsovården och en kvalitativ ansats användes med induktiv innehållsanalys som metod. Materialet samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjufrågor och deltagare i studien var mammor som hade ett barn som haft kolikrelaterade besvär det senaste året.

    Resultatet av analys av intervjuerna delades upp i tre olika huvudkategorier: Att bli tagen på allvar, att ingå i ett sammanhang och att känna tillit till vården. Att bli tagen på allvar handlar om föräldrarnas upplevelser av hur vården hanterar deras tankar, funderingar och oro då deras barn har kolik. Att ingå i ett sammanhang handlar om att föräldrarna önskar att känna sig som en del av sin omgivning och att känna sig stöttade i sin roll som föräldrar. Att känna tillit till vården handlar om föräldrarnas upplevelser av att få information och om kunskapen hos vårdgivaren. Denna studie visar vikten av att som sköterska lyssna på föräldrarnas tankar och upplevelser och på så vis kunna ge mer stöd. Ett möjligt fortsatt förbättringsarbete vore att skapa en tydlig struktur i arbetet med kolik för all barnhälsovård.

  • Frisell, Josefina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Oskarsson, Hanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    En andra chans: Patienters upplevelse av vården efter ett suicidförsök2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Suicid och suicidförsök är en medveten handling om att vilja avsluta sitt liv, ofta som följd av psykisk ohälsa. Tidigare suicidförsök och långvarig psykisk ohälsa ökar risken till att genomföra suicid. Forskning visar att det finns en osäkerhet hos vårdpersonal inför att bemöta patienter som genomfört ett suicidförsök. Studiens syfte var att belysa patienternas upplevelse av vården efter ett suicidförsök. Metoden som användes var en litteraturöversikt med 14 kvalitativa artiklar inkluderade. Resultatet sammanfattas i tre olika teman; Att möta vården, Bli bemött och sedd som medmänniska samt Läkning och återhämtning. Diskussionen innefattar de positiva effekterna i omvårdnaden genom att skapa förtroende, förstå innebörden av kommunikationens betydelse, den vårdande relationens betydelse och att inkludera familjen. Ökad utbildning inom kommunikation för vårdpersonal ger större förutsättningar att tidigare skapa förtroende och välbefinnande hos patienten, vilket kan kopplas till hållbar utveckling. Genom verbal lindring minskas behovet av läkemedel och hindra destruktiva handlingar som kan leda till ett ökat vårdbehov. 

  • Hansson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Spets, Christopher
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Uttorkning av prefab betongbjälklag2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Major problems with moisture in buildings that can be related to so-called building moisture arereported annually. The problem with dense surface layer on top of concrete slab becomes more common. In schools and hospitals, the environment requires floors that are easy to clean, and the only solution is to use a plastic mat. A plastic mat on a concrete slab demands that the relative humidity (RH) must be below 85 %. This to prevent moisture from dissolve the glue which could lead to microbial growth and mold. People staying daily in this kind of environment could suffer from health issues. Suchas headaches, fatigue, concentration problems, irritation and dryness in eyes, nose, throat and skin.

    This report in collaboration with UBAB, Ulricehamns betong, is comparing how the different recipes of concrete and the climate of storage will impact on RH. The recipes used are three of UBAB: s standardrecipes. One recipe with low water-cement ratio wich is created to shorten the time for the concreteto dry. Two slabs are made for each recipe, one is stored outdoors and the other one indoors during the period January to May. The method used to measure the RH is by drilling hole in the concrete and make measurements according to RBK standards. A comparing study is made with removed concrete from slab to test tubes. RH is then measured in a climate cabinet.

    The results show that slabs stored indoors have a lower RH compared to the slabs that have been stored outdoors. The slab with low water-cement ratio stored outdoors has the lowest RH of the outdoor slabs, but still higher than all slabs that have been stored indoors. Results from test with removed concrete confirmed how the environment of storage has large impact on the speed of drying. Although the values of RH were too low to be trusted.

    Calculations made with TorkaS does not match the results from measurements. TorkaS overestimates RH for slabs stored outdoors. RH for slabs stored indoors are underestimated by TorkaS.

  • Hedström, Nathalie
    et al.
    Lundberg, Lovisa
    Attityder till personifierad reklam på Facebook.: En kvantitativ studie om Generation Y:s attityder gentemot riktade annonser på Facebook.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media and networking sites are an integral part of many individuals’ everyday life and the platforms are growing in both popularity and number of users every day. Facebook, being the most popular social networking site in Sweden, is an excellent place for advertisers to communicate with potential customers and consumers. Today’s advertisers provide Online Behavioral Advertising (OBA), which is the practice of tailoring advertising based on an individual's online activities and personal information. This targeting technique might be a successful way for advertisers to increase advertising effectiveness, but it also causes privacy concern. Using an online survey, the current study aims to examine Generation Y’s (individuals born between 1984-2003) attitudes towards OBA on Facebook. A total of 165 respondents participated in the study.

    The results ascertained that Generation Y in general had a negative attitude towards OBA and felt uncomfortable with their online activities being tracked. However, the findings suggest that young adults (aged 16-25 years old) had a slightly more positive attitude to Facebook advertising compared to the older individuals within Generation Y. Females also had a somewhat more favorable attitude towards Facebook advertising compared to males. Moreover, ads are considered more annoying by those who spend more time on Facebook. Theoretical and prac- tical implications of findings as well as areas for future research are discussed.

  • Johansson, Marcus
    et al.
    Lundgren, Robin
    Tillit i en ny e-handelskontext: Hur aspekter av informationsarkitektur påverkar användarnas tillit2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis aims to examine how users’ trust is affected on a single product e-commerce website. With a focus on aspects of information architecture that have been identified as critical to users’ trust in traditional e- commerce, we aim to examine how these aspects are valued by the users in regard to trust in this new e- commerce context. A mixed method approach, consisting of an evaluation survey that generated both quantitative and qualitative data was applied. The survey gathered the participants’ attitude on how the aspects of the website affected their trust and was supplemented by open-ended answers explaining which dimensions of the aspect that were critical on their perceived trust. Findings from this study are consistent with previous research on traditional e-commerce websites, proving all examined aspects to have a significant impact on the users’ perceived trust. Further findings in this study identify both opportunities and complications in regards to implementing information architecture that comes with the use of the single product website business model.

