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  • Andersson, Isak
    Små skärmar, stor betydelse?: En studie i hur svenska SEO-företag arbetar med sökmotoroptimering i en mobil kontext2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the summer of 2015, Google revealed that the number of searches conducted through mobile phones, for the first time had exceeded the number of searches conducted via computers. Last year (2018) Google announced that they had begun to both index and rank websites according to the principle of mobile-first. This means that Google now considers the mobile phone, rather than the computer, as the primary device. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine what consequences this paradigm shift has for the process of search engine optimizing a website  through the lens of, in this case Swedish, SEO companies. A qualitative approach, using semi-structured interviews was applied with the purpose of gathering insights from the SEO companies on the subject. The findings of this study identify mobile-friendliness as a vital part of the SEO-process, in order to achieve high ranking in search results. Further findings also suggests that core principles of SEO are more likely to clash with core principles of UX-design in a mobile-first context, than when desktop reigned supreme.

  • Boffano, Anita
    Public libraries and digital competences.: A mixed-method analysis of job ads and professional views.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Technological advancements and digital tools have radically changed the professional profile of public librarians and yet little has been researched about the practical influence these changes have had on the digital competences that the professionals need in their daily work. The goal of the present paper is to examine which digital competences are required of the modern public librarian. A mixed-method research approach was adopted, based on content analysis of job advertisements retrieved from a Swedish context and semi-structured interviews with five currently employed librarians. A conceptual model was developed to allow a triangulation of results based on such different datasets. Results showed that the concept of digital competences is still defined in diffuse terms, often subjective to individual interpretations and strongly affected by the library’s size and user population. In spite of this, the professionals working in the public library sector clearly demand a minimum standard of digital skills and knowledge in all digital competences to be established. Such standard is needed both to perform daily responsibilities linked to the professional role of the public librarian and to the vital task of catering to the users’ needs. 

  • Bovbjerg Grip, Hampus
    Inspiration practice: a mixed method investigation of reference practices in art2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Writing has a peculiar place within higher art education. Students in all three cycles are required to produce written thesis work alongside their artistic work in order to receive a diploma. However, there is no established style or methodological approach to the written thesis work and the information practices of art students are not well researched.  This thesis attempts to discover and explain the information practices of art students by studying master’s theses from two Swedish universities using a mixed method. A quantitative study provides data on the types and subject of the references of interest to art students. While a qualitative study of a smaller number of theses is conducted in order to better understand the reference practices in the context of the art field. Results are analysed using a theoretical framework composed of Richard Whitley’s theories on the social and intellectual organization of the scientific fields and Björn Hammarfelt’s writing on reference practices within the humanities.  Findings confirm the previously documented importance of non-art material and print books, but also highlight the importance of various digital sources to students. It was also discovered that art students are unlikely to strictly follow established references styles in their theses. Instead, reference practices are highly individualized and related to variables such as degree of specialization within the individual program and the stylistic construction theses.

  • Henriksson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Karlsson, Linnéa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    TouchMath: En effektiv metod för elever med autism2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this review is to investigate the effectiveness of the TouchMath program in helping pupils master basic numeracy skills and mathematical calculations. There is also an aim to investigate the efficiency in a perspective of time, both in achieving results, and concerning the development of the method. The results presented is based on systematic literature reviews.

    Our review is a quantitative research made by compiling studies, conducted from 1973–2019, showing if and how the effectiveness of TouchMath consists over time, both in history and in children’s calculation ability. There is a total of nine studies chosen from their focus on the effectiveness of the TouchMath program. The studies were found by a combination of systematic searches in the databases Primo, ERIC (ProQuest) and Google Scholar and explorative searches through findings of references in other studies. After reading the studies in full, a survey was made to create an overview of the field.

    Regardless of time and a steady progress within the method itself, including a continued work following the basic numeracy exercises concerning all four modes of computation, TouchMath is still showing the same positive results.

  • Jonsson, Andreas
    ”Det finns nästan alltid hinder för någon grupp”: en studie om tillgänglighet på svenska folkbibliotek2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the creation of accessibility for people with disabilities at Swedish public libraries. The focus of the study was to investigate how libraries adapt their activities to meet the needs of people with disabilites. I was also interested in the barriers that the libraries experience in that adaptation and the libraries’ different views on opportunities for improvements in that area. The material used consists of a web survey and qualitative interviews. I used a univariate analysis and a thematic analysis as analysis tools. The analysis was based on theories from library and information science and disability studies. I found that Swedish public libraries have a thorough understanding of the importance of the creation of accessibility for people with different disabilities. However, the results from the survey and the interviews displayed a general lack of knowledge at the libraries about the needs of different members of this group.  That lack of knowledge was identified as a barrier for the accessibility at the libraries. Other barriers for inclusion and accessibility that were identified involved financial restrictions, lack of technical resources and nonexisting cooperations in municipalities and with different disability organisations. The study also showed that libraries, in their creation of accessibility for this group, tend to give priority to the access to the physical library and to literature, rather than to prioritise technical tools or program activities.

  • Nyman, Ulrika
    Nordiska lärosätens policydokument avseende open access: en jämförande analys2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The availability of both research results and data is appealing to different actors, which has increased the interest in open access significantly during the past decades. Generally, a more openly access to research results is regarded as a positive movement as this contributes to a faster spread of information, increase of visibility of research and the promotion of research collaborations. However, resistance concerning this movement exists such as limitations of the academic freedom, difficulties in choosing the right publication channel. This master thesis examines policy documents regarding the Nordic academic institutions’ approach to open access. It focuses on the communication style in policy documents, specifically whether researchers’ publishing freedom is considered when policies impose restrictions on researchers’ choice of publication type or channel. In order to examine the presented factors, an indication model was created that functions as a specification in which bearing concepts appear in the policies. The model could in the future guide policy makers when deciding which type of information is necessary to include in a policy. A finding in this study is that the majority of guidelines in policy documents remain relatively liberal concerning the manner in which scientific publication should be performed at each institution. The follow-up of the open access requirements in the policies is usually left to the interpretation of the individual researcher which makes the impact of the policies more difficult to analyse. In conclusion, the study shows a variation of open access policies, partly regarding outline and content, and partly concerning communication mode towards their recipients.

  • Storm, Annika
    ”Vi ska vara lika bra”: En studie om förutsättningar för små folkbibliotek på landsbygden.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the small public libraries' prerequisites for working in their local communities in relation to the challenges that the present gives. Furthermore, this thesis, a survey via qualitative interviews with six librarians working on small public libraries, will try to answer the questions: How do the informants view the physical role of the small public libraries in relation to what they contribute to the local community? Can threats be identified for the small public libraries' opportunities to operate according to law and expectations? How does the possibility for small public libraries in rural areas look to contribute to the local community through work with participation? The concepts of participation, social capital and Public Value are used together with previous research in the analysis of empirical data. The previous research examines the requirements and expectations of public libraries. Finally, the concept of social sustainability is also used to investigate whether the small public libraries where interviews were conducted contribute to social sustainability for the local community. The study concludes that this is the case. At the same time, factors are identified that can influence the possibilities of small public libraries to prioritize sustainability.

  • Aspenfelt, Annalena
    Vi är duktiga på olika saker men tillsammans blir det bra: En fallstudie av ett samverkansprojekt mellan folkbibliotek, kulturhus och förskola i Bollnäs2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to get a closer look at the relations between representatives from different occupational groups after collaborating in the form of a project. The project, involving professionals from the public library, the centre for culture and the pre-schools in Bollnäs focused on basic values and was clearly linked to the curriculum of the pre-school. My aim was to find out what possibilities and challenges the participants had experienced in collaborating with each other. I also wanted to find out how collaborating in this project might change the participants attitudes towards each others professional competence. I performed a case study using semi-structured inteviews to collect the empirical material. The results were analyzed using Lena Folkessons theory regarding the interaction between school librarians and teachers. The conclusions are that this particular collaboration has contributed to insights which could turn out to have value in future collaborations and that it has generated creative processes which can be further developed.

  • Dakic, Martina
    Preferences and attitudes of audiobook users in Sweden: Surveying Swedish audiobook groups on Facebook2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective with this Master's thesis is to better understand the preferences and attitudes of audiobook users in Sweden who are also members of Swedish Facebook audiobook groups. In recent years audiobooks have risen to prominence, although their previously inferior status is still evident in the lack of available research. Development of digital technology together with our busy modern lives have facilitated this rapid growth. The data gathering method used was a self-completion questionnaire distributed via Swedish audiobook Facebook groups. I endeavored to answer the following research questions: Why, how and to what extent do members of Swedish Facebook audiobook groups consume audiobooks? What attitudes do these users exhibit towards audiobooks’ affordances? Uses and gratifications theory and McLuhan's laws of media were used as a theoretical framework. The study both supports and challenges previous findings. Users primarily audio read because they can do other things at the same time; thriller/suspense/mystery are the most popular genres; many listen to podcasts and read print books, but a substantial number also exclusively listen. The study also found that most audio read quite a lot and prefer to do it at home, while the car is not such a common location. The narrator is overall important, but not when one chooses an audiobook. Though most subscribe to a streaming service, a substantial number of users borrow from a local library.  

