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  • Wallin Granbom, Louisa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hansen, Vincent
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lindblad, Wilma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Optimering av lagerhantering: En Lean-baserad ansats2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A company's warehouse management is crucial for its operations. Since all companies have unique needs and circumstances, there is no universal warehouse management system that caters to everyone's needs. Implementing a system tailored to the company is of utmost importance to remain competitive and eliminate waste. Warehouse management systems also follow the trend we see in the world today, digitization. This digitization brings several new opportunities and can drastically streamline warehouse management. However, these digital solutions can come with costs that are too high for small to medium-sized companies. For these companies, it is important to find solutions that are effective while not carrying a high-cost burden.

    The purpose of this study is to explore and develop solutions for the company's current challenges related to locating items in the warehouse. The solutions should also be scalable to maintain their relevance in the event of an expansion of the company's warehouse. To ensure that the solutions are effective, sustainable, and resource-efficient, tools from Lean methodology are used in their development. To develop solutions that address the difficulties the company faces, interviews, time studies, observations, sampling, and other tools such as fishbone diagrams and Pugh matrices were conducted. Interviews, time studies, and sampling were used to gather data on warehouse management and locators. Data processing and solution evaluation involved the use of Pugh matrices and Impact effort matrices.

    The study reveals that implementing a two-way Kanban system, together with scanner or RFID technology and automatically generated pick lists, is an effective way to address the issue of locating items in the warehouse. The work and its solutions have implications for the operators and for the case company. The implications for operators stem from new work methods that require new knowledge and partially changed processes. The implications for the case company stem from training of personnel, implementation, and maintenance of the system. Additionally, the cost of implementing the system is an implication that the case company needs to consider. After a clear picture was formed of the case company's processes and work methods, several conclusions could be drawn. The development of solution proposals enabled a comparison with the initial state to determine the effectiveness of the proposal. It emerged that the proposed solution was highly effective and contributed to the elimination of several wastes. The time required could be significantly reduced with the help of the proposed solution, eliminating 49.33% of the total time spent.

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    Arbete
  • Neidenmark, Nils
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Petersson, Lisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    ChatGPT - Ett opersonligt personligt brev: En kvalitativ studie om användares förväntningar samt upplevda möjligheter och begränsningar vid interaktionen med ChatGPT2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines six users' expectations and perceived opportunities and challenges for the development of a cover letter using ChatGPT. The study employs a qualitative approach through semi-structured interviews and observations taking place in a single session with each participant. A socio-technical aspect of Gibson's theory of affordances has been used to deepen the understanding of the users’ experiences. The participants of the study are last year undergraduate students with an even distribution of IT and nursing students. The study showed a correlation of students’ prior experience using ChatGPT with their expectations and perceived opportunities and challenges for the task while their academic programs did not exhibit notable correlations. A duality of affordances was shown where the capabilities of ChatGPT both facilitated and constrained the users in different ways. On the one hand, ChatGPT was seen as providing valuable opportunities for the task as a tool for generating relevant text and to summarise the job advert into a template for a cover letter. On the other hand, the users at times noticed the generated text looked and felt artificial which users deemed less valuable for the task and found it difficult to get an overview of the information in ChatGPT:s interface during longer conversations. The results of the study show that while users found ChatGPT as a useful tool for producing a cover letter, they also felt a need to adjust and rewrite the cover letter to make it more personalised in order to confidently submit it to a potential employer

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  • Lennartsson, Alva
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lindvall, Ida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Textila användningsmönster: En analys av konsumentbeteende kopplat till kvalitet, pris och hållbarhet vid inköp av badlakan och sängkläder2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with the transition towards a more sustainable consumer society the textile sector plays an important role since it today constitutes a big part of the current production and consumption. To achieve a change towards a more circular economy consumers acting and consciousness is of importance since consumers are the ones which controls the demand on the market. With this as a foundation the study has had its starting point in creating understanding of consumer behavior and purchase decisions. This to identify which factors that affect consumers purchase decisions. To get a more deep understanding the field for the study has been delimited to examine bath towels and bedding. Mainly since they are products that occur in most households but also are products with a frequent use. The study is based on a deductive method with its basis in already existing adjacent literature connected to consumer behavior within the textile sector. With previous research as a base, a quantitative survey was designed intended to examine consumer behavior connected to bath towels and bedding. The survey was available for respondents during 21 days and resulted in 90 respondents. Thereafter the data was compiled to diagrams before it was analyzed to find conjunctions and come to conclusions. The most important results that emerged from the data was that quality (handfeel), aesthetics and price were the most meaningful factors according to the consumers upon purchase of bath towels and bedding. The result differs from previous research which researched consumer behavior from a wider perspective. The majority of the consumers also stated that they are following the care labels attached in the products. Consumers also expressed a wish to find more clear productinformation at the time of purchase to contribute towards more conscious purchase decisions in the future. The data indicated that clearly presented information leads to consumers that are more willing to prioritize sustainably produced products by the time of purchase. The result from this study contributes towards increased understanding regarding consumer behavior and factors that affect future purchase decisions. This information constitutes a good basis for business to understand how to help their customers to make more sustainable and conscious decisions. It also provides help to the producers to achieve increased understanding of what consumers are demanding and prioritizing by the purchase of bath towels and bedding.

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  • Yildiz, Helena
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wärn, Kajsa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bergklint, Amanda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    “I’m such a (blank) girl!”: en innehållsanalys om aesthetics som trendfenomen på TikTok2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis aims to study the trend phenomenon of aesthetics on TikTok and its relationship to both fashion trends, as well as digital social communities. Both the phenomenon and the platform on which it exists are comparatively recent, and therefore there is limited previous research on the definition of the concept. The purpose of the study is thus to investigate aesthetics as a digital, social, and fashion-related phenomenon. This is to contribute knowledge on how niche TikTok aesthetics can be seen as a trend phenomenon. The study was conducted using a qualitative method involving content analysis. The method includes collecting empirical data on the TikTok platform, where sounds, visual material, symbols, video structure, and background of 12 different aesthetics were documented through notes and screenshots. The selection of aesthetics was made through a preliminary study, where popular and frequently occurring aesthetics in news and fashion articles were noted and compared against data from Google Trends. The material was then coded into five overarching categories that were recurring in the empirical data: aesthetics from a fashion perspective, in the hands of users, aesthetics as a virtual community, playfulness & creativity, and imitation or not. The analysis was based on literature on aesthetics, fashion and trend dynamics, social media, and TikTok, as well as the theory of the third place. The results showed that TikTok aesthetics are characterized by user-generated content and playfulness, evident in naming, visual, and musical elements. Aesthetics encompass not only clothing styles but also places, objects, and symbols, making it a “package” that transcends mere fashion trends. The study also presents a new perspective by viewing TikTok aesthetics as a “third place,” where users create social communities and a sense of belonging, describing this phenomenon as a space distinct from home and work. For future research, this study can serve as a foundation, particularly for exploring sustainability aspects and the implications of fast fashion and second-hand within TikTok aesthetics. The study does not include business or consumer perspectives, which can be further developed to understand the phenomenon's role in marketing. 

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  • Vidic, Tanja
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    FORMERLY KNOWN OBJECTS2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this project, a collection of clothes, exploring the realm of knitwear design through the integration of out-of-context metal objects, has been developed. With a focus on exploring basic knitting techniques, such as plain knit, partial knit, and intarsia knit, the aim of this project was to challenge traditional knitting methods by introducing foreign objects to generate new shapes, functions, and expressions in knitwear. By repurposing everyday objects found in second-hand stores and seamlessly incorporating them into knitted garments, this project challenges the idea of conventional knitwear and elevates it to a form of wearable art, as well as bringing a new perspective to the production of knitted garments. Knitwear allows for the direct molding of the garment when it is still in the machine, providing the flexibility needed to seamlessly incorporate foreign objects. Through a combination of experimental techniques and a theoretical approach inspired by material juxtaposition, the project explores the potential of these objects to create complex shapes and advanced aesthetics that are unattainable through conventional knitting practices. 