  • Karlsson, Olivia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Källberg Veijola, Lovisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Känslan av att vara olagligt sjuk: Patienters upplevelser av att leva med psykosomatisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens forskning visar på ökat vårdbehov för psykosomatisk ohälsa. Dessa patienter är återkommande inom vården och faller mellan stolarna då deras ohälsa benämns som bland annat medicinskt oförklarliga symtom. Forskning visar också att kvinnor är den överrepresenterade gruppen. Psykosomatisk ohälsa definieras på olika sätt inom vården beroende på vem som vårdar. Resultatet av de olika definitionerna leder till bland annat feldiagnostiseringar och felbehandlingar till följd av en okunskap inom området. Studien ämnar beskriva hur patienter med psykosomatisk ohälsa erfar sin tillvaro, för att få en ökad förståelse för det. En litteraturöversikt har genomförts som studiedesign där åtta kvalitativa artiklar har analyserats som presenteras i fyra huvudteman; upplevelsen av att vara olagligt sjuk, den existentiella osäkerheten, sökandet efter en meningsfull tillvaro och människans sökande efter egna strategier i sin ohälsa. Upplevelsen av att vara olagligt sjuk har visat sig bottna främst i sjuksköterskans roll och okunskap gentemot patienter som lever med psykosomatisk ohälsa. Då patienter erfar sin ohälsa genom sin levda kropp bör sjuksköterskor vårda utifrån ett holistiskt förhållningssätt, där människan ses som en helhet.

  • Lundgren, Olha
    Vem ska göra uppgiften?: En fallstudie i implementering av skolbibliotekets pedagogiska uppgift.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School libraries in Sweden are intended to be an integrated part of the pedagogic curriculum. School leaders are proven to give libraries insufficient support when it comes to funding, employing adequate library staff and promoting cooperation between librarian and teachers. A new digitalization strategy initiated by the Swedish government singles out school library as one of the key actors in digitalization of the education sector. Can it fulfill this role without a professional librarian? This is a case study of a Swedish school that seeks to describe an implementation process that takes place after the policy is passed and before it is successfully implemented. Implementation theory is used to analyze the results of the semi-structured interviews.

  • Lundqvist, Jesper
    et al.
    Ljungblad, Victor
    Påverka din skärmtid: En studie om hur en display i gråskala kan påverka användandet av sociala medier på smarttelefoner2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how greyscale affects the screen time on smartphones and in what way it influences the user experience on the social media applications Facebook and Instagram. The use of social media applications is constantly increasing which has resulted in negative effects like difficulties with concentration and attention among individuals. Color can be used to make objects salient and draw attention to it. Color can also be used to affect the user experience through aesthetic aspects and the feelings that are connected to the interface. How greyscale affects the screen time on social media was investigated through a quantitative experiment that measured the screen time of the participants. The experiment was followed by an interview with the purpose to examine the participants’ user experience of the interface in greyscale with focus on aesthetic, emotional and functional aspects. The results show that color has importance for the way users are using social media, how long they tend to use the applications and that the screen time is reduced significantly when social media are used on a smartphone in greyscale. Further, the results also indicate that the user experience is affected by the absence of color. Aesthetic and emotional factors were the most affected by the change to greyscale. Functional factors were also affected by the removal of the colors on the interface, but not to the same extent, as the participants already knew how to use the applications.

  • Marberg, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Mizani, Roxana
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelsen i mötet med patienter med risk att utveckla substansberoende av opioider och bensodiazepiner: En litteraturöversikt av sjuksköterskans perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Substansberoende orsakar mer och mer hälsorelaterade problem hos många individer. Sjuksköterskan bär ett ansvar över att minska utvecklingen av substansberoende samt lindra patienters lidande. Detta kan i sin tur orsaka ett dilemma för sjuksköterskan som vill lindra patientens smärta eller ångest men samtidigt inte orsaka ett beroende. Syftet med studien är att beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser i mötet med patienter som har ett substansberoende på grund av behandling med bensodiazepiner eller opioider. Litteraturöversikten baserades på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar av både kvalitativ- och kvantitativ design. Artiklarna hämtades ifrån databaserna Cinahl och PubMed. Två huvudteman identifierades utifrån valda artiklar: “Sjuksköterskans kompetensbrister” och “Problem i patientmötet” med tillhörande subteman: “Kunskapsbrist om drogerna”, “Kunskapsbrist om administreringssätt”, “Kunskapsbrist om beroendeproblematik”, “Känsla av otillräcklighet”, “Brist på tid”, “Rädsla för patienten” och “Brist på förtroende”. Utifrån studiens resultat drogs slutsatsen att olika brister i vårdandet påverkar sjuksköterskans upplevelser och attityder i mötet med patienterna som har risk för substansberoende av bensodiazepiner och opioider.

  • Norinder, Isabelle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Viitala, Jenny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede i hemmet: En intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler patienter i livets slutskede väljer att vårdas i det egna hemmet och vården är mer komplex än tidigare. Detta ställer krav på att det finns rätt kompetens, resurser och tid hos sjuksköterskor i hemsjukvården. Vården är ojämlik och vilken vård som erbjuds varierar från kommun till kommun. Tidigare forskning visade att sjuksköterskor anser sig ha god kunskap men önskade regelbunden utbildning om vård i livets slutskede. De upplevde brist på tid, personal, utrustning och aktuell information om patienten. De tyckte också att samarbetet mellan olika organisationer behövde förbättras.

    Syftet var att belysa sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede i deras hem. En kvalitativ empiriskt studie gjordes för att undersöka sjuksköterskors upplevelse av att vårda palliativa patienter i hemmet. Datainsamlingen skedde genom semistrukturerade intervjuer som analyserades genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Det blev fyra kategorier och åtta subkategorier där huvudfynden var att sjuksköterskorna upplevde att deras kunskap var god och kom genom erfarenhet och inte utbildning. De önskade ändå regelbunden utbildning och att grundutbildningen handlade mer om palliativ vård. Samverkan med andra vårdaktörer upplevdes fungera väl och var en viktig förutsättning. Vård i livets slutskede var givande och en stor del av sjuksköterskornas arbete i hemsjukvården. Studien bekräftade tidigare forskning att sjuksköterskorna hade god kunskap men önskade mer utbildning. Däremot upplevde sjuksköterskorna att samarbetet med andra vårdaktörer för det mesta fungerade bra och de upplevde inga problem med tillgång till tid, personal och utrustning.