  • Ismail, Omid
    Kommunikation och styrning vid kommunal samverkan om digitalisering2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study deals with the importance of good communication and control in communal collaboration on digitalization, a new area in which more and more communes work together to meet challenges in the form of financial, human resources and digital solutions. The study aims to investigate how communication and control work in communal collaboration on digitization. To investigate this, the case was studied where the contact commune together with four other communes formed a central IT-department with the aim of collaborating on finances, human resources and digital solutions. The study is based on a qualitative study where one of the cooperating communes and the central IT-department is interviewed. A total of eight interviews have been conducted, seven with the commune administrations and one with the central IT-department. The selection was made through a convenience selection in which a total of fifteen persons were interviewed, thirteen from the commune and two from the central IT-department. The interviews were carried out with the help of semi-structured interviews, where seven interviews were conducted at the commune building and one at a distance with the central IT-department. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. The results of the interviews were analyzed and interpreted by theme analysis. The result also shows that collaboration on digitization between small communes is preferable to running the work of a small commune by its own. Collaboration as an organizational model has made it easier for communes to attract qualified skills, share knowledge, find common solutions and manage development together. There have also been areas where the communes today do not cooperate or have not come a long way in the collaborative work related to unclear governance and poor communication. The consequence of this has been that some solutions have become more expensive and that the collaboration work did not work as efficiently as the other areas.

     

    The study came to the following conclusions:

    - The level of communication varies depending on the area of administration

    - Clear control and organizational structure is needed to achieve a functioning communication in the collaboration group

    - Control needs to be done through an organizational structure that clarifies the roles, responsibilities and mandates of the parties

    - Continuous communication has a crucial role for a functioning collaboration

  • Hoff, Henrik
    Hbtq och marknadsföring på folkbibliotekets webbplats: En studie av 14 folkbiblioteks marknadsföring mot hbtq-personer efter en hbtq-certifiering2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By examining the websites of fourteen public libraries using qualitative content analysis this study aim towards knowledge about how the libraries market that they have implemented a LGBTQ-certification on their library websites. This study is based on the following research questions: How and in which ways has the library which has implemented an LGBTQ-certification market this on its website? How has the library, which has implemented a LGBTQ-certification marketed services and materials aimed at the targetgroup on its website? With the answers to these questions as a basis the study strives to investigate how the libraries marketed and made the certification visible on their websites. The results of the study show that the libraries showed their implemented LGBTQ-certification differently and with varying degrees of visibility and marketing. Some of the libraries in the study do not show anything at the library´s website neither that they have implemented a LGBTQ-certification nor that the library have materials or other services for the targetgroup. Other libraries have a wide scope of marketing and visibility of LGBTQ- materials and services towards the targetgroup. 

  • Johansson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Larsson, Elenor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Syfte och användning av matematikläxor i årskurs F-62020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Läxor är ett omdebatterat ämne i skolans värld. Vissa menar till exempel att läxor bör användas för att skapa en god relation med hemmet genom att vårdnadshavare får vara delaktiga i elevens skolgång. Andra menar att läxor bör användas för att utveckla elevers lärande.

    Vi har erfarenheter från vår VFU av att läxor ibland bara ges till elever utan någon vidare eftertanke. Vårt syfte är därför att ta reda på lärarnas inställning till läxor i matematik i grundskolans årskurser F-6.

    Vi har använt oss av frågeställningarna: “Har grundskollärare i årskurs F-6 en positiv eller negativ inställning till användandet av matematikläxor?” och “Vad har grundskollärare i årskurs F-6 för syfte med matematikläxor?”. För att hitta artiklar kring detta ämne använde vi oss av olika databaser och sökord. I våra sökningar använde vi oss av sökorden “homework” och “mathematics” samt “primary school” och “elementary school”. Vi märkte att det fanns begränsat med forskning inom årskurserna F-3, vilket vi tänkt att ha som inriktning, och utökade då vårt åldersspann till F-6. Den forskning vi undersökt består av sju stycken vetenskapliga artiklar och en avhandling. Genom denna forskning har vi förutom lärares syn på läxor också behandlat en artikel kring lärarstudenters syn på matematikläxor.

    Resultatet av vår kunskapsöversikt visar att lärare hade en positiv inställning till matematikläxor. Syftet var bland annat att lärarna använde läxorna som ett komplement till undervisningen. Vidare framkom att lärarna också såg läxorna som ett bra verktyg för kontakt mellan skolan ochvårdnadshavare. Det framkom även att tradition påverkade hur lärare använde sig av läxor. Vi hittade indikationer på att det behövs mer forskning om hur elever vill att läxorna ska vara utformade.

  • Larsson, Anna
    Ansvar för skolbiblioteket: skolbibliotekariers erfarenheter av hur förutsättningar för pedagogiskt integrerad skolbiblioteksverksamhet skapas2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With a departure point on the inequality between Swedish primary schools with regard to access to staffed school libraries as well as on the recent revision of the curriculum with regard to the principal’s responsibility, I have examined how responsibility for the school library is implemented in practice by conducting and analyzing qualitative interviews with five school librarians. The study draws on new institutional theory as well as professional theory in order to explore what school librarians value in terms of competence and education, as well as other factors that may affect the school library. Results show that the integration of school libraries into regular educational activities is largely dependent on the skills, interests and priorities of individuals. School librarians require greater recognition from principals and teachers as legitimate actors within the institution by being included in regulatory, governing documents. Legitimation requires principals to recognize the value of the school library and to allocate time for its work. The findings show that principals have jurisdiction over an area where they may lack professional knowledge. The informants emphasize professional training and pedagogical skills as integral to the legitimation process.

  • Nilsen, Siri Marie
    Den digitale bibliotekarens oppdrag: Hvordan bibliotekaren opplever sin digitale kompetanse og den digitale utviklingen innenfor folkebiblioteket2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what the public librarians think about the digital development. The thesis will also examine how the public librarians consider their skills when it comes to digitalization and the digital work they attempt to do in the public library. This examination will be done by interviewing eight public librarians who have worked in the public library for more than ten years. The empirical information is collected by semi-structured interviews of the librarians and the results are analysed by using qualitative content analysis. The theory that is used for the analysing of the thesis is Mark Prensky's “Digital natives, digital immigrants” (2001a, 2001b). Emily Wang, Michael D. Myers and David Sundaram's “Digital natives and digital immigrants – Towards a model of digital fluency” from 2013 is another theoretical article that is used for this study. Also – in the discussion, cognitive authority will be addressed with concepts from the article “Credibility and cognitive authority of information” written by Soo Young Rieh (2009).  

    The thesis shows that there is a variety in the public librarians´ digital competence. It also shows that overall the public librarians think that it is important to be the guidance for the public, to gain digital competence and help the digital outsiders into democracy. All in all, most of the public librarians who were interviewed consider themselves as trustworthy and reliable and comfortable in their digital mission.  

  • Bengtsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Donaldson, Lovisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Vad kännetecknar forskningen om läsförståelsemetoden reciprocalteaching (RT)?: Med fokus på traditionell RT och varianter av RT2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kunskapsöversikt är att undersöka om och hur reciprocal teaching (RT) och olika varianter av RT gynnar elevers läsförståelse. Reciprocal teaching är en undervisningsmetod som har sitt ursprung i Palincsar och Browns forskning från 1980-talet och är influerad av Vygotskijs sociokulturella teori. Modellen har modifierats och i Sverige benämns den exempelvis Läsfixarna. Kunskapsöversiktens tre grundläggande frågeställningarär ”Vad kännetecknar forskningen om reciprocal teaching för läsförståelse?”, ”Vilka varianter av reciprocal teaching är gynnsamma för elevers läsförståelse?” samt ”Vilken eller vilka gruppkonstellationer är gynnsamma för en undervisning av reciprocal teaching?”

    I denna kunskapsöversikt har åtta vetenskapliga artiklar analyserats. Majoriteten av studierna har använt sig utav kvantitativa metoder med en kvasi-experimentell design. Två studier har använt sig av en mixad metod och en studie kvalitativ metod. Resultatet visar att reciprocal teaching tillsammans med tilläggsmetoder ger en djupare läsförståelse än traditionell reciprocal teaching. Tilläggsmetoderna uppmanar eleverna att ta mer ansvar för sitt lärande. Resultatet visar också att en anpassad modell av reciprocal teaching är fördelaktig för elever i ett tidigt stadium av deras läsinlärning. Den anpassade versionen bryter ned den traditionella modellen vilket bidrar till att strategierna (förutspå, ställa frågor, klargöra otydligheter och sammanfatta) används korrekt. Kunskapsöversikten belyser varianter av reciprocal teaching som gynnsamma för både lärare och elev i undervisningen.