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  • Soheilibehbahani, Annahita
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Borooshan, Mana
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ibishi, Almira
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Influencers trovärdighet på TikTok: En kvalitativ studie om hur TikTok influencers storlek påverkar deras trovärdighet2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigates how the size of TikTok influencers affects their credibility based on Ohanian's credibility model (1990). It sheds light on influencers' credibility on TikTok, with a focus on its significance for younger audiences. Previous research has primarily explored credibility on Instagram, while this study aims to contribute insights specific to TikTok. The research questions are: “How do TikTok users relate to the size of influencers?” and “How does the credibility of TikTok affect the size of influencers? A qualitative study was conducted with nine semi-structured interviews of daily TikTok users aged 18-25. The theoretical framework encompasses TikTok's characteristics as a platform for short videos and influencers, focusing on the role of credibility according to Ohanian's model (1990), which provides a basis for understanding the various aspects of credibility, including honesty, reliability, sincerity, trustworthiness, and credibility. The results indicate that influencer size significantly impacts credibility, with varying levels of the five concepts included in Ohanian's credibility model (1990). A large majority believe that smaller influencers are more credible, likely because they more frequently exhibit higher levels of the five concepts from Ohanian's model (1990). The conclusion is that influencer size plays a significant role in their perceived credibility, with smaller influencers having advantages. 

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    VT2024KF22
  • Bengtsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Kristiansson, Linnea
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Storskaligt mode från småskaliga aktörer: Lyxiga modevarumärken byggda på välutvecklade affärsnätverk och starkt ledarskap2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this Bachelor Thesis is to examine and describe what leadership may look like in small-scale fashion companies within the luxury and premium segment, and to identify the different types of collaborative actors the companies have in their business network. This is in order to highlight the importance of organizational strategies. The authors of this research have investigated; Which strategies businesses use in their organization; Which factors can be helpful for businesses ability to reach positive results and prosperity; Which types of actors one’s business network consist of and who the actors are; How the actors within the business network, are visible or obvious in an organization’s, as well as its marketing. With the Business Network Approach and Contingency Theory as this thesis’ theoretical perspective, the data is given a clear view from an organizational standpoint. It provides insight into which types of combinations of business models can be beneficial for a fashion organization. By the usage of empirical data from several fashion organizations, it gives an understanding of which kinds of collaborations and business models are helpful for businesses within luxury fashion. The empirical data has been collected through documentary studies, observations online and semi-structured interviews. By examining different fashion businesses within the luxury segment, findings show how collaborative actors are crucial for a fashion company's success. Effective partnership and shared goals between the organization and its business network, provide a small-scale fashion company chances to developing strong connections necessary for growth and prosperity. This thesis emphasizes the importance of strong and dynamic leadership in small-scale fashion businesses and also presents benefits with strong collaborative actors in an organizations’ business network. It is apparent that leadership and contingency models, as well as the importance of a business network within small-scale businesses, are factors prone to invigorate organizations. It is therefore important to continue studies within Business Network Approach and Contingency Theory, to be able to present more empirical examples, especially such that are applicable for the fashion industry. Since the research field lacks studies within fashion, with these theoretical perspectives, it’s of great importance for fashion and retail to continue investigations of organizations of different sizes and segments. By conducting future research, it could be possible to analyze large data and produce answers which can be used as guidelines for retailers and organizations within fashion. This thesis is written in Swedish throughout.

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  • Petersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Abrahamsson, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sandersson, Vendela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hur reagerar konsumenter på e-handelns skärpta returpolicys?: Fria returer till ett högt pris2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fashion industry, a significant retail segment, substantially contributes to global emissions. Despite the negative environmental impact, consumer demand for fashion products continues to rise, driving industry growth. Concurrently, there is increasing concern among consumers and society about social and environmental challenges, pressuring fashion companies to manage their supply chains responsibly. Returns, particularly those from online purchases, pose a notable environmental challenge due to transportation emissions. The COVID-19 pandemic further accelerated e-commerce growth, leading to an increased volume of returned garments, exacerbating this issue. Historically, fashion companies offered free returns, but recent trends show a shift towards implementing return fees and other measures to curb returns. These policies, while potentially reducing environmental impact, require balancing customer satisfaction and operational costs. This study explores consumer attitudes towards stricter return policies and their impact on purchasing and return behaviors. Results indicate that consumers highly value price, delivery, and return conditions, and brand loyalty when making online purchase decisions, aligning with the theory of the economic person. Convenience, time-saving, and product availability are also crucial factors. Consumers return products mainly due to unmet expectations regarding color, size, or fit, reflecting a rational attempt to maximize utility. However, emotional impulses leading to impulsive purchases also result in returns. With the implementation of return fees, many consumers now deliberate more carefully before making purchases, aiming to avoid unnecessary returns and associated costs. While some reduce online shopping or avoid retailers with high return fees, others continue to order multiple sizes or variants, despite the fees, to ensure the right fit. This behavior demonstrates a trade-off between different utilities. Finally, the willingness to pay for returns varies, influenced by product price, the return fee, and product satisfaction. Some consumers accept a symbolic fee for returns, reflecting a sense of responsibility, while others oppose high fees. Clear product information is vital to meet consumer expectations and reduce returns. Environmental considerations also play a role, with some consumers willing to pay return fees to reduce the negative impact on the environment. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for fashion companies striving to balance sustainability with customer satisfaction and economic viability. This research contributes to existing knowledge by providing insights into effective return management strategies that create value for both businesses and consumers. 

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  • Dahl, Alice
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Thys, Natascha
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    A Study of German Consumer Perceptions of Swedish Fast Fashion Brands: a field study of Gina Tricot2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A problem companies are faced with in the Business-to-business (B2B) environment is the understanding of brand perceptions by consumers due to, among other things, lacking direct communication with customers since most of the communication is done through intermediaries. To understand the factors that affect a company's brand perception, a field study of Gina Tricot has been conducted on German consumers using the brand equity theory as a base for this research. The qualitative method for this study is based on semi-structured short interviews, where a purposive sampling method is used. The sample consists of young women found close to stores selling products from Gina Tricot as well as in the city center of Munich. In total, data from 28 interviews was collected for this study. The results from the methods have undergone a thematic analysis divided according to Aaker's (1991) Brand Equity Theory. The conclusions made were that implementing digital tools such as TikTok and Instagram could be a reason that the awareness of Gina Tricot has reached German customers, without direct contact with them. German customers seem satisfied with the quality of Gina Tricot products, mostly in relation to their price, which helps them retain and attract customers in the German market. Swedish fast fashion brands' visual awareness makes their products recognizable and are more likely to be considered based on their uniqueness in the German market. Lastly, it was found that customers in Germany do not consider brand reputation to be important when buying clothes and this is not a factor that influences the perception of Gina Tricot. Ultimately, the role Gina Tricot plays in the German market is benefiting retailers with their trend-driven products at affordable prices which opens up a door for stores to reach the younger generation, while still providing products that are described as timeless and elegant. 

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  • Alvermalm, Oscar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Tengvall Leeman, Sabina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hur företag kommunicerar sitt agerande i länder efter internationell kritik: Med CSR som utgångspunkt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain clarity on companies' communication regarding the management of conflict. Our context was the ongoing war between Ukraine and Russia and how companies responded to the boycott. To achieve this, we conducted a discourse analysis of three companies' statements regarding their actions taken because of this. The analysis was based on a model we developed ourselves, drawing from existing corporate social responsibility theories. From the results, we discussed whether the companies were in line with a model describing whether a company would act socially responsibly or not, if their communication was effective, and how they communicated their role and responsibilities in the conflict. We could conclude that the model was applicable to all three of the companies, and most of the communication could be classified as successful CSR communication. There was also a recurring trend that companies tend to describe their role in a conflict as responsible legitimization, often mentioning how important it is to follow requirements or laws. 