  • Rogstad Aakre, Idun
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Åhlander, Ebba
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Fysisk aktivitet i samband med psykisk ohälsa: En outnyttjad resurs inom vården?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är ett växande samhällsproblem, med påverkan på både samhälls- och individnivå. Fysisk inaktivitet och psykisk ohälsa har ett starkt samband och fysisk aktivitet har visat sig ge goda effekter som kompletterande behandling vid psykisk ohälsa. Hälsofördelarna med fysisk aktivitet för patienter med psykisk ohälsa är erkända inom psykiatriskt vård, men används sannolikt i låg utsträckning i praktiken. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur sjuksköterskan kan främja fysisk aktivitet i vårdandet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa. Studien är i form av en litteraturstudie. Resultatet av dataanalysen ledde till tre huvudteman: Stöd och motivation, information och undervisning och trygghet. Under dessa huvudteman utformades nio stycken subteman som ger struktur till resultatet. Sjuksköterskor och patienter identifierar ett antal olika hindrande och möjliggörande faktorer; bland annat läkemedelsbiverkningar, tidsbrist, stigmatisering av psykisk ohälsa i samhället, okunskap och brist på utbildning inom fysisk aktivitet. Slutsatser som dras av resultatet visar på vikten av att sjuksköterskan utgår ifrån ett helhetsperspektiv med utgång i livsvärlden i vårdandet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa. 

  • Gustafsson, Lina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Julkunen, Hanna Nathassia Sabrina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sminkat ansvar: Relationshantering på sociala medier2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As today's consumers become increasingly aware of the global, social and environmental consequences that our consumption brings, has in recent years influenced companies' way towards business ethics and sustainability. Therefore, corporate responsibility for the environment and society has become a central subject in business decisions, also known as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The purpose of CSR is to encourage and integrate the work of ethical, financial, social and environmental aspects of business processes, and in relation to stakeholders, in addition to what the law requires. One tool that is becoming more common among companies when communicating their CSR work, is via social media. The increased use of social media has changed the communication for both companies and consumers, as it has created new opportunities to integrate with one another. The use of social media can thus be an effective tool in market communication, as it can be used as a direct communication tool to its target groups, as well as be used to build, maintain and nurture the relationship with its consumers. In addition, social media has increased the transparency, as it creates accessibility to information, whereas the consumers have more information and insight about companies today. Which demands on companies' marketing communications to be handled effectively, not least in the field of CSR, since social responsibility is a highly debated topic among today's consumers. Companies are becoming more aware of the possibilities of using social media, however, if it is not used or handled properly, it can also prove to be an obstacle as it is an advantage. Since social media creates an opportunity for consumers to provide feedback, which in many cases within CSR can be negative, it can also create the opportunity to easily spread Negative Word of Mouth (NWOM). Thus, communicating CSR on social media can therefore be a challenge for companies. If companies can manage social media, it can be used as an effective marketing communication tool. Therefore, it is important to use strategies that can handle possible conflicts that may arise in discussions of CSR on social media. If it is not handled, it can affect consumers' attitudes and purchase intentions, and ultimately their relationships with a brand. The purpose of this study is to investigate and observe strategies in market communication with CSR discussions on the social media platform, Facebook [Facebook pages]. Furthermore, identify possible challenges that the observed strategies pose, with the aim of gaining an increased understanding of strategy management in market communication. To study CSR communication on social media, the study has delimited to the cosmetics industry, as an empirical context, due to currently great discussions about CSR among consumers. The study resulted in a CSR-integrated relationship management model and observed two main categories: Verbal and non-verbal relationship management strategies. which includes four different management strategies; accommodating, defensive, censorship and non-engaging. The study also resulted in different difficulties companies have when using social media [Facebook pages] within the field of CSR. It observed three major difficulties/challenges; (1) It is difficult to satisfy a displeased consumer within the concept of CSR, due to the concept of CSR goes beyond the transaction and it is more based on an individual's emotions. As CSR is a complex subject, the difficulty of compensating a dissatisfied customer becomes challenging as CSR is about integrating social and environmental responsibility into the entire business model. (2) CSR discussions are difficult to manage for companies with traditional customer service strategies in social media marketing and webcare. (3) Companies that do not have integrated CSR into their business model from start, finds it difficult to create, maintain and nurture the relationship with their consumers within CSR discussions.

  • Rosdahl, Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Adrian, Mathilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ketola, Evelina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Rekrytering och ledarskapsstrategier inom evenemangsorganisationer: att rekrytera och leda evenemangets viktigaste resurs2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the leadership strategies of event organizations in their work with volunteers. Since earlier studies tend to be based solely on volunteers' perspectives, we found it interesting to conduct a study from an organizational perspective, which was made possible by semi-structured interviews with event organizations. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the leadership strategies that different event organizations applies when recruiting and leading volunteers. Three research questions were asked to answer our purpose: Which strategies do event organizations use when recruiting volunteers? Which strategies do event organizations use when leading volunteers? Which similarities and differences are there between the strategies that the event organizations use when recruiting and leading volunteers? This thesis is using four theoretical frameworks that help us to answer our research questions. Firstly, the framework Volunteer functions inventory, used an index to investigate how strategies are related to volunteer motivation factors. Secondly, the theory of The five practices of exemplary leadership, explaining how leaders will achieve idealistic leadership is presented. Thirdly, a theory for ideal strategy when recruiting volunteers, volunteer recruitment is explained. Lastly, Transformational leadership that describes a leadership style with the aim of involving volunteers in decision-making processes is presented. The study results indicate that event organizations formulates strategies for deciding how volunteers should be recruited and managed and that there are many similarities and differences found between these strategies. It is possible to identify that motivational factors, requirements, goals and visions, involvement and communication are the main factors that event organizations highlight as important to attract and satisfy volunteers. The result should be the basis for how organizations can recruit and lead volunteers through events via their leadership to create the result that event organizations strives for. The study will also help to understand if organizations in the event industry use strategies for how to recruit new volunteers and retain existing volunteers. The language of this thesis is Swedish.

