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  • Hörberg, Ulrica
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Galvin, Kathleen
    University of Brighton.
    Ekebergh, Margaretha
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ozolins, Lise-Lotte
    Linnéuniveristetet.
    Using lifeworld philosophy in education to intertwine caring and learning: an illustration of two ways of learning how to care2019In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our general purpose is to show how a philosophically oriented theoretical foundation, drawn from a lifeworld perspective can serve as a coherent direction for caring practices in education. We argue that both caring and learning share the same ontological foundation and point to this intertwining from a philosophical perspective. We proceed by illustrating shared epistemological ground through some novel educational practices in the professional preparation of carers. Beginning in a phenomenologically oriented philosophical foundation, we will first unfold what this means in the practice of caring, and secondly what it means for education and learning to care in humanly sensitive ways. We then share some ways that may be valuable in supporting learning and health that provides a basis for an existential understanding. We argue that existential understanding may offer a way to bridge the categorisations in contemporary health care that flow from problematic dualisms such as mind and body, illness and well-being, theory and practice, caring and learning. Ways of overcoming such dualistic splits and new existential understandings are needed to pave the way for a care that is up to the task of responding to both human possibilities and vulnerabilities, within the complexity of existence. As such, we argue that caring and learning are to be understood as an intertwined phenomenon of pivotal importance in education of both sensible and sensitive carers. Lifeworld led didactics and reflection, which are seen as the core of learning, constitute an important educational strategy here.

  • Mahon, Kathleen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Heikkinen, Hannu, L.T.
    Jyväskylä University, Finland.
    Huttunen, Rauno
    Turku University, Finland.
    Critical educational praxis in university ecosystems: Enablers and constraints.2018In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities serve several important functions in society today through research, education, and community engagement, not least helping people to live meaningfully in society, and helping to create a world worth living in. A kind of practice that seems particularly important in fulfilling such responsibilities is critical educational praxis, a social-justice oriented, educational practice/praxis, with a focus on asking critical questions and creating conditions for positive change. Yet, the contemporary university is not exactly a niche for critical educational praxis. There are many practices and arrangements within higher education that make the enactment of critical educational praxis very challenging. This paper explores this concern by explicating the notion of critical educational praxis and examining enablers and constraints for critical educational praxis drawing on an empirical study conducted in one university setting. Our aim in doing so is to prompt consideration of the kind of university ecosystems currently being created, and the implications of this for academic communities and society. 

  • Nyman, Sylvia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Utveckling av granskningsmallar: Individens behov i centrum2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Tadesse Abate, Molla
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Combined Pre-treatment and Causticization of cotton fabric for improved dye uptake2017In: Advance Research in Textile Engineering, ISSN 2572-9373, Vol. 2, no 1, article id 1016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conventionally, cotton fabric is subjected to a series of separate pretreatment processes such as desizing, scouring, and bleaching to remove natural and added impurities for satisfactory dyeing and finishing. When the sole purpose is to improve the dye uptake, cotton fabric is subjected to yet another separate process called causticization, a treatment of cotton fabric at reduced concentration of caustic soda (110-150 g/L) compared to mercerization. All these processes i.e. desizing, scouring, and bleaching are lengthy and require large amount of water, energy, chemicals, and time which lead to increase in cost and productivity loss.

    In this paper, a combined desizing, scouring, bleaching and causticization process with shorter processing time is reported. Single factor randomized experimental design was used for process optimization. Based on experiments, the optimum recipe consisted of padding the gray cotton fabric using a twodip, two-nip technique in a bath containing NaOH 140g/L; Sodium Per Borate (SPB) 40-45g/L; wetting agent 1g/L, batching for 30 min at room temperature and washing the treated fabric with 1g/L emulsifier twice for 15 minutes each at boil with 3% owf SPB added during the second wash, rinsed with hot and cold water and air dried.

    The results showed excellent wettability, good degree of whiteness, minimum loss of tensile strength and higher dye uptake compared to uncausticized commercially bleached cotton fabric.

  • Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    How libraries create value and help diminishing the digital divide2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper addresses the issue of library value through two aspects: first, how libraries add value to societies and communities in a very general way; second, how libraries help to create equal and inclusive communities and societies. Five functions of library system and libraries are identified in the library literature, all of which help to create a more equal and just society in one way or another. The more concrete ways, in which libraries address the issues of social inequalities, are illustrated by examples of Lithuanian library activities. 

  • Blomgren, Roger
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    The origins of the arts council movement; philanthropy and policy2018In: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833Article, book review (Refereed)
  • Johannisson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Blomgren, Roger
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Failures in Swedish cultural policy, and why cultural policy research does not seem to care2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explore the argument that research on Swedish public cultural policy has not contributed to providing an academically sound and critical basis for assessing basic failures in Swedish cultural policy. The aim of our paper is to tentatively trace a limited selection of explanations for why this is the case and our contribution is thus perhaps best classified as belonging to the meta-study of cultural policy research. We conclude that a basic challenge for the cultural policy research field is its tendency to reproduce normative assumptions generated by cultural policy stakeholders. Research on Swedish cultural policy thus runs the risk of integrating research with the policy sector, rather than provide an autonomous knowledge basis. We argue that one important remedy would be comparative studies, between cultural policies in different countries as well as between different policy fields. 

  • Manžuch, Zinaida
    et al.
    Vilnius University.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Back to the Future: The Roles of Public Libraries in Diminishing Digital Divide in Scenarios by 20232018In: LIDA - Libraries in the digital age: Program, Zadar: University of Zadar , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Maceviciute, Elena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Wilson, Tom
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Digital means for reducing digital inequality: Literature review2018In: Informing Science, ISSN 1547-9684, E-ISSN 1521-4672, p. 269-287, article id ISJv21p269-286Maceviciute4998Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to identify the possibilities for reducing the second and third levels of the digital divide (or inequality) through conscious application of digital technologies, especially through the promotion of digital means for information, enlightenment, and entertainment. The literature review confirms the connection of different levels of digital divide with other relational and structural inequalities. It provides insights into the strengths and weaknesses of digital interventions aimed at the reduction of digital inequalities. Their success depends on the consideration of the context and participants needs as well as on carefully planned strategies.

  • Aparac-Jelušić, Tatjana
    et al.
    University of Osijek.
    Casarosa, VittoreUniversity of Pisa.Maceviciute, ElenaUniversity of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    The Future of Education in Information Science: Proceedings from FEIS – International EINFOSE Symposium 10–11 September 2018 Pisa, Italy2018Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • Dahl, Tor Arne
    et al.
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Dahlström, Mats
    Doracic, Alen
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Maceviciute, Elena
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Scandinavian cooperation in teaching a joint Master’s course on e-books2018In: The Future of Education in Information Science: Proceedings from FEIS – International EINFOSE Symposium 10–11 September 2018 Pisa, Italy / [ed] Tatjana Aparac-Jelušić, Vittore Casarosa, and Elena Macevičiūtė, Osijek, Croatia, 2018, p. 35-45Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to share the experience of collaboration among Scandinavian iSchools in creating and implementing a joint course. The authors explore their own activity and documentation produced in relation to the collaboration around the development and implementation of the advanced course on ebooks. The results of the collaboration are expressed in terms of new experience, knowledge, and implementation of a new course on the advanced level for library and information science students. The results of the paper generalize these experiences and present the challenges and lessons learned in the process of collaboration. The paper presents a workable administrative model for cross-national joint courses. In addition, it outlines design and teaching methods for a Master’s course on e-books for library and information science students. A joint course with a shared syllabus and cross-national teacher teams gives added value to the students by getting the best out of the combined expertise. Administrative details should be implemented locally at the collaborating universities rather than try to standardise everything.