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    VT2024KF15
  • Wergeland, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Larsson, Nora
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Palmgren, Ebba
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Implementering av Enterprise Risk Management: En kvalitativ studie av svenska företag2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A wake-up call for change in risk management within companies came in the 1990s in the USA after several corporate failures following the financial crisis in the banking sector. This was followed by the establishment of new frameworks and controls. In 2004, COSO released its first framework for ERM, Enterprise Risk Management (ERM). That aimed at improving corporate risk management by effectively identifying, assessing, and managing risks through providing key principles and concepts, clear directions, and instructions. More and more companies are choosing to implement ERM in their risk management, although it has proven to be a challenging process. The purpose of the study was to examine how the implementation looks in Swedish companies through a qualitative investigation in the form of semi-structured interviews. In this way, we gained a comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing the implementation of ERM. The results were analyzed based on Contingency theory and Institutional theory (isomorphism). The study identifies three factors that have influenced the implementation: support and commitment from management, the use of a "living" system so that everyone has access to the same information, and finally, creating conditions to provide information and foster understanding of ERM. The study also identified two lessons learned by the companies: the importance of having a common understanding of risk management at all levels and that ERM made risks visible, providing a clearer picture of threats and opportunities, allowing for better strategic planning for the future.

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    VT2024KF26
  • Salmela, Henry
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Eriksson, Nils
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lundin, Anton
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hedgefonders prestation under Covid-19 pandemin: samt dess korrelation med marknaden2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the development of hedge funds has been studied against the market and their correlation with each other. This has taken place over the period 2018 – 2023 and extra focus on 2020 with further delimitation to the Swedish market. The measures used have been correlation and standard deviation. The study aims to examine the correlation and the performance of hedge funds during the period and draw conclusions about the differences and similarities that exist with previous research and theories behind hedge funds and markets. The selection was taken from HedgeNordic and the data consisted of a total of 39 hedge funds that were merged into an index. The result shows that the hedge fund index maintains a very high correlation with the market index generally throughout the period (0.930), but also a relatively high correlation during the Covid-19 pandemic year 2020 (0.621). In 2020, the hedge fund index also outperformed the market. The result also shows that the hedge funds maintain a lower volatility compared to the benchmark index, which is in line with the hedge fund investment philosophy. The benchmark index performed more extreme values when it came to maximum and minimum values as well. The conclusions the study can draw are that there is a lower correlation in 2020 than in the total period 2018 – 2023, which can be explained by previous research. The study also concludes that the pursuit of a low correlation can only be achieved for shorter periods of time. Seen over a longer period the correlation will never be particularly low as hedge funds are also driven by profits and not only by the fear of making losses. The Study conducts its work in Swedish. 

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    VT2024KF24
  • Persson, Jakob
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Johansson, Matilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Revisionsprocessen: Hur har den påverkats av digitalisering?2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate the effects of digitalization on the audit process in the past decade. The effects are hard to measure and not entirely obvious nor clear, thus the study examines the subjects through eight long semi-structured interviews. The interviews were with authorized auditors at the four largest auditing firms in Sweden about their own experiences, to get a better understanding. Technological advancements are something that drives a lot of industries forward and has introduced a new chapter with the digital age, digitalization. Entire organizations, their internal processes and even professional roles are being shaped by the ever-accelerating digitalization. The study seeks to further understand existing literature on the matter, to apply this knowledge to new information gathered from the interviews held. The goal being to understand how digitalization change competencies, shapes the audit role and process, and lastly how organizations adapt to ever-changing societal and institutional standards and norms. The empirical data is analyzed and compared to legitimacy theory and institutional theory along with existing research to reach a conclusion. From the analysis, it becomes clear that the audit process and how authorized accountants work has seen many changes in the form of new elements, old elements that have been automated along with what skills are in demand. The change is more about how things are done rather than what is done. There are both positive and negative developments. Positive in the form of, for example, efficiency, more in-depth analyses. Negative developments in the form of reduced customer contact. However, all the study's respondents agree that the positives outweigh the negatives. This study is written in Swedish.

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    VT2024CE20
  • Danerek, Magnus
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Den amorfiska zonen: en kritisk studie av indelningen av Asien i klassifikationssystemet Dewey decimalklassifikation2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to highlight a problem with the geographical organisation of knowledge in the library classification system Dewey Decimal Classification. World regions are according to the post-war convention divided along international borders, a classification that tends to obscure relations between sociohistorical phenomena in the borderlands between nation-states. Using a comparative analytic method, four such geopolitically defined world regions in Asia were examined - Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia - and compared with the Dewey-system’s classification of the same regions. The study finds that the Dewey-system divides the regions according to convention along nation-state lines. Drawing on examples from historical accounts and ethnographic literature as well as academic constructs such as Zomia, The Southeast Asian Massif and Highland Asia, which refer to borderland areas in highland mainland Asia, the author adopted a borderlands optics through which obscured sociohistorical relations between transnational cultural groups were accentuated. The study further finds that such relations are difficult to express in the Dewey-system, the reason being that it divides the past from the present and that the modern world is largely ordered into nation-states and geopolitically divided world regions. The author concludes that the classification prevents library users from seeing relations between documents about and by groups/authors from borderlands in highland mainland Asia. The author suggests that the thesis’ underlying ideas and results can be applied by librarians in the public library work, whereby it can be used pedagogically to critically think with library users about alternative ways to organise knowledge geographically than the dominant.

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  • Perlerot, Matilda
    et al.
    Vanjhal, Viktoria
    The ideal net benefits of critical thinking when using ChatGPT in Senior High School2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of ChatGPT by students in the educational environment has shown affecting the learning process. Earlier research shows that the information from the AI technology is not always accurate and there are potential risks for the students. This in turn highlights the importance of considering the use of ChatGPT in school and how the students can be affected. The use of ChatGPT can affect the students' critical thinking, as the student can act him- or herself and not reflect on the information received. During this thesis it will be investigated in what ways ChatGPT can be used to complement classroom teaching to enhance students' critical thinking and learning outcomes. To be able to answer this a focus group study with an assignment, discussion and a questionnaire was conducted. The focus group study was held with ten students from a senior high school in Gothenburg, Sweden. Through the study, discussion and the questionnaire resulted in a deeper understanding of how it could be used to enhance critical thinking but still create value. The focus group study resulted in identifying net benefits that are presented in a figure. The net benefits belong to three different identified categories and can be either positive or negative, however all of them are valid. The net benefits helped to identify recommendations for before, during and after using ChatGPT in senior high school. The conclusions of the study is that by following these recommendations, it is possible to enhance students' critical thinking and create value in the use of ChatGPT. It is also important for the teachers to be a part of there commendations since everything does not rely on the student. 

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  • Noun, Daniel
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Tobias
    Generativ AI: Praktiska tillämpningar inom systemutveckling2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development in artificial intelligence has recently reached new milestones with the emergence of large language models. This has led to the development of generative AI tools such as ChatGPT and Copilot. Previous research describes that the tools have immense potential to increase efficiency and productivity in many different domains. This study's purpose is to develop an understanding of generative AI (GAI) applications in systems development and investigate its effects. Using a qualitative method, eight people working in the domain of systems development were interviewed. The result indicates that GAI is applied to a high degree in some of the processes in systems development, the application is particularly distinctive within the implementation phase of the systems development life cycle. The application covers areas such as autocompletion of code, generation of simple code structures, problem solving and the search of information. The use is perceived to bring positive effects such as increased efficiency and productivity, especially by facilitating repetitive tasks, offering quick access to information and being helpful in problem solving. However, there is widespread caution among the participants of this study regarding the sharing of confidential data and awareness of the limitations and potential inaccuracies of these tools. There are challenges constricting the extent to which these tools can be used with concerns to data security and reliability. Despite these issues, the view of the technology going forward is positive, and the interviewed participants have described potential future applications that could positively impact efficiency and automate tasks. The study that follows is written in Swedish.  