  • Van Uytven, Sebastian
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Osmanbegovic, Nermin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Niebuhr, Peter
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Jämförbarhet inom hållbarhetsredovisning: med fokus på Sveriges fordonsindustri2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns comparability in sustainability reporting within the automotive sector in Sweden. Existing research has shown deficiencies in comparability of sustainability reports. The aim of the study is to examine, through an analysis of the current state of sustainability reporting, whether these shortcomings still exist and if so, how and why they present themselves. The study also aims to provide possible solutions for any identified deficiencies. The study is a qualitative study using empirical data in the form of sustainability reports. The results of the study show that sustainability reports in the automotive sector in Sweden still exhibit deficiencies in comparability. Stakeholder demands are identified as the primary reason for differences in reporting practices, as it’s per their demand that corporations report sustainability information. The study also identifies differences in the companies’ core activity as a determinant for this. Possible solutions are suggested as increased integration of the sustainability reporting of the value chain as a whole, as well as harmonisation of processes through cooperation with industry associations. Furthermore, increased quality control through legislation is suggested as well as increased cooperation between legislators and industry associations in order to achieve this. The authors suggest that further research can be aimed at identifying the respective importance of these different causes for shortcomings in comparability, as well as possible unidentified factors. The study was conducted and is presented in Swedish.

  • Harzdorf, Hjördis
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Talal Abdulrahman, Hanin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Duric, Sumejja
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Privacy Paradox: En kvalitativ studie om svenskars medvetenhet och värnande om integritet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through digitalisation of the society and the technological development, the marketing strategies has progressively been reformed. From mainly giving attention to the product towards the consumers to instead place the consumer in the center of attention. Subsequently advanced algorithms, Business Intelligence and digital DNA tracing has enabled individualisation and target marketing, for the interest of the consumer, this also gave access to predict consumer behaviour. Meanwhile individuals put a big value on anonymity and integrity online. Despite this consumers keep sharing their data voluntary, primarily through customer clubs, the internet and social media. This behaviour demonstrates a so called “privacy paradox”. Privacy paradox refers consumers awareness and concern about sharing personal data, while still sharing their information. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the phenomenon of privacy paradox exists in Swedish consumers actions and the consumer’s awareness of the use of personal data for targeted online marketing. The empirical material in this study exists of semi-structured interviews with 7 different respondents regarding their consciousness, trust and integrity online. The results were analyzed through the thematic strategy to easily identify behavioural patterns that the respondents showed. Lastly, the phenomenon of privacy paradox in Swedish consumers is answered through three research questions 1. ​“How aware are Swedish consumers regarding the information they share, particularly in target marketing? ​2. ​“How much does the Swedish consumer care about their integrity?” ​3. ​“Does the Swedish consumer show privacy paradox and why?”. The majority of the respondents were aware that personal information exists online. The awareness regarding what kind of information that is available for both private users and organisations varied. While respondents mentioned that they want to protect their privacy, their actions proved otherwise. With the help of this study, we could conclude that the phenomenon named privacy paradox exists through the information gathered from the swedish consumers that participated in this study. Reasons being the willingness to not be excluded from society and the cognitive trust towards organizations. You trust that they do the right thing. Respondents protected privacy by reducing the amount of personal information other individuals could access. Another reason that was brought up was the difficulty in changing habits and behaviour. Therefore respondents continued doing the same things as before, despite new knowledge and GDPR. Respondents showed different levels of understanding regarding targeted marketing. However the majority was not aware of the amount of stored information and how it is collected, for example through cookies.

  • Johnsson, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Belvroy, Celine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ragnhage, Kajsa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    När idrottsorganisationer tar ansvar: kommunikation och aktiviteter som påverkar medlemmar och samhälle.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research on sustainability is immense and there are often differences between the perspectives and the meanings. People nowadays are very aware of sustainability and this gives organizations a bigger opportunity to include this in their work. That’s why this study is written; to explore how IF Elfsborg and Göteborg HC, as sport organizations, are working with this aspect and how they are communicating it to the society and their members. This study aimed to explore the concept of social sustainability by studying two sports organizations. To obtain the knowledge of how the sport organizations communicate these concepts the study followed a comparative design with a qualitative research strategy. A model was then created to further support the understanding of communication strategy and social sustainability and what it brings out and contribute to society with. This lead to an analysis through the model. The empirical data has been collected through semi-structured interviews with the concerned parties. By interviewing IF Elfsborg and Göteborg HC, information about their work and strategy of working with sustainability and communication was collected. There are multiple communication strategies such as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Cause Related Marketing (CRM) och Corporate Sustainability Strategy (CSS) but both organizations only uses CSR as a tool in their work towards sustainability. It is important that organizations have knowledge about sustainability and the aspects it includes to be able to implement communication strategies. 

  • Andersson, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Isacsson, Josefine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lewander, Christoffer
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Skillnad mellan värdering och handling: millennials konsumtion av ekologiska livsmedel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a positive attitude towards ecological products and a concern over the state of our planet, there is a lack of priority consumption of these products. Part of the environmental impact is the food industry and the food choices consumers make. With a valuation of making ecologically sustainable choices, it has been shown that only an approximate third of consumers are prepared to take their values into action. At the same time, it turns out that consumers knowledge and awareness of ecological products is too low because of a lack of commitment to information research. The generation of millennials has been shown to be the most environmentally conscious, but despite this they do not behave sufficiently environmentally responsible because they do not take their ecological values into ecologic action. To gain an understanding of this problem, this study investigates the differences in consumer behavior between valuation and action for millennials on ecological foods. The study was done through a case study design with a qualitative research method. It was conducted through two focus group interviews consisting of a total of eleven participants. All participants were included by the generation of millennials. With the help of the theory, the study has reworked theoretical analysis model that forms the basis of the empiricism and analysis. The model may also be replicated for future research. The study shows current differences between valuation and action for the consumption of ecologic foods, that there is a difference where millennials do not always act according to their values. Consumers are critical of ecological products as there is a lack of communication from the companies regarding the requirements for these goods. This means that consumers prioritize goods that are locally grown, with low prices and short dates instead of organic, despite the knowledge of the lack of information. The study shows that millennial purchasing decisions are based on loyalty and habits, but that it is also influenced by the factors in the analysis model. These factors mainly consist of growing up, economic conditions, socializing, self-image and social media. Further on the study will be written in Swedish.