  • Kooroshnia, Marjan (Artist)
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    ON TEXTILE PRINTING WITH THERMOCHROMIC INKS2018Artistic output (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What are thermochromic inks? They are colouring agents characterised by their ability to, when printed on textiles, change colour in response to temperature fluctuations. Below their activation temperature they are coloured, and above their activation temperature they are clear or have a light hue. They are usually blended with static pigments, allowing them to change from one colour to another. 

    Do the thermochromic inks offer other design possibilities rather than only change from one colour to another? What if thermochromic inks are mixed with static pigments in different proportions? What is the behaviour of prints produced using these mixtures when they are heated or cooled? What if multiple colours could be concealed or revealed at once? What if thermochromic colour mixtures are printed in layers on top of each other?What if thermochromic inks have different activation temperatures? And what if the states of thermochromic colour transitions between non-heated, heated, and cooled are properly visualised?

    Marjan Kooroshnia is a textile designer and lecturer at the Swedish School of Textiles, University of Borås. Much of Marjan’s time as a Master’s student in Textile Design was spent at the printing lab, learning about thermochromic inksbehavior when printed on textiles and designing dynamic surface patterns. In her PhD research she has explored the design properties and potentials of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks when printed on textiles in order to obtain an understanding and facilitate the design of dynamic surface patterns. 

    In this exhibition, she presents her Ph.D. thesis, in which she has investigated different methods to create diverse colour changing effects on textiles. The prints displayed in this exhibition show a wide range of aesthetic possibilities offered by thermochromic inks on textiles.

  • Beach, Dennis
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT. University of Gothenburg.
    Johansson, Monica
    University of Gothenburg.
    Öhrn, Elisabet
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rönnlund, Maria
    Umeå university.
    Rosvall, Per-Åke
    Umeå university.
    Rurality and education relations: Metro-centricity and local values inrural communities and rural schools2019In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 19-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork in six different types of rural area and their schools in different parts of Sweden, this article identifies how rural schools relate to the local place and discusses some of the educational implications from this. Recurrent references to the local community were present in some schools and people there explicitly positioned themselves in the local rural context and valorised rurality positively in education exchanges, content and interactions, with positive effects on young people’s experiences of participation and inclusion. These factors tended to occur in sparsely populated areas. An emphasis on nature and its value as materially vital in people’s lives was present as was a critique of middle-class metrocentricity. Such values and critique seemed to be absent in other areas, where rurality was instead often represented along the metrocentric lines of a residual space in modernizing societies.

  • Erikson, Martin G
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Beyond learning: Students’ Responsibility for their Knowledge2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The claim that students should take responsibility for their learning is challenged through the alternative claim that students should be expected to take responsibility for their knowledge. It is argued that students can reflect on responsibilities for knowledge and teachers can support this in an everyday academic discourse regardless of discipline, whereas responsibility for learning is difficult to grasp without an elaborate learning theory. Further, the suggested shift from learning to knowledge will widen the scope to issues beyond learning, explicating a more nuanced student role. Through the focus on knowledge, students’ responsibilities relates to educational purposes, and points to expectations on critical thinking as well as the students’ academic freedom. It also makes it possible to discuss the mutual responsibilities of students and teachers with the same conceptual framework. This can also support the notion of students as co-creators of knowledge.

  • Lukitawesa, Lukitawesa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wikandari, R.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Millati, R.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Niklasson, C.
    Department of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Effect of effluent recirculation on biogas production using two-stage anaerobic digestion of citrus waste2018In: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 23, no 12, article id 3380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Citrus waste is a promising potential feedstock for anaerobic digestion, yet the presence of inhibitors such as d-limonene is known to limit the process. Effluent recirculation has been proven to increase methane yield in a semi-continuous process for recalcitrant material, but it has never been applied to toxic materials. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of recirculation on biogas production from citrus waste as toxic feedstock in two-stage anaerobic digestion. The first digestion was carried out in a stirred tank reactor (STR). The effluent from the first-stage was filtered using a rotary drum filter to separate the solid and the liquid phase. The solid phase, rich in hydrophobic D-limonene, was discarded, and the liquid phase containing less D-limonene was fed into the second digester in an up-flow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) reactor. A high organic loading rate (OLR 5 g VS/(L·day)) of citrus waste was fed into the first-stage reactor every day. The effluent of the first-stage was then fed into the second-stage reactor. This experiment was run for 120 days. A reactor configuration without recirculation was used as control. The result shows that the reactor with effluent recirculation produced a higher methane yield (160–203 NmL/g·VS) compared to that without recirculation (66–113 NmL/g·VS). More stable performance was also observed in the reactor with recirculation as shown by the pH of 5–6, while without recirculation the pH dropped to the range of 3.7–4.7. The VS reduction for the reactor with recirculation was 33–35% higher than that of the control without recirculation. Recirculation might affect the hydrolysis-acidogenesis process by regulating pH in the first-stage and removing most of the D-limonene content from the substrate through filtration. 

  • Shahryari, Z.
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fazaelipoor, M. H.
    Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yazd University.
    Setoodeh, P.
    School of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Shiraz University.
    Nair, R. B.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ghasemi, Y.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.
    Utilization of wheat straw for fungal phytase production2018In: International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, ISSN 2195-3228, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 345-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Wheat straw is an agricultural waste which can be used as a cost effective animal feed. However, high hemicellulose and phytic acid content in wheat straw prevents it as a primary feed choice. Utilization of wheat straw in solid-state fermentation may result in wheat straw valorization and enzyme production. In this study, phytase production in solid-state fermentation of wheat straw using Aspergillus ficuum and valorization of wheat straw were evaluated.

    Methods

    A two-step experimental design procedure was employed for screening and optimization of influencing factors on phytase production. Effects of different nutritional and environmental factors were investigated by one factor at the time method (OFATM). To reach higher amounts of phytase, response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize phytase production as a function of three of the most effective factors.

    Results

    Optimization of the significant parameters resulted in an increase in the phytase activity from 0.74 ± 0.12 to a maximum of 16.46 ± 0.56 Units per gram dry substrate (U gds−1). The high degree of the fungal phytase activity on wheat straw resulted in the decrease in phytic acid content by 57.4%, as compared to the untreated sample. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and FTIR structural analysis showed intensive fungal growth on wheat straw, and partial removal of hemicelluloses, lignin and phytic acid.

    Conclusion

    The study demonstrated the feasibility of wheat straw utilization in solid-state fermentation using Aspergillus ficuum toward the production of phytase and valorization of wheat straw as an animal feed.