  • Frånander, Jonas
    Digitaliseringens (R)evolutionära(?) för@nkring: En studie av folkbibliotekens internt skrivna roller i en digital samtid2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to bring knowledge on how digitalization is produced in Swedish public libraries, by reading library plans of 21 municipalities between 2010 – 2018. Digitalization and information technology have been present in debates concerning different roles of the libraries since the 1980s and has put the role of the library in an uneven balance between information and culture. In the study, digitalization is perceived as something revolutionary that has come to permeate the organization from outside – engaged or not – in its evolutionary process. Issues relating to what aspects of digitalization are being produced –  how they intervene in traditional activities – what social groups they are targeting –  and finally, how digital aspects affect public library assignments – are studied through a discourse analytical approach, inspired by Laclau & Mouffe’s conceptual terminology and Carol Bacchi’s approach "what’s the problem represented to be?". The main findings show that the library plans use digital aspects in different ways, but above all by legitimize their role in society based on user needs, where guidance in information technology is due to individuals ´ participation in the E-society, primarily. In connections to this, future challenges are expressed. To a lesser extent, digital aspects are used for cultural approaches highlighting the mediation of literature, cultural expressions and debates. Although, anchoring digital aspects to these elements, increasingly express opportunities for the future organization. 

  • Holmström Lundqvist, Alexander
    et al.
    Höjer, Nora
    Mot en digital kompetens?: Äldres erfarenheter av bibliotekets digitalahandledning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Societal changes caused by the widespread digitalization of several important public as well as private sectors of everyday life has led to increased demands for digital literacy amongst the general public. Meanwhile, there are several demographic groups that for different reasons are excluded from the digital arena, the elderly especially. The public libraries, leaning on it’s democratic as well as it’s educational mission, has taken widespread action to extenuate the problem through digital inclusion efforts, in particular the cooperation through the Digidel network. The purpose of this thesis is twofold, first we strive to gain knowledge in regards to the users experiences and use of digital technology, second we examine the users experiences of the libraries digital inclusion activities. The theoretical framework applied consisted mainly of Van Dijk & Hackers analysis of the four barriers of the digital divide. As a complement Prenskys digital natives, digital immigrantstheory has also been applied. Four semistructured interviews were conducted with elderly participants of the Digitala första hjälpen program activity at Motala digidelcenter at Motala stadsbibliotek. The results indicate that material access to digital technology is a nonproblem for the participants, and that the technology is used in a variety of ways, although mainly for information seeking and communication purposes. Use of digital technology is considered relatively complex and anxiety inducing, which library guidance help mitigate. Furthermore, the study shows how digital inclusion guidance works both in a problem solving and a competence improving capacity. Lastly our results indicate how appreciated these activities are amongst the participants.

  • Jaros, Lina
    Så lockar vi med miljön: en undersökning av inredningsstrategier på folkbibliotekets barnavdelning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain knowledge on the way library managers and librarians describe intentions and ways of working as well as their thoughts on what makes an attractive children’s interior design of public libraries. It is also an aim to acquire knowledge on the way they describe how the interior design works in practice. Two theoretical models are used in the study. One is Stephen Kaplan’s model of environmental psychology, which explains how visual aspects of an environment affects human preference. The other is that of Jochumsen, Hvenegaard Rasmussen & Skot-Hansen, which involve experiences and activities connected to the library context. The methods used are semi-structured interviews and qualitative content analysis. The results indicate the aim towards a safe, accessible interior, which fits children’s needs and requests, and also appeals to their parents. The respondents describe an interior that supports reading promotion, and being stimulating and varied, both in form and in content. A strive for a balance in the interior design is indentified. However, sometimes conflicts and other difficulties arise from its use. This can disrupt the balance, and why it results in priorities. The conclusion is that it is difficult to meet all of the guidelines and expectations that are available to children’s libraries today, to strike a balance with the interior design, and succeed in an interior that is ultimate in all respects.

  • Kondili, Vassiliki
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Olofsson, Elin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Hållbarhet – ett brådskande ämne.: Vad, hur och varför?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Global warming and climate change are facts that demand immediate attention. Education is considered a tool that can be used to create awareness, spread environmental knowledge and enlighten the human beings of today of the decisions that will facilitate the challenges of tomorrow. This is a review of seven scientific articles that present a variety of results on educational methods related to sustainability. The aim of this review is to examine what research suggests in the field of education for sustainability and the appropriate methodology that can be used by teachers and students in order to integrate environmental awareness, sustainability in theory and in action. The results show that the educational system has to be transformed, sustainability has to be part of pre-service teachers’ education, included in school curriculum, integrated in all subjects and learned through place-based lessons, experience and praxis.

  • Källstrand Modig, Christina
    et al.
    Andersson, Emelie
    Böcker, böcker, åter böcker: En diskursanalys av god skolbiblioteksverksamhet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to create knowledge about how school librarians construct the image of their work in the school library on social media relating to the conception “Good School Library Practice” that is expressed on the Swedish Instagram account @skolbibliotekarierna (meaning the school librarians). The study uses both discourse and visual analysis to analyze the discourses connected to the main discourse “Good School Library Practice”. To do so the Instagram posts are divided into seven categories. Out of these categories six subdiscourses were found. By analyzing the posts in the different discourses the study answers the question what “Good School Library Practice” are during the period January to May in 2019 on the account @skolbibliotekarierna. The two major subdiscourses found are the Library Room and Teaching. The majority of the posts in the Library Room subdiscourse show pictures of book shelves and cozy furniture. The majority of the posts in the Teaching subdiscourse show projector images and tablets as well as students shown from behind. These two subdiscourses determine what is seen as Good School Library Practice. The result of the study show that there is a difference between how the discourse Good School Library Practice is manifested by the school librarians on Instagram and how it is presented in research, policy documents and curricula.

  • Law, Nvin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tapi, Meena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Andlig utveckling i religionsundervisningen: En kunskapsöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att kunna bemöta mångkulturalitet och skillnader är det av stor vikt att människor, vuxna som barn ska skapa förståelse för varandras kulturer och trosuppfattningar. Med hjälp av våra sökord och urvalskriterier gjorde vi oss bekanta med nio vetenskapliga artiklar taget ur databasen ERIC (ProQuest). Vi kartlade alla nio vetenskapliga artiklar för att få en generell bild av innehållet. I kunskapsöversikten lyfter vi även fram förekommande styrkor och svagheter för att kunna uppskatta kvalitén i studien. Det är av skolrelevans att resonera kring barn och elevers andliga tankar i både förskoleklass och i grundskolan. Fokus kommer att ligga på religionsundervisningen eftersom det här finns plats för de typer av tankar och frågor kring andlighet. Dessa frågor är viktiga att belysa eftersom vi idag bor i ett mångkulturellt samhälle där människor har olika religionstillhörigheter, olika kulturella bakgrunder och olika syn på livet. Det är viktigt att elever får möta frågor om livet och om sin och andras identitet redan i tidigare ålder för att skapa förståelse för andras tänkande. Syftet med denna kunskapsöversikt är att undersöka vad som kännetecknar forskningen som intresserar sig kring andlig utveckling och hur begreppet andlighet berörs i religionsundervisningen. Hur berörs elever av andlig utveckling i religionsundervisningen? Vad kännetecknar begreppet andlighet i forskningen? Dessa två frågor kommer att beröras för att fullgöra syftet i denna kunskapsöversikt.

    Vi använde oss av databasen ERIC(ProQuest) som tillvägagångssätt och fann nio relevanta artiklar med hjälp av sökord och begränsningar såsom peer reviewed och publikationsår. För att få fram det mest väsentliga vid sökningar krävs en avgränsning av träffresultaten. Detta betecknas som inkluderings-och exkluderingskriterier. Vi valde att använda avgränsningen peer - reviewed när vi började söka efter forskningsstudier som betecknas som en inkluderinskritierie. Detta innebar att samtliga artiklar är vetenskapligt granskade av experter inom forskningsområdet. Vi lade även till publikationsår 2000-2018 för att begränsa oss något ytterligare. Resultatet i översikten visar att begreppet andlighet anses vara olika bland de nio vetenskapliga artiklarna. Eleverna bekymrar sig över livsfrågor som till exempel “vad är meningen med livet?”, “varför dör människor?”, “finns det liv efter döden?” och så vidare. Eleverna är oftast tvungna att fundera kringa andliga frågor själva, vilket kan begränsa deras möjligheter att öka kunskaper om både sig själva och andra. Därför bör lärare lyfta upp andliga frågor i religionsundervisning. Enligt det som förekommit i denna kunskapsöversikt utifrån de nio valda artiklarna kan andliga frågor vara svåra för eleverna eftersom det inte finns konkreta svar.