  • Apelkvist, Niklas
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ismail, Brin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    ”Billigast är inte alltid bäst, vi kommer aldrig att vara billigast men strävar efter att vara bäst”: En studie om kundlojalitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the banking sector has a determining impact on our everyday life, since we are allgenerally connected to a bank. This has contributed to the fact that banks have been exposedto increased competition, which puts pressure on banks to stand out from other competitorsand offer services that make the customer satisfied and loyal to their bank. Today, the bankshave brought a lot of resources to meet good customer satisfaction and customer loyalty.Customer loyalty is the result of several factors such as: customer satisfaction, trust andloyalty programs who is also presented in the essay.The essay will give the reader an overview of how banks in Borås works to create goodcustomer loyalty. The essay was limited to three banks in Borås, the Scandinavian IndividualBank (SEB), Swedbank and Nordea. The purpose of the essay is to create a deeperunderstanding of how banks work to maintain good customer loyalty.Through a qualitative method, this essay has investigated how banks works with customerloyalty and its key factors satisfaction, trust and the tool loyalty program.The essay consisted of questions based on previous research in customer loyalty, customersatisfaction, trust and loyalty programs. Representatives from the Scandinavian IndividualBank (SEB), Swedbank and Nordea answered questions regarding these four factors and howthey work to create good customer loyalty from their point of view.The results show that the three banks Scandinavian Individual Bank (SEB), Swedbank andNordea in Borås are aware of the importance of having a good customer loyalty in order tonot lose their customers.

  • Christensson, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Markert, Emilia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Två versioner av en händelse: En fallstudie om marknadskommunikation och förhållandet mellan nyhetsmedia och PR-utövare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a part of the emersion of the so called metoo -movement in 2017, an article was published by the Swedish mass media. The article concerned allegations of sexual abuse against a highly esteemed and powerful profile within the Swedish cultural scene. The accused man had a close connection to the well known institution the Swedish Academy. The study is based on marketing communication and focuses on the relationship between news media and public relations-strategists. Claims of sexual abuse had previously been brought to attention by the evening newspaper Expressen in 1997. Even so, the accusations were not dealt with until the second article was published by Dagens Nyheter 21 years later. The study investigates partly why these events were selected to be published as news both in 1997 and in 2017.Furthermore, the study investigates whether the two articles were angled according to theories of newsworthiness. The first part of the study's analysis consists of an overall qualitative content analysis, then it continues with a further more in-depth qualitative content analysis of Expressen's and Dagens Nyheter's articles. The first two methods of analysis aim to answer the first research question, why the event took place on the media agenda, according to theories of newsworthiness. In order to answer the study’s second research question a third qualitative content analysis model is used. It aims to examine how the two articles were angled in the media at a more interpretative level. The study dealt with an event where time has shown that the same event could cause different outcomes and consequences for PR-strategists depending on what insight the public gain through news media and depending on how the news article was produced. We found that the main differences between the articles were; who got to speak and how much space and the degree of seriousness the event was given when it was published. We wish to shed light on the fact that the news media play a central role in informing society and that they are responsible for sharing a truthful and realistic image of the world. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to the possible lack of such truthful versions in the media. Two articles published by the media have been addressed in the study. The study is written in Swedish.

  • Qiu, Zizhou
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Shi, Yuan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zheng, Ye
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Consumers' views towards electronic payment tools: users' comparison between Alipay in China and Swish in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve a cashless society, many countries have started to use electronic payment methods and tools to replace traditional payment methods. China and Sweden already have mature electronic payment tools, Swish, and Alipay. In this research, a phenomenological approach was used to interview users comparing two electronic payment tools, the Chinese Alipay and the Swedish Swish. The analysis of the respondents’ answers shows that convenience, security, and cost of electronic payment tools are the most important aspects to them, which is in line with previous research on acceptance, adoption and use of new technology, not only electronic payment tools. Convenience and security were more important. However, too much convenience will affect the interviewees' trust in electronic payment tools because it will make interviewees feel unsafe. Respondents' trust is affected by their own acquaintance; they trust electronic payment tools they know better.

  • Samuelsson, Aima
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Svensson, Jeanette
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Thulin, Tobias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nyckeltal för småföretag: skapandet och användandet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To comply with the requirement of the accounting on fair reporting, many companies today are including financial key ratios and/or key performance indicators on their annual reports. In Sweden, 97 percent of these businesses are small companies. These companies as long as they are incorporated are not an exemption. Therefore, this research paper aims to explore the creation and use of financial key ratios and/or key performance indicators in small incorporated companies to find out what financial key ratios and/or performance indicators they are using, how and why they are using them, and what they think of this tool. In this study, a qualitative method with a deductive approach has been used. The empiricism was gathered from the owners of five small companies located in Västra Götaland of Sweden through a semi-structured interview. All participating companies are incorporated with maximum of 49 workers. Other resources have also been used to get more information about the companies and their financial reports. The result shows that all participating companies are using financial key ratios and/or key performance indicators. They are using financial key ratios and/or key performance indicators that they have in their financial reports. Despite the lack of knowledge about this tool among small business owners, some companies have created their own key performance indicators and use them on a regular basis. It even shows that not all small companies are using financial key ratios and/or key performance indicators as a fundament for goals and strategies or to implement a strategy. This is because; small businesses can generate a strategy even without using this tool and still succeed with their goals. As they said, there are other factors that they consider have contributed to their success. In terms of knowledge, it really doesn’t matter that much because there are accounting firms that are helping business owners in managing their economy and gaining control on their financial situations. For the result to be generalized, it is recommended to make an extended study of more companies and interviews, or complete this study with a quantitative method. It may also be an advantage to interview small companies with their accounting firms to get both perspectives on the subject since not all small business owners have knowledge about the subject. This research paper is written in Swedish.