  • Golmohammadi, M.
    et al.
    Islamic Azad University.
    Borghei, A.
    Islamic Azad University.
    Zenouzi, A.
    Iranian Research Organizations for Science and Technology.
    Ashrafi, N.
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Science and Research Branch Islamic, Azad University.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Optimization of essential oil extraction from orange peels using steam explosion2018In: Heliyon, ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, no 11, article id e00893Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a new extraction process using steam explosion at high temperature and pressure was developed, to drastically shorten the extraction time and improved extraction of the essential oil from citrus peels. In steam explosion process, the material is subjected to the high-pressure saturated steam following by substantially dropping the pressure through an angle valve to a vacuum tank. The optimum essential oil yield by the steam explosion was obtained at the 170 degrees C, 8 bar in 240 seconds duration time. The essential oil extraction of a certain amount of citrus peels by hydro-distillation took nearly eight times longer than explosion extraction process. The obtained citrus oil from hydro-distillation processes had 10 to 13 major components more than the steam explosion, as shown by gas chromatography (GC-MS). The maximum product yield of Limonene, a major favorable component, were 77% and 100% in hydrodistillation and steam explosion processes, respectively.

  • Nair, R. B.
    et al.
    Osadolor, O. A.
    Ravula, V. K.
    Lennartsson, Patrik R.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lignocellulose integration to 1G-ethanol process using filamentous fungi: Fermentation prospects of edible strain of Neurospora intermedia2018In: BMC Biotechnology, ISSN 1472-6750, E-ISSN 1472-6750, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Integration of first- and second-generation ethanol processes is one among the alternate approaches that efficiently address the current socio-economic issues of the bioethanol sector. Edible filamentous fungus capable of utilizing pentoses from lignocelluloses and also possessing biomass application as potential animal feed component was used as the fermentation strain for the integration model. This study presents various fermentation aspects of using edible filamentous fungi in the integrated first and second generation ethanol process model. Results: Fermentation of edible strain of N. intermedia on the integrated first and second-generation ethanol substrate (the mixture of dilute acid pretreated and enzymatically hydrolyzed wheat straw and thin stillage from the first-generation ethanol process), showed an ethanol yield maximum of 0.23 +/- 0.05 g/g dry substrate. The growth of fungal pellets in presence of fermentation inhibitors (such as acetic acid, HMF and furfural) resulted in about 11 to 45% increase in ethanol production as compared to filamentous forms, at similar growth conditions in the liquid straw hydrolysate. Fungal cultivations in the airlift reactor showed strong correlation with media viscosity, reaching a maximum of 209.8 +/- 3.7 cP and resulting in 18.2 +/- 1.3 g/L biomass during the growth phase of fungal pellets. Conclusion: N. intermedia fermentation showed high sensitivity to the dilute acid lignocellulose pretreatment process, with improved fermentation performance at milder acidic concentrations. The rheological examinations showed media viscosity to be the most critical factor influencing the oxygen transfer rate during the N. intermedia fermentation process. Mycelial pellet morphology showed better fermentation efficiency and high tolerance towards fermentation inhibitors.

  • Kurniawan, T.
    et al.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Lukitawesa, Lukitawesa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hanifah, I.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Wikandari, R.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Millati, R.
    Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Niklasson, C.
    Chalmers.
    Semi-continuous reverse membrane bioreactor in two-stage anaerobic digestion of citruswaste2018In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 11, no 8, article id 1341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The presence of an antimicrobial compound called D-Limonene in citrus waste inhibits methane production from such waste in anaerobic digestion. In this work, a two-stage anaerobic digestion method is developed using reverse membrane bioreactors (rMBRs) containing cells encased in hydrophilic membranes. The purpose of encasement is to retain a high cell concentration inside the bioreactor. The effectiveness of rMBRs in reducing cell washout is evaluated. Three different system configurations, comprising rMBRs, freely suspended cells (FCs), and a combination of both (abbreviated to rMBR–FCs), are incubated at three different organic loading rates (OLRs) each, namely 0.6, 1.2, and 3.6 g COD/(L cycle). Incubation lasts for eight feeding cycles at 55 °C. Methane yield and biogas composition results show that rMBRs perform better than rMBR–FCs and FCs at all three OLRs. Volatile fatty acid profiles and H2 production show that the reactors are working properly and no upset occurs. Additionally, a short digestion time of 4 days can be achieved using the rMBR configuration in this study.

  • Patinvoh, Regina
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Lagos State University.
    Lundin, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Taherzadeh, Mohammad J
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sárvári Horváth, Ilona
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Dry Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Citrus Wastes with Keratin and Lignocellulosic Wastes: Batch And Continuous Processes2018In: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, E-ISSN 1877-265XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dry anaerobic co-digestion of citrus wastes (CW) with chicken feather (CF), wheat straw (WS) and manure bedded with straw (MS) was investigated in batch and continuous processes. Experiments were designed with different mixing ratios considering the inhibitory effect of CW, C/N ratio, and total solid content of individual feedstocks. Best mixing ratio (CF:CW:WS:MS) of 1:1:6:0, enhanced methane yield by 14% compared to the expected yield calculated according to the methane yields obtained from the individual fractions. The process performance of this mixture was then investigated in continuous plug flow reactors at different organic loading rates (OLR) with feedstock total solid contents of 21% TS (RTS21) and 32% TS (RTS32). At OLR of 2 gVS/L/d, a methane yield of 362 NmlCH4/gVSadded was obtained from RTS21, which is 13.5% higher than the yield obtained from RTS32 (319 NmlCH4/gVSadded). However, it was not possible to achieve a stable process when the OLR was further increased to 3.8 gVS/L/d; there were increased total VFAs concentrations and a decline in the biogas production.

  • Dural-Erem, Aysin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wessman, Per
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Husmark, Ulrika
    SCA Hygiene Products AB.
    Nierstrasz, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Biocontrol of solid surfaces in hospitals using microbial-based wipes2019In: Textile research journal, ISSN 0040-5175, E-ISSN 1746-7748, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 216-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hospital-acquired infections have become a major challenge which threaten the hospitalized patients’ safety. The presence of nosocomial pathogens is generally reported in connection with solid surfaces near patient environments. These surfaces become significant sources of transmission and lead most often to the contamination and cross-contamination of nosocomial pathogens to the patients and staff. This paper investigates strategies to apply beneficial bacteria on viscose-based nonwoven wipes and the viability of these beneficial bacteria on the wipes along with characterization of the physical properties of the wipes. Major findings include that it is possible to produce dry wipes which contain an adequate number of beneficial bacteria or spores. After these wipes are wetted, they can release a certain number of bacteria from the wetted wipes. These released beneficial bacteria can inhibit pathogens by growing and colonizing on the wiped surfaces.

  • Mahon, Kathleen
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Sjoelie, Ela
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Kemmis, Stephen
    Charles Sturt University.
    Langelotz, Lill
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Boyle, Tess
    Southern Cross University.
    Kauko, Mervi
    Monash University.
    Santos, Doris
    National University of Colombia.
    Researching practice in higher education2018In: AUSTRALIAN ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN EDUCATION (AARE) CONFERENCE 2018: Education Research Matters: Impact and Engagement / [ed] Professor Annette Woods AARE President, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Langelotz, Lill
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Mahon, Kathleen
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Leading for learning in higher education - challenges and possibilities2018In: AUSTRALIAN ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN EDUCATION (AARE) CONFERENCE 2018: Education Research Matters: Impact and Engagement / [ed] Professor Annette Woods AARE President, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leading for learning in higher education – challenges and possibilities

    Lill Langelotz and Kathleen Mahon, University of Borås, Sweden

    Few people would deny that universities are becoming increasingly complex educational environments due to significant changes in the nature of academic work and to changing societal expectations. University leaders face challenges and opportunities amidst this complexity, especially regarding responsibilities associated with student learning. The capacity of leaders and managers to respond is arguably affected by the arrangements and practices embedded within their own universities. Understanding these challenges and opportunities, and how current arrangements and practices contribute to or limit them, is central for finding sustainable ways of meeting educational responsibilities and supporting leading for student learning.