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  • Mersin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Sjökarl, Julia
    Framtidens IT-bransch: Kvinnors röster om jämställdhet: En undersökning om kvinnors upplevelser inom IT-branschen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores women's perspectives on gender equality at an IT company in Sweden. Using a qualitative approach, the study aims to understand how female employees with different IT roles perceive the workplace in relation to gender equality. Utilizing the Individual Differences Theory of Gender and IT (IDTGIT) by Eileen Trauth, the study examines environmental and personal factors influencing these perceptions. The findings reveal that while women generally perceive the workplace as gender-equal, there are areas for improvement. Key challenges include a lack of female representation in leadership positions, limited career development opportunities and the importance of confidence for success within the company. Positive aspects noted by the respondents include an inclusive workplace culture and active efforts by management to promote gender equality. This research contributes to the ongoing debate on gender equality within the IT industry and provides insights that can help other organizations enhance their gender equality efforts. By addressing these issues, IT companies can create more diverse teams, leading to better innovation and an IT industry that serves everyone in society. The language of this essay is Swedish. 

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  • Lundgren, Felicia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Flingström, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Stenström, Amina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Att leda och motivera volontärer: En kvalitativ studie ur en evenemangskontext2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how organizations within the events industry work to lead and motivate volunteer workers at their events. Special focus is placed on how they work to promote volunteers' intrinsic motivation and satisfy their psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The study has primarily used one theoretical framework known as Self-Determination Theory (SDT). The data that has been analyzed was collected through six semi-structured interviews with practitioners from different organizations in the music events industry that use volunteers at their events. The study's findings suggest that organizations tend to enhance volunteers' intrinsic motivation by offering task choices with clear instructions, where recognition for their efforts plays an important role. Event organizations are currently working on and should continue to develop a positive work environment for volunteers where everyone is treated as equals and can form a sense of community with each other and the organization, thereby fulfilling their need for relatedness according to SDT. Furthermore, the results indicate that recurring volunteers are a successful concept both for organizations seeking to meet volunteers' needs and to reduce uncertainty about volunteers' efforts and work ethic. Therefore, the conclusions may indicate that a well-implemented application of principles from Self-Determination Theory (SDT) can contribute to strengthening volunteers' motivation and engagement. These findings have contributed to increasing knowledge from a less explored perspective and may assist event organizations in effectively leading volunteers in the future. This study is written in Swedish.

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    VT2024KF08
  • Keränen, Robert
    et al.
    Öberg, Jonathan
    Fenomenet ”THE ITSM IRON TRIANGLE”: en medlare eller uppviglare?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IT-organizations that manages development and change of IT-systems, both for the internal and external enterprises is bound to incorporate both error handling and deployment processes in their businesses. The viewpoint of these processes is widely differentiated by the different teams depending on which part of the IT-organization one belongs to. Developers find these processes less prioritized, tedious and of lower status while managers of IT see them as a critical and highly prioritized task. The different viewpoints derive from the work contribution of the different work groups to cocreate value to the enterprise through IT. The conflict between these groups has a long history and appears because of both parties’ separate perspective and this study aims to investigate and discuss how enterprises should approach this conflict with the weaknesses of their business. The study presents a model which aims at helping the enterprise with the investigation into areas of improvement for the business related to terminology and strategies needed to override the conflict at hand 

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  • Hägg, Vincent
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bonde, Josef
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Bodin, Liam
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    IPOs långsiktiga avkastning på den svenska marknaden: En undersökning av faktorer som driver överavkastning vid IPOs på Stockholmsbörsen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the long-term returns of IPOs and factors that cause an IPO to overperform index. Historically IPOs have resulted in an increase of investors on the stock market but have been proven by previous studies to underperform comparable companies during the same period. Previous research has identified factors that could be the cause of how an IPO performs, where company age, market capitalization, profit margin and debt ratio have been affecting factors for the share price growth. This quantitative study aims to investigate IPOs issued on the Stockholm Stock Exchange between 2016-03-10 and 2021-02-11. The results show that out of the 281 companies investigated, 52 overperform and 229 underperform OMXSPI, which strengthens previous studies about IPOs having a lower return than index. The regression analysis shows that the results indicate a positive correlation between all factors. The conclusion is that IPOs issued between 2016-03-10 and 2021-02-11 on the Stockholm stock exchange underperform index. The factors age of company, market capitalization, profit margin and debt ratio all show a positive correlation towards index. However, no factor can be categorized as strongly positive. 

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    VT2024KF14
  • Hynell, Melker
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Larsson, Emil
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Wiktorsson, Alva
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Distansarbetets påverkan på organisationskultur: En kvalitativ studie kring anställdas syn på organisationskultur2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study which goal is to bring an understanding of how remote work affects organizational culture. The study's results contributes to an increased understanding and knowledge between the dynamics of organizational culture and remote work. The theory that was used during the study was Schein’s three levels of culture. The three levels were artifacts, espoused values and underlying assumptions. To address the purpose and research questions of the study, nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with employees of two different companies in auditing- and the accounting industry. Four of the nine worked the majority of the time remotely and five of them worked in the office. The areas that the interviews processed were about background, organizational culture, Schein's three levels of culture and remote work. The results of the study showed that there were some differences between those who worked remotely and those who worked in the office perspectives on the organizational culture. With the help of Schein’s three levels of culture it emerged that there were some differences in artifacts, espoused values and underlying assumptions. It could be observed that subcultures seemed to have been created among those who worked remotely and that these subcultures depart from the espoused organizational culture found in the office. 

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    VT2024KF20
  • Hanserot, Anton
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Dahlström, Anton
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lilja, William
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ekonomisk Effekt av ESG-initiativ på Företags Resultat: En kvantitativ analys av sambandet mellan ESG-poäng och EBITDA20242024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the impact of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) scores on a company's Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA). The research is based on a quantitative approach, utilizing data from Refinitiv Workspace to analyze a sample of 303 large companies from Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and the United Kingdom. The study aims to provide insights into how ESG initiatives may affect a company's financial performance and how this relationship may vary depending on the different components within ESG. The research hypotheses are tested using correlation matrices and multiple regression analyses, with a focus on assessing the significance of ESG scores on EBITDA and exploring the impact of individual ESG components on financial performance. The findings show that there is a concrete positive impact of ESG-scores on companies' EBITDA and also that the component of ESG with the most positive effect is governance (G). The results contribute to the existing literature on ESG and corporate financial performance, offering valuable insights for both academic discourse and practical implications for corporate management. The study is written in Swedish language. 

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    VT2024KF29
  • Eriksson, Julia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Enström, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Carlgren, Lisa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress inom eventbyråer: en kvalitativ studie om stresshantering och välmående bland anställda på eventbyråer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how employees at Swedish event agencies handle work-related stress. This is done by taking in the employees life situations and job demands and job resources into account. The study is based on two different theories, the framework Five Ways to Wellbeing, and The Job-Demands Resource model. The theories is considered to be complementary to one another since job demands and job resources can impact wellbeing and performance ability. The collected material comes from twelve different semi-structured interviews from six different event agencies in Sweden, all conducted via Google Meet. The results from the study shows that the main ways event agency employees cope with work-related stress are through physical activity, spending time with family and flexibility in working hours and remote working. Furthermore, the study also shows that employees performance ability is influenced by their well-being, support from colleagues and managers, and the balance of job demands and job resources. This study is written in Swedish.

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    VT2024KF07
  • Hammarberg, Sofie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Ghadiri Karizi, Melika
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Nordlund, Johanna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Supporterengagemang på Instagram: en studie om fotbollsklubben IFK Göteborg2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how supporters of IFK Göteborg use Instagram to engage and interact with the football club. Through qualitative in-depth interviews with supporters, it is revealed how different types of content – from match updates to exclusive behind-the-scenes views – fulfill fans' needs for information, entertainment, and social interaction. The study applies the theory of Consumers Online Brand-Related Activities (COBRA) and Uses and Gratification Theory (UGT) to analyze and understand fans' online behaviors and motivations. The results show that Instagram not only acts as a channel to spread information, but also as a powerful tool to create a sense of community and belonging among supporters. This work contributes valuable insights into how sports clubs can optimize their digital strategies to increase supporter loyalty and engagement, which is crucial in an increasingly digitized sports world. This research is relevant to both academics and practitioners in sports marketing, especially at a time when digital presence is becoming increasingly important for brands in all industries. This study is written in Swedish. 