  • Nodin Holmén, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Skoglund, Catrin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lärares och lärarstudenters kunskaper om lässvårigheter hoselever i årskurs F-3: En forskningsöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I vår kunskapsöversikt framhävs forskningsresultat kring lärares och lärarstudenters kunskaper om läsinlärning hos elever med lässvårigheter i årskurs F-3 samt lärares och lärarstudenters betraktade kunskaper inom området. Sammanställningen visar att majoriteten av lärare och lärarstudenter betraktar sina kunskaper som bristande. Även deras påvisade kunskaper kring läsinlärning hos elever med lässvårigheter betonas vara bristfälliga.

    Vi vill med denna kunskapsöversikt belysa vikten av lärarens påverkan för elevers läsinlärning, både elever med och utan svårigheter kommer nämnas. Vissa elever har fått en diagnos och andra inte, i översikten belyses dyslexi som en diagnos för elever med lässvårigheter. Långt ifrån alla elever med svårigheter inom läsning får en diagnos, därför är det viktigt att lärare har en gedigen kunskap för att kunna uppmärksamma dessa elever tidigt. Statistik klargör att det generellt finns en elev per klass som har dyslexi, medan ännu fler elever kämpar med någon variant av lässvårighet (Svenska dyslexiföreningen, 2019).

    Genom databaserna ERIC (ProQuest), snöbollsurval och Google Scholar kunde vi välja ut nio vetenskapliga artiklar som vi bedömde relevanta. Av denna anledning anser vi att vår kunskapsöversikt kan betraktas som pålitlig och skildrar resultat som vi har tolkat. Vårt syfte är att analysera och jämföra dessa vetenskapliga artiklar för att få fram hur lärare och lärarstudenter betraktar sina kunskaper kring elever med lässvårigheter. De belyses även vilka kunskaper lärare och lärarstudenter besitter inom läsinlärning. Varierande metoder har används i de olika artiklarna, men i helhet har liknande resultat visats.

    Vår kunskapsöversikt har som mål att uppfylla vårt syfte och besvara våra frågeställningar som lyder: Vilka kunskaper om lässvårigheter hos elever i årskurs F-3 anser lärare och lärarstudenter att de besitter? Samt vilka kunskaper besitter lärare och lärarstudenter om läsinlärning hos elever med lässvårigheter i årskurs F-3?

  • Sekund, Evy
    Facts and Festivals: Scientists’ engagement in Science Communication and Science outreach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis investigates how and why scientists and researchers engage in communication activities with the public and whether new channels of communication have an impact on the engagement. Science communication is seen in the light of Social Sciences where Mertonian science ethos as well as social constructivism constitute the theoretical framework. Communication models, namely the deficit model, the dialogue model and the participation model are applied when analysing science communication between scientists and non-specialists. An online questionnaire was distributed to seventy scientists and researchers in Applied mathematics and Data science at French national institute. The results from this survey show that the scientists engage in communication activities for personal and social reasons. A possibility to improve communication skill was seen as the main personal benefit. The respondents think that their research field engage the public and the respondents are interested in communicating the social and ethical implications of their research. Scientists and researchers are motivated to engage in activities organized on an institutional level, such as science festivals, but the results from this study suggest a preference for other communication activities i.e. writing articles online. Social media and other tools enhance visibility in general but are also perceived as possible threats to scientific values such as objectiveness and accurateness. Lack of time, inadequate communication skills, fear of superficiality in discussions on social media are factors that give rise to tensions in communication with the public, whereas institutional support and events targeting a wider public may alleviate tensions in this context.

  • Siedberg, Terece
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Tholinsson, Jennie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Kraft och rörelse: Undervisningsmetoder inom fysik2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Både lärare och undervisningsmetod är avgörande faktorer för elevers inlärning av fysikområdet kraft och rörelse. Traditionella undervisningsmetoder har visat sig misslyckas med att ge elever förståelse för fenomenen inom området och för att tidigt kunna ge elever bestående kunskaper och förståelse är det av betydande vikt att lärare har goda ämneskunskaper och förmåga att använda sig av goda undervisningsmetoder.

    Syftet med denna kunskapsöversikt är att sammanställa och presentera vilka undervisningsmetoder inom fysikområdet kraft och rörelse som synliggörs i forskning och hur dessa påverkar elever och deras kognitiva förståelse för området. En fördjupande analys har gjorts för att finna vilka undervisningskomponenter som bidrar till att elevers förståelse utvecklas i önskvärd riktning. Elever har med sig erfarenheter när de börjar skolan men deras förförståelse för kraft och rörelse stämmer oftast inte överens med fysikens förklaringsmodeller, vilket kan bli problematiskt i undervisningen. Med denna kunskapsöversikt vill vi bidra med kunskaper som kan ge lärare möjligheter att utveckla sin undervisning samt hitta undervisningskomponenter som passar för dem och deras elevgrupp. För att elever ska nå en djup förståelse krävs att läraren är medveten om den förförståelse elever har och är förberedd på att ta till vara på deras erfarenheter. Elever är en stor heterogen grupp som kräver en mängd olika sätt att ta till sig och utveckla kunskaper. Vi har sökt efter och valt ut publikationer som tar upp undervisningsmetoder inom fysikområdet kraft och rörelse. Utifrån förutbestämda kriterier fann vi sju primärstudier, en beskrivning av en undervisningsmetod samt en kunskapsöversikt, som alla är inkluderade i denna kunskapsöversikt. Vi har jämfört och sökt efter likheter och skillnader mellan publikationerna för att hitta mönster i forskarnas tillvägagångssätt och resultat. Vi har även utfört en substantiv kodning av de undervisningsmetoder som presenteras i publikationerna.

    Forskning har bedrivits om en mängd olika undervisningsmetoder inom fysikområdet kraft och rörelse. Elever kan lära sig på en mängd olika sätt och det mest fördelaktiga är att de får chans att utveckla sin förståelse för kraft och rörelse genom en varierad undervisning där många olika aktiviteter och perspektiv presenteras. Vår slutsats är att elever bäst utvecklar förståelse genom social interaktion, stöd samt upplevelser där förförståelsen utmanas och kan ändras.

  • Vesterlund, Marita
    Bana väg för läsning: Folkbibliotekariers strategieroch förhållningssätt till läsfrämjande aktiviteter för barn och unga med funktionsnedsättningar2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master thesis is to study public librarians’ approach to working for participation and inclusion in the literacy context specifically aimed for children and young people with disabilities. The theoretical framework draws on the critical disability theory developed by Devlin and Pothier and Goodley and Runswick-Cole. Furthermore Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system theory developed over time by Bronfenbrenner. In total five semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with public librarians from five different libraries around Sweden. The results reveal that the public librarians have different strategies and approaches when it comes to creating inclusion and participation for the target group in reading promotion activities. They collaborate with other occupational categories and through marketing to reach the target group and to customize reading promotion activities. In some cases, librarians use trial and error as an approach. In order to increase accessibility for the target group, it is proposed that public librarians need support in different forms and at different levels, adequate continuous staff development as well as organizational stability. 

  • Biel, Lena
    Erfarenheter, delaktighet, egenmakt och nytänkande: hur speglas modellen ”Four spaces” i folkbibliotekensansökningar om utvecklingsbidrag från Kulturrådet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore how the Four spaces model developed by Jochumsen, Hvenegaard Rasmussen and Skot-Hansen is reflected in applications for development grants from the Swedish Arts Council. 58 successful applications for funds concerning library space in 2018 were analysed using content analysis. The model of the future public library is used as a theoretical framework. The findings show that the aspirations of Swedish public libraries are reflected in the Four spaces model. The most prominent aspiration concerns the development of inspirational space in the public library. Swedish public libraries also aspire to develop public programs, mostly for children and young adults. Other aspirations include the development of silent rooms or study spaces and performative spaces in the shape of makerspaces for children or young adults. 

  • Daniels, Peter
    Turkish school children's relation to reading in English: a study of second language learners' attitudes to reading and format preferences2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    he study was born from an interest into how language students are driven to read in a second language, do their reading preferences and habits in this second language follow those of reading in their mother tongue. The study paid attention to the issue of print versus electronic reading with these students. The study was conducted with students aged between eight and sixteen years of age at a Turkish private school. The empirical data was drawn from 182 completed questionnaires and four group interview sessions during 2019. Analysis of the results show that reading preferences and habits are transferred from mother tongue to 2nd language reading, especially the feeling of the importance of reading and the pleasure from reading. Further, the study concludes that the majority of these students prefer paper-based reading for pleasure as they consider it an escape from the digital connection that normally engulfs them. The study also concluded that English is often used online for research, in fact most students saw it as a lingua franca for academic research purposes, and students accept that digital reading is necessary in this context. The study found that the motivators to read that had the largest effect on both reading in Turkish and in English were the belief that reading is important to the students and the amount of enjoyment they felt by reading. Further, as expected, the motivation to read has a greater influence on frequency of reading in Turkish than English.