    This paper explores one Swedish university’s effort to enhance academic leading, and to understand the salient site-based arrangements and practices affecting leading for learning. These goals underpinned a series of four seminars on ‘Academic leading – with a focus on student learning’ developed for all staff in management positions (including administration). The seminars were inquiry-focused, generating participant artefacts (e.g., diagrams, PowerPoint presentations) that were used to inform seminar discussions. This material was also analysed as part of an ongoing practitioner inquiry aimed at understanding and addressing site-based challenges for academic leading. Both the seminars and analysis were theoretically framed by the ‘theory of practice architectures’[1].

    Initial results show a need for explicitly focussing on the learning environment in everyday activities, and for clear articulation of goals and visions on both institutional and departmental levels. They also point to the importance of opportunities (i.e., time) for staff to reflect in organised ways on their practice and engage in professional learning activities and strategic development, as well as the need for further interrogation of activities that take up time that could otherwise be spent on developing good pedagogical work (e.g., administrative tasks). From a social-political perspective, the results emphasise the need for building trusting, productive staff relations within and between departments, faculties, and administration teams.

    The paper raises the question, on the basis of the analysis, of how we can more effectively and sustainably support leading for learning given the challenges and complexities of academic environments, by creating new practice architectures and/or by reorienting existing ones that constrain leading and professional learning in unhelpful ways.

    [1] Kemmis, S., Wilkinson, J., Edwards-Groves, C., Hardy, I., Grootenboer, P., & Bristol, L. (2014). Changing practices, changing education. Singapore: Springer.

  • Al Sadi, Sarmad
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hododi, Dylan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Digitalisering av byggsektorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The digital progress is slow within the constructional sector in comparison to other type of businesses and it has the reputation of being relatively conservative. To say that the progress is standing still would be mistake since the majority of constructional companies are working actively for a more digital construction site. Even though these companies are working hard towards a more digital sector the construction site is dominated by paper documents, non-autonomic systems and the labor is done the same way as it has been done for decades. Even though multiple digital tools and implementation models are available the construction sector is facing a lot of resistance. This report examines those digital innovations that are on the rampaging and can do a significant good within the construction sector.

    Method: Through search engines at the university's database, as well as the internet, collection of raw data was collected, which would then be analyzed and underlie for qualitative collection methods. The literature study was the foundation of the semistructured interviews, which in turn enabled a comparison between the theoretical framework and interview results.

    Findings: A vast majority of the interviewed participants believe that the 3D-printer sometime in the future may be used within the construction sector. An implementation of the 3D-printer would induce shorter production times, reduced production costs, elimination of waste and reduced costs for labor. Autonomic systems will probably not be implemented on construction sites within a short future since different construction projects are to diverse. If the construction would become more monotonic it would ease considerably, but today one project is rarely analogous to the other. Big data is an innovation that could revolutionize the construction sector in a lot of different ways. The respondents did not understand the meaning of the term, which interpret that it is not an innovation in focus for the time being. The possibilities of Big data are substantial and it could be used for more effective communication, more efficiency within the construction site, more detailed checkups of machinery and more controlled building material checkups.

    Implications: For a generally successful implementation of 3D-printers they need to be affordable for the smaller companies. Otherwise the larger firms risk to put the smaller firms out of business. Since concrete is a material with a relatively large impact on the environment this may cause consequences for the environment in the future since its already in an exposed situation. Since it´s globally working actively with improving the environment the focus should be in producing more environmentally acceptable concrete for the 31d-printers.

    Limitations: The study was limited to a handful of Swedish constructional companies within the Gothenburg region. In the report, only the opinions of a few respondent are taken to consideration.

  • Andersson, Alice
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ericsson, Emily
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kuusinen, Lisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En jämförelsestudie mellan batchtillverkning och enstycksflöde2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report was based on a case study performed at a company, Jensen Sweden AB, where the purpose was to compare batch production with one-piece flow by studying a specific production flow in the process. The impact of material flow and material supply on the process are also included in the study. An uncertainty that existed on the company was the lack of knowledge about which production strategy of batch production and single-piece flow would be most effective for a specific station. The desired result of the study from Jensen Sweden AB was to identify which production strategy would most increase the flow of production. Currently, the specific station operates after batch production. The studies were performed by studying how the manufacturing is today and establishing an exception for manufacturing according to a one-piece flow to make the studies possible. To go through with the study, clock studies were conducted where both production strategies were reviewed and then compared. In addition, a material flow analysis was performed by drawing a spaghetti diagram for mapping the material flow. In order to succeed in a one-piece flow, conditions such as standards, tact time and pull systems are required. A one-piece flow also includes just-in-time and lean management strategies. Because the company did not have all these conditions today, a one-piece flow was no alternative. On the other hand, the company uses pull production which would facilitate the transition to a one-piece flow and an implementation of lean management. One of the conclusions presented in the report was that the company would continue with batch production since the requirements for a one-piece flow are missing. Another conclusion was to implement material supply methods such as kitting or continuous supply to facilitate for the operator working at the station.

  • Andersson, Niklas
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Henriksson, Sofie
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Retuprocessen ut återförsäljarnas perspektiv: En fallstudie på Volvo Cars Global Customer Service2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Processing and managing automotive parts have increased in recent years, and consequently increased the costs for companies. The objective of this thesis is to investigate the possibilities of optimizing the spare parts return process within the car industry. This thesis was carried out at Volvo Cars Global Customer Service, and thus limited the investigation on how their resellers of spare parts acknowledged the process in its entirety. The study was conducted by analysing the current situation, including interviews with representatives from Volvo’s sales department and other companies within the same industry. The aim of the study was to specifically identify areas of the return process, which could be more efficient. Furthermore, concrete improvements were then presented as solutions to the identified weak points. The following results obtained from the study shows, in some cases, that the return process is considered as very complicated. Moreover, there is a noticeable dissatisfaction amongst retailers regarding the system, which manages the return of spare parts. The opinion of many retailers is that it takes to much time to investigate and work beforehand instead of approving returns and then checking. The results yielded in this thesis shows the importance on how the proposed improvements can facilitate retailers, and, in long term, reduce the lead times for a more efficient process.

  • Andersson, Peter
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Emanuel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Revision av ett Lean-inspirerat förbättringsarbete i en produktionsprocess2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Toyoda family has enchanted and inspired large parts of the world's industrial companies since their special vision of addressing problems and streamlining processes has become known. Toyota's constant work for improvement and the pursuit of finding cost-effective solutions are examples of the company's will for development, while respect for human beings is equally important. This has contributed to the fact that many companies have chosen to adopt the business concept that has been inspired by lean. The employees at the company where this case study was conducted felt that commitment and involvement for improvement work started to decline. The study investigates the factors contributing to this and how these circumstances are to be addressed. This requires that the company's management is committed and constantly demonstrates support for the improvement work. Communication from management to employees is important for understanding the improvement work and making it part of everyday work. The fact that management allocates time is important for the organization's improvement work to be sustainable and for the company to have a working method that leads to continuous improvements. It should also include respect for employees so they are being treated equally, having the opportunity to participate and having their voices heard. This is directly a contributing factor to employee involvement and participation.