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    VT2024KF03
  • Chaimungkhun, Wirada
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hallén, Alice
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Forsman, Engla
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Konsumenters association till logotypattribut2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how Swedish consumers perceive and associate personality traits with color and form, focusing on logo and brand communication. Applying Aaker's (1996) model of brand personality and semiotic principles, the study aims to test these through hypotheses. In addition to Aaker's (1996) brand personalities, The Big Five, the study intends to add a sustainable brand personality to address the evolution of the modern consumer. The study evaluates and applies previous research and theory, contributing its own findings based on the results. Data was collected through an online survey in which 85 respondents indicated how they associate form and color with brand personality traits. The results show that certain attributes have stronger associations among consumers. Green is an effective color for conveying sustainability, while red is associated with excitement and blue with competence. Circular shapes are associated with softness, while angular shapes are associated with hardness. The study's results contribute to existing research on the subject and can help brands improve their brand communication. This study is written in Swedish.

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    VT2024KF05
  • Ceganjac, Aleksandar
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Oday Kanaan, Yaqoob
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Talay, Melissa
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Lågkonjunkturens inverkan på ett hållbart samhälle: en kvalitativ studie ur ett konsumentperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the behaviors of Swedish consumers towards sustainable food consumption during economic recessions. With rising food prices and general economic uncertainty, sustainable food choices face both challenges and opportunities. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior as a framework, this study explores how attitudes, perceived behavioral control and social norms influence consumer decisions towards sustainable food options in economic recessions. Through qualitative interviews with diverse participants, the research indicates that while environmental awareness is on the rise, economic pressure often leads consumers to prioritize price over sustainability. Therefore, consumers are more likely to choose cheaper and less sustainable options during recessions. This study contributes to the understanding of sustainable consumer behavior in adverse economic conditions and provides implications for policymakers and businesses aiming to promote sustainable consumption during recession. Key insights include the importance of price and availability in consumer decision-making, suggesting that more accessible and affordably priced sustainable food options could maintain consumer engagement with sustainability during economic challenges. 

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    VT2024KF16
  • Carlsson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Thornander, Görel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Larsson, Julia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Go with the flow, eller inte?: En kvantitativ studie om svenska användares upplevelser av flow-tillstånd på TikTok2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the awareness and experiences of Swedish TikTok users regarding the flow state within the context of their application usage. Utilizing a survey and a feature analysis, these methods were chosen as they were suitable for collecting a larger amount of data. Quantitative data was then gathered to answer three research questions. These research questions focus on how Swedish TikTok users are aware of a flow state, what in their usage can affect their commitments and which factors in information architecture maintain this flow state. To answer these questions the data collection was done in two rounds, one where a survey was sent out to the research group personal social medias and the other as the research group studied the application’s features. Theories that were used is grounded in research regarding flow state and design principles and would therefore add value to this study. This resulted in some awareness about flow state among the users. In terms of impact on daily responsibilities, users report mixed experiences. Some users recognize the negative effects of extended TikTok use on productivity and limit their usage accordingly. The investigated factors that contribute to maintaining a flow state on TikTok were also identified as significant in inducing flow states. Overall, the study underscores the importance of understanding how Tiktok’s design and content strategies influence user experience and daily task management, emphasizing the need for balanced and mindful usage to mitigate potential negative impacts on productivity. 

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  • Bui, Thuy Hong
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Luminescence Momentum: Using long-exposure photography technique as a sketching method in fashion design2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Photography is an important element within fashion design that helps fashion designers document the process, capture bodily movements, and demonstrate the outcomes when presenting. This work has used photography as a sketching brush through the long-exposure technique to ideate the diversity of colors, transparencies, and abstract bodies. The outcomes were a visual resource of light trails with different colors, and shapes. These were used as inspirations for new surface- and texture expressions like heat-transfer printing and embroidery, transparency experiments, and layers. The results are five design samples that illustrated different solutions for combining color, layer, clarity, different texture expressions, and abstract silhouettes while using the long-exposure photography technique as the primary sketching method, in various hierarchy orders. Consequently, this method can become a new contribution to fashion design as a new design method and design approach. 

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  • Ahlbom, Lars
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Augustsson, Jonathan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Argus, Albin
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Hållbarhetsregleringens påverkan på resursanvändning2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The regulation of sustainability reporting in Sweden was established within Swedish law in 2017 (SFS 2016:947) from the EU Directive 2014/95/EU. This regulation aims to enhance sustainability and increase transparency and trust for investors and consumers. With the institutional perspective on how institutional pressures alter corporate behaviors, the question arose regarding the direct effects the implementation of the Swedish regulated sustainability reporting (SFS 2016:947) has on Swedish company’s use of natural resources. To address this research question, a quantitative method is employed in the form of descriptive analysis (visual graphs and individual t-tests), a correlation analysis, and individual regression analyses. The study's time frame spans three years, one year before the law's introduction and two years after. The sample consists of 97 companies whose sustainability indicator data are extracted from the Swedish House of Finance (SHoF) database. The results of the descriptive analysis indicate that during the study period, the mean of greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 3.5%, water usage decreased by 9.75%, and energy consumption increased by 2.2%. However, the conducted t-tests show that this change is not significant. Finally, the results from the individual regression analyses indicate that the Amendment Act to the Annual Accounts Act (SFS 2016:947) does not have a significant effect on the resource usage of Swedish listed firms. The result contributes to an increased understanding of the effects of mandated sustainability reporting. This essay is written in Swedish.

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    VT2024KF25
  • Olsson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Fred, Oscar
    AI inom biståndshandläggning: En jämförelse mellanmänskliga beslutsfattare och AI2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of artificial intelligence has recently become a hot topic of discussion. The development has gained momentum in recent years and one theme is how AI will affect the various occupational categories. Financial assistance acts as a safety net and is a way out if the individual cannot make a living in another way. Management of financial assistance is something that is the responsibility of the municipalities and it is a case manager from the social service who works with that process. Today, AI technology is being used within organizations, but in the public sector, when it comes to managing financial aid, this technology has not been applied to any great extent. Historically, before AI entered the agenda in terms of the use of IT technology, it revolved around how the administrator interacts with the IT systems. Although these IT systems make the work of the case manager more efficient, the human factor is still an influence in the handling process. The purpose of this study is to investigate how AI technology could replace a human to carry out the handling process. In conducting this study, qualitative data collection method has been applied. A number of semi-structured interviews have been conducted with various municipalities to investigate how they manage the handling process and which systems they use. The results were analyzed against theory for the handling process of financial aid and basic AI technology. From the results that show how the case managers work in the various municipalities, it is possible to see through the analysis that it differs to a certain degree between the municipalities. What differentiates them is which technical tools the administrators can use to go through the process. Based on that, it can be concluded that AI technology will gradually become established within the financial aid processing process over time during its development.  