  • Frisell, Hannah
    Akademisk frihet, forskningsetik och integritetsskydd: En studie av det självständiga studentarbetet, dess funktion och begränsningar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The student’s independent work, often in the form of a thesis, plays an important role in higher education at Swedish universities. However, since the GDPR came into effect in 2018, some Swedish universities have limited their students’ processing of sensitive personal data, while other universities have not. This thesis studies the reasons behind the regulations, in relation to the principle of academic freedom as well as research ethics and the universities’ mission of providing higher education and research to society. Using these concepts as a theoretic framework, the thesis then analyses how ten Swedish universities position themselves in regards to their students processing personal data, and complements the analysis with two semi-structured interviews with representatives of library and information science educations at two universities. The thesis explores the boundaries and the grey areas between the concepts of education and research, and discusses the possible implications and consequences of applying limitations to what students can and cannot research, for higher education in general and for library and information science in particular. The conclusion is that the question of whether students should be allowed to process personal data is as much a question of democracy as of academy, and that a further, critical discussion is needed within the academic sector. 

  • Gustavsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Graversen, Jenny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Praktiska inslag i naturvetenskapen: En kunskapsöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Naturvetenskapen är en viktig del i skolan för att ge elever den kunskap som krävs för att förstå människan och omvärlden. Ett naturvetenskapligt sätt att se på vår värld ger oss möjlighet att förklara den. Det är skolans ansvar att förmedla denna kunskap och att bibehålla elevernas lust att lära. Eftersom naturvetenskap är ett brett ämne som kan vara svårt att förstå var vi nyfikna på om det finns tillvägagångssätt som kan underlätta för eleverna att ta till sig kunskaper inom ämnet.

    Syftet med denna översikt var att undersöka vad som kännetecknar forskningen som intresserar sig kring praktiska inslag av naturvetenskapliga ämnen biologi, kemi och fysik i årskurs F-3. Fokus låg på om det finns särskilda fördelar med praktiska inslag och om lärare anammar dessa. Vi ville även veta vad forskningen säger om elevers uppfattning kring praktiska inslag och om dessa är önskvärda och stödjer dem i dess lärande. För att svara till detta syfte formulerade vi två frågor utifrån olika perspektiv:

    - Hur resonerar lärare kring praktiska inslag i naturvetenskapsundervisningen?

    - Hur resonerar elever kring praktiska inslag i naturvetenskapsundervisningen?

    Vi fann i sökarbetet nio vetenskapliga artiklar i två olika sökmotorer som matchade våra frågeställningar. Vi kartlade dessa för att få en överblick och en förståelse för vad forskningen säger utifrån dessa punkter: år, land, frågeställning, perspektiv, urval, metod samt resultat. Ingen av artiklarna använde endast kvantitativa metoder, det var istället kvalitativa eller kombinerade metoder som användes.

    Det kom fram i forskningen att både lärare och elever är positivt inställda till praktiska inslag i naturvetenskapsundervisningen. En stor del av de lärare som deltagit i de olika studierna såg fördelar med praktiska inslag och att dessa underlättar elevernas lärande och engagemang. En liten del av lärarna ansåg det problematiskt då det finns en brist på resurser som gör praktisk undervisning möjlig. Eleverna påvisade en stor motivation inför denna typ av undervisning och många ansåg att undervisningen blev lättare, roligare och mer konkret. Det kom dock fram att det fanns en skillnad mellan äldre och yngre elever, där de äldre eleverna hade en sämre inställning inför naturvetenskapsundervisning än elever i de yngre åldrarna.

  • Jakobsson, Carolina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Slånemyr, Jenny
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Motivation för matematik: En kunskapsöversikt om motivationensbetydelse för matematikundervisningen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

     

    Motivation gynnar lärandet och gör att arbetet känns meningsfullt. Om skolan bidrar till ett positivt studieklimat med god interaktion mellan elever och lärare genererar det ett ökat intresse och engagemang. Detta påverkar elevernas prestation i ämnet positivt.

     

    I kunskapsöversikten har vi kartlagt nio vetenskapliga artiklar som studerar motivation hos elever i grundskolan, samt lärarens roll att motivera. Syftet med vår kunskapsöversikt är att öka förståelsen för hur forskningen om motivation kan stärka matematikundervisningen och den vänder sig till grundskolans yngre åldrar.

     

    Med hjälp av olika databaser har vi med sökord och relevans till vår kunskapsöversikt fått fram nio artiklar. Vi har uppmärksammat och analyserat artiklarnas syfte, frågeställningar, urval, metod och resultat. Detta för att få en övergripande bild av forskningsfältet och en fördjupad förståelse för studiernas resultat. Vi belyser även hur artiklarna definierar begreppet motivation. Majoriteten av studierna har en kvantitativ metod och minoriteten en kvalitativ metod. Vi identifierar begreppet motivation bland artiklarna och jämför definitionerna i resultatet. Artiklarnas resultat analyseras och det visar skillnader kring hur ålder påverkar intresset för matematik positivt eller negativt. Resultatet visar även att undervisningen bör bedrivas genom att vara varierad, konkret laborativ och tydligt kopplad till elevernas vardag.

     

    Vårt resultat indikerar att läraren har en avgörande roll för att bibehålla motivation hos eleverna. Elevernas attityder påverkas av den lärandemiljö som de befinner sig i och det intresse som de har för matematik. I vår kommande yrkesroll ser vi att denna lärdom kring motivation och matematik känns betydelsefull.

  • Johnsson, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Edh, Sabine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Effekterna av kooperativt lärande: En kunskapsöversikt med fokus på samhällsorienterade ämnen och elevers förstaspråk2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med kunskapsöversikten är att skapa en övergripande bild av forskning som beskriver vilken effekt kooperativt lärande har på elever inom utvecklingen av deras förstaspråk och i de samhällsorienterande ämnena. I översikten belyses också hur den kooperativa undervisningen påverkar elevers sociala förmågor samt demokratiska värderingar jämfört med traditionell undervisning.

    Kunskapsöversiktens grundläggande frågeställningar är:

    • Hur definieras kooperativt lärande inom fältet?

    • Vad kännetecknar studierna inom området när det gäller metod och resultat?

    • Hur påverkar kooperativt lärande elevers sociala förmågor och ämneskunskaper?

    Kunskapsöversiktens metod grundas bland annat i systematiska litteratursökningar via databaserna Primo och Eric ProQuest. Litteratursökningen formades även genom konsultation där en informatör presenterade källor utifrån tidigare forskning.

    Tio studier har kartlagts utifrån sin metod, sitt resultat och hur man definierar begreppet kooperativt lärande. Vår fördjupade analys lyfter de fem grundprinciperna för kooperativt lärande samt hur studierna visar att kooperativa metoder har effekter på elevers ämneskunskaper och sociala färdigheter. Granskning av studier visar att kooperativt lärande har en positiv effekt på elevers ämneskunskaper och deras sociala förmågor jämfört med en traditionell undervisning.

    Konsekvensen av att implementera en kooperativ undervisning jämfört med traditionell undervisning är att kooperativ undervisning ger elever mer möjligheter att interagera med varandra i samtal och diskussioner på ett naturligt sätt. När elever interagerar med varandra skapar de relationer till varandra vilket kan stärka deras sociala förmågor och samhörighet i en grupp. Forskningen visar att samhörighet och relation mellan elever utgör en betydelsefull del för att skapa en trygghet i skolan, vilket i sin tur kan leda till djupare ämneskunskaper och lärande för elever.

  • Levin, Delgash
    Ledare och medarbetares kommunikation i förändringsprocesser: En kvalitativ fallstudie inom en kommunalverksamhet för att betona ett modernt kommunikationsperspektiv2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Present day enterprise and public sector are organisations subject to constant change, that is they are not stable over time. Most organisations adapt to surrounding change. A successful implementation of change in any organisation requires an interacting of more than one factor. In this research I have studied the communication between leaders and collaborators in process of change based on a qualitative case study in public home help service. The purpose is to give a better understanding of the need of communication and information from the perspective of both the leaders and the collaborators. Have the leaders communicated the need of change to the collaborators and in what degree took the collaborators part in the communication concerning the change? There is an array of studies concerning communication in change processes but most of them has either the perspective of the leadership or the perspective of the collaborators. The aim of this study is therefore to focus on both perspectives to receive best data possible.

  • Nguyen, Jonny
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Goyette, Sandra
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Elevers matematikutveckling: Läsförmågans och språkets betydelse2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Nilholm (2017 ss.16-18 ) beskriver kunskapsöversikter som en grundläggande förutsättning för att kunna bidra vetenskapligt till forskningsfältet. I kunskapsöversikter synliggör man vilken kunskap man själv saknar samt vilken kunskap som finns i ett område inom en viss ram. Barajas Eriksson, Forsberg och Wengström (2017 s. 28) förklarar hur även små beståndsdelar och skillnader kan sammanfogas för att sedan få en ny betydelse i en analys. Enstaka studier ger inte säkra svar därför kan metastudier, som använder sig av en systematisk kvalitetsvärdering, ge ett resultat med ett starkare bevisvärde.