  • Andreasson, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Excelling at new products: A Business Case development and Portfolio Management study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis work aimed at developing a framework for portfolio management and business case development that can be used as decision support for a company for new product development. The assignment was to study relevant literature resulting in an aggregated view on this topic and the parameters that impact successful product development. The literature involves project initiation, different levels of product innovation development and information about important research criteria to include when forming new product projects ideas. This information helps to support how to objectively evaluate and compare product projects. The literature also involves different relevant tools to use for providing information and manage product portfolio management along with their benefits. Out of this aggregated view, a template and suggested decision model specific for the company has been established. The resulting template has for purpose to be used for preparation of providing a solid information base when a new product project idea is to be presented. The decision base has the purpose to help the members and managers in the product council to form a decision on what product idea to proceed with, which hopefully will result into launch and success. The framework aims to assess individual product development initiatives as well as managing the product portfolio aspect. Except the study of a considerable amount of literature, qualitative research has been made as well. The qualitative research has been performed in the form of semi-structured interviews together with people within the company that has been used as case study in this report. The interviews contributes with information about the current state of the company’s product offering process together with attention paid for what is missing and what improvements that is sought. In such way, the qualitative research contribute to the result of the framework in the sense that it is attributed towards the company in the case study and thus slightly towards technological network industries, although the framework is made for a generic use. As by this thesis, the framework focus on one company, but it has for purpose to be adaptable and inspiring for any company with respect for the individual company’s restrictions.

  • Arnoldsson, Lovisa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Varvne, Jessika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vad attraherar arbetstagaren: om arbetstagarens preferenser inom ingenjörsbranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It can be difficult and exigent to find the right employee. To attract and recruit, companies must stand out among the competitors. Employer Branding is a way of building a brand on the market, recruiting and strengthening its current employees commitment to corporate culture and strategies. This thesis is about how companies can attract engineering students to gain an understanding of what an employee is attracted to by the employer. By finding out what future engineering are attracted to, strategies can be developed that may reduce time from the actual need to employment. The method that has been used is triangulation, which is a combination of qualitative and quantitative studies. Where an inquiry has been distributed to studying engineers to get an insight in what the students are attracted to in a company. Interviews with employees and meetings about Employer Branding at the company has been implemented. The result shows that students are looking for good relations with colleagues, employers care about employees and opportunity for career development in a company. To possibly decrease the time period between "the need for" and an actual employment, these strategies could be used Employer Branding- and recruitment strategy.

  • Avelin, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ta vara på äpplen som restprodukt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, about 1.2 million tons of food waste is thrown away per year. Much of the waste is fruit and vegetables because of the consumers misconceptions about how a fruit and vegetable should appear in order to be edible. Food waste is bad both for the economy and the environment. Therefore, a changed attitude from the consumers is needed to reduce the waste of food. Lyckans äpple is a cider factory that generates about 2.5 tons of apple waste per year. At present there is no process for handling these. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to find out if it is possible to make use of the apple waste. To investigate if it is possible to get an alcoholic drink and some type of dried food product. Also to find out how much growth that can be obtained out of Neurospora intermedia and Aspergillus oryzae. A variety of different methods have been used. Fermentation to get an alcoholic drink, 70°C oven to get a dried food product and Solid State Fermentation to get the growth of the fungus Neurospora intermedia and Aspergillus oryzae. The result shows that an alcoholic beverage can be extracted from apple waste. To get a good and tasty beverage from apple waste with only water and fungus added is difficult because there are a lot of flavors from the apples that disappear when the must is done. On the other hand, a good beverage could be obtained using additives because the beverage has a good taste-potential. The drying gave good results. All results had basically the same taste but different texture. Getting a food product is possible. Being able to dry apple wastes are a good option as the process is easy, it tastes good and the apple waste contains good substances for the body. Results from Solid State Fermentation varied. In some experiments, the growth was greater and in others less.

  • Enskär, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    Knutsson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    Huus, Karina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    Granlund, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. CHILD.
    Darcy, Laura
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ. CHILD.
    Björk, Maria
    Högskolan i Jönköping, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad.
    A literature review of the results from nursing and psychosocial research within Swedish pediatric oncology2014In: Journal of Nursing & Care, ISSN 2167-1168, Vol. 3, no 6, p. 1-8Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The body of research-based knowledge in paediatric caring science has been increasing leading to dramaticimprovements in treatment. The purpose of this manuscript was to analyze results as stated by the researchers', inrecently published articles on nursing and psychosocial research, within Swedish pediatric oncology setting. Thiswas done through a review of 137 published articles about paediatric oncology related to caring science in Sweden.The result shows that the illness has affected, in both positive and negative ways, the wellbeing of everyone cominginto contact with the child. The cancer also causes distress related to all aspects of life including physical,psychological, existential and social. Mediating factors for the experience of distress and wellbeing are: disease andtreatment severity, age, gender and ethnicity of the participant, time since diagnosis, the use of internal and externalsupport, and the identity of the person reporting the data. Health promoting aspects frequently reported are: familytogetherness, coping strategies, engaging in normal life and activities, and quality of care which includes emotionalsupport, information and family participation in care. The hospital staff has to be aware of the psychosocial issuesexperienced by children with cancer and their families, and they have to acknowledge the value of formalinterventions, reporting benefits for children, families, and themselves.

  • Bahadin Tarik, Zewar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Berndtsson, Victor
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tillämpning av identifieringsteknik inom lagerhållning: En fallstudie inom kemiindustrin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the report is to analyse how automatic identification technology affects traceability, and then analyse the effects of automatic identification technology on inventory management. This report is based on the research questions "How can barcodes and RFID affect inventory management?" and "What advantages and disadvantages can automatic identification technologies lead to in warehousing?". In order to answer the report's purpose and research questions, a case study was conducted. The company is a manufacturing company and is active in the chemical industry. The company is categorized as a large company located in western Sweden. Two challenges for the company are to reduce the number of incorrect deliveries and improve the inventory accuracy. These problems are due to the fact that activities in the company's warehouse are done manually. The consequence is reduced inventory efficiency and a risk for dissatisfied customers. During the 2017 fiscal year 45 non-conformances were registered, some of which derives from incorrect deliveries. Empirical data was collected through interviews, observations and internal documents. The case study consists of a process mapping in which the company's processes and activities have been mapped. To obtain a better basis for analysis, a literature study of earlier research was conducted in the field of traceability and automatic identification technologies. A summary of the literature study is found in the theoretical framework. The theoretical framework includes traceability, automatic identification and data capture (AIDC), barcodes and radio frequency identification (RFID).The results shows which activities in the process mapping that identification technologies can be applied to and what effects an application may lead to. It appears that the identification technologies have similar effects on inventory management as they both result in automated product identification and automated transfer of information. These effects in combination with an integration with the ERP-system can lead to increased inventory efficiency with fewer incorrect deliveries and improved inventory accuracy. The company is recommended to implement AIDC, however the study shows that further research needs to be carried out to investigate what kind of barcodes or RFID is most beneficial.