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  • Landenberg, Simon
    et al.
    Lindin, Axel
    Automatiserad kundsupport: Automationslösning av ärendegenerering för ett kundsupportsystem med RPA2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ticket-based customer support systems can sometimes involve a great amount of administrative work depending on the volume of incoming cases. There is however a way to automate some of these customer support processes by using Robotic Process Automation (RPA), which is a non-invasive way to automate digital, repetitive and rule based processes. There has been some research done on the subject of automating ticket-based customer support with the help of RPA. However, there is limited research regarding the creation of these customer support tickets. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate which functionality within a ticket-based support system that can be automated using RPA. This study will consist of a theoretical contribution as well as a practical. The practical contribution will consist of an automated software robot capable of creating customer support tickets in a ticket-based support system from emails. The theoretical contribution will be a set of design principles based on the evaluation of the RPA-artefact and its development process. The research was carried out using design science methods where an RPA-artefact was developed as well as a simulation environment in which the RPA solution interacted in order to validate the RPA artefact. In order to then collect data, the RPA-artefact has been evaluated based on interviews and demonstrations of the RPA-artefact. The information and problem definition was collected from a Nordic company that conducts customer service through interviews, in order to develop the RPA-artefact. This information was later used when setting the goals for the RPA-artefact. The final result of the RPA-artefact was well received based on the feedback given during the demonstrations. The main goal of autonomously generating customer support tickets from email conversations was achieved. This result was achieved through using various tools such as UiPath, Microsoft Outlook and RegEx. For future research work, it would be interesting and knowledge-enriching to implement the automation solution in an organization's work environment where the results can be tested and analyzed with a stronger connection to its practical value. This study was conducted in a self-developed simulation environment and by reducing the intersection between theory and practice the credibility could be reinforced. It would also be interesting to use machine learning instead of RegEx to classify customer tickets. Furthermore, connecting this solution of automatically generating customer support tickets with the previous research mentioned in this study, to create a fully automated customer support service, could prove to be interesting and beneficial to many companies conducting customer support regardless of their type of business. It is also important to note that this bachelor’s thesis is written in swedish. 

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  • Tohidi, Samira
    Läsretreater: Ett sätt att främja läsning inom akademin2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the social and situated approach to individual reading that academic reading retreats can entail, and to contribute knowledge about how this type of reading activity can be designed, and how reading retreats can promote retreat participants' reading of academic literature. Furthermore, the study aimed to identify arguments regarding the potential relevance of university libraries and librarians organizing and leading reading retreats. The methods of this study included participant observation, semi-structured interviews and qualitative analysis. Two reading retreats organized for students and/or employees at two different Swedish universities were studied (Gothenburg University and Lund University), and a total of 7 retreat participants, 4 organizers and 2 co-organizers were interviewed. Theories that informed the study were those of embodied cognition and information literacy in the workplace. The findings of this study suggest that reading retreats can be a way to promote reading of academic literature by introducing positive peer pressure, providing a situated learning opportunity for reading, protecting time for reading, and producing a good environment for reading. Further, the results of the study provide a rich description of reading retreat design. Lastly, reading retreats were identified as a potential reading promotion activity at university libraries.

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  • Härkänen Artan, Maria
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Martinsson, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Uppföljnings- och utvärderingsbara mål inom skolbiblioteksverksamhet: en innehållsanalys av aktuella biblioteksplaner utifrån nyinstitutionell teori2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate, and further our knowledge about, the function of library plans as planning tools for Swedish school libraries, with a focus on the monitor- and evaluability of the goals formulated in the plans.

    The thesis has its starting point in the requirement in the Swedish Library Act that every municipality must have a plan for its library activities, and the guidelines that the National Library of Sweden has set up for how the objectives in these plans should be formulated. In the guidelines, the National Library emphasizes the importance of setting concrete, monitorable goals so that the organization can use the library plans as an effective tool in its operations.

    Our research consisted of reading 20 current municipal library plans and using a new institutional theoretical framework to analyze the goals concerning school library that we found there, focusing on the monitor- and evaluability of the goals formulated.

    Our results showed that none of the library plans in our analysis contained objectives that met the criteria for monitor- and evaluability set by the National Library of Sweden. Instead of functioning as a tool for practical school librarywork, the goals in the library plans seemed to have more of a communicative role – a way of communicating to the outside world what work is being done within the organization and what its ambitions are. With the help of new institutional theory, we were able to conclude that the goal formulated for school libraries in library plans mainly seemed to function as a way of legitimizing it to the outside world. 

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  • Hansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Johansson, David
    Framställning och implementering av informationssäkerhetspolicys i verksamheter: en beskrivning av framställnings- och implementeringsarbete genom teori och empiri2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This study addresses the problem with information system users traditionally not being involved in the creation and implementation of information security policies. Information security policies are part of the total protection of the business's information assets, where the initial protection consists of the employees within the business. A policy intends to give employees control in various safety-related procedures in everyday work. When employees are not involved in creation and implementation, acceptance and compliance with the control is at risk, which, in the long run, can lead to information leaks and intrusions. 

    The purpose of the essay was to investigate user involvement in the implementation of information security policies through the creation and implementation, as well as the impact of training on socio-technical aspects. We want to make an approach to a investigation of synergies between practice and theory as a means of actualizing the field of security for information system users. We intend to expand upon an existing model with our contributions to the field. 

    A deductive approach has been applied for this study. A step-by-step breakdown throughout the literature review resulted in various categories, which became our theoretical foundation, from which perspectives we viewed the area. The categories served as a basis for interview questions that were then posed to the qualitative research method where we interviewed three security experts and four users. The empirical basis has then been analyzed through a theoretical lens in a result analysis. 

    Through the studies, it has been shown through the empirical data of the interviews that discovered phenomena extend across all business sizes. The result shows that policies in larger organizations are established, but according to “traditional methods” that pervade implementation and thinking, with limited user involvement. An imprint of high trust in experts and standards excluding users from participation. The operations' processes and organizational cultural aspects have little impact on the information security policy, throughout the creation and implementation. It appears that limited awareness among users exists, but that the lack of user participation may have consequences both on the broad and the deeper understanding of threats, risks and potential incidents. 

    The paper's findings have relevance and may be of interest to management and administrators in organizations of all sizes, roles, according to research, traditionally involved in the concerns of security issues. The result is also of interest to the general user of information systems in businesses that needs to protect its information assets through its employees.

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  • Bektas Hay, Nurcan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Exploring Librarians' Perspectives on Multilingual Collection Development and Cultural Competence in the Swedish Context2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our globalized world, providing meaningful resources to linguistically diverse communities in libraries within multicultural societies like Sweden is essential. By engaging directly with librarians, this thesis aims to uncover their perspectives on the essential competencies and skills required for effectively managing multilingual collections and serving diverse communities. The study adopts a qualitative research methodology with an interpretative epistemological approach and a constructionist ontological perspective. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight librarians specializing in managing multilingual collections within public and special libraries in Sweden in April 2024. The data was analyzed based on the concepts of multiculturalism and Parekh's notion of intercultural dialogue using qualitative content analysis with an abductive approach, focusing on themes derived from Overall’s (2009) cultural competence framework and including new themes as they emerged.

    According to the analyzed data, librarians are committed to cultural competence, emphasizing the importance of being open and approachable to build good relationships with multilingual community members. However, they identified a lack of direct community engagement and insufficient in-depth knowledge about their patrons. Professional development opportunities and better user assessment tools are seen as essential for improving services. Challenges include a lack of time and funding to enhance services and promotional activities. Increased workplace diversity is viewed as beneficial for cultivating cultural awareness and collaboration. Librarians also expressed the need for clearer guidelines and support to effectively implement multicultural representation in library collections. The study concludes with further research recommendations that could help improve the current state of affairs in the provision of multilingual materials at libraries.

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  • Tekcan, Ümit
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Cedervall, Elias
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Sankala, Noah
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    AI och RPA inom revisionsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om hur AI och RPA påverkar revisorernas arbete och byråers upplevda konkurrenssituation2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study explores how AI and RPA affect the work of accountants, how they approach technological tools, and how the agencies perceive the tools to influence the competition. A qualitative approach has been implemented by interviewing 7 auditors from various small and large audit firms. The results highlight the importance of keeping up with technological developments to remain competitive, but that it is important that auditors accept and see the technology as useful. The study uses a theoretical frame of reference that contains two theories, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and Task Technology Fit (TTF), as well as two central concepts which are Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotic Process Automation (RPA), where the framework is summarized with a proprietary analysis model, figure 2. The results show through the study`s respondents, who represent various firms within the auditing industry, that the firms perceive a competitive advantage when using the tool compared to if they had not used them. 