    Den här kunskapsöversikten syftar till att ge en översikt av olika förmågor kopplat till läsning och språk och dess samband med matematikutveckling. Många tidigare studier har tittat på samband mellan läsning och matematik. I denna studie väljer vi att titta specifikt på de olika förmågor som visar på detta samband.

    Den metod som användes för att skapa översikten var att systematiskt leta i olika databaser där vi hittade de tio olika artiklar som finns med i studien. Olika urvalskriterier framställdes för att hitta artiklar som uppfyllde målet för vår frågeställning. Resultat av översikten var att alla studier såg ett tydligt samband mellan läs-och språkförmåga och matematisk utveckling. Det som varierar i resultatet var magnituden av sambandet. Genom kunskapsöversikten synliggörs olika förmågor inom läsning och matematik, och det tydligaste sambandet man ser är det mellan läsförståelse och matematisk förmåga.

  • Segel, Anna
    Nyanlända barn och unga på biblioteket: En studie ombarnbibliotekariers möjligheter att arbetaintegrationsfrämjande2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    he purpose of this thesis were to investigate how children’s librarians work with newly arrived children and young people to create a deeper understanding of how children’s librarians promote newly arrived children's integration process. As a result of migration and globalization it is today a fact that we live in a multicultural society where people are multilingual. For this thesis two research questions were formulated: -How does the study's children's librarians express integration promoting work with newly arrived children and young people? -What integration-promoting opportunities can be identified in the work of children's librarians? The empirical data were collected through semi-structured interviews with four children's librarians. The theory used to analyze the result were the Swedish sociologist Jose Alberto Diaz theoretical model of a multidimensional integration process. The thesis shows that by the study’s children´s librarians description that they support newly arrived children's integration process by increasing the value in four of Diaz's integration dimensions. By encouraging their social integration by being an open meeting places that favor the children’s social relationships and social trust by providing multilingual literature and language development activities such as storytelling. That, as well supports the newly arrived children’s ability to develop and increase their communication capabilities. Important factors are as well the integration properties of the local residential areas where the libraries are located. I also found that the children’s librarians express that they supports the political integration and democratic rights of the newly arrived children by letting the children and young people raise their own voice to participate and make decisions about the development of their local children’s library. The children's librarians and children's libraries will therefore be an adequate introduction for newly arrived children and young people to participate in the community and promote their integration process in the society. 

  • Stensson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wendel, Elin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    En kunskapsöversikt över hur elevers läsintresse kan främjas2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Av flera undersökningar som gjorts de senaste åren har läsintresset hos unga minskat. En bidragande orsak tros vara att digitala medier tar allt mer tid i ungas vardag (Statens medieråd 2017). Unga syftar i den här kunskapsöversikten på åldrarna 0-13år.S

    Syfte

    Syftet med kunskapsöversikten är att klargöra de kännetecken som finns i forskning om ungas läsintresse. Frågeställningarna för det här arbetet är följande:

    - Vilka metoder kännetecknar undersökningar inom forskningsområdet om ungas läsintresse?

    - Vilka nyckelord är mest kännetecknande inom forskningsområdet om ungas läsintresse?

    - Vad ser forskarna som främsta orsaken till att intresset har minskat?

    - Vad säger tidigare forskning om hur unga motiveras till att läsa mer?

    Metod

    I det här arbetet används elva studier för att sammanfatta vad forskning säger om ungas läsvanor. Studier valdes utifrån förbestämda kriterier och har ursprung från flera olika delar av världen. Metoden som användes vid litteratursökning var en explorativ sökning och flera systematiska sökningar av fältet. Sökningarna skedde i sökbasen Primo. Efter djupläsning av studierna skapades en beskrivande karta där artiklarnas innehåll kodades. Den beskrivande kartan användes sedan för analysen.

    Resultat

    Studiernas metoder och metodval var avgörande för hur tillförlitliga slutsatser forskarna kunde dra i sin undersökning. I de elva artiklar som ingår i kunskapsöversikten var studierna både kvalitativa och kvantitativa med bland annat intervju, observation, enkät och test som verktyg. Nyckelorden i studierna analyserades för att se om de olika forskarna använde liknande begrepp i sina studier.

    Svaren på våra två sista frågeställningar redovisas utifrån tre nivåer: elevnivå, lärarnivå och skolnivå. Resultaten av studiernas undersökningar placerades in i de olika nivåerna för att få en övergripande bild. På elevnivån visade studier att elevers inre motivation var viktig för om eleven hade ett läsintresse. Elevers läsintresse har minskat på grund av fler distraktioner. På lärarnivå går det tydligt att urskilja att lärarens engagemang och egna intresse har stor betydelse för läsmotivationen hos eleverna. Lärarens uppdrag vid låg läsförmåga blir således att presentera ämnet läsning på ett lustfyllt sätt, vilket kan bidra till att eleverna blir mer motiverade till att lära. Om läraren väljer fel strategier och får läsning att framstå som en rutin utan mål kan det påverka läsintresset hos unga negativt. Det visade sig att läsintresset även påverkas på skolnivå eftersom moderna bibliotek hade stor påverkan.

  • Ahlqvist, Linnéa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Helltén, Filippa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nationell digital plattform för paketdistribution2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    E-commerce's sharp increase is a fact, the increase is forecast to double within a 5-year period. Sveriges Paketombud has designed a project where a common digital platform is to be created for parcel distribution. The purpose of the project is to facilitate the problems faced by sparsely populated areas in this context. This paper is based on the project initiated by Sveriges Paketombud, with the aim of studying forms of collaboration when establishing a common digital platform for package distribution. The thesis focuses on research issues related to competition in the protectionist transport industry, as well as the requirements and conditions that may be present from participating actors. A deductive approach was chosen and a mixed method where both quantitative and qualitative data collection were made. Data has been collected using a questionnaire and interviews, which has formed the basis for the result, which was then analyzed with the theoretical framework as the basis. In order to maintain a high validity, the interview questions were examined by supervisor before being presented to the respondents. The result is reported under two categories, competition and terms/contracts. Overall, most actors are positive to being part of a national digital platform and thus interact with other actors. Despite this interest, several obstacles are highlighted to be included in this collaboration. Most actors see problems with the competition, both because of legislation and for their own interests. Actors are afraid to lose market share and do not share data. One actor believes that the form of ownership is crucial for how the competition will enable collaboration. Different types of ownership are described and discussed in the essay. The ownership form that is considered most relevant according to the actors is a third-party collaboration. Most of the participating actors point out that they do not fully understand the project and its purpose. It is also mentioned countless times that it is too early in the project to make statements about specific requirements and conditions. A functioning collaboration presupposes a common goal and problem picture and that participating actors see their own gain in participating. The interviewed representative in sparsely populated areas points out major problems with the distribution, this problem picture is not entirely shared by the transport companies. A SWOT analysis has been done on the result to simplify overview. The project is analyzed using four categories, opportunities, strengths, weaknesses and threats. The project's strengths and opportunities are mainly represented by the possibility of developing an improved package distribution in sparsely populated areas, shared knowledge and social development. The project's weaknesses and threats are mainly represented by competition, attitudes and laws and regulations.

  • Falk, Olof
    Automated fiction classification: an explorative study offiction classification using machine-learning techniques2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the possibilities and components of employing automated text classification techniques to classify collections of narrative fiction by genre, and also, what linguistic features are prominent in distinguishing genres of fiction. The historical traditions and current practices and theories in the field of fiction classification are outlined, along with central concepts of classification and genre theory. Linguistic features are also introduced, and hypothesized to carry capabilities of distinguishing genres of fiction. The thesis also reviews the foundations and current state of automated text classification, and reasons on what constitutes topical and stylistic features in relation to fiction. Knowledge gaps are identified between automated text classification and traditional fiction classification, and also, concerning the potentially genre distinguishing qualities of topical and stylistic features. The main experiment, around which the thesis is centered, is divided into two parts. The first part employs and evaluates kNN and SVM classifiers on a collection of fiction documents across four genres of fiction. In the second part, some feature selection methods are employed for inspection of distinguishing features across the collection. Findings suggest a potential of using automated techniques to classify fiction, and also illustrates feature patterns that are argued to distinguish each of the four different genres of fiction. Some suggestions for further research are also proposed.