  • Ahl, Victor
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Henriksson, Erik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Energianalys och förslag på energieffektivisering: Nohabgatan 11, Trollhättan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report an energy analysis of a brick building housing mostly office- and workshop businesses. The energy analysis contained a heating balance and an electricity balance. The result of these balances was the basis for a couple of suggestions of interventions for energy efficiency. The purpose was to make an energy analysis regarding heating and cooling demand as well as electricity usage for a building in Trollhättan and also give propositions of interventions for energy efficiency. With a starting-point in drawings of the building and also collected data for bought district heating (?) and electricity for 2017, a heating balance and an electricity balance was set up. From these balances calculations were made to give a perspicuous picture over what the heat and electricity is used for in the building. The heating losses consisted of transmission-, ventilation-, infiltration- and drainage pipe losses. The input of heat consisted of bought district heating, solar radiation, internal heat from electrical devices and persons in the building as well as heat losses from hot water pipes and water heater that contributed to the heating. The electricity usage largely consisted of lighting, computers with accessories, kitchen equipment, ventilation system, pumps, cooling system and servers. The bought district heating was 863 823 kWh and the bought electricity was 482 395 kWh, whereof 119 179 kWh was calculated to be useful heat for the building. Solar radiation was calculated to contribute to the heating with 35 249 kWh. Of losses, transmission was the larger item with 822 747 kWh followed by infiltration losses of 131 258 kWh and ventilation losses of 77 418 kWh. Drainage pipe losses as well as input heating through heat losses from hot water pipes and water heater was small in the context. The results of the calculations showed that the building had an energy performance of 130 kWh/(m2, year) and an electricity usage of 21 kWh/(m2, year).Energy saving interventions that was proposed was for instance additional insulation, change of lighting, overlooking the operation of ventilation- and heating system, change of pumps, installing solar cells and Demand Controlled Ventilation.

  • Rahman, Abdulsattar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ali, Hassan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Återvunnen betong som ballast i ny betong: experimentell studie om partikelgradering, arbetbarhet och tryckhållfasthet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Concrete is and has been for a long time the most common building material in Sweden. It is a robust and multipurpose building material with several advantages. This report is about an experimental study of concrete waste from Hedareds sand & betong. The concrete waste is crushed to a new aggregate and then sifted and casted into new concrete. The study was conducted in the Concrete Laboratory at University of Borås for crushing and casting of concrete. Recipes are supplied by Hedareds sand & betong as a starting point, which is later modified gradually to achieve better results. The purpose of this study is to investigate the possibilities for using recycled concrete in new constructions. It is also examined if the recycled concrete is technically sustainable and if the workability is good enough for using in load bearing structures. Different properties are studied such as compressive strength, particle distribution, water absorption and workability to achieve equivalent results as the reference concrete. The result obtained in this study shows that it is possible to recycle concrete by replacing aggregates to 100 % in new concrete. Workability is good in several tests, but it should be improved to achieve the same workability as the reference concrete. The reference concrete's compressive strength is 59 MPa and the best compressive strength obtained for recycled concrete is 57.2 MPa. This indicates positive results and the recycled concrete in this study can replace ordinary concrete in a load bearing construction.

  • Abdusemed, Wefae
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Shahin, Antonella
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Gustafsson, Maria
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Anställningsbarhet: hur har nyexaminerade studenter formats inför framtida arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employability among newly graduated students, a concept that is being discussed more as of late, as well as it is growing. The interesting aspect of the concept is how you, as an individual, can contribute in order to better your employability skill or competence. Additional interesting aspects subsists of which factors within employability that are interesting among the employers and what the government, different organizations or education can do to contribute for a greater employability skill set. However, this thesis mainly focuses on what it actually means to be employable. This study is based on an analysis between two groups, one study group and one control group. The study concludes whether newly graduated students from two different groups feel that it is somewhat difficult to enter the labor market, where the study group have had some kind of connection with different business companies, through experience or shorter internships. How well do the individuals within these two different groups know their own employability? The aim of the study is to analyze whether there is a difference between the newly graduated students, within the two different groups, regarding their employability. Moreover, whether the students from the study group with internship experiences within their degree, have better employability competence or not. In order to reach out to a larger group, which we decided to define to no later graduation than five years prior to this study, we decided to use a quantitative method. A questionnaire survey was conducted where the survey was based on fixed options with possibility for voluntary supplementary comments. Furthermore, the choice of a questionnaire fell naturally because of the time limit as well as the need of a large amount of answers to reach the purpose of the study. A total of 183 answers were obtained where 1213 questionnaire were sent out, giving a response rate of 15, 09 percent and a loss of 84, 9 percent in the study. Based on the respondents results on their estimation of their different characteristics, which were in connection with the different employability factors, has the following concluding results been drawn: When it comes to the respondents’ estimation of themselves in the survey, the three most common options, which they consider to have acquired their characteristics from, are: education, family / upbringing and previous employment. The research group and the control group showed similar values and results, with no major differences. However, some interesting relations were found.

  • Al Saadi, Sara
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ahmed, Amaal
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbart byggande och strategier inom fastighetsutveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is a concept that got its breakthrough in 1987 and was coined by the UN World Commission. The meaning of this term is to create a functioning development in three different dimensions: environmental, economical and social. Sweden’s strategy for living up to these three dimensions is defined and divided into six different areas: sustainable consumption and production, health, economic development, social cohesion, environment, climate and global development. The government raises four strategic challenges that will be in focus and one of the challenges is to build a sustainable society. The increased interest in sustainable development has led to the real-estate industry focusing more on these issues. Therefore, they have begun to adapt strategies to offer sustainable real estate to the market. The purpose of this study has been to investigate property development in new and existing buildings in addition to bring an understanding of how real estate companies work with sustainable construction. The report is based on a qualitative and quantitative methods to gain a broader and deeper understanding of the subject matter and literature and articles have been used to gain knowledge about the topic of sustainable development. Interviews have been conducted and answered by people directly related to the subject matter and a questionnaire survey was also conducted. Results show that sustainable construction can lead to different challenges during a project and those challenges can determine how successfully a sustainable project will be. These challenges lies in factors like financial constraints, lack of initiative from the developer to build sustainable, implementation of sustainable technologies, complex renovation methods for building energy efficient and the lack of communication between the various parties in a project. These different challenges can be solved in different ways. A prerequisite for a successful sustainability work lies in having a clear strategy developed and adopted by the management and issues can be prevented by having a coordinated environmental work within the organisation. Simultaneously the following up of the sustainability work is one of the most important elements of strategic work and a way to control that future complications are avoided. In summary, the key to successful sustainability work could be through standardized strategies and could be a way to avoid the challenges that arise in sustainable construction.

  • Ali, Nazenin
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Vaxhed, Angelica
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Effektivisering av emballagehantering hos ett producerande företag: med fokus på flöde och bemanning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to streamline the packaging management at a producing company. Areas studied are the flow for a specific packaging type and crew when packing. The procedure for the study is done by doing a case study at Volvo Cars Co. The geographically limitations are with in the Press Office in Torslanda, the operator packing to the warehouse and from the storage to be transported to the customer. The method is to utilize various methods and tools to identify problem areas. When finding problem areas the purpose can be reached by evaluating the problems and provide possible improvements to eliminate these. Methods being used are SAM analysis, process flow analysis and a qualitative study. The results identifies problem areas in the lack of knowledge of handling package, for example that everyone works in different ways. Layout in the warehouse can be different, thus reducing transport between processes and eliminate non-value activities. Through a new way of packing, the lead time can be reduced when handling a filled package, as well as ensuring the safety of the employees.