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    VT2024KF27
  • Khan, Kiran (Curator)
    Saleem, Faseeh (Curator)
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    RETROSPECTIVE: Fibre and Textile Expressions2024Other (Refereed)
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  • Palmquist, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Yaghi Fehratovic, Hania
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Towards a traceable and circular textile value chain: Necessities to meet the digital product passport (DPP)2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The textile industry new regulations require companies to integrate traceability in their value chain and circular initiatives. Recent studies present concern of the lack of traceability in products. Traceability is seen as an enabler for sustainability, since it displays company value chain activities. This research is part of the research project Systemdemonstratorn for a circular value chain. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to provide insights of the requirements in terms of traceability for companies’ adaptation to the digital product passport for the aim of creating an enhanced circular textile system. The research questions are divided in stage 1 to determine the current state and stage 2 to establish the requirement of future stage. Methodology: This research applies a qualitative approach with an explorative stance. The constructed conceptual framework is based on a merge of value stream mapping and The Butterfly Diagram with the addition of a proposed structure for the digital product passport from CIRPASS. The primary data was collected from semi-structured interviews and a conducted interview tool supported by the 5W1H information gathering technique. Findings: To analyse the findings this research conducted a thematic analysis, where themes were conducted individually in stage 1 and stage 2. The finding indicated a need of an integrated technological solution, a demand for a clear strategic communication process and a desire of clarity both within the companies and in the industry, it may still be a concern due to the novelty of the subject. Increased knowledge was further demonstrated as a necessity together with increased responsibility and lower ambiguity. Integrating traceability in circular loops and a unique product identifier was also distinguished as requirements. It was also stated that participants companies had progressed to different extent in the circular loops. Certifications was further distinguished as an established way amongst the participant to verify their traceability. Key findings are still an absence of completely understanding the concept of traceability. Contribution: This research contributes to demonstrating a success in merging value stream mapping and The Butterfly Diagram for mapping current state of information flow. It provides an insight for requirements needed for the future adoption of the digital product passport regarding traceability for an enhanced circular textile system and provides a pathway for textile management. The research further establish direction for enriching the knowledge by providing insights to future research which align with the subject.

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  • Fager, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Elofsson, Anna
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Fatalla Rontti, Mathilda
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    En reflexiv praktik: inom digitaliserade arbetsprocesser2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization has taken on a central role for many organizations, and its progress has opened up opportunities for organizations to increase their efficiency and streamline their everyday operations. Efficiency is an important phenomenon for many organizations as it yields high returns by achieving higher set goals with less effort. The purpose of this qualitative study is to gain an understanding of how digitized work processes shape the middle manager's opportunities for reflexive practice. The study aims to investigate whether organizations in the future may retain innovation and learning within the organization through reflexive practice, despite efficiency requirements leading to increasing standardization of tasks. This study focuses on the middle management role, conducting ten interviews with middle managers in the private sector to gather empirical data. The research targets middle managers in various organizations as well as senior management to understand how to maintain reflexive practice even in a digital environment where many tasks become standardized. In conclusion, the results show that digitization has affected work processes, creating both opportunities and challenges for the middle manager's space to practice reflexivity. Working with reflexive practice has proven necessary in the implementation of digital tools to reduce the risks of errors. At the same time, automation has opened up greater scope for organizations to practice reflexivity, but utilizing that opportunity depends on them and the unique needs of the organization. Furthermore, we can observe that the practice of reflexivity is most common in problematic contexts and rarely in processes that work smoothly. Therefore, the middle manager is in a balancing act in terms of how much is required of them to exercise reflexive practice in their organization and how much they should prioritize questioning the various digitized work processes.

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  • Connysson, Linnéa
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Landström, Emma
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    exploring pre-loved: consumers’ perception of the pre-loved concept in a traditional clothing store environment2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore consumer perceptions regarding the emerging trend among traditional clothing stores in Gothenburg, Sweden, where a section of their retail space is dedicated to reselling pre-loved clothing. Additionally, it seeks to investigate the factors influencing consumers' preference for these sections over conventional thrift stores. Employing a qualitative approach, the study conducts 10 shop-along sessions comprising semi-structured interviews and unstructured observations in four traditional clothing stores, each featuring an integrated pre-loved section. The theoretical framework encompasses consumer value theory, supplemented by the Means-End Chain Theory, which is utilized to analyze the findings. Results reveal a positive response from participants toward pre-loved initiatives, indicating an overall favorable perception. Findings show that consumers perceive pre-loved initiatives as multiple valuable, including economic savings, functional quality, social value, and an enjoyable, empowering, and satisfying experience. Furthermore, various factors such as curated pieces, well-organized sections, unique garments, and diverse assortments influence consumers, leading to different consequences and values such as feeling efficient, self-fulfillment/self-expression, and enjoyment, thus favoring pre-loved initiatives over conventional thrift stores. In conclusion, the study sheds light on the growing preference for pre-loved initiatives among consumers in traditional clothing stores. 

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  • Bruun, Alicia
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Klingberg Rydh, Sofia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Textila företags avfallshantering: En undersökning av svenska textilföretags utmaningar och strategier gällande hantering av textilavfall2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The textile industry is a significant consumer of resources and generates substantial amounts of waste throughout the entire value chain. This study conducted a comprehensive literature review and survey to analyze the waste management practices in the textile industry and the challenges posed by the EU Commission's proposals for increased producer responsibility and waste regulations. The results highlight the challenges faced by textile companies, including administrative and economic burdens, infrastructure issues, the complexity of material recycling, and uncertainty regarding producer responsibility. The study identifies the strategies used by Swedish textile companies to manage waste, such as material-saving techniques, reuse of packaging, and collaboration with suppliers and manufacturers. Despite these efforts, technical and economic barriers remain. The study suggests improvements through investments in infrastructure, the development of innovative technologies, and economic incentives to support sustainable processes.

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  • Wahlström, William
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Dress to empress: Challenging preconception within dress2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work builds on the notion of preconception using performative art to evoke awareness of inner worth and value through a change of dress and its notable ability to distort the image of a person, challenging the initial preconception of the person. This idea is depicted through a portrait staging of several mature women. The women are displayed in their homes, exposed to a partially improvised performative draping where the narrative shifts due to their change of clothing, accessories, hair, and makeup. This work aims to create artistic pieces of evening wear through the act of performance. It is intended to be a celebration of mature women and is meant to inspire the use of performance as a way to generate design ideas.

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  • Shahad, Al-Roomi
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    The effect of the clicks and bricks strategy on consumers’ value co-creation in western Sweden2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The "clicks and bricks" strategy, combining online and offline shopping, is crucial in today's retail environment to meet customer demands. This approach enhances consumer engagement and satisfaction by blending the practical advantages of physical stores with the convenience of online shopping. However, there are challenges to overcome when implementing clicks and bricks, including technological integration, reliable inventory control, and consistent service quality. This study focuses on exploring the impact of this strategy on consumer value co-creation, emphasizing engagement, satisfaction, and the factors that contribute to successful implementation.

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  • Rafay Rehman, Abdul
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Polymer Blends in Textile Recycling: Strategies for Eco-Friendly Solutions2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In response to the growing concerns surrounding pollution and sustainability, this research explores the possibility of recycling post-consumer polyester (PET) and nylon (PA6) waste for textile applications. By blending the polymers and analyzing the recyclability and thermomechanical properties of PET/PA6 blends, this study aims to contribute to the development of sustainable materials for textile applications. Virgin PET and PA6 polymers were utilized, with blending ratios ranging from 35% PET to 65% PET to assess the impact of composition on the material’s performance. Compounding and injection molding techniques were employed to prepare samples for characterization. Mechanical testing revealed that the blending of PET and PA6 increased tensile and flexural strengths, with higher PET content leading to increased stiffness. However, impact testing indicated a decrease in toughness with the incorporation of PET, which is attributed to increased crystallinity. Thermal analysis demonstrated that the blends retained sufficient thermal stability for industrial processing, despite slight reductions in degradation temperatures. Differential scanning calorimetry explained the crystallization behavior of the blends, revealing nuanced changes in PET's crystallization temperature. The dynamic mechanical analysis highlighted enhanced elastic modulus and improved rigidity and adhesion. These findings may have significant implications for polymer blend research and applications. Understanding the mechanical and thermal behavior of PET/PA6 blends is crucial for optimizing their performance in textiles and various other sectors. The study contributes to the development of sustainable materials with improved mechanical properties, offering potential solutions to environmental challenges and promoting the adoption of recyclable polymers in society. Future research should focus on optimizing blend compositions with compatibilizers to enhance impact strength and fully integrate these materials into textile production processes.