  • Forsman, Emma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Amanda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Blockchain: Effektivisering av spårning för inkommande logistik2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchain technology is today mostly known as the technology behind the cryptocurrency Bitcoin, but it is more than just cryptocurrencies. The technology enables secure and transparent transactions between different parties using encryption. Blockchain is based on the idea of a distributed ledger which enables to eliminate the human factor and digitising the information.This thesis is going to explore if the use of blockchain technology can enable tracking and tracing of goods within inbound logistics. In addition a secondary purpose of the thesis is to explore possibilities to enlighten deviations within inbound logistics. The study is based on a mixed methods approach in collection of empirical data which implies a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. Through interviews with a car manufacturing company an understanding of their current work with tracking and tracing and enlighten deviations could be provided. The interviews indicated improvement potential in different areas within inbound logistics. An interview was held with an IT-consulting company to get a deeper understanding and knowledge about blockchain, but also to understand what a company should prioritise before an implementation of the technology can begin. An obstacle for the blockchain technology is the lack of knowledge about it. In order to understand the level of knowledge at the car manufacturing company a survey was carried out. The survey included questions regarding the current knowledge of the technology and the current work with tracking and tracing. It also included various scenarios where blockchain technology is used to observe if the participants found that the technology was relevant in their work. The result of the survey was that the knowledge is low and that the potential for improvement within tracking and tracing is mainly within the company's IT-systems. The respondents considered the presented scenarios to be useful in their work. A company interested in implementing the blockchain technology should start by organizing its databases, information flows and designing common standards together with the parties involved. This is necessary to be able to start an implementation. It is also necessary to start implementing the blockchain technology in a smaller part of the company. In addition it is important for the company to constantly work with the level of knowledge of the employees in order to promote it.

  • Hilmersson, Malin
    Semiprofessionens innehåll: En diskursanalytisk studie av debattartiklar, riksdagsmotioner och biblioteksplaner 2015–2017 med syfte att undersöka hur biblioteksarbete framträder2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine how public library work is described in Swedish newspaper debates concerning the public library, Swedish Parliament motions and Swedish public library policies during the period 2015–2017. In Swedish newspapers the two main questions debated were the question of a noisy public library which includes the question of the public library user and the question of weeding.  In the motions as well as in the library policies one of the main subjects are reading and literacy. These documents are also highly concerned with the mission of providing knowledge. Furthermore, a view of the public library as an institution associated with change emerges.  In the source material there are two different ways of defining library work, one is the traditional view of the work that mainly involves reading and handling of the physical books and the other one is more concerned with information and change or evolving of the library and the task assignments.

  • Hjelm, Kristofer
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Prelog, Linus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sved, Simon
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    IT-lösning för samtransportslösningar av paketgods2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Each year E-commerce continues to increase, which leads to more and more transports. As an effect of this, more effective logistics solutions regarding transports have become a topic that is frequently discussed. Municipalities in the rural and countryside in Sweden have big problems with not being able to receive packages as often as they do in the southern parts of the country. Sverigespaketombud (The Swedish package representative) has therefore started a project to investigate the creation of a national digital platform for joint distribution. The purpose with this research is to analyse what type of information sharing is needed to be able to implement such project. The study also investigates how the Blockchain theory can be used in order to share information.

    In this study, a case study has been conducted through surveys, interviews, internal documents and participatory with actors operating within distribution, package representative or authority. In the study it appears that there is an interest regarding the platform, where the majority want the information to be shared automatically. However, it must be done in a way where sensitive information is not shared, and that the sharing is customised, so the right receiver gets the right data. The competition part appears to be a big obstacle, and a reason why there is no collaboration for package distribution as of today. This can be something that the Blockchain technology may solve with smart contracts which is adapted according to agreed terms.

  • Lindström Rova, Sara
    Katalogisering i Libris XL: En studie om katalogisatörers praktik, kunskap och lärande2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate catalogers’ practice, knowledge and learning, and if and how previous experience makes a difference and also investigate the need for knowledge in underlying conceptual models. The National Library of Sweden (KB) has developed the new system Libris XL which is based on a new user interface, new conceptual models and the use of linked data. I have performed observations and interviews with six catalogers working in public libraries and university libraries. Qualitative content analysis has been conducted. The concepts of catalogers’ repertoire and community learning constitutes the theoretical framework of this study. The need for knowledge in FRBR is not seen as absolutely necessary but catalogers see the conceptual model as interesting and helpful but also confusing since FRBR´s four levels are not used in the interface. Experience from previous cataloging system was not considered as an advantage in the early transition from Voyager to Libris XL but when they have learned the interface, the overall knowledge in cataloging can be useful in making resource description richer. Colleagues both at own and others’ workplace, seem to play an important role in learning and working in Libris XL and discussions are held in daily conversations and planned meetings. MARC21 is still useful to know. Tools for discussion online such as Microsoft Teams and Libris Supportforum was also important particularly in the early stages of transition. KB´s own resources such as instruction videos, texts about RDA and help texts, as well as university library manuals are used. Seeking answers in existing RDA-posts is also a strategy. RDA Toolkit is seldom used.  

  • Thomasson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tu, Stephanie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Det åttonde slöseriet: Tillvarata medarbetarnas kompetens i det systematiska förbättringsarbetet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All companies are constantly working with continuous improvement, not least amongmanufacturing companies. In order to be at the forefront, companies constantly challengethemselves by identifying and implementing new improvements. Although companies havecome a long way with their continuous improvement, there is still potential and opportunity forfurther improvements to streamline production. Focus lies on reducing production costs whicharise from production losses, other indirect costs and waste within companies. Within Lean,which is a philosophy, the focus lies on creating customer value where one of the main areas isto reduce waste of resources. There are seven main wastes where the eight is a waste that manycompanies are not aware of, which is the employee's unused potential.

    The thesis is based on qualitative methods in the form of interviews with the productionmanager, tool makers and operators. The aim is to create an understanding of the importance of the competence and creativity of the employee and to highlight success factors and obstacles that companies can face when it comes to succeeding with continuous improvements.

    From the interviews it has appeared that the perceived involvement of the respondents has decreased and there is no longer the same motivation for continuous improvements as when the improvement work was first introduced. The study compares the experience of the productionmanagers regarding motivation, commitment, participation, and communication at the workplace with the tool makers and the operator’s experiences.

    In order for companies to be competitive they have to take advantage of the unused potential because the staff is the company’s most important resource. By involving people and create a better structure to be able to change the working methods, it can lead to improved performance. In order to achieve success with the introduction of continuous improvements, the thesis addressfour important factors and highlight how these can be implemented in order to achieve better results. The four factors are motivation, participation, commitment and communication.

  • Johansson, Catherine
    Fantasy, Science Fiction & Skräck: Tre populärlitterära genrers ställning på två svenska folkbibliotek2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Popular fiction have met with an abundance of criticism troughout history. Then around the twentieth century events had the libraries forced to reevaluate their identities. Fantasy, science fiction and horror are all examples of popular fiction. There-fore this thesis aims to show what position the genres holds at two swedish public libraries – library A and B. For this pupose the paper will focus on the genres availability towards the users. Availability has been reduced into four functions – acqusition, placement, display and exhibition. Furthermore the pa-per uses modifications of Elzingas traditionalistic, pragmatic and emancipa-torial strategies. This as a way to try to explain the reasons behind the current availability of the genres. The research questions are: How has library A and library B choosen to make fantasy, science fiction and horrorlitterature avai-lable in the library? What are the reasons behind the choosen form of availa-bility? Observations and qualitative interviews has been performed at respective lib-rary. The result concludes that horror was not broken out as its own genre. Ho-wever fantasy and science fiction was and where placed together. A lot of the librarians work seemded to stem from a desire to simplify for the user. In con-clusion the pragmatic strategy comes out as the dominent one. However all three strategies can be distinguished. The conclusion made is that the horrorgenre did not have a very good position in the libraries. Science fiction had a somewhat good position but much in adherence to fantasy which had a very good position.

  • Torpling, Sandra
    ”Våga, testa, gör. Bara kör”: en studie om hur medarbetare skapar mening kring kunskapsdelning i en offentlig organisation som styrs och leds tillitsbaserat2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study employees’ sensemaking process around knowledge sharing in a public organization that is managed by trust. By means of qualitative interviews employees have answered questions about their experiences of trust as management philosophy and how they experience such to affect the way they share knowledge. In an organization managed by trust the starting point is that managers have trust in their employees and in their capability of doing a good job. Previous research shows a positive connection between knowledge sharing and trust. However, such research has focused more on trust between people who share knowledge and employees’ trust in their managers. Few studies have studied managers’ trust in employees as a factor that fosters knowledge sharing. The present paper describes how employees experience trust to be expressed in the organization by means of managers’ information and communication in the shape of verbal symbols. It also describes how such verbal symbols lead employees to a sensemaking process to understand the new context as well as how they act accordingly. The result suggests that the employees experience verbal symbols used by managers to make trust more noticeable, increase their freedom of action and that they use such freedom to share knowledge to a greater extent than before. Through the sensemaking process employees understand knowledge sharing as an action that pushes the organization towards its goals, and thereby create new knowledge sharing forum in the shape of communities of practice in order to pursue such goals.