  • Zou, Yi Qian
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Zhang, Huicheng
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Consumers' and companies' attitudes to personalized advertising: a case study of Taobao2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The growing technology has changed the form of advertising and user behavior. Recent years, the amount of personalized advertising is on a steady rise. Personalized advertising is based on a method called retargeting to tailor the advertisements to individual consumers by inferring their interests and preferences.However, there are still many deficiencies in personalized advertising that reduce the user experience. Understanding the attitudes of users and companies to personalized advertising can help improve these deficiencies. Hence, the purpose of this study is to compare different opinions regarding personalized advertising from Chinese consumers and companies towards Taobao respectively.This investigation uses a case study method to study the purpose. Taobao is an e-commerce platform with a high frequency of personalized advertising and has a great impact on China. Therefore, Taobao has been chosen as our case. First the background of personalized advertising is introduced, and then personalized advertising in Taobao is described. The different opinions of both consumers and companies are studied. In general, consumers have a positive attitude towards personalized advertising. However, there is a need for improvement in terms of privacy, trust and effectiveness. For companies, the effect of personalized advertising is satisfying, but the price makes is difficult for them to afford it.

  • Public defence: 2020-01-31 10:00 Sparbankssalen, Borås
    Israelsson-Skogsberg, Åsa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Children living with Home Mechanical Ventilation: The everyday life experiences of the children, their siblings, parents and personal care assistants2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to explore the everyday life experiences of living with Home Mechanical Ventilation (HMV) from the perspective of the children and their siblings, parents and personal care assistants.

    Methods: Study I describes the experiences of personal care assistants (PCA) working with a ventilator-assisted person at home, based on qualitative content analysis according to Elo and Kyngäs (2008), of 15 semi-structured interviews. Study II, using qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004), focuses on exploring everyday life experiences from the perspective of children and young people on HMV, by means of interviews with nine children and young people receiving HMV. Study III, using a phenomenological hermeneutical method, illuminates the everyday life experiences of siblings of children on HMV, based on ten interviews. Study IV explores HRQoL, family functioning and sleep in parents of children on HMV, based on self-reported questionnaires completed by 85 parents.

    Results: PCAs working with a person with HMV experienced a complex work situation entailing a multidimensional responsibility. They badly wanted more education, support, and an organisation of their daily work that functioned properly. Children with HMV had the feeling that they were no longer sick, which included having plans and dreams of a future life chosen by themselves. However, at the same time, there were stories of an extraordinary fragility associated with sensitivity to bacteria, battery charges and power outages. The siblings' stories mirror a duality: being mature, empathetic, and knowledgeable while simultaneously being worried, having concerns, taking a lot of responsibility, being forced to grow up fast, and having limited time and space with one’s parents. Parents of children with HMV reported low HRQoL and family functioning in comparison with earlier research addressing parents of children with long-term conditions. One in four parents reported moderate or severe insomnia.

    Conclusion: Children receiving HMV may feel that they are fit and living an ordinary life, just like their healthy peers. At the same time the results of this thesis indicate that everyday life in the context of HMV is a fragile construct that in some respects resembles walking a tightrope. The fragility of the construct also affects the everyday lives of the families and the PCAs.

  • Public defence: 2020-01-31 10:00 E310, Borås
    Jabbari, Mostafa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Material development for textile bioreactor: All-polyamide composite for construction of bioreactors2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bioreactors are manufactured from stainless/carbon steel, concrete, glass, etc., which are costly and time-consuming to install. Recently, several research studies have been initiated to find cost-efficient materials for constructing bioreactors, one of which is coated textiles. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-coated polyester textile (PVCT) has been used for this purpose to make bioreactors more cost-effective and easier to install. In this thesis, the thermal insulation property of PVCT was improved, that enhances the energy efficiency of the process carried out within the bioreactor. However, recycling PVCT is challenging, as it is a mixture of PVC, polyester fabric, a plasticizer for the PVC, chemical linkers, and other processing-aid additives. A possible solution to address these issues is to use a coated textile composed of a single material. The polyester fabric can be replaced with a better performing fabric, such as polyamide, that generally has a longer lifetime as well as higher mechanical stability and is light-weight. A facile method was introduced to make a same-polymer coated textiles composite out of polyamide through the partial dissolution of the fabric’s surface followed by coagulation. The all-polyamide composite coated textiles (APCT) is mechanically stronger and more thermally stable than the PVCT as well as having less weight. Additionally, the APCT is fully recyclable as it contains only a single component. This property can be beneficial for the recyclability of the material. The APCT can be used in the construction of textile bioreactors as well as other applications that require gas-/water-tightness and flexibility at the same time. In addition, a new solvent for polyamide was proposed which can be used for the preparation of the APCT. A computer-assisted theoretical solvent selection method based on the Hansen solubility parameters was also introduced. The findings of this research can increase the economic efficiency of the biofuel production process by decreasing the initial investment. From a technical perspective, the methods introduced in this thesis can encourage researchers in related fields to produce same-polymer composites and find/replace solvent(s) in a more efficient way.

  • Jabbari, Mostafa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lundin, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hatamvand, M
    Computer Science and Mathematics Faculty, Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Computer-aided theoretical solvent selection using the simplex method based on Hansen solubility parameters2018In: Journal of Information Technology & Software Engineering, Vol. 8, no 4, article id 1000242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solvent selection is a crucial step in all solvent-involved processes. Using the Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs)could provide a solvent/solvent-mixture, but there are two main challenges: 1) What solvents should be selected? 2)From each solvent, how much should be added to the mixture? There is no straightforward way to answer the twochallenging questions. This contribution proposes a computer-aided method for selecting solvents (answer to thequestion 1) and finding the adequate amount of each solvent (answer to the question 2) to form a mixture of 2, 3 or4 solvents to dissolve a solute with known HSPs or to replace a solvent. To achieve this, a sophisticated computersoftware package was developed to find the optimized mixture using the mathematical Simplex algorithm based onHSPs values from a database of 234 solvents. To get a list of solvent-mixtures, polyamide66 was tested using itsHSPs. This technique reduces the laboratory effort required in selecting and screening solvent blends while allowinga large number of candidate solvents to be considered for inclusion in a blend. The outcome of this paper significantlydiminished the time of solvent development experimentation by decreasing the possible/necessary trials. Thus, themost suitable solvent/solvent-substitution can be found by the least possible effort; hence, it will save time and costof all solvent-involved processes in the fields of chemistry, polymer and coating industries, chemical engineering, etc.