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  • Ortiz Pages, Arianne
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Motsiopoulou, Christina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    A study on luxury and sustainable consumption: mixing and matching2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: the objective of this research is to get a better understanding of luxury consumption in today’s society and the connection to sustainability. Consumers are no longer asking but demanding more sustainable practices from the fashion industry, especially the fast-fashion companies, calling any minor error or threat of “Greenwashing” (Joshi and Rahman 2019). Although, when it comes to luxury brands the level of exigence seems to be different. The aim is to understand the influence of sustainability when consumers are acquiring new pieces, in particular luxury ones. The purpose is to answer in which ways these two concepts are affected by each other and consequently if they will affect the luxury consumers. Method: An inductive approach was used by the researchers. 15 semi structured interviews were conducted to people from 10 different countries with ages between 22 to 60. The duration of these interviews was between 20 to 45 minutes and a questionnaire was designed in order to have a structure but also new questions were made as follow up or elaboration on what interviewees mentioned, where particular themes are defined and the questions are formulated during the interviews to extract the desirable answers in accordance with the themes (Bryman et al. 2021). Findings: Six themes were detected after the analysis of the results. First, the contemporary luxury consumer situation, followed by the feelings that occur after consuming luxury fashion products where there are mixed emotions of pleasure and shame. In the same sector, the current brand perception, arised the conversation about the lack of brand love. From this angle, the mixed consumption patterns that revealed the emerging phenomenon of consuming both luxury and fast-fashion came to support the absence of brand love. Lastly, in the context of sustainability, the view of sustainability among luxury consumers and the transition to more sustainable practices in purchasing fashion products were the other two themes that were discovered. Managerial Implications: the matter of the absence of brand love seems of great significance for executives and managers in luxury brands. Another aspect is the fact that managers could further capitalise on the quality that is provided by their brands since all participants expressed their preference in luxury products attributable to their endurance, managers could make their pivotal point, in the marketing efforts, the exceptional quality. Another contribution to get a better insight to the people involved in the industry, from designers to managers is to obtain a deeper understanding on how much sustainability efforts could affect or benefit their business. 

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  • Mae Amandoron, Kristine
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Establishment of a Resource-efficient Spray Dyeing Process for Polyester Fabrics: A study on the key process steps of the hydraulic spray atomising system—pre-treatment, dyeing, predrying, and fixation2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) textiles, commonly known as polyester, is an energy and water-intensive process, particularly during the dyeing and finishing stages, leading to significant carbon emissions and wastewater filled with toxic chemicals. Conventional dyeing processes consume large volumes of water and energy, making them environmentally harmful. Innovative methods like hydraulic spray atomizer offer a more sustainable alternative by reducing water and chemical usage, thus minimizing waste and environmental impact. This study explores the hydraulic spray dyeing process parameters, including pre-treatment, dyeing, pre-drying, and fixation steps for three different polyester fabrics. The objective is to achieve resource-efficient dyeing with comparable results to traditional methods, and to compare effectiveness of a combined pre-treatment and dyeing approach with a two-step spray application of pre-treatment and dyeing. Pre-treatment of the polyester fabrics with chemical hydrophilizing agents by spray application showed to improve the hydrophilic character and wetting capacity of three polyester fabrics—P75, P600, and Kibo based on reduced water contact angle measurements and increased vertical wicking rates. A pre-treatment also showed to enhance the K/S values of the three different polyester fabrics. The addition of a pre-drying step showed some indication of reducing disperse dye migration, and enhanced color strength of the Kibo fabrics. Spray dyed samples maintained dyeing quality comparable to padded samples. One-step spray processes demonstrated comparable or improved color properties and durability to fastness to washing and abrasion in comparison to two-step processes. The results demonstrate that the hydraulic spray atomizing system is viable for both dyeing and pre-treatment of polyester fabrics. Furthermore, this lays the groundwork for innovation in wet textile processes of polyester fabrics using this resource-efficient alternative, aiming towards sustainable textile production and dyeing. 

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  • Jalhed, Frida
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Biblioteket, professionen och tiden: En studie av diskurser kring bibliotekariens arbete ur ett historiskt perspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to delve deeper into how the press portrays the librarian profession through two different time periods and take a closer look at the discourses related to work tasks represented in the media to see how the profession has changed and why. The empirical material is from Biblioteksbladet, published in 1923 and 2023, and the study analyses the differences from a hundred-year progress in the representation of the profession in the press. These papers are analysed with discourse analysis to explain power relations, changes in social practices and society, and the context of the texts to explain why these changes have happened. The result of the study shows that there has been a change in the profession, as more tasks have been assigned to the librarians, which brings new expectations and changes in the work-related discourses in Biblioteksbladet and how they express themselves to the librarians. Furthermore, the profession changes with the society it is centred in to be of use to its users.

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  • Hilding, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Jansdotter, Evelina
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Skolbibliotekariers kompetens i grundskolan: En intervjustudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to study how school librarians working in elementary and middle schools describe and obtain their competence, and how they work to make their competence visible through collaborations within the school organization. The empirical material consists of five semi structured interviews with school librarians. The theoretical framework consists of a competence model which divides competence into five different categories and the two concepts; formal and real legitimacy. The method of analysis is qualitative content analysis which is being used to code the empirical material. The result of this study shows that school librarians have a wide range of skills from all the categories in the competence model and that different sets of skills are being used depending on the work task. Reading promotion skills and social competence is especially prominent in the result. The study shows that they obtain their competence through formal education in Library and Information Science and that they continue to develop their skills throughout their professional life. The results show that the competence of school librarians are made visible for example through collaboration with teachers and that being an integral part of the school organization is vital for enabling these collaborations. 

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  • Hammersberg, Molly
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
    Loikkanen, Oona Karoliina
    The Paradox of Parisian luxury: Heritage or Relevance?2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating contemporary themes with heritage is a way for luxury brands to stay relevant. However, this research will highlight discrepancies between what brands state as well as the different strategic approaches the brands employ. The main findings suggest that the use of these themes within the visual campaigns of these luxury brands, seem to have specific parameters. The purpose of this research is to explore how Parisian heritage luxury brands integrate contemporary cultural themes into their digital campaigns to maintain their heritage and demonstrate their current relevance. The research uses qualitative content analysis of digital campaign images.

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  • Eriksson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    Lundén, Astrid
    University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.
    “Komplettera med något”: Hur undervisande högskolebibliotekarier förhåller sig till Wikipedia2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Bachelor’s thesis is to expand the knowledge about teaching academic librarians' relationship with Wikipedia and their perception of the website’s credibility. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with six teaching academic librarians. The data was then analyzed qualitatively through the lens of the three concepts credibility, source criticism and source trust. The overall findings show a consensus among the librarians towards Wikipedia. They used Wikipedia in their work, though to which degree depended on their personal interest in the website. Moreover, they believed that it could be used as a way for them to further their own education in specific subjects, source criticism and academic writing. The interviewed librarians were either active writers or editors on Wikipedia or could imagine themselves becoming it in the future. However, opinions varied on the subject of researchers writing about their own research on Wikipedia, as some librarians meant that using Wikipedia as a promotional tool had a negative effect on the website’s credibility. They had a positive view of students using Wikipedia as a way to begin their information searching, but discouraged using it as a sole source, and suggested that educators might benefit from being more open-minded towards the website. It is suggested that further research could explore teaching academic librarians' relationship with artificial intelligence (AI) and their perception of its credibility, as the interviewed librarians expressed that they felt like the current concerns about AI largely had replaced the similar concerns previously conveyed about Wikipedia. 

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