  • Hashim, Mustafa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Essa, Wan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Volvo Cars Torslanda, Produktionsutveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pressverket in Volvo Cars factory produce chassis parts in sheet metal for several different car models in a production line named “line 54”. Volvo is a safety- and future-thinking company that continuously works with detecting and eliminating problems in the production early stage. The engineers are constantly working for improvements and solutions to future problems that may arise due to unforeseen breakdowns in the factory.There is another production line “line 51” in the factory that manufactures a body side of a passenger car, in the event of breakdowns and unforeseen production stops at line 51, the company want to move the production from line 51 to line 54. This is not possible in the current setup as the dimensions of the current products being manufactured and a body side differs.Problems arise when a robotic feeder moves a body side with dimensions of 3.3 meters in length and 1.09 in width to the roller conveyor, which has to be viewed by two operators on each side of the roller conveyor. This means that these two operators should be able to reach about 1.65 meters above the treadmill to find possible anchors and irregularities in the metal. This is practically not possible and therefore development of the production line is required.Several concept solutions to the problem were developed through Pugh’s-matrix, a valuation schedule and a discussion with the engineering team in Pressverket. A suitable concept was chosen to further develop. The redesign was created through a CAD program “Creo parametric 4.0”.A final concept that is efficient, flexible and reliable was developed that meets the requirements. In future, the production changes such as product and volume change, production line 54 can easily be transformed without any major changes.The following keywords will be used to collect information:

    •  Production Layout
    •  Production System
    •  Evaluation Schedule
    •  Product Flow
    •  Pugh's matrix
  • Hultin, Simon
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nilsson, Rauf
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Interprofessionellt möte vid hjärt- och lungräddning: Hur skattas kommunikationen mellan anestesisjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskor på vårdavdelning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kommunikation spelar en nyckelroll i samarbetet mellan vårdpersonalen i patientomhändertagandet inom vården. En av situationer där kommunikationen är livsviktig för patienten är under livsuppehållande åtgärder som hjärt- och lungräddning. Inom Västra götalandsregionen är anestesisjuksköterskor en del av larmteamet som går på hjärtstoppslarm inom sjukhusets område. Där möts de av personal på vårdavdelning och samarbetet påbörjas för ett gemensamt mål, hålla patienten vid liv utan att orsaka onödig skada eller lidande. Om kommunikationen är inadekvat kan fel åtgärder eller insatser verkställas och detta kan leda till en vårdrelaterad skada eller död.

    Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka om det fanns skillnader i skattning av kommunikation mellan anestesisjuksköterskor och sjuksköterskor på en vårdavdelning under pågående klinisk situation med hjärtstopp på en vårdavdelning.

    Metod: En kvantitativ ansats med enkätundersökning valdes för att besvara syftet. Regionsjukhus inom Västra Götalandsregionen ingick i studien. Anestesisjuksköterskor på operationsavdelningar och sjuksköterskor på akutvårdsavdelningar som närvarat på hjärtstopp på vårdavdelning ingick i studien.

    Resultat: Signifikant skillnad i kommunikation mellan studerade vårdpersonalgrupper hittades inte och kommunikation skattades som “God” av båda grupperna. Ändå kan man se skillnader i skattning av kommunikation mellan grupperna och de erfarna och mindre erfarna deltagare.

    Diskussion: Svårigheten i kommunikationen kunde föreligga bland annat i form av stress, tunnelseende, hierarki och otydliga roller enligt deltagarna.

  • Lindqvist, Tiina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Rydén, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nyorientering mot sexualitet och lust: Kvinnors upplevelse av sexuell hälsa efter graviditet och förlossning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sexuell hälsa har flera aspekter, är en del av de mänskliga rättigheterna och en naturlig del av det mänskliga livet. Barnmorskor har en professionell skyldighet att arbeta för kvinnors sexuella hälsa, ett mål som kan uppnås genom att hjälpa kvinnorna till en känsla av sammanhang. Tidigare forskning visar att kvinnor upplever förändringar i sin sexuella hälsa efter födseln samt brist på information om dessa förändringar. Syftet med studien är att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av sexuell hälsa under de första tolv månaderna efter graviditet och förlossning. Studien utgår från en kvalitativ, fenomenologisk ståndpunkt. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom gruppintervjuer. Alla kvinnor levde med en manlig partner. Dataanalys gjordes med en kvalitativ tematisk innebördsanalys. Fyra teman kom fram med en gemensam innebörd; Nyorientering. Detta innebär att orientera igenom och hantera minskad lust till sex, längtan efter närhet, att hitta sin kropp och sig själv samt att känna ansvar för den sexuella relationen med partnern. Resultatet av studien var förenligt med tidigare utförda studier om sexuell hälsa efter förlossningen. Det nya fenomen som framkom var kvinnornas nyorientering av sexualiteten. En svaghet med studien är att den enbart representerar heteronormativa perspektiv på sexuell hälsa. Resultatet från aktuell studie kan hjälpa barnmorskan att konstruera föräldrautbildning och fungera som samtalsstöd vid efterkontroller.

  • Mohamun, Abdulaahi
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ahmed, Yonis
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Klimatets påverkan på polyamid 6 absorptionsförmåga2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The company involved in this thesis wants to be anonymous as they see this project to be made public and available through University of Borås. The company is a multinational company which sells product worldwide. The main objective of this thesis is to investigate how water absorption affects polyamide 6 viscoelastic properties, bending properties and transition temperatures. In addition, predict how much moisture and water is absorbed in different climates over the course of three weeks. Through agreements with the company the thesis have been adapted to equipment and instruments available in Polymerlab at University of Borås. To assess the amount of water absorbed in PA 6, a TGA gravimetric absorption are used and a method from International Standard 62 (ISO 62). To study the effects on mechanical properties DSC and DMA are used and equipment from Tinius Olsen to study flexural properties.Many published researches show relative humidity and water pressure are two factors that affect amount of water polyamide 6 absorbs, and temperature can be applied to accelerate water absorption at the beginning. Water absorption decrease properties such as strength and yield point while elongation increase. To counteract the water absorption, it is possible to reinforce polyamide with glassfiber or carbonfiber.

  • Johansson, Annicka
    Användarundersökningar på medicinska bibliotek: en kvalitativ studie av hur medicinska bibliotek använder sig av resultatet av användarundersökningar för att utveckla sin verksamhet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor's thesis is to examine how medical libraries use user studies and their results to develop their activities, as well as how they view their opportunities to clear the barriers users in user studies find that they have in their information seeking. The method used in the study is semi-structured interviews with five chief librarians at five different medical libraries in Sweden. The empirical data was analysed using qualitative content analysis. The theory used for analysing the results is Vedung's five models of use of evaluation: instrumental use, enlightenment use, legitimizing use, tactical use and ritual use. The result shows that medical libraries both take part in the results of user studies conducted at national level and own user studies. The respondents state that user studies are important and that they fill a function of finding out what users think about their activities. The results of user studies are mainly used as enlightenment, but also instrumental and legitimizing. The opportunities to clear barriers in the users' information seeking are many, but the most suggested is through marketing efforts. The conclusion is that user studies very well can be seen as a tool for developing the activities of medical libraries. If one uses the results of user studies in the instrumental, enlightening and legitimizing way that Vedung recommends and which the librarians in the study do in most cases, they can be very useful. 

  • Sjöberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Evervall, Jesper
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Separation av rensenor: En renare framtid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creating a thread of tendons from reindeers is something that the Sami people have done since ancient times. The Sami people have always taken care of the whole animal after slaughter. The process of developing the thread is completely manual. The tendons used by the Sami people are dried and a mechanical separation method pulls the fibres apart. The fibres then get twisted together after first being moist with saliva to make them stick to each other. This method is time consuming and therefore not suitable for industrial production. Several studies have shown research that has been made on collagen and fibrils. Experiments with different chemical constellations has been tested to find the most efficient solution for separating the fibres without damage. It appears that different chemicals are needed for the separation depending on the type of animal the tendon comes from. Whether it comes from mammalian or non-mammalian. Trying a combination of mechanical and chemical process to find out if that could contribute to a more efficient process is something that has been tested in this report, hoping to find an optimal solution to simplify the separation for the Sami people. These tests were made on dried tendon by placing the tendons in different solutions; three with mechanical pre-treatment and three with no pre-treatment. Then one of each pre-treated tendon was put in the same type of solution. The three solutions that were tested with phosphate buffered saline (PBS), deionized water and trypsin. This report has focused on an experimental study, which means that the results from these tests only can show signs of different behaviours depending of the solution. Because the tendons have different appearance it causes to not give an exact result. The test shows that the mechanical separation destroyed the orientation of the collagen, which made it more complicated to detach the fibers from each other. It also created damage on the fibres that led to shorter fibre length. The most successful solution turned out to be the trypsin solution with no pre-treatment. It was much easier to separate the fibres from each other. It showed no damage on the fibres, they came out even and the length of the fibres came out much longer. The tendon that had been in deionized water with no pre-treatment did show almost as good results as the trypsin test. From an economical and environmental point of view it would seem preferable to use deionized water rather than to use trypsin. This study can also show that microorganism in a humid environment can have good impact to dissolve the structure of the tendon.