  • Östman, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Bäck-Pettersson, Siv
    FoUU-centrum Fyrbodal, Research & Development Primary Health Care Fyrbodal, Region Västra Götaland.
    Sandvik, Ann-Helén
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sundler, Annelie Johansson
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    "Being in good hands": next of kin's perceptions of continuity of care in patients with heart failure2019In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 19, no 375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Heart failure (HF) is a chronic condition with a variety of diverse symptoms. Patients with HF are usually elderly with multimorbidity, which are both multifaceted and challenging. Being a next of kin to patients with HF is described as a complex task consisting of managing care and treatment, monitoring illness and being an emotional support, while also being able to navigate the healthcare system especially in long-term contact. However, few studies have investigated next of kin’s perceptions of continuity of care in connection with HF. The present study aimed to describe continuity of care as perceived by the next of kin who care for patients with HF.

    Methods

    This study used a qualitative descriptive design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the next of kin (n = 15) of patients with HF to obtain their perceptions of continuity of care. A phenomenographic analysis method was used to capture the participants’ perceptions of the phenomenon.

    Results

    The analysis reveals that the next of kin perceive that support from healthcare professionals was strongly associated with experiences of continuity of care. Four categories reveal the next of kin’s perceptions of continuity of care: Want to be involved without being in charge; A desire to be in control without acting as the driving force in the care situation; A need for sustainability without being overlooked; and Focusing on making life meaningful while being preoccupied with caregiving activities.

    Conclusions

    Next of kin perceive continuity of care, when they have access to care and treatment and when caregivers collaborate, regardless of healthcare is given by primary care, municipalities or specialist clinics. A sense of “being in good hands” sums up the need for continuous support, shared decision-making and seamless transitions between caregivers. It seems important that healthcare organisations safeguard effective and collaborative models. Moreover, professionals need to plan and perform healthcare in collaboration with patients and next of kin.

  • Algotsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Araya Theuerkauf, Cornelia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med endometrios: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Endometrios är en av de vanligaste gynekologiska diagnoserna i världen. Smärtor, blödningar och andra symtom begränsar kvinnornas dagliga liv. Dessa symtom normaliseras ofta av familj och vänner, vilket gör att den drabbade inte tar symtomen på allvar. Okunskap bland vårdpersonal gör att många kvinnors endometriosdiagnos fördröjs. Syfte med studien är att belysa kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med endometrios. Metoden för studien är en litteraturöversikt baserad på nio kvalitativa artiklar. Patientperspektivet och upplevelsen av ett liv med endometrios är i fokus.

    Resultatet visar att kvinnorna upplever både fysiska och psykiska begränsningar. Oro och ångest för hur deras dagliga liv kommer te sig är ständig närvarande. Det framkommer även att sexlivet påverkas och att sjukdomen kan ge konsekvenser som fertilitetsproblem vilket i många fall kan påverka eventuella relationer. Tvivel på den egna upplevelsen samt rädslan av att bli misstrodd leder till att drabbade kvinnor kan känna sig misslyckade och annorlunda. När diagnosen är fastställd upplever många en lättnad då de får bekräftat för sig själva att de inte bara inbillat sig. Många strävar efter att återfå kontroll över sin kropp och gör detta genom livsstilsförändringar såsom nyttigare levnadsvanor och mer motion. Diskussionen belyser tabun kring ämnet mens, både lokalt och internationellt. Normalisering av symtomen leder till diagnosfördröjning och felaktig behandling. Detta får följder såsom längre lidande och ökade samhällskostnader i form av bland annat sjukskrivningar. Diskussionen tar även upp att sjuksköterskan oftast är kvinnans första kontakt med vården. Därav har sjuksköterskan en möjlighet att ta del av kvinnans berättelse och tillsammans med rätt kunskap kan rätt diagnos ställas snabbare och lidandet förkortas. 

  • Evertsson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sandberg, Philippa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Upplevelser av att leva med dialys i hemmet: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En av njurarnas funktion är att rena blodet från slaggprodukter och överflödig vätska. Vid njursvikt försämras denna förmåga och dialys kan behövas för att kompensera funktionen. Det finns två olika dialysmetoder; hemodialys och peritonealdialys, vilket renar blodet på en konstgjord väg. Personer som erhåller hemodialys behandlas vanligtvis på sjukhus men liksom peritonealdialys går det att behandlas med hemodilays även i personens egna hem. Sjuksköterskan har ett ansvar att kunna ge en god vård vilket bland annat innebär att ta hänsyn till och få en uppfattning om personens livsvärld. Detta är en förutsättning för att kunna möta patienten, för att kunna ge individanpassad utbildning samt att arbeta hälsobefrämjande specifikt mot den enskilde personens behov.

    Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva personers upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med hemdialys. Metod var en litteraturöversikt där analysen utgjordes av sju kvalitativa och tre kvantitativa artiklar. Resultatet visade att hemdialys har en positiv inverkan på hälsan och att personerna upplevde en känsla av frihet. Sjuksköterskans stöd har visats ha en stor betydelse för personerna och att det är viktigt med en noggrann utbildning. Personerna upplevde en oro över att de var ensamma i ansvaret för behandlingen och även för att komplikationer skulle uppstå. Dialysbehandlingen gjorde att hemmet förändrades då mycket material skulle förvaras, det visades även att familjens stöd var betydelsefullt. Slutsatsen är att hemdialys har en positiv påverkan på hälsan men det har även visats skapa oro gällande det stora ansvaret för behandlingen. Sjuksköterskans stöd är betydelsefullt för att stärka personens självförtroende. Kunskapen kan användas för att förbättra sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete.

  • Graciani Tindemyr, Therese
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Näslund, Louise
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    När livet plötsligt stannar: En litteraturöversikt om patienters upplevelser efter ett hjärtstopp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 17 % av alla som får ett hjärtstopp överlever. Den vanligaste orsaken till ett hjärtstopp är hjärt- kärlsjukdom. Tidiga insatser av hjärt- och lungräddning ökar chans till överlevnad och minskar även risk för bestående skador. Detta ställer höga krav på hälso- och sjukvården. Som sjuksköterska kan du möta dessa patienter inom olika vårdformer. Oavsett så har sjuksköterskan en viktig roll i att stödja patienten i den nya situationen. Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt är att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att överleva ett hjärtstopp, de sex första månaderna efter händelsen. Litteraturöversikten baseras på nio artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats. Resultatet visar att patienter upplever en känsla av vilsenhet, behov av att söka svar och tacksamhet och trygghet i samband med uppvaknandet. Det visar också känslomässiga och fysiska utmaningar, utsatthet och övergivenhet samt ett behov av stöd och samhörighet. Känsla av vilsenhet och behov av att söka svar har vidare diskuterats och problematiserats. Minnesluckor från händelsen är vanligt och skapar känslor av bristande sammanhang hos flertal patienter. Även tankar kring tidigare livsstil och genetiska aspekter uppkom hos flera patienter efter ett hjärtstopp. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll att stötta patienten i att uppnå hälsa och välbefinnande trots sjukdom.

  • Grönbäck, Emma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Isaksson, Linda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskestudenters förväntningar inför kommande yrkesroll: En intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska sjuksköterskeutbildningen har genomgått flera förändringar under historien. Idag får lärosätena själva utforma utbildningen så länge målen uppfylls. Efter examen förväntas den nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskan ha den kunskap som sjuksköterskearbetet kräver. Sjuksköterskans arbete innebär ett stort ansvar för andra människor i relation till liv och hälsa. Dock har inte nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor tillräckligt med kunskap för alla situationer de kan förväntas möta. Ett bra stöd kan underlätta övergången. Dock visar forskning att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor fortfarande upplever hög arbetsbelastning och stress. Övergången från student till sjuksköterska kan således ses som problematisk. Studenter upplever blandade känslor inför att anta rollen som sjuksköterska.

    Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskestudenters förväntningar inför kommande yrkesroll. Data samlades in genom åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer. Informanterna var sjuksköterskestudenter i termin fem på högskolan i Borås. Intervjuerna analyserade utifrån en innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats. Resultatet presenterades genom två huvudkategorier; Positiva förväntningar och Negativa förväntningar, med sex subkategorier; Mötet med människan, Rollen som sjuksköterska, Utveckling av kunskap, Brist på erfarenhet, Hög arbetsbelastning och Brist på stöd. Resultatet visar att sjuksköterskestudenters förväntningar till stor del stämmer överens med nyutexaminerades upplevelser. De negativa förväntningarna ses kunna bero på omfattande problem avseende sjuksköterskeprofessionen i förhållande till sjuksköterskeutbildningen samt vårdverksamheten. Författarna uppmanar till att stärka forskning om sjuksköterskestudenters förväntningar. Såväl sjuksköterskeutbildningen som vårdverksamheten har ett ansvar för att gemensamt hitta en lösning. Politiker måste också ta sitt ansvar. Sjuksköterskestudenter måste ges optimala förutsättningar för en god hälsa i övergången samt anständiga arbetsvillkor, vilket också kan öka förutsättningarna för en patientsäker vård.

  • Gustavsson, Jimmie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Wiktorsson, Elin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors attityder, förhållningssätt och upplevelser av kunskap i relation till patienter med missbruksproblematik i den somatiska vården: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är inte ovanligt att sjuksköterskor inom den somatiska vården möter patienter med missbruksproblematik i det dagliga arbetet. Det innebär att sjuksköterskor behöver besitta kunskap och kompetens för att kunna tillämpa en god vård till dessa människor. Syftet med detta arbete var att undersöka sjuksköterskors attityder, förhållningssätt och upplevelser av kunskap i relation till patienter med missbruksproblematik inom den somatiska vården. Studien genomfördes i form av en litteraturöversikt och studiens resultat är en sammanställning av resultaten från 11 vetenskapliga studier. Resultaten beskrivs utifrån teman och subteman enligt följande rubriker: sjuksköterskors attityder och förhållningssätt i vårdandet av patienter med missbruksproblematik, sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och upplevelser i vårdandet och utbildningens värde genom kunskap och stöd.

    Resultatet visar att vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterskor med negativa attityder och patienter med missbruksproblematik kan präglas av misstänksamhet vilket inverkar negativt på vårdrelationen. Bristande attityder från sjuksköterskor, till följd av kunskapsbrist kan påverka vården av patienter med missbruksproblematik negativt. Sjuksköterskor ansåg sig vara i behov av mer utbildning samt stöd i sin yrkesroll. Mer kunskaper skulle kunna påverka sjuksköterskors attityder och förhållningssätt till det bättre och på så vis bidra till god kvalitet i vårdandet. Med ökad kunskap och kvalitet i vårdandet skulle hållbar utveckling kunna gynnas genom tillvaratagande av ekologiska, ekonomiska och sociala dimensioner.

  • Mellén, Johanna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Angervall, Petra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Gender and choice: Differentiating options in Upper secondary STEM programmes.2019In: Journal of education policy, ISSN 0268-0939, E-ISSN 1464-5106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extensive reforms of Sweden’s education system during the last few decades have resulted in deregulation and individualization of schools. In upper secondary education, a distinct flexible course structure with multiple options was introduced in order to enhance school effectiveness and equity. This study departs in some of the previously outlined tensions in educational research between market interests and a ‘free choice discourse’ in relation to processes of differentiation. The purpose of this article is to investigate the ways gender patterns may be reproduced in relation to the emergence of multiple options and the re-organization of subject matters within Swedish upper secondary science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education. Our case addresses relations between discourses of choice and gender articulated in policy incentives, and large-scale enrolment patterns. Our results show how multiple options reproduce gender orders by 1) changing the system in accordance with a general market logic emphasizing ‘freedom of choice’, and 2) distinguishing predominantly gendered subject matters. Also, our results point to the importance of studying the STEM domain at a non-aggregated level to further understand the mechanisms behind gender gaps in STEM education.