  • Linnea, Bågander
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Body of movement2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This work aims to suggest materialized expressions based

    the moving body. As a principle of design, it treats the

    body as a whole and focuses on the in-betweens that the

    body creates in movement as aesthetics, not looking at its

    surface or the traditional ways of dividing the body (e.g.

    sweater, pants).

    In conclusion, the results suggest that the body movement

    has a spatial continuation as dynamic space that can be

    materialized. It is a suggestion a principle of design applied

    in the work cuttlefish, choreographed by Nicole Neidert

    and Inside/outside, choreographed by Karolin Kent.

  • Orlenius, Kennert
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ett socialt hållbart Falköping: Ungas delaktighet och inflytande. "Nu är det på riktigt"2018Report (Other academic)
  • Dahlström, Mats
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Swedish digital humanities2018In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 82-94Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Orlenius, Kennert
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Ett socialt hållbart Falköping: Att gå från policy till praktik: "Det stökar till i systemet!"2017Report (Other academic)
  • Alobaidi, Ishtar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Alissio, Zanyar
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kommunikation inom byggprojektledning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The key to a successful project is good communication between the parties that are involved, which can at times be a challenge. There are a lot of communication channels and communication methods in the construction industry for people to communicate and integrate with each other. It is important to clarify the rules and tools (project networks) used in each project. Communication shortages have an impact on the project budget and the final result. Swedish construction service claims that the construction industry's costs of communication shortages amount to approximately SEK 32 billion per year. The purpose of this survey is to find out how communication works at present in building project management and to find better communication paths and methods to reach out more effectively and minimize communication shortages. There are many questions about how to minimize communication bans. In this report, the following questions will be answered:

    • How clear is the communication in a construction project from start to finish?

    • Which communication routes prefer project managers and other project participants?

    • How is the communication of other receiving parties interpreted?

    • What do project managers and other project participants see on today's platforms?

    These issues were initially answered by a theory study to strengthen the background and give a deeper understanding of the subject. However, interview and questionnaires were conducted with 16 participants each. These participants were mainly project managers and construction managers, but also other project participants. The survey showed that between the communication channels (personal meetings, phone, platforms and e-mail), personal meetings were the most appreciated. The positive of meetings is that it gives the opportunity to answer the questions and concerns you have in place. The disadvantage of personal meetings is that it is time-consuming and costly in comparison with the other communication channels. What replaces the next personal meetings is video meetings. Video meetings are cheaper to communicate with, but is not often used amongst the participants. Studien also shows that IT tools in the construction industry are a few years after comparable with other industries. This is due to the complexity of the industry and that there is no single tool for communication. The result of this study shows that improved communication costs money by introducing more personal meetings. Probably, this is ultimately beneficial given the fact that mistakes and misunderstandings are minimized. Thus, it can be seen as a profit for each project.

  • Goman, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Shojaiyan, Sasan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Al-Helou, Hisham
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Implementering av en tejpmaskin i förpackningsindustrin: en studie av säkerhetspåverkan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accidents cause economic losses to the company as well as suffering and general discontent among the employees. With an increased global responsibility, companies are not only answerable for what goes on inside their own gates but also for retailers and customers. When the packaging becomes a danger, how will we know what to replace it with? At IMI Hydronic Engineering, employees hurt themselves on the metal staples that seal the cartons, but is replacing metal staples with plastic tape an economical and safely viable option? This thesis dives into the workplace environment and collects data from semi-structural interviews with the employees and an evaluation of internal accident records. The main focuses are safety and economics, although the economy aspect has had to stand back due to the lack of empirical data. The results show that the tools and systems in place to protect the employees, where applied, are working and the workers believe that their job could be executed with a lower risk, perhaps even without a loss of production. The suggestion to the company is that to fully understand the costs, a collection of data regarding the current costs is needed and that usage of gloves by the employees might help lower the number of accidents per year. Suggestions for further studies include ecological aspects, profit versus costs and product returns due to inadequate packaging.

  • Kuzhanthaivelu, Gauthaman
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Investigative study of Biopolymer contamination in conventional recycling systems2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recycling industry which is efficiently functioning now has technical expertise, contented consumers, and resource availability and capital contributors. The potential inflow of new material into this existing system should be able to fulfill all the needs of the stakeholders involved in it. With most of the polymer wastes received from the polyethylene (PE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET), they are available in abundant crossing the threshold quantity (Cornell, 2007) needed for the recycling process to be carried for every single polymer starting from the individual source separation till the granulation of pellets with active investment for the potential expectancy of returns in the recycling market targeting suitable consumers. Unlike other polymers like polyvinyl chloride and polypropylene (PP), biopolymers fail to fulfill the necessary criteria of being in threshold quantity to carry out the recycling process. With the very small inflow of biopolymers in the recycling industry, standalone recycling units for the same is not highly performed and appreciated. In addition to this, there are possible means and ways of the biopolymers getting infused into the conventional petrochemical polymers either through the mis-throws in manual sorting or in automated sorting. Though the studies so far don't have any substantial threatening effect over the biopolymer infusion, still it has its adversity affecting the industry by other means. The volumes of biopolymers are presently small and contamination of biopolymer in the plastic waste stream is presently not a problem. However, with increasing volumes of biopolymers, this can be a problem. Contamination could then be a future problem. This study investigates that problem and checks the truth to the claims of biopolymer infusion in the conventional post-consumer recycling systems affecting the quality of the recyclates. In order to investigate this, a biodegradable biopolymer (TPS & PHA) will be mixed into a conventional polymer (PE, PP, PET) at various percentages. The mechanical and thermal properties are then measured as a function of the percentage biopolymer. In a second part of the project, the blend of conventional plastics and bioplastic is conditioned in humidity in order to simulate what will happen to a conventional polymer that has been contaminated with a biopolymer in a humid climate.

  • Abdulamir Hussein, Hanin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lågstadielärares syn på varierad matematikundervisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning, som genomförts bland F-3-lärare vilka är uttalat positiva till varierad undervisning i matematik, syftar till att förstå hur och på vilka grunder matematikundervisningen varieras. Studien bygger på en gruppintervju med fem utbildade lågstadielärare. Resultaten har sedan tolkats utifrån ett sociokulturellt teoretiskt ramverk. I studien framkommer det att lärarna använder matematikboken nästan konstant men det är inte den som styr undervisningen utan det är lärarna som styr läromedlet. De menar att genom att använda matematikboken som grund att luta sig på, både som trygghet för lärarna för att planera undervisningen men även för eleverna för att de ska kunna ha något att arbeta med och för att de ska känna av ägarskap av en matematikbok. Undervisningen i matematik varieras genom att ändra arbetsmaterial, miljö, arbetssätt och plats. Lärarna klargör att genom variation i matematikundervisningen förstår eleverna kopplingen mellan matematiken och vardagen. Genom variation kan undervisningen anpassas efter varje elevs kunskapsnivå. Genom variation ökar elevernas intresse och motivation till ämnet.

  • Ekholm, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Holgersson, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Sätt på dig dina matematiska glasögon: En studie om hur förskollärare arbetar med olika aspekter av matematik i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning

    Förskolan är en grund för att barn ska få utmanas och utvecklas inom matematik. Det är iförskolan som barn först kan stöta på vad matematik innebär och får en utvecklad förståelse för hur matematik fungerar. Förskollärare ska synliggöra matematiken för barn genom att ta vara på varje tillfälle.

    Syftet

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur förskollärare arbetar med olika aspekter av matematik i förskolan.

    Bakgrund

    I bakgrunden kommer det beskrivas hur matematiken synliggörs i verksamheten. Vidare kommer det tas upp om vad de sex fundamentala aktiviteterna är, som handlar om förklaring och argumentation, lokalisering, design, räkning, mätning samt lekar och spel. Slutligen kommer tidigare forskning tas upp som beskriver vad matematik i förskolan har för betydelse för barns lärande. Matematik finns hela tiden, både medvetet och omedvetet. För att barn ska få djupare förståelse hur matematik fungerar, är det av stor betydelse att förskollärare är medvetna om vad matematik är.

    Metod

    Den metod som valts att användas i undersökningen är kvalitativ metod, där intervju användes. Totalt genomfördes undersökningen med sex förskollärare på sex olika förskolor i en kommun.

    Resultat

    Intervjusvaren visar att förskollärare arbetar med taluppfattning och siffror, sortering, former, mönster och rumsuppfattning. Genom att förskollärarna lägger arbetet på barnens nivå underlättar det för barnen att få ett lärande som inte blir för svårt. Blir lärandet för svårt, kan barnen lätt tappa intresset. Förskollärarna berättar att matematik i förskolan är allt, det kan vara allt från antal till jämförelser. För att barn ska tycka att matematik är roligt, måste förskollärare själva tycka om ämnet. Förskollärare nämner ytterligare att de måste vara medupptäckande tillsammans med barn och vara nyfikna på vad som händer runtomkring dem.

  • Gustafsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Hermansson, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Genusmedvetet arbete i förskolan: med fokus på barnlitteratur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    I inledningen förklaras centrala begrepp och vi tar upp barnlitteratur ur ett historiskt perspektiv med fokus på genus. Vi synliggör läroplanen för förskolan ur ett genusperspektiv, vi lyfter även forskning om genusarbete och genusarbete med fokus på barnlitteratur. Forskarna i vår uppsats är eniga om att det vi visar barnen påverkar deras självbild och tar upp olika strategier att arbeta mer genusmedvetet i verksamheten.

    Syfte och frågeställning

    Syftet med detta arbete är att få en förståelse för hur förskollärare resonerar kring ett genusmedvetet arbete utifrån barnlitteratur. Hur beskriver genusmedvetna förskollärare ett genusmedvetet arbete? Hur beskriver genusmedvetna förskollärare att de arbetar med genus med fokus på barnlitteratur?

    Metod

    Undersökningen är kvalitativ och baserad på intervjuer med förskollärare. Urvalsgruppen består av fem yrkesverksamma förskollärare.

    Resultat

    Alla förskollärarna i studien förklarar att genus till stor del handlar om bemötande och förhållningssätt. I resultatet framgår det också att förskollärarna berättar om en del problem som finns med barnlitteraturen, till exempel att många äldre böcker har starka stereotypakönsroller och att det finns en brist på kvinnliga huvudroller.

  • Hulander, Malin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Specialundervisning i matematik: Speciallärare och specialpedagogers arbete med elever i årskurs F-32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    InledningS

    peciallärare och specialpedagoger axlar en viktig roll för de elever som har svårigheter i bland annat matematik.  För att förstå hur dessa arbetar och finna framgångsrika metoder följer här en undersökning som berör deras arbetssätt, metoder och perspektiv i matematikundervisningen av elever i årskurserna F-3.

    Syfte

    Syftet är att förstå vilka arbetssätt och metoder som speciallärare och specialpedagoger använder i matematikundervisningen för elever i årskurs F-3, samt hur de förhåller sig till det relationella- respektive kategoriska perspektivet.

    Metod

    Kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att informanterna lägger stor vikt vid intensivperioder, variation, hjälpmedel, konkret material samt laborativ undervisning. Majoriteten önskar mer insyn i den ordinarie undervisningen samt mer tid till samarbete med klasslärare och organisation. Resultat visar även att majoriteten av informanternas arbete är genomsyrat av ett relationellt perspektiv.

  • Johansson, Julia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Mobbning i förskolan: En studie om huruvida pedagoger anser att mobbning förekommer i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna  studie  handlar om  huruvida  pedagoger  i  förskolan  anser  att  mobbning är  något som förekommer i förskolan. Tycker pedagogerna att detta är något som finns i förskolan? Jag vill även ta reda på vilken slags mobbning som förekommer. Handlar det om fysisk mobbning exempelvis där barnen slår varandra eller är det psykisk mobbning där barnen exkluderar varandra ur leken.

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka huruvida förskollärare anser att mobbning förekommer i förskola, samt hur detta tar sig uttryck mellan barnen.

    Metod

    I studien har en kvalitativ ansats används för att ta reda på hur pedagoger uppfattar mobbning och i förskolan. Pedagogerna som intervjuades har olika lång yrkeserfarenhet samt de har arbetat med barn 1-5 år. Till studien intervjuades nio olika pedagoger ifrån två stora kommuner och alla intervjuer ägde rum på varje förskola i personalrummen.

    Resultat

    Det framkom att mobbning existerar i förskolan och att det oftast handlar om exkludering ur leken som barnen använder som metod. Det diskuterades även om barnen är medvetna om vad det gör när de enligt pedagogerna mobbar. Pedagogerna menar då att det beror på vilken ålder barn har.   De  yngre åldrarna ett till tre år menar de att barnen inte har den medvetenheten att det de gör kan ha konsekvenser medan barn i de äldre åldrar fyra till fem år har en större medvetenhet och kan i större utsträckning förstå konsekvenser av sin handling.

  • Lindberg, Sara
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Hjertkvist, Carolina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Man kommer långt med sunt förnuft och trevlig inställning: En jämförande studie om pedagogers syn på hbtq i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how educators address matters regarding lgbqt issues in the preschool setting. There are a number of lgbqt-certified preschools in Sweden and the aim of this study is to compare how certified and non-certified educators differ in their approaches. The study highlights educator’s knowledge of, and approaches to handling lgbqt issues in their work towards promoting equality. According to preschool guidelines, the work for equality should be a continuous process. Given the increasing prevalence of non-nuclear families, preschool staff need to further their understanding of matters regarding lgbqt issues and norms in order to treat all families in an inclusive manner. A qualitative approach using two focus groups has been used to answer our research question. The findings from the focus groups show, in accordance with previous research, that awareness of lgbqt issues is important for preschools to ensure all families feel represented and included. The biggest difference found in this study between certified and non-certified educators was that the former were able to give more comprehensive answers and showed evidence of a more deliberate approach towards working with lgbqt issues. Non-certified educators described the work surrounding lgbqt issues as non-uniform across the different sections of the preschool and lacking a common